Translated by
2018/08/06 17:09:59

Fighting robots and UAVs

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Content

2019

Russia developed the UAV kamikaze

The Russian company Zala Aero entering into Kalashnikov Concern developed the patrolling ammunition of KUB-BLA and carried out its successful tests. According to Kalashnikov of Media[1], the new UAV kamikaze is created for defeat of the land purposes with targeting on coordinates of the purpose or on the video channel.

2018

SICKLE System of radio-electronic suppression of small unmanned aerial vehicles

The Ruselectronics holding provided to State Corporation Rostec in August, 2018 the system of radio-electronic suppression of the small SERP unmanned aerial vehicles. The SERP system in a complex with the passive coherent locator (PCL) provides automatic maintenance and suppression of onboard equipment of drones at distance to 20 km.

Main article: SERP System of radio-electronic suppression of small unmanned aerial vehicles

the Pentagon selected $800 million for underwater pilotless devices

At the beginning of August, 2018 it became known that the U.S. Department of Defense selected $800 million for underwater pilotless devices.

The Pentagon signed contracts with 23 companies between which tasks of researches, developments and production of drones will be divided. The tasks connected with "purchase of the materials and services used for development, construction, production and support of the pilotless underwater systems" will be provided to each of the organization. The works on the contract are going to be completed by July, 2023.

The Pentagon signed contracts on development of underwater pilotless devices almost for $800 million
The Pentagon signed contracts on development of underwater pilotless devices almost for $800 million

The experts polled by the Stars and Stripes edition say that this contract on release of pilotless underwater self-moving devices  underlines the interest of U.S. authorities in development and any creation of the self-governed systems. According to International association of the pilotless self-moving systems, for 2019 financial year the ministry requested $9.6 billion for similar developments. It is 28% more, than the previous year.

The president of association Brian Wynn says that the pilotless equipment and robots became key technologies thanks to which the USA can struggle with a large number of threats. And most actively the Pentagon invests means and resources in development of UAVs for navy

In the publication of the newspaper it is also said that about 50% of all projects on development of pilotless devices — air, land and sea — are the share of orders of the American Navies.[2]

It is possible that one of the main tasks of underwater drones of the USA consists in opposition to the Russian underwater pilotless Poseidon system which, according to a statement Russian Defense Ministry, will be able to carry a warhead with power up to 2 megatons. About development of the pilotless Poseidon submersible originally known as "Status-6", for the first time it became known in November of the 2015th. In March, 2018 the president Russia Vladimir Putin confirmed officially existence of such weapon.

South Korea replaces a part of soldiers with robots

In May, 2018 it became known of the decision of the South Korean Ministry of Defence to replace soldiers with robots because of demographic crisis.

According to the news agency Yonhap with the link of the minister of national defense of South Korea  the Dream   Yong Mu  (Song Young-moo), earlier in 2018 military studied effects of creation of the armed forces consisting of people and robots.

Minister of Defence of South Korea: we replace soldiers with robots
Minister of Defence of South Korea: we replace soldiers with robots

The Ministry of Defence came to a conclusion that formation of the mixed divisions from robots and people will allow to support fighting power of armed forces against the background of reduction of birth rate and decrease in population.

According to forecasts of the United Nations, by 2100 the population of South Korea will decrease to 38.7 million people from 50 million in the 2018th. Reduction of number of inhabitants naturally results in the shortage of people, fit for military of service.

In South Korean the Department of National Defence came to a conclusion that use only of pilotless prospecting robots will allow to replace in troops from 500 to 600 people. Application of autonomous fighting turrets on self-propelled howitzers of K9 Thunder will allow to release two thousand soldiers in navy and land troops therefore as noted an edition source in the Ministry of Defence, use of the mixed military formations (robots plus people) is obligatory.

The national army already began to use pilotless intelligence agents, the UAV, robotic means of search of mines, etc. the VTR is also going to buy pilotless land and underwater vehicles, and the Air Force is pilotless antiaircraft guns. Besides, in development of defense developments   (Agency for Defense) by the Agency there are self-propelled tanks and advanced drones.

In addition to South Korea, almost all large countries work on creation of robots or artificial intelligence which  could work in  the military sphere.[3]

2017

MQ-25 Stingray (deck UAV refueler)

In December, 2017 the Boeing company provided the deck unmanned aerial vehicle intended for refueling military airplanes. It was developed within the MQ-25 Stingray project.

Main article: MQ-25 Stingray

In the USA disposable military UAVs will appear

American company Yates Electrospace Corp. undertook development of disposable gliders which will be able to deliver more effectively ammunition and provisions to groups which are in hardly accessible areas. The order arrived from marines of the USA.

