Main article: Trends of IT market of Russia
New players in corporate and state IT
The structure of the Russian IT market promptly changes. IT services and products offer not only integrators and vendors now as it was three last decades. The market was already entered by banks, telecom operators, Internet holdings. Here the most striking examples of 2019:
Sberbank purchased "The center of speech technologies" and organized joint venture with Cognitive Technologies for development of unmanned vehicles, began to render cloud and supercomputer services under the SberCloud brand based on the new mega-DPC and also IT services by forces of Sberbank-Service home company. Her clients are already VEB, Opening, MKB.
Together with DIT Sberbank Moskvy created Digital Platform Solutions company. It will provide to the city the IT platform to which digital state services and services will be transferred: making an appointment with the doctor, electronic diary, management system for parkings, payment system of housing and communal services, etc.
Work the ex-CEO of SAP CIS Pavel Gontarev passed into Mail.ru. He headed business on digitalization of corporate clients which aims to occupy "a niche between products of traditional IT vendors and business of system integrators".
Purchased MTS provider of services of DPC IT-Grad, having added with it own the cloud and earlier purchased integratorskiya businesses focused on corporate clients. Among clients of IT-Grad there are Ulmart, Avito, S7 and many others. Besides, MTS was included into a number of regional projects on model of PPP in which implements smart lighting, smart transport, smart housing and public utilities and other services of the smart city.
Few years ago for accomplishment of the listed projects other players would be selected absolutely. IT services would be rendered by the outsourcer on letter "M", the platform for city services would be created by integrator on letter "L", and "state cloud" - other integrator on the letter "I", it would be most usual to order services of "the smart city" from consortium of operator "P" and integrator "T".
Consolidation of traditional players of IT market
The traditional IT companies are not idle too, trying to diversify and update the offers. Here several characteristic transactions of 2019:
Kaspersky Lab purchased 29.5% of New cloud technologies, the engaged product development under the MyOffice brand. Here demand already grew, the delivery contracts "MyOffice" in 2019 were signed for many hundreds of millions of rubles.
RT Labs and "The national center of informatization" created the Tsifromed joint venture aimed at development of medical information systems and services. The state in the next years will invest more than 100 billion rubles in this segment.
The president of Lanit Philip Gens became the owner of the cybersecurity developer of the solutions "Code of Security". Perspectives of business of this company are also connected with growth of the state order against the background of the amplifying fears of cyberthreats.
ICKX Holding purchased control in the developer of domestic servers and DWH of Yadro, and that, in turn, purchased microprocessor developer Syntacore and the developer of hardware and software systems for creation of the Digital Energy cloud environments. Yadro – one of rare examples of domestic developments in the field of hardware that does its products demanded where it is necessary to substitute import.
In the last days of the expiring year there was talk that ICKX Holding can be purchased by MegaFon. If it occurs, to a regiment is initial not - IT shnykh the corporations which became full IT shnymi players will arrive that will confirm the trend designated in the first point.
Digital transformation of the largest corporations and new wave of insourcing
Strategies of digital transformation are developed and affirm. In 2019 they appeared at a number of the largest corporations as separate documents. Among like those Russian Railway, Rosseti, FGC UES, "KamAZ".
In 43 companies, according to the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications, digital strategy are in a development stage. In 11 – became structural sections of other strategic documents.
On the one hand, it speaks about prioritization of "digit" on the agenda of heads of corporations and about growth of expenses on technologies. With another, digitalization of business ceased to be considered in a separation from development of internal IT competences. Outsourcing in pure form causes less trust.
Having announced plans to increase the staff of own IT specialists to 5000 people, VTB in 2019 became the character of the beginning of the second wave of insourcing. The first wave was started by Sberbank, having created in 2011 SberTech.
Insourcing in 2019 purchased mass character, market participants demonstrate.
The companies of the large and average size which are engaged in finance, retail, logistics, production aim to create and professionalize internal development of software what attract as consultants of software developers of the international level to or entice their employees.
On a threshold of new digital break in gos-IT
The previous digital break in the state informatization happened 9-10 years ago when were created the portal of state services (EPGU), the system of interdepartmental interaction (SIEI), the system of identification and authentication (Unified identification and authentication system).
Since then by 2019 were registered in a Unified identification and authentication system and became users of EPGU of 100 million Russians. The portal centralized providing electronic services in different areas and allowed people to save time a great lot in a set of life situations.
In 2019 the lexicon of the experts who are engaged in the electronic government was enriched with new terms among which NDMS (national data management system), SSCP (state single cloud platform), ETA IC OIV (uniform technology architecture of information systems of executive authorities), superservices most loudly began to sound.
Nothing from listed yet not fully works, but something is already piloted under leadership of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications.
Other departments do not stand away from the digital agenda.
The treasury is engaged in transfer of the federal executive authorities (FEA) on the centralized accounting. As a result of project implementation authorities will stop separate purchases of accounting software and will pass to single solution.
The Ministry of Health started accomplishment of the federal project "Digital Circuit of Health Care" during which there is a reorganization of processes of regional health care, interdepartmental interaction, development of medical information systems and IT infrastructure.
RANEPA and TsSR together with the Ministry of Economic Development drafted the bill which will oblige departments to formalize processes of rendering state services and will make possible their full automation.
If 2018 for the state digitalization passed almost to nothing, owing to change of a command of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications, first of all, that can be considered 2019 year of a tab of the base of new digital break.
Strategy of development for artificial intelligence
Understanding perspectives of development of artificial intelligence, in 2019 considerable forces were thrown. The president approved the strategy of AI prepared the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications, Sberbank, Gazprom Neft and RDIF, the federal project on its implementation which should contain specific actions for stimulation of science and developments in this area (as of December 26 it is not published) was developed.
Sberbank wrote the road map of development of AI in which considered that till 2024 from the budget via different instruments of support 56.8 billion rubles, and from non-budgetary sources – 334.9 billion more can be invested in the AI different directions.
The road map on AI was the most expensive in comparison with cards of development of other end-to-end technologies.
The Minister of Economic Development Maxim Oreshkin and the president of Sberbank German Gref headed a subcommittee on AI where heads of "Yandex", Mail.ru, MTS, representatives of a set of the ministries and departments entered.
In the Ministry of Economic Development which became the curator of AI at the level of the government the special department of artificial intelligence was created.
It is necessary to tell that by 2019 AI technologies already got into many information systems and IT products without any state efforts. At the same time, without large target investments in these technologies within the country Russia risks to become only the consumer of others developments, and the world market will be monopolized also as it happened to the software market at the end of XX – the beginning of the 21st century.
|If someone is able to provide monopoly in the field of artificial intelligence – well, effects are clear to all of us, – that will become the lord of the world, Vladimir Putin is convinced|