Moscow - The smart city Information technologies in Moscow
The concept of the smart city (Smart City) is a system at which the existing resources of city services are used in the most optimal way and provide the greatest convenience to residents. Close connection between projects of the smart city (street video surveillance, state services, an intelligent transport system and others) in megalopolis scales is for this purpose necessary. Modern technologies change the urban environment, an economic landscape and social communications, create an opportunity to manage municipal farms at qualitatively new level and create active demand for new digital services in this sphere. The set of different initiatives is already sold in the market, creation of the public platforms open source based on domestic hardware and the software will become an important step.
- The general clause about Moscow
- Moscow Department of Information Technology (DIT)
- Information city (State Budgetary Institution Infogorod)
- Agency of innovations of Moscow
- The main article on a subject the Smart cities (Smart cities)
- Bezopasny agrarian and industrial Complex the city - within implementation of the federal program "Safe City"
Project portfolio of the Smart city of Moscow
2018: Principles, purposes and end-to-end technologies
The Information City state program which is coming to an end in 2018 will be succeeded by the new program – Smart City which development began at the request of the Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin now.
The basis of new strategy will be formed by key modern technologies. Among them DIT selects artificial intelligence for automation of decision making on the basis of data analysis, blockchain technology for paperless contracts, Big Data for targeted services.
Besides, the basic principles of creation of "The smart city" among which – involvement of inhabitants of all age in management of the city, availability of all services round the clock from any device, domination of the electronic document over paper, a support on domestic solutions and development of the city together with business were defined.
Development of artificial intelligence technologies will provide transfer to machines of a considerable part of routine transactions and robotization of a set of processes. In particular, such technologies as recognition and synthesis of speech/image/video and also machine translation and others will gain distribution, according to presidium of the city government.
The blockchain technology will allow to implement practice of paperless contracts. With Big Data it will become possible to provide to citizens and business the targeted services meeting personal needs of everyone.
The artificial intelligence automates decision making on the basis of data analysis. Internet of Things and a 5G will open a possibility of implementation in city infrastructure of a large number of attached devices and sensors.
Technologies of virtual and augmented reality will change such spheres as tourism and education. And gain of the direction connected with cyber security and monitoring of threats will become the answer to numerous calls.
Information city. Was responsible for execution of the city Department of IT program (DIT) of Moscow, and two adjacent departments acted as collaborators: Media and advertizing and also transport and development of road and transport infrastructure.
City target program "Electronic Moscow".
The innovation infrastructure of Moscow
Video surveillance and face recognition
One of the world's largest video surveillance system:
- As the city video surveillance system in Moscow is arranged
- As the system of face recognition in Moscow is arranged
The authorities of Moscow developed in March, 2020 mobile application "Social monitoring" for patients who are treated for a new koronavirusny infection at home. DIT of Moscow reported about it on April 1, 2020. The application will allow law enforcement agencies to be convinced that the citizen observes isolation mode and does not leave the house. It will help to ensure safety of people around and to avoid further spread of a coronavirus, declare in DIT.
|The application will automatically trace the user's geolocation. At the same time not the track of movement, and only the fact of escape of the address of self-isolation which the user specified in the questionnaire is fixed. To be convinced that the user is near phone the application will periodically send to the user of the push-notification with a request of additional identification using the photo. In case of violation of a quarantine the application will notify on it law enforcement agencies, - explained the principles of operation of application in DIT of Moscow.|
Moscow sets trends for the subjects of the Russian Federation regarding development of infrastructure
- Interdepartmental working group (DIT, Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications, Roskomnadzor, telecom operators)
- The mechanism of the accelerated placement of BS on city facilities
- Non-discriminatory access to a city communications infrastructure (KP of MPTTs)
- Accumulation of volume of a city communications infrastructure within "My Street program" for ensuring future requirements of a 5G, IoT, Smart City
- Accumulation of volume of a city communications infrastructure within "The program of renovation of housing" and development of the territory by Nova Moskvy – the cable sewerage, places for placement of BS and the equipment of telecom operators
- Support of dual purpose
- Total revenues of operators from cellular communication of 220 billion rubles.
- 44.5 million SIM cards on air
- Penetration of cellular communication of 225%
Moscow is implementation more than 300 digital projects
Selection of projects for implementation taking into account all components of urban digital economy
Infrastructure of Moscow is ready to change according to requirements of digital economy
Calls of implementation of a 5G
What the technology 5G - perspectives will give to Moscow
- The technology 5G will demand from participants of the cellular market of multiple increase in number of base stations and absolutely other principle of planning of network that will entail big .
- It means that operators, in fact, once again should construct big infrastructure, and it is rather heavy.
- Therefore not to deprive project 5G of investment attractiveness, DIT of Moscow suggests to combine efforts of all concerned parties (operators, the infrastructure companies, equipment manufacturers, etc.).
- The Government of Moscow considers the possibility of creation of consolidation as consortium based on which mobile operators will be able comfortably and with smaller costs to develop communication of a 5G in the city.
Moscow innovation cluster
The Government of Moscow founded Moscow Innovation Cluster fund from which the capital innovation cluster will be financed. Powers of the founder of fund will be undertaken by the Government of Moscow on behalf of Department of an entrepreneurship and the innovative development of the city of Moscow. The innovation cluster should promote creation of conditions for implementation of the priority directions of scientific and technical development of the Russian Federation, development and deployment of the innovative technologies, ensuring scientific and technical and production cooperation and coordination of interaction of its participants.
Technoparks of Moscow
"Many enterprises, the organizations of the city of Moscow, tens participate in innovations if not hundreds of thousands of people, beginning from the academic institutes and finishing with startups. Industry institutes, private, state, technoparks, such scientific and industrial clusters as space, aviation, atomic, medical are involved in innovations" — Sergey Sobyanin told. He emphasized that innovations are a basis of the future of economy of Moscow.
The innovation infrastructure of Moscow includes about 1.5 thousand objects on which more than three and a half thousand units of the modern hi-tech equipment are placed. In this number:
- Technopolice Moscow special economic zone;
- 31 technoparks;
- "Digital business space" — the updated Central house of the entrepreneur;
- 76 co-workings - in each of them are equipped on average in 100 jobs. Users rent the premises, services connected with business, and many other things. All this speaks about demand of co-workings among the young companies;
- five centers of development of production technologies - they support the small and medium technology companies. Any entrepreneur can work in details technology process, study properties of samples of products, certify new products. This year 354 hi-tech companies used services of such centers. Rendered to the enterprises more than 2.6 thousand services connected with technology development, tests, standardization of products;
- two innovation territorial clusters in Zelenograd and Troitsk - the first specializes in microelectronics and instrument making (190 participants, over eight thousand employees). The second cluster — in Troitsk. He specializes in new materials, laser and radiation technologies (58 participants, about six thousand employees);
- children's technoparks (kvantorium);
- the centers of services for business and other organizations.