The project received the name Silent Arrow ("A silent arrow"). According to the contract, Yates Electrospace Corp. will create unmanned aerial vehicles which depending on a series will be able to deliver freights weighing from 227 to 454 kg; these devices will be destroyed in a destination point that is much more effective than the methods used now.

The delivery modes of supplies existing at the moment in hardly accessible zones though are checked decades, cannot meet the modern requirements fully any more – so, the parachute systems are not capable to plan for long distances. New technologies will help to cover much bigger range; the device will plan and land not further 45 meters from the appointed point[4].

Tiny drones murderers can make mass attacks on people (video)

In November, 2017 professor  of the University of California UC Berkeley   Stuart Russell submitted video showing the world in which nuclear weapon is replaced with a swarm of independent tiny drones murderers. The scientist said that these drones — already reality.

The video transfers the viewer to audience where the speaker from a scene shows the unmanned aerial vehicle of the size of a small bird.

Such drones are capable to lay independently a route to  the purpose, to recognize it   by sight, and  then the directed explosion to break the head and  to cause to the person  injuries of a brain incompatible with life.  Robots obtain data on the purpose from  the Internet and  social networks where people for years spread all necessary information on  themselves and  the life.

Video was created at Institute of life of the future (Future of Life Institute)  which is supported  by Stephen Hawking  and  Elon Musk. The roller was provided by professor Russell at the meeting of organization members of the united nations devoted to modern types of arms which took place in Geneva.  

«
Working in a command, drones can get into buildings, cars, trains and at the same time to evade from counteraction. They cannot be stopped — the person in the video says.
»

He adds that for $25 million it is possible to create the whole swarm of such tiny "ruthless murderers" who are capable to destroy the half-cities.

«
Potential of artificial intelligence for advantage of mankind is huge, especially in defense. Wide use of the machines taught to kill people will be destructive for our security and freedom. Thousands of my colleagues researchers agree. But an opportunity to work escapes quickly — Stewart Russell reported.[5]
»

As a part of AF of Russia the first division on fight against drones appeared

In the Western Military District sformirorvano the first permanent division on fight against drones
In the Western Military District sformirorvano the first permanent division on fight against drones

Based on separate connection of radio-electronic fight of the Western Military District (REB Western Military District) the first permanent tactical division on fight against pilotless aircraft is created. The press service of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation[6][7] reported about it [8].

According to the commander of the REB Western Military District connection of the colonel Alexander Vostrikov, this division is in own way unique. All military personnel has unique professional skills and technical knowledge in the field of radio-electronic fight.

The basis of a company is formed by the military personnel of contract service, non-commissioned officer's and officers. Works on training of specialists are beyond the educational periods of preparation of line departments. According to Vostrikov, in fact intensity and quality of training it is comparable with preparation of divisions of special troops. For working off of practical tasks the written-off military UAVs and the special flying targets are used during the exercise.

In total about 20 special forces are created. Their structure includes anti-aircraft weapons, aircraft and sniper divisions of the Western Military District.

Nerehta Fighting robot

In the Russian army it will be taken advantage fighting robot "Nerehta", created Plant of V.A. Degtyarev in cooperation with Fund of perspective researches. The news agency "" Interfax was reported about it in October, 2017 by the head of department of the innovation researches of the Head Department of Research Activity (HDRA) Ministry of Defence colonel Oleg Pomazuyev[9].

Danger of fighting robots

On August 21, 2017 the group of 116 heads of the companies occupied with robotics and artificial intelligence technologies (AI) addressed with the open letter the United Nations (UN) in which they warned about danger of fighting robots and urged to prohibit their creation.

«
Costs to deadly autonomous weapon will appear, armed the conflicts will assume a scale unprecedented hitherto and will be developed with speed, unimaginable for people, said in the letter under signatures among which others were appended by the head of Teslaelon Elon Musk and Moustapha Suleiman (Mustafa Suleyman, the cofounder of DeepMind, division of Google concerning artificial intelligence.
»

Fragment from the movie \"Terminator-2\"
Fragment from the movie "Terminator-2"

In the address from which excerpts are published by USA TODAY authors are afraid that dictators and terrorists can direct robotic weapon against civilians. Besides, hackers are capable to take control over it and to use it in the undesirable purposes.[10]

«
We have no time for delay. Once the Pandora's box opens, to close it then will be very difficult — experts emphasize.
»

The letter was published in the run-up to the meeting of the subgroup created at the UN for discussion of a question of use of robotic weapon, including fighting drones, pilotless tanks and machine guns. I will meet, initially planned for Monday, August 21, postponed to November, CNBC tells.[11]

Danger warnings of robotic weapon sound already not for the first time. Earlier, in 2015 the similar address was made by more than 1000 representatives of the technology industry, scientists and experts, including professor Stephen Hawking, one of founders of Applestiv Steve Wozniak and Elon Musk.

