Translated by
2020/02/13 15:30:00

Digital technologies in construction

Article is devoted to normative initiatives and implementation of digital technologies in spheres of construction and housing and public utilities.

Content

2020: Collecting of offers on implementation of "digit" in construction and housing and public utilities

In February, 2020 the Deputy Prime Minister of the Government of the Russian Federation Marat Khusnullin supervising questions of construction in the government sent the letter with order to provide the approved offers on development and deployment of digital technologies in construction and housing sector to the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications, Ministry of Construction, Rostekhnadzor and executive authorities of subjects of Russia. They need to be prepared till February 21, 2020, reports the D-Russia portal.

Marat Khusnullin expects to receive offers till February 21<i> (a photo - Ekaterina of Shtukina/RIA Novosti)</i>
Marat Khusnullin expects to receive offers till February 21 (a photo - Ekaterina of Shtukina/RIA Novosti)
«
I ask Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications to prepare with participation of Russia, public authorities of the territorial subjects of the Russian Federation which accumulated the best practices of informatization of public administration taking into account the actions provided by passports of the federal projects "Digital Infrastructure" "Digital public administration" and "Information security" the national program "Digital economy of the Russian Federation" and to provide to the Government of the Russian Federation the approved offers on development and deployment of digital technologies in construction and housing and communal services and also in the system of the public and municipal administration in the specified sphere with assessment of volumes, sources and terms of financing of the relevant activities — it is told in the letter.[1]
»

On February 7 in Ministry of Construction the deputy minister who is responsible for the block of the questions connected with digitalization and digital transformation of the industries of construction and housing and public utilities – the former minister of information technologies and communication of Chelyabinsk region Alexander Kozlov was appointed. He reported to TAdviser that as of February 13 the version of offers is in process of preparation.

Let's notice that issues of digital development in the government are supervised by the Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Chernyshenko. Nevertheless, the Deputy Prime Ministers who are responsible for other industries are also interested in digitalization. In addition to Khusnullin, in January, 2020 the Deputy Prime Minister for the social block Tatyana Golikova spoke on "digit". Representing the new head of the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation she noted that the government carries out the analysis of information systems of fund that further to optimize them[2].

The ministry of emergencies which is supervised by the Deputy Prime Minister Yury Borisov, also intends to participate in implementation of the Digital Economy national program, in particular, in the federal projects "Information Security" and "Artificial intelligence". Study of an appropriate question in February was announced by the Minister of Emergency Situations Evgeny Zinichev.

2018

Transition to digital construction in Russia is planned for 2024

On September 17, 2018 it became known of emergence terms in Russia of a single digital platform for construction information systems. She is created within the federal project "Digital Construction", reports TASSSO the link to the statement of the Ministry of Construction and Housing and Communal Services according to the results of the II International conference "Development of Institute of Construction Examination".

«
The complex of actions provided by the federal project "Digital Construction" which development was announced within the conference by the Minister of Construction, Housing and Utilities of the Russian Federation Vladimir Yakushev should provide digital transformation of the industry by 2024" — reported in the ministry.
»

To this term there has to be a single digital platform integrating all IT systems in the construction industry. Digitalization of construction assumes automation of all stages and procedures on all lifecycle of an object.

The single digital platform for construction information systems will appear by 2024
The single digital platform for construction information systems will appear by 2024

According to the forecast of Ministry of Construction, transition to digital construction will allow to lower in 5 years time and other expenditure on the objects built at the expense of budgets of the Russian Federation of all levels to 20%. At the same time reduction of time from making decision on construction before commissioning of the facility will reach 30%.

However, within large-scale digitalization of the construction industry a lot of work is necessary. In particular, it will be required to transfer fund of the specifications and technical documentation in the field of construction to a digital format, to create bases of transition to automated verification of an information model of an object of capital construction, to implement a single system of classification of construction information for the purpose of harmonization of the specifications and technical documentation with the international and Russian legislation.

By September 17, 2018 the system of the regulating technical documents providing implementation of technologies of information modeling in construction is created.[3]

The sphere of construction is waited by large-scale IT innovations

"Road map" includes development of the construction industry a set of the actions relating to the sphere of informatization. In particular, the strategy of development for the construction industry which should be developed by October, 2018, will provide its digital regulation. At the same time, by September, 2018 the changes in the legislation providing fixing of powers on creation and operation of information systems of ensuring town-planning activity behind authorized bodies of executive power of territorial subjects of the Russian Federation should be made.

Information technologies will actively get into the sphere of construction
Information technologies will actively get into the sphere of construction

The most part of innovations should be implemented by December, 2018. Transition to the automated collecting and information analysis about the cost of construction resources using a federal state information system of pricing in construction should be so performed that will allow to obtain reliable and exact information about the cost of construction resources in real time.

Besides, input in commercial operation and filling of the state information system "Unified State Register of Expert Reports on the Project Documentation of Objects of Capital Construction" is expected. Use of information which is contained in this resource will allow to reduce terms and cost of both design, and the subsequent passing of examination and construction.

The open information resource should be developed for the publication of data according to registers of the description of procedures in the field of construction. It will allow to increase availability of the relevant information to economic entities.

Also by December, 2018 monitoring of use of the standard software when maintaining information systems of ensuring town-planning activity by local government authorities should be carried out. The purpose - standardization of the software.

In addition during the same period offers on expediency of creation of a federal state information system of ensuring town-planning activity for implementation in the territory of the country of uniform collecting, documentation, updating, processing, systematization, accounting, storage and providing the data to interested persons necessary for implementation of town-planning activity should be prepared.

In addition, the changes providing establishment of the uniform standard of providing regional or municipal services in obtaining the construction license using infrastructure of the electronic government should be made to the legislation of the Russian Federation. It should liquidate the developed heterogeneous practice of provision of services on issue of construction licenses in different subjects of the country and set the uniform standard of provision of services.

Among other planned actions till December, 2018 - introduction of amendments to the legislation, the technologies of information modeling providing implementation at all stages of "lifecycle" of an object of capital construction, including design, construction, operation and demolition. Within 3 months from the date of acceptance of these changes the federal state information system of pricing at construction, operation and demolition of objects capital constructions should be created. The purpose of this innovation - increase in accuracy of estimate calculations thanks to transition to a resource method of drawing up estimate documentation, including for a stage of operation and for a stage of asset demolition of capital construction and also increase in transparency of value assessment of the costs connected with operation of an object of capital construction and with its demolition

By December, 2019 transition to the single state digital platform in construction providing interaction of authorities, local government authorities and organizations in a digital form for all cycle of processes in the field of the town-planning relations is planned. All this should provide transparency of decision making by authorities and the controlling structures, to exclude "a human factor" from these processes and also to multiply accelerate work in the field of the town-planning relations.

The changes in the legislation providing creation of the federal register of regulating documents in the field of security of buildings and constructions should be made to the same time. The register will include data on construction standards and construction rules and also documents of federal executive authorities which application has an impact on security, reliability and durability of buildings and constructions (in a machine-readable format).

IT in the real estate and construction, BIM