The most important infrastructure facilities for the innovative companies is now "Technopolice 'Moscow'" and technoparks which number for the last four years grew five times (in their 2014 there were six, in they are 31). The number of the companies — residents of technoparks also increased almost four times (from 450 to 1748), and number of jobs — by 6.5 times (from 6.8 to 44.1 thousand). Residents of technoparks can rent premises at the attractive prices, get access to the hi-tech equipment and services, such as clean rooms, experimental laboratories.
For the innovative companies the city subsidizes equipment procurement (to 200 million rubles), develops the corresponding infrastructure (to 300 million rubles), provides tax benefits to technoparks and their residents (reduces taxes to 25 percent). Besides, the capital gives support to startups. The Moscow fund of support of the industry and an entrepreneurship grants available loans for developmental works and engineering (to 50 million rubles under five percent for five years). The fund of assistance to development of venture investments gives venture loans to startups (to 30 million rubles). Young scientists get awards and grants on development of the projects (33 awards one million rubles everyone).
- Technopolice 'Moscow'
- Technopark of NICEVT
- Technopark ZIL
- Technopark Slava
- Strogino Tekhnopar KP
- Sapphire Technopark
- VIZBAS Technopark
- Troitsk nanotechnology center
Main article Technoparks of Russia#Технопарки Moscow
Uniform automated information system of biddings of Moscow (EAIST)
EAIST provides automation of all purchasing cycle, including stages of requirements planning, preparation of documentation, holding procedures, the conclusions and performances of contracts. Problems of the analysis and statistical observation are at the same time solved, processes of monitoring and control in the field of purchases are provided.
You watch also the Portal of suppliers of Moscow
2019: The Uniform digital space of purchase management integrated with "The portal of suppliers" is provided
The uniform digital space of purchase management created based on Uniform automated information system of biddings (EAIST) Moscow and integrated with internet- a resource "Portal of suppliers", was provided on June 7, 2019 by the head Moscow City Department of Competition Policy Gennady Dyogtev. In more detail here.
15 percent from the purchasing amount of Russia
"15 percent (about 1 trillion rubles) from the purchasing amount of Russia, performed on 44-FZ, are the share of customers of the city of Moscow. Thus, at the end of 2018, almost every seventh ruble in a total amount of purchases of Russia is the share of the Moscow customer", - the Deputy Mayor of Moscow in the Government of Moscow for Economic Policy and Property and Land Relations Vladimir Yefimov brought in April, 2019. According to him, representatives of business of the whole country participate in procurement procedures of the capital, their quantity constantly grows. "It became especially noticeable in the last year when regions began to join the portal of suppliers actively. For ensuring effective management of purchases, taking into account their quantity and volume, in Moscow the Single digital platform of purchase management based on the EAIST system is created", – Vladimir Yefimov emphasized.
The publication of the first electronic tenders in EIS
Customers of Moscow published the first electronic tenders in the Unified information system. On July 23, 2018 reported about it the Vice-Mayor of Moscow concerning economic policy and the property and land relations Natalya Sergunina. According to her, procedures take place in the pilot mode so far, but these are real tenders in which representatives of entrepreneurial community can take part.
Since July 1 for the state customers carrying out tenders, quotation requests and offers electronically is the right, and since January 1, 2019 becomes a duty.
The first two competitions are electronically already announced therefore market participants can study the tender documentation and start preparation of documentation, the head explained Moscow City Department of Competition Policy Gennady Dyogtev.
Mass transition of capital customers to an electronic format of procedures is supposed in September, the Head of Department specified.
|In case of successful "piloting" of the project on transfer of tenders to an electronic form we are going to recommend since September to capital customers transition to this format in a mass order. It will be preceded by big explanatory work which, in fact, is already carried out through the training formats and individual consultations — Gennady Dyogtev added.|
90 percent of purchases of Moscow are transferred to an electronic form
|"undergoes 90 percent of capital procurement procedures electronically. Besides, purchases of "the small volume" also are transferred to an electronic form - in the city more than five years the portal of suppliers successfully functions and develops. Transfer the remained ten percent to an electronic form does not represent special complexity. The regional information system of the city in the field of purchases is completely ready to changes which happened in the contract system of the country on July 1. The changes planned until the end of the year will also be considered in the next updates of the interenet-platform", - the Deputy Mayor for Economic Policy and Property and Land Relations Natalya Sergunina told.|
The vice-mayor called the effects gained by a city contract system from carrying out purchases electronically.
"For the last six years of the loudspeaker of amounts of electronic procurement in the capital made 30 percent. As result, the competition grew - today on average 4 – 5 companies participate in electronic auctions, decrease in the starting maximum price of the contract is 10-12 percent", - N. Sergunina noted.
The artificial intelligence helps to protect participants of auctions
Machine learning technologies began to apply on "Single electronic trading platform". The Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Economic Policy and Property and Land Relations Natalya Sergunina reported about it.
|"Use of machine learning when carrying out electronic biddings already yields the first results - since the beginning of year 73 harmful attacks are prevented. It was preceded by serious complex upgrade of the operating information security system of electronic platform which controlling stake the Government of Moscow owns", - Natalya Sergunina told.|
Need of use of artificial intelligence is connected with cyberthreats to which financial institutions are exposed, the vice-mayor specified.
"Improvement of technology base is time call for one and all financial institutions today, and among them electronic platform with which carrying out electronic biddings began in Russia.
The platform information security system which is based on modern methods of machine learning using neural networks in the automatic mode fixes all entering and outgoing requests, in passing separating requests of fair users of the platform from the harmful attacks and actions "auction robots" who are extremely popular among swindlers and unfair participants of purchases", - N. Sergunina noted.