The last especially persistently draws attention to threat which is concealed in itself by artificial intelligence. The head of Tesla urges the authorities to control tightly this sphere as potentially dangerous to all mankind.

"Kalashnikov" showed in operation the gun against UAVs

Within the forum "Army 2017" in the Cuban the Kalashnikov Concern showed the gun REX 1 which can be used to force down UAVs and to suppress mobile and Wi-Fi-signals. The gun will receive both civil, and military application.

According to intention of developers, weapon can be used both by civilians for protection of the private territory, and law enforcement agencies, for example, on mass actions. It is possible to apply it at distance to two kilometers against the flying, floating or land robots drones. Using a gun it is possible to force the drone to land. Here is how it works:

Weapon is equipped with a collimator sight which provides very high speed of aiming — about 2-3 times higher, than normal. Besides, in a set there are pluggable units of suppression GPS and GLONASS, a tactical handle and the different hinged equipment: stroboscope, laser system of targeting and audio-and video recorder.

Also the device is capable to suppress GSM signals and Wi-Fi of 5.8 and 2.4 gigahertzes. Thus, the gun can be used against improvised explosive devices which are often activated using the mobile phone. The gun allows to muffle all incoming signals to the device and, thus, to prevent explosion.

The Israeli army will replace the fighting lamas with robots

The Israel Defense Forces will replace lamas who are used by military for transportation of the equipment, ammunition and food, on robots. Military decided to refuse lamas because of their sluggishness — animals interfered with operational movement of soldiers[12].

Remotely-controlled robots will be able to transport loads up to 500 kilograms, to gather speed to 10 km/h and to work 8 hours without recharge. They will begin to be implemented in army in September.

The Israeli army used lamas for transportation of ammunition from 2000th years. Lamas are not afraid of loud sounds, quickly get used to a new situation and easily move on the hilly terrain. Before in army used camels, donkeys and mules.

The U.S. Army refused the Chinese drones for cyber security reasons

The U.S. Army prohibited the divisions to use unmanned aerial vehicles of production of the Chinese company DJI in connection with security concerns.

According to the memorandum published by the lieutenant general Joseph Anderson, experts of Research laboratory of Army Research Laboratory detected a number of vulnerabilities therefore it is necessary to stop their use without delay in drones. As it is specified in the memorandum, military are obliged to stop use of drones, to take out from them batteries and removable drives of information and also to refuse all other products of DJI.

The headquarters of DJI (Da-Jiang Innovation Corporation) is in Shenzhen, and according to Goldman Sachs and Oppenheimer, in 2016 the company possessed 70% of all market of commercial unmanned aerial vehicles of a consumer class.

The company management made the decision of U.S. Army with big surprise and disappointment. As the director of department of public relations of DJI Michael Perry reported the sUAS News edition, the American military did not approve the sudden solution with the producer. The company intends to contact representatives of U.S. Army and to specify about what vulnerabilities it there is a speech in the memorandum.

Let's remind, in 2016 DJI agreed to provide the data obtained from the drones to the authorities of the People's Republic of China. It was talked of information on location, records of the flights and video records loaded by users on servers[13].

Belarus: Export of weapon against UAVs

Belarus can become the second country in the world which will export arms against the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). The country will compete with China own development of a gun which allows to force down drones. The gun generates noises on control link of the UAV and muffles its satellite navigation – GPS and GLONASS.

That Belarus is going to adjust export of unusual arms Digital.Report was told by one of developers of a gun, the employee of Radar design office Anton Krivitsky. "Mass production of an antidronovy gun is planned, but so far we did not decide on its final design and a form. Besides there is a work on the choice of range of impact on pilotless devices. Most likely we will come to a form and characteristics which will be approved by specific intelligence agencies", – he told[14].

Force down drones a sound

[1]Professor of the Korean institute of advanced technologies Yongdae Kim made on[15] the report devoted to deception of passive and active sensors in different devices[16].

Passive sensors, like gyroscopes and magnetometers, simply estimate a surrounding situation and announce "observations" to the device. Active sensors, like radars and sonars, in turn, send signals outside and in the work rely on the indications received with return of a signal. Kim showed that it is possible to hack both that and others.