Moscow standardizes and centralizes joint purchases
Standardization and centralization of joint purchases of customers of Moscow brings notable economic effects for the budget of the capital. It in May, 2018 was said by the Deputy Mayor of Moscow in the Government of Moscow for Economic Policy and Property and Land Relations Natalya Sergunina in a work progress of the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum.
|"In Moscow the basis for implementation of regulation in the field of purchases regarding standardization of requirements to the goods which are purchased by Moscow, works and services is developed. The automated system allows to create more than 100 objects of purchases in "one cliques". Until the end of the year 70 percent of the repeating city requirements will be standardized. It is necessary for formation of uniform requirements to purchases for all customers of Moscow and already today favorably affects improvement of competition in the field of purchases and allows to use most effectively budgetary funds", - Natalya Sergunina told.|
Along with standardization the capital actively centralizes joint purchases, the vice-mayor emphasized.
|"The pilot project on centralization of joint purchases among city customers showed the effectiveness at the initial stage. It was important to make it not to the detriment of the competition, and for the purpose of optimization of budgetary funds and simplification of control at the organization and implementation of biddings. Among the first positive effects of a pilot project there is a decrease in the starting prices when carrying out the centralized purchases for 10 percent. On average on one centralized purchase moves on five requests from representatives of small business", – Natalya Sergunina noted.|
Joint purchases among budget customers are carried out in the following objects – supply of paper for the office equipment, fuel according to fuel cards, drinking water, rendering motor transportation services, the Head of the Moscow Department for Competition Policy Gennady Dyogtev explained.
|"Centralization of joint purchases provided significant reduction of prices of contracts in comparison with similar purchases even to three-year prescription. For example, in 2018 the centralized purchase of motor transportation services cost to city customers for 13 percent cheaper than if similar services were bought in 2014. The competition at biddings allows to reach notable decrease in the starting maximum prices of contracts. First, joint purchases provide decrease in the starting price due to increase in order size – earlier business reluctantly participated in procedures because of slightly volume of the delivered goods or services. At the same time in value term such purchases do not exceed 20 million rubles and representatives of small business can take part in them. Secondly, carrying out joint purchase nullifies any corruption risks, the documentation is coordinated and provided under one standard", – Gennady Dyogtev told|
On work of the Uniform Automated Information System of Biddings (UAISB) to customers of budget organizations of Moscow the special mobile group of technical support service since the beginning of 2018 helped to resolve over 7 thousand issues.
The mobile group functions since November, 2017 and already proved the efficiency, the Head of the Moscow Department for Competition Policy Gennady Dyogtev reported.
"About 50 departures to users of Uniform automated information system of biddings of the city of Moscow (EAIST) were made by mobile group since the beginning of year. To city customers in a foreground mode help to resolve issues on work in EAIST, eliminate and explain what this or that error of the user consists in. On average on one consultation three-four minutes leave. For a system in which more than 13 thousand users work, such format of work – need. Not always and it is possible to solve not all problems far off", – Gennady Dyogtev told.
Information on the main user errors is placed in a system and is available to acquaintance to all registered users, Gennady Dyogtev emphasized.
"Uniform automated information system of biddings of Moscow is constantly improved and requires certain knowledge which including the mobile group helps to set. It renders the serious help in normalization of work of customers. For today in a system 2.7 thousand enterprises and organizations of Moscow are registered", – Gennady Dyogtev noted.
Leaders in purchases of the innovation products among executive authorities — departments of construction, health care, information technologies, transport and housing and public utilities. "Open requests" and "The sessions of producers" — important tools on stimulation of demand for the innovation products.
What is "Open requests"? In their framework executive authorities look for the innovative solutions on relevant requests of municipal economy. The best implement in Moscow. In turn, "The sessions of producers" allow producers of the innovation products and technologies not only to represent the products to potential customers, but also to receive from them a feedback.
By October, 2017 carried out 40 open requests: 859 companies proposed 1051 solutions. For producers of the innovation products 80 actions on which 340 producers could present 444 perspective products or technologies took place.
"90 thousand contracts for the amount of 600 billion rubles are signed by about 2.6 thousand customers through the regional IT platform of Moscow annually. These are 10 percent from the total amount of the contracts signed in Russia. The created management system provides automation of all necessary technology transactions of placement of procurement procedures – planning, uniform classification of subjects to purchase, examination of the price, control at all stages of a purchasing cycle on uniform rules and also a possibility of carrying out the joint and centralized purchases", - the Head of Department on competition policy of the city of Moscow Gennady Dyogtev reported.
According to him, standard documentation of purchases forms automatically, the system.
"Formation of documentation is automated and covers about 51 percent of purchases today. Standardization gives essential effects: the number of participants grew from 4 to 5-6, due to the competition the indicator of decrease in the starting price of the contract at biddings – increased by 15 percent and more" - G. Dyogtev told.
It turned attention that when holding a procedure the customer selects products, but not the supplier. "Thanks to the remote depersonalized participation in biddings, the customer selects not the supplier, and products. Today more than 80 percent of purchases are carried out electronically", - G. Dyogtev emphasized.
Instruments of dialog with business he called the Portal of suppliers of Moscow (zakupki.mos.ru), the navigator on the innovation capital (imoscow.mos.ru) and the investment portal of Moscow (investmoscow.ru).
"For informing representatives of business Internet resources, including the address notification about purchases through Mosrobot are widely used. 60 thousand entrepreneurs receive personal messages about the published procedures. It allows them to save time for information search and to have equal access to it. Thus, the number of participants of procurement procedures increases", - Gennady Dyogtev told.
"Customers of Moscow represent procurement procedures "alive" within the Exchange of Biddings project where there is an opportunity to ask questions and to specify technical specifications, conditions of participation in the procedure", - G. Dyogtev told.
Implementation of standard technical specifications in a contract system will allow to increase competition level at biddings. Such conclusion according to the results of discussion with representatives of Moscow City Department of Competition Policy was drawn by the Head of Department of formation and order placement of the state committee of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic on regulation of a contract system in the field of purchases Maria Kobyakova.
"It is possible to call the Moscow experiment on standardization of purchases safely the driver of development of a contract system of Russia. First, implementation of standard procurement documentation, technical projects and drafts contract will make the contract system of the republic more clear and comfortable for potential suppliers. Secondly, creation of the transparent environment in the field of purchases will attract the bigger number of representatives of small and medium business. Thirdly, standard documentation will facilitate work of contract managing directors", - Maria Kobyakova emphasized.
"Moscow standardized more than 90 objects of purchases and next year this work will surely be continued. Tell digits about effects of standardization - the purchasing amount of Moscow at representatives of small business in 2011 was 26.7 billion rubles. And in 2017 this indicator reached 200 billion rubles", - the deputy manager of Moscow City Department of Competition Policy Alexey Danilov told.
Export of the Moscow industrial output
Main article: Moscow Export Center (MEC)
Investments in Moscow
2020: Moscow entered in top-20 the most perspective cities of Europe for IT investments
At the end of June, 2020 the fDi Intelligence magazine and the technology edition The Next Web published the rating of the European cities with the highest perspectives for investment into IT. Moscow was at the 18th place. Read more here.
Moscow - the most investment attractive region of the Russian Federation
The capital once again headed the summary rating of investment attractiveness of regions of Russia made by the RAEX agency ("RAEKS-Analitika")  Moscow won first place on the investment potential of Russian regions and quality of social infrastructure and also was among regions with the smallest investment risks.
|"One of drivers of investment activity is the large-scale program of development of the city, – the Deputy Mayor of Moscow on economic policy and the property and land relations Vladimir Yefimov commented. – The volume of Targeted investment program of Moscow for 2020-2022 is more than 2 trillion rubles. These funds will be allocated for implementation of priority projects in transport, a social sphere, improvement, etc.".|
From 2010 to 2018 investments into fixed capital in Moscow grew in the comparable prices more than twice. At the moment 14% of the all-Russian investment volume into fixed capital and about a half of the direct foreign investments of Russia fall to the share of the capital. In three quarters 2019 the investment volume into fixed capital was 1.6 trillion rubles that is 10.6% higher than an indicator of the same period of the 2018th, the vttse-mayor added.
|"The favorable investment climate is promoted substantially by support measures which are rendered to business by the Government of Moscow, – the Head of Department of investment and industrial policy Alexander Prokhorov explained. – For example, actively investing enterprises which are given the statuses of technopark of an industrial complex, the anchor resident of technopark and also new investment projects can reduce regional tax burden of 17–25%. Today 109 Moscow companies have the right to different privileges: 53 promkompleks, 36 technoparks, 10 anchor residents, 9 investment priority projects, 1 producer of vehicles".|
Moscow implements a package of measures for decrease in investment risks, improvement of business climate and simplification of administrative procedures in the field of investments. The government of the capital is in permanent dialog with the real sector of economy, knows his requirements and tries to provide entrepreneurs to all necessary, emphasize the city authorities.
|"According to the results of regular meetings with business decisions on development of mechanisms of support of the enterprises of the real sector, expansion of the existing privileges and preferences are made: for example, the bill of investment tax deduction was adopted in the fall. Today conditions under which it is profitable to entrepreneurs to invest in capital economy, to create the new companies in the territory of Moscow are created", – the director of the City agency of the investment management Leonid Kostroma told.|
The favorable investment climate of Moscow is mentioned also in other authoritative ratings. So, Moscow is the leader of National rating of a status of the investment climate in the subjects of the Russian Federation from the Agency of strategic initiatives. Besides, the fourth year in a row the capital heads the rating of regions on the level of development of public-private partnership in Russia (is formed the Ministry of Economic Development and the National PPP center).
A half of the foreign investments of the Russian Federation are the share of Moscow
Main article: The direct foreign investments in Russia
|"Today a half of PII of Russia are the share of Moscow. The largest investors of the capital are such countries as Germany, Finland, France, Italy, Austria. Most often foreign business makes means in the company which are borrowed by a financial and insurance activity, to the sphere of trade, to the sector of the industry and high technologies and also to the real estate", – the vice-mayor on economic policy and the property and land relations Vladimir Yefimov explained.|
Investment portal of Moscow
Almost six times attendance of the investment portal of the city of Moscow working by the principle of "one window" for investors in four years increased. In April, 2018 the Deputy Mayor of Moscow in the Government of Moscow for Economic Policy and Property and Land Relations Natalya Sergunina reported about it.
"Almost six times attendance of the Investment portal of the city of Moscow – from 27 thousand a month in 2014 increased to more than 150 thousand in a month of visits according to the results of the first quarter 2018. Content of the portal is available not only to Russian-speaking audience, there is an opportunity to obtain information in five languages: Chinese, German, English, Arab and Italian. The Russian investors along with representatives of other countries can obtain the comprehensive information about investment opportunities of the Russian capital", - Natalya Sergunina noted.
She paid attention that users from Russia – 85 percent of visits remain the most active. 15 percent users from other countries divide among themselves, the most active among them – China, India and Germany.
One of the most visited sections of the Investment portal is the section with information on land and property biddings of the megalopolis – more than 40 percent of all visits are the share of it, the Head of the Moscow Department for Competition Policy Gennady Dyogtev emphasized.
"The possibility of participation in land and property biddings of Moscow since launch of the investment portal was estimated by hundreds of thousands of users. Till October, 2013 information on the objects put by the city up for sale was separated, and it was impossible to make an overall picture of what is implemented by Moscow. Now the investment portal is a uniform show-window of offers and for business, and normal citizens. Registration in a personal account allows to get access to all online services of the portal. In particular, to leave the request for viewing an object of biddings, the request for acquaintance with all documentation of an object, the request for a road show, to receive notifications on the new lots put up for sale. Now on the portal are registered and about 16 thousand users use these services", - Gennady Dyogtev told.
On its information, 14 online services are implemented in work of the Investment portal of the city of Moscow. In development there are some more options.
On the Investment portal about 2.7 thousand objects of biddings – the land plots, non-residential and residential objects, objects of lease, an action, the right of trade and the right to placement of NTO are placed.
Smart transport - ITS on the example of Moscow
- Center of the organization of traffic of the Government of Moscow (GKU TsODD)
- Intelligent transport system (Moscow)
- Navigation information center of administration of the cargo motor transport of Moscow
- Transport in Moscow
- Moscow Metro
- Moscow Little Ring Railway (MLRR)
- Intellectual transport infrastructure (ITS) Russia
- Uniform federal center of automatic fixing of violations of traffic regulations (TsAFAP)
- NTI Avtonet
- Avtodata platform
- Regional Navigation and Information System (RNIS)
- Smart Traffic Light system
- Unmanned vehicles in Russia
- Unmanned vehicles (world market)
- Auto pilot (unmanned vehicle)
- Vehicle-to-Everytning (V2X) 5G in evolution of cars
- Transportation Managament System of the Management system for transport of a System and projects
- Fleet management systems of the Management system for motor transport service of a System and projects
- Security system and control of motor transport of a System and projects
- Satellite communication and navigation of a System and projects
Intelligent transport system of Moscow — one of the most important components of Smart City. In Moscow it is more than two thousand traffic lights, three and a half thousand detectors of monitoring of traffic and two thousand surveillance cameras. Data from them get to the TsODD situational center where they are analyzed in real time that helps to manage a situation on roads. Further this information allows TsODD to make the forecast of a road situation if it is going to block the street, to enter one-way traffic or to open the selected band for buses and trolleybuses.