As the first example the researcher took gyroscopes which are used in serially released UAVs. Many materials have the so-called resonance frequency which forces them to vibrate (quite so it is possible to provoke "explosion" of a glass glass by means of very high note). A question only in selection of the necessary frequency. Kim and his command managed to pick up the necessary frequency for gyroscopes of 7 of 15 studied commercial drones, including STMicro and InvenSense iron. The frequency range used by researchers varies from the sounds heard by a human ear to sounds, indiscernible people, but all of them will see off to one result: the drone falls because of problems with a gyroscope and a gyrostabilizer (inertial measurement unit).

The problem was visually shown directly on the stage, during the report. Kim and his assistant caused falling of the quadcopter, "having shot" at it a sound at the necessary frequency. Video can be found[17] here]. Such attack requires that the malefactor was rather close, but the zone of defeat can be expanded, having increased power output.

As the second example medical sensors which are used in "smart" droppers (or medical infusional pumps) were taken and regulate supply of drugs. It turned out that it is possible to confuse such sensor by means of a normal laser pointer. If to light a pointer on the sensor, it will lose an opportunity to estimate quantity of the drops coming to the patient's body. Kim told that during tests a dropper it was succeeded "deceive", having forced it to give to the patient a double dose of medicine and also to cut down a dose for 45%. Moreover, the radius of such attack is limited only to the laser power so the only condition which needs to be observed – that the sensor was in direct "visibility" of a beam, and the distance can be almost any. As a result the researcher recommended to close transparent elements of infusional pumps at least a normal opaque adhesive tape.

"Pulemety-glushilki" for protection against drones

The Swiss police carries out in Davos at the World Economic Forum (WEF) testing of antidronovy devices - "glushilok", externally similar to manual machine guns[18].

Protivodronovy guns are intended for security on begun on January 17, 2017. About 3 thousand people from more became participants of a forum in ski resort, than 70 countries of the world, among them there are about 30 leaders of the states.

According to Bloomberg, protivodronovy weapon is intended for neutralization of the UAVs which are potentially executing espionage missions. glushilka do not force down drones literally, they interrupt a signal which is sent to the UAV by his operator. The UAV becomes uncontrolled, however does not fall to the ground, and hangs up in air. The UAV also cannot transmit at the same time a signal, let us assume, video broadcasting. At this stage security officers start the UAVs with an ad hoc network which catches the "criminal" UAV.

Drones can be used for photography and drawing up cards of police posts, conducting shadowing, or even the physical attack. Glushilki makes by the German company H.P. Marketing & Consulting Wüst, about 30 years of the work of security officers which is engaged in production of devices for security.

2016

Americans integrated one hundred microdrones in pack

The management of strategic opportunities of the U.S. Department of Defense together with command of the aviation systems of Naval Forces carried out new tests of the miniature Perdix unmanned aerial vehicles. According to[19], during tests from three F/A-18 Super Hornet fighters 103 UAVs which then integrated in pack[20] were started[21].

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Notes

  1. Kalashnikov Concern developed the high-precision shock pilotless KUB-BLA complex
  2. $800 of M underwater drone contract signals Pentagon's growing interest in unmanned tech
  3. Military to Incorporate Unmanned Combat Systems with Units Amid Population Decline
  4. In the USA disposable UAVs will appear
  5. Berkeley professor’s ‘slaughterbots’ video on killer drones goes viral
  6. In the Western Military District sformirorvano the first permanent division on fight against drones
  7. [http://www.securitylab.ru/news/489439.php as a part of AF of Russia
  8. the first division on fight against drones appeared]
  9. To the Russian army will admit the fighting robot. Video
  10. Musk, tech experts want U.N. to ban killer robots
  11. Elon Musk joins more than 100 tech bosses calling for ban on killer robots
  12. the Israeli army will replace the fighting lamas with robots
  13. of U.S. Army company refused the Chinese drones for cyber security reasons
  14. Belarus will be engaged in export of weapon against UAVs
  15. the Usenix Enigma 2017 Usenix Enigma 2017 conferences
  16. At a conference showed what drones can be forced down by means of a sound
  17. [https://www.heise.de/security/meldung/Sensoren-sind-Angriffsflaeche-im-Internet-of-Things-3611114.html Sensoren sind Angriffsfläche im Internet of Things
  18. At a forum in Davos use "machine guns-glushilki" to protection against drones
  19. Defence Talk Perdix Swarm Demo Oct. 2016
  20. [https://nplus1.ru/news/2017/01/10/drones Americans
  21. integrated one hundred microdrones in pack]