More than 160 electronic boards on the main routes of the city quickly announce drivers weather, estimated time in way (for example, to MKAD or the Third Ring Road) and traffic congestion. They display also data on restriction or blocking of the movement. With implementation of an intelligent transport system the number of accidents on roads of Moscow decreased almost half. And average speed increased by 13 percent in spite of the fact that machines became much more.
The Center of the Organization of Traffic (COT) and Department of transport and communication of the city of Moscow since 2011 develop ITS. The ITS consists of two models – static and dynamic.
The static transport model is created for forecasting of options of change of a road situation for the long period.
STM considers the following input:
- population of the city;
- population of the area;
- age of inhabitants;
- sex of inhabitants;
- social status;
- employment of the population.
Algorithms of STM break each area into transport sections. To study activity and time of movement of people from one area another, to podchitat flow volume, technologies of the analysis of Big Data and sociological polls are used.
Using the dynamic transport model (DTM) the set of parameters, such as is traced:
- speed and intensity of traffic flows;
- movement of public transport;
- Road accident on importance degree;
- locations of social objects;
- road blocking.
Besides, using DTM it is possible to make monitoring of work of mobile complexes of photo and video fixing, etc.
DTM uses data from GLONASS sensors, cameras, transport detectors. On DTM responsibility for control of traffic lights, the analysis of the centers of accident rate, etc. lies.
The situational center is an important element of ITS of Moscow.
The situational center answers for:
- control of traffic lights;
- control of teleoverview cameras;
- monitoring of conditions of traffic;
- visual informing participants of traffic;
- photo and video fixing of violations.
Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications: data making out digital the admission will be destroyed
All personal data making out digital the admission will be destroyed. It was said on May 26, 2020 by the minister of digital development, communication and mass communications of Russia Maksut Shadayev.
|All of us are personal data, except for those which accounts were created by users on the portal of state services who did not have them yet to make out digital the admission, all personal data connected with movements, restrictions, the addresses with the exit purposes, everything will be deleted and destroyed, and, respectively, will not remain at us in the state information systems — Interfax cites words of Shadayev.|
The Minister of Telecom and Mass Communications emphasized that digital the admission were initially declared as the temporary measure operating for a quarantine and isolation in the conditions of COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic.
Digital the admission in Moscow and the Moscow region were entered in the middle of April, 2020. At execution of such document from citizens ask to specify passport details, number of the privately owned vehicle or number of the transport card, the address of sending and appointment, a purpose of visit. In Moscow area access control was cancelled on May 23. In the capital it remains by May 26.
On May 25 it became known that the Moscow road inspection cancelled nearly 2.5 thousand penalties to drivers for incorrectly issued the admission on movement across Moscow.
Earlier in May in the blog of AnalogBytes Conference company analyzed the text of the agreement on personal data processing with which citizens at execution of admissions agree. In it it is said that the citizen grants permission, including for data transmission to the third parties. The Moscow authorities called such agreement standard and stated that information of citizens is strictly protected by the law.
The owners of digital admissions who agreed to data processing will receive only information materials of the Government of Moscow and announcements of actions, but not advertizing, assured of the press service of capital department of an entrepreneurship and the innovative development.
Drivers of Mosgortrans complain of the system of fight against a dream created for 1.7 billion rubles driving. It causes pain and worsens sight
On March 10, 2020 it became known of complaints of drivers of Mosgortrans to the system of fight against a dream driving. It causes pain and worsens sight.
It is about the Antison system consisting of the camera with infrared illumination and dynamics. It defines "signs of falling asleep or loss of vigilance". The preventive sound and light signal joins if the driver goes blindly more than two seconds or over five seconds does not look at the road. It is reached by means of control of "mobility of ten front points of the driver" and some manifestations of a mimicry: yawning, blinking, data of nadbrovny arcs. Antison reveals the behavior indicators testimonial of fatigue, and sends data on it to the manager — and that can delete the driver from a route.
- The anti-dream in Mosgortrans is the System of fight against a dream driving
- Anti-dream Contactless solution for condition monitoring of drivers
Moscow will create smart underground parkings
On January 27, 2020 it became known of the forthcoming emergence in Moscow of parkings of new type — with the mechanized two-level elevators. Project implementation will be engaged Tekhnodinamika holding ("subsidiary" of Rostec).
In the new system of a parking will use the two-level P-100 elevator and a pazlovy parking of SNM-100 — a rack with the built-in mobile slots for cars. The independent type of the parking is implemented due to movement of pallets of storage of cars on parking levels for release of the necessary cell up-down and to the right-to the left.
In buses of Moscow monitoring systems of a passenger traffic and search of free riders will appear
On December 13, 2019 it became known that Mosgortrans will buy from Maxima Telecom companies (WiFi-seti operator in the subway of Moscow and St. Petersburg) and Itelm (the developer of automobile components, before began to deliver to Mosgortrans of a system of the help to drivers) solutions for control of passenger traffics and identification of free riders in buses.
Installation more than 2.5 thousand LED traffic lights
On March 13, 2019 Rostec reported that the Shvabe holding in 2018 installed in Moscow more than 2.5 thousand LED traffic lights with time countdown. About one thousand from them are also equipped with the soundtrack device. The specified equipment equips, in particular, the central intersections of the capital. Read more here.
The authorities of Moscow since 2015 buy from mobile operators data on movements of citizens – media
The Department of Information Technologies (DIT) of Moscow since 2015 buys from mobile operators data on movement of citizens on the movement of their sim cards. According to in March, 2019 Vedomosti, geoanalytics cost to authorities of the capital 516 million rubles, including 101.8 million rubles in 2018. The Russian Government Analytical Centre is engaged in processing and data storage. In the technical project on the website of state procurements it is told about the depersonalized statistical data of people.
Reports cover Moscow and the Moscow region. The territory is divided into sections of 500 × 500 m where lives (spends the night) and the known number of people works (spends day). If the person moves on the city, it is considered that it has a traveling work if the person on weekdays drives to the region and leaves it, he is considered the labor migrant. The operator reports the authorities how many in the region of the summer residents spending much time in the country on days off and holidays and also tourists who are in the region not for long and are not engaged in earnings. Officials also obtain data on movements on city transport.
DIT transfers data of operators to Institute of the General plan of Moscow for separate projects. So, they were used at completion of the Moscow railway junction and the Moscow central diameters in 2017-2018 and also during development of transport infrastructure of the Troitsk and Novomoskovsk districts of Moscow. Data of operators on citizens made a revolution in transport planning and allowed to refuse expensive and very approximate models which were used decades, the director of Institute of transport of Higher School of Economics Mikhail Blinkin said to the edition.
Transition to eco-friendly transport
The capital signed the contract of lifecycle (CL) with PJSC KAMAZ for delivery of 100 electrobuss and 36 ultrafast charging stations to them.
More than a half of volume of all projects of the public-private partnership (PPP) of the capital is the share of KZhTs in the transport sphere: in five years it made 435 billion rubles. KZhTs has long-term character therefore the city as a result of its conclusion receives the best price relation and qualities of vehicles. Besides, budget expenses are evenly distributed.
Machines from PJSC KAMAZ will equip with the equipment for transportation of passengers with disabilities, the system of climate control, satellite navigation, USB connectors for charging of mobile devices. Besides, passengers will be able to use free Wi-Fi in electrobuss.
The contract of lifecycle which is signed with "KamAZ", provides not only acquisition of the electrobuss developed in full accordance with requirements of the city but also further service and delivery of component parts within 15 years. The price of the contract was 6.57 billion rubles.
Future KZhTs can become the perspective mechanism of PPP: for example, in the field of housing and public utilities – when installing all-house metering devices and purchase of the utility equipment, in health care – for acquisition of the medical equipment.
The capital concluded the first two KZhTs on delivery and service maintenance of electrobuss in the spring of 2018 with Russkiye avtobusy-GAZ Group LLC and PJSC KAMAZ. The cumulative price of two contracts was 12.7 billion rubles. Electrobuss began to ply on city streets last fall. In 2019-2020 the Moscow authorities are going to buy 300 electrobuss a year.
Start of a neuronet for fixing of traffic regulations
On December 26, 2018 the neural network knew of start in Moscow for fixing of violations of traffic regulations. The new technology will allow to verify automatically compliance of the brand and number of the car and will exclude situations when the camera incorrectly recognizes license plate number, the head of Directorate of photo and video fixing of the capital Center of the organization of traffic Evgeny Legler told journalists.
According to him, the neuronet started by TsODD will help to calculate fraudulent activity on substitution of numbers when the car in the picture does not correspond to the fact that it is entered in the database under the corresponding state registration sign. If a system finds such discrepancy, it sends the picture to the employee of TsODD who solves whether the technical error (incorrect recognition of number) takes place or on the car number is changed. Naturally, in the latter case TsODD transfers material to traffic police for rapid response.
On external signs of the electronic engineer will be able to distinguish cars of the most popular and widespread in Moscow and the Moscow region of brands and also the rare and not issued any more machines: in total it is supposed to load data on 103 brands into a system. Besides, the neuronet will distinguish cars from cargo, and the taxi and machines of emergency services – from ordinary cars. Whether it will allow to define, for example, the specific car has the right to move on the selected band.
Legler explained that earlier the complex of photo and video fixing recognized number of the car, on it from the database of traffic police the make of the car was unloaded. When preprocessing information the specialist of TsODD checked that these data corresponded to the car recorded in the photo. After implementation of the new software, this process became automated.
In city transport of Moscow a new booking system will appear
In city transport of Moscow a new booking system will appear. It provides personalisation of cards Three and ability to integrate with the booking systems of other regions. A new booking system will process more than 6 billion transactions a year. Read more here.
Moscow starts the system of verification of the CMTPL road cameras
At the beginning of September, 2018 it became known of start in Russia of the system of automatic verification of policies of the CMTPL at motorists. The project starts in Moscow in November, and then it can be distributed all over the country.
The IT system should integrate several participants of process at once – among them the capital Center of the organization of traffic (TsODD – including is engaged in service of cameras of photo and video fixing in the capital), traffic police and the Russian Association of Motor Insurers (RAMI) appear. Each of them locates own resources for the organization of instant check on existence of the policy of the CMTPL, and as told Kommersant the source familiar with a situation, the main complexity consists in synchronization of all available databases.
By the beginning of October, 2018 there is consolidation of databases that will allow to define motorists without policy of the CMTPL, "to understand who has an insurance and at whom is not present", reported in TsODD. Penalties to drivers for driving by machines without policy of the CMTPL will begin to write out according to the decision of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
The project on verification of presence of policies of compulsory insurance at motorists by means of road cameras had to be started in 2016, however afterwards for the different reasons was postponed more than once. According to the results of an experiment in the 2018th if it is recognized successful, the park of the cameras connected to a system will be broadened, but before it the careful analysis of law-enforcement practice and appeals will be carried out.
According to RSA, by the beginning of October, 2018 without policies of the CMTPL about 6% of Muscovites move. After a project startup in the Union expect to lower this indicator to 0%.
Earlier in RSA planned that to drivers without policy one penalty a day will be written out (it makes 800 rubles), but also the penalty option after journey of the violator under each camera was discussed.
Novikombank will select 5 billion rubles of "Schwabe" for service of ITS of Moscow
Novikombank will select to Shvabe holding of State Corporation Rostec 5 billion rubles for project implementation on service of an intelligent transport system of Moscow. The relevant agreement was signed by the CEO of Schwabe holding Alexey Patrikeev and the chairman of the board of Novikombank Elena Georgieva, reported on August 21, 2018 in Schwabe.
Means will be aimed in support of implementation of the government contract at providing smooth functioning of the equipment which is a part of an intelligent transport system of Moscow. Its contractor according to the results of a victory in an open competition appoints the organization, as a part of holding responsible for execution of the ecosystem project "Smart City" — "Schwabe – Moscow".
|For the last few years "Schwabe" accumulated wide experience in the field of implementation of "smart" and energy efficient technologies in the Russian cities. Development of an intelligent transport system of Moscow — a big and responsible task for which solution we intend to use all available resources of holding. Implementation of this project not only will bring benefit to the city, but also can have a positive impact on the industry and economy in general. And Novikombank support — corporate bank of Rostec — here is a guarantor of timely accomplishment of the obligations given by us — Alexey Patrikeev emphasized.|
The contract for development of transport infrastructure of the capital is signed with the Center of the organization of traffic of the Government of Moscow (TsODD). According to document conditions, the holding will also execute repair of the equipment at emergence of emergency situations.
"Yandex" agreed with the authorities of Moscow about development of pilotless transport
On July 17, 2018 "Yandex" announced the conclusion with the authorities of Moscow agreements on development of pilotless transport in the city. The agreement for a period of five years was signed with a possibility of prolongation at the Moscow urbanistic forum.
Parts of arrangements of the party will discuss later, however it is already known that joint work with the authorities will allow to prepare the legislation for implementation of unmanned vehicles on streets of Moscow. As a result it will become simpler to test prototypes of robomobiles in real conditions.
As explained in the capital mayor's office, within the agreement it is going to create standards which, in particular, will define responsibility at road accident that it was clear, who is guilty of accident: the programmer who wrote the software or the robot at some number, or the producer. Also it has to is necessary to define technical standards, for example, at what frequency to be transmitted a traffic light signal directly to the machine.
The signed document provides development and implementation in Moscow of technologies of pilotless management on all types of city passenger transport and formation of business models when rendering services using self-governed machines.
Technologies of the telematic transport and intelligent automobile systems and service on their basis will develop Besides. The personnel in this sphere will be prepared and also development and approbation of the solutions connected with cyber security at operation of pilotless transport is provided.
It is supposed that the high-automated and pilotless vehicles will be developed using mainly Russian technologies. Safety of conducting tests of pilotless transport will be ensured by the complex scheme of the organization of traffic and an intelligent transport system.
Mosgortrans will buy 300 electrobuss
At the end of 2017 the authorities of Moscow on behalf of SUE Mosgortrans officially relied on development of electric public transport: competition on delivery of 300 electrobuss (with service maintenance within 15 years) and the systems of exercises for them is announced. According to the deputy mayor on transport Maxim Liksutov, all there will take place three auctions on 100 machines (with the starting cost of 10.5 billion rubles everyone). Producers are also obliged to deliver 98 ultrafast charging stations. And it only the beginning: about 300 machines in a year are going to purchase annually, and since 2021 Moscow will begin to buy only electrobuss. The capital already refuses traditional trolleybuses: in the downtown they are removed from routes.
The project of the land subway in the capital region
In November, 2017 Vladimir Putin supported the large-scale project of creation of the new land subway based on routes of suburban electric trains in To Moscow and near Moscow area. The president discussed its implementation with the mayor Moscow Sergey Sobyanin and the head RUSSIAN RAILWAY Oleg Belozyorov.
The main idea of the project — to start up railway passenger trains with the minimum intervals between the cities of near Moscow area through Moscow. According to the data provided by the capital mayor's office to Vedomosti it is at least about five and at most about fifteen radial routes. They received the working name "Moscow Central Diameters".
On two of them suburban electric trains already go, but is irregular. It "Odintsovo — the Belarusian station — the Savelovsky station — Lobnya" and "Nakhabino — the Rzhevskaya platform (near the Riga station) — the Kalanchevskaya platform (near three stations — Leningrad, Yaroslavl and Kazan) — the Kursk station — Podolsk". Here is going to start up trains at an interval of six minutes within about one and a half years. Additional costs on it are estimated previously at 20 billion rubles, the representative of the capital mayor's office reported. They will be divided equally among themselves by the city budget and the Russian Railway.
Also it is going to open to thirteen "The Moscow central diameters". Among them:
- "Zelenograd — the Rzhevskaya platform — the Kalanchevskaya platform — Ramenskoye",
- "Pushkino — Mytishchi — the Kalanchevskaya platform — Ramenskoye",
- "Korolyov — Mytishchi — the Kalanchevskaya platform — Ramenskoye",
- "Zelenograd — the Rzhevskaya platform — the Kalanchevskaya platform — the Kursk station — Podolsk",
- Nakhabino — the Rzhevskaya platform — the Kalanchevskaya platform — the Kursk station — Reutov — Railway",
- "Odintsovo — the Belarusian station — the Savelovskaya platform (near the Savelovsky station) — the Rzhevskaya platform — the Kalanchevskaya platform — the Kursk station — Reutov — Railway".
Implementation of this project will take about five years. Moscow estimated preliminary costs at 20 billion rubles. They will also be divided among themselves by the capital and the Russian Railway. Thereby, all project will cost 40 billion.
Moscow - the second in the world on a downtime in traffic jams
Moscow took the second place in the world on duration of traffic jams. Experts of the Inrix research group came to such conclusion, having analyzed 1068 cities in 38 countries. According to the company, for 2016 capital drivers spent 91 hours 24 minutes in jams. At the same time in a research it is noted that in a year duration of capital traffic jams decreased.
Los Angeles with a similar indicator headed 104 hours 6 minutes the world ranking. Two other cities of the USA - Nyo-York and San Francisco - appeared on the third and fourth places respectively. For 2016 duration of traffic jams grew in all three American cities.
And here in the overall ranking of the "plug" countries of Russia, provided at once by 103 cities, bypassed states. On average the Russian motorists for 2016 lost in jams 42 hours. It is more only at Indonesia (47 hours), Colombia (47 hours) and Thailand (61 hour).
2018: Opening in Skolkovo of business center with the built-in system "The smart city"
On October 6, 2018 in the territory of the innovation center the business center of Amaltey with the built-in system "The smart city" which automatically manages lighting, ventilation and energy consumption opened. In business center under a dome the large-scale pedestrian zone is created. The building is built according to the LEED what standard of the Silver level. The French architectural company Valode&Pistre was engaged in design of the concept, and the Safmar industrial financial group acted as the investor of construction. Read more here.
City Wi-Fi and mobile Internet of a 5G
- Main article Uniform Wi-Fi-network "Moscow Transport" (MT FREE)
- Moscow will spend 830 million rubles for free Wi-Fi
WiFi in Moscow, 2017
On streets, in parks and pedestrian zones of Moscow a set of access points to free Wi-Fi. Within the Garden Ring and in the Moscow parks of their over two thousand. The Internet is also in public transport. The seamless zone extends to the subway, MTsK, aeroexpress trains and also buses, trams and trolleybuses. It means that, passing from one type of transport to another, you should not undergo authorization again.
The mobile Internet still costs to Muscovites by eight times cheaper, than to residents of New York. On availability of fixed connection among all cities on the planet Moscow takes the second place.
The project of free wireless Internet access started in the capital in 2012. At first the city network Wi-fi was created in vacation spots — parks, pedestrian zones, cultural spaces. And now it is free of charge possible to be connected to the Internet both in the subway, and on land transport, and in dormitories. Now by quantity of points of Wi - Fi - access Moscow takes the second place in.
The city network covers 24 open territories: Moscow Zoo, VDNH, parks and pedestrian streets; 14 public spaces — libraries and the cultural centers; and also 150 buildings of dormitories. In total more than 8.5 thousand access points (spot jotas) work in the capital. Also free Wi-Fi is available in the subway and land public transport.
The Internet everywhere where it is necessary
Initially city network Wi-fi was unrolled in vacation spots — parks, pedestrian zones, cultural spaces. Now the wireless internet moves ahead to regions of mass concentration of people. In particular, the pilot project on development till 2018 access networks in the Garden Ring is started. The city will actively interact with investors and telecom operators to improve infrastructure, to create and test different services for citizens and business users.
Studying of geoanalytics — the depersonalized statistics of mobile operators about movements of subscribers — allowed to determine points where Wi-Fi is most demanded by the city. In two years in Moscow about one thousand new spot jotas, for example, on Kremlyovskaya Embankment and Gogolevsky Boulevard, Moss, Myasnitsky, Big Bronna and Big Nikitskaya streets will appear.
"Seamless" authorization will become important feature of new network. So having once got access to network, it will be possible to move freely on a signal area of coverage without repeated connection. As well as now, it will be possible to become authorized by three methods: using the SMS notification, an account of the Moscow portal of state services or the Single mobile platform of Moscow.
The city network Moscow WiFi Free has quite high technical characteristics. Each access point provides acceptance of a signal with a speed of 5-15 Mbps in a radius from 20 to 50 meters and supports up to 100 user sessions.
To be connected to city Wi-Fi, users should undergo identification procedure. This requirement of the federal legislation. The first method — through SMS. The user is connected to network, gets on the page where he needs to enter the phone number on which the SMS message will come with the code. After that the user gets on the homepage of city network Wi-fi. According to the statistics, in the Moscow networks no more than five percent of users so will become authorized. The second — identification on the http://mos.ru portal. For authorization in city network Wi-fi it is necessary to enter the login and the password from one of these systems at choice of the user. The same login and the password at Wi-Fi on the Moscow streets, in parks and dormitories. In network of the Moscow transport it is necessary to be registered separately.
In land transport
The network of wireless access in land Mosgortrans_Free city transport is started in 2015. At first equipped with the equipment stops (such spot jotas about 450 now), then its began to set also in vehicles. Wi-Fi is distributed by about four thousand buses, trolleybuses and trams, by the end of 2016 the scope will grow twice.
Service is obviously popular: according to the Deputy Mayor of Moscow, the Head of Department of transport and development of road and transport infrastructure Maxim Liksutov, in a year more than 250 thousand people used Internet access, and the total number of connections to network exceeded one million. The potential audience is much higher: statistics shows that daily land transport of Moscow transports more than 5.5 million passengers.
Wi-Fi in city parks
For 2016 the number of parks with free Wi-Fi grew twice. The wireless internet last year became available to Muscovites in 12 green zones. Among them — Kolomna, Victory Park, Vorobyyovskaya Embankment, Moscow Zoo and others. In total free Wi-Fi works in 24 parks and pedestrian zones (you see the list below), including at VDNH, in Gorky Park and Muzeon, Sokolniki and other.
Only from December 31, 2016 to January 8, 2017 Muscovites were connected to free city Wi-Fi in capital parks about 125 thousand times. Leaders in the number of authorized users of steel VDNH and Sokolniki. For all holidays their visitors were connected to free Wi-Fi of 25 thousand and 19 thousand times respectively.
"1744 gigabytes — the Kuzminki park became the leader in amounts of the downloaded traffic —. The greatest loading of channels is recorded in Sokolniki. For high-quality Internet communication in the territory of this park 165 access points are set" — told in Department. On the second place on covering density — VDNH about 128 hotspotam.
And it is safe to use these networks?
The main objective of free city Wi-Fi-networks — to give to inhabitants and tourists Internet access. These are public networks, and they do not cipher data which you transfer from the tablets or smartphones therefore rules of care should be observed. If you use public networks for Internet connection, it is necessary to protect the smartphone or the tablet programs of security that malefactors did not intercept your data. But now the majority of the websites and services independently cipher traffic (i.e. data exchange) therefore it is too strong you should not worry about security.
You should not worry also about safety of your personal data: the login, the password and other data which you specified on the city websites. They are protected, are not transferred to the third parties and stored in encrypted form in the Moscow single mobile platform, specialists of capital Department of information technologies say.
What will be farther with wireless networks of the city?
All these technologies can be applied in Internet of Things — to information exchange between different devices in the automatic mode. So, the system of accounting of water supply can automatically request data on a water consumption from counters which stand in the apartment, and smart city transport will automatically obtain data on traffic jams and changes in operation of traffic lights.
To provide effective interaction, data transmission technologies and reliable economic devices are necessary. Let's tell that the sensor transferring information ran on one battery ten years. Such options now are also selected by specialists.
Perhaps, elements of Internet of Things use in the new city project "smart Quarter of Lyublino". For example, entrances of houses will equip with systems which will turn off the light if on a staircase there is nobody. Now there is a preparation of tender for project development of quarter, and it should start in the first quarter this year.
In the next plans — to increase quantity of street access points within the Garden Ring. It will expand a seamless zone of access in which the smartphone will not lose network while you walk on the center of Moscow.
Moscow will start four experimental platforms 5G
On May 31, 2019 it became known of the statement of the Mayor Moscow Sergey Sobyanin that until the end of 2019 in the city four experimental platforms on implementation will be started mobile communication fifth generation. Also capital city's mayor suggested to give To Moscow additional legal opportunities for creation of disruptive solutions in the area information technologies and artificial intelligence.
For deployment of the Russian 5G networks it is going to select the range of 3.4-3.8 GHz. Operators who work in this range are supposed to offset loss of a frequency resource. But neither the mechanism, nor the amount of compensation is even defined approximately yet.
Main article: Development of 5G networks in Russia
76% of the Moscow libraries are already connected to free network Wi-fi
Since the beginning of this year the free Internet earned in 55 libraries of Moscow. Now it is possible to use Wi-fi network in 336 city reading rooms. For this purpose it is necessary to select from the list of available networks Moscow_WiFi_Free, to open the browser and to become authorized.
"The free wireless internet equips already 76 percent of city libraries. In them more than two thousand access points — approximately on six in each building are set. Therefore Muscovites can work with large volumes of information, watch video, listen to audiomaterials. It expands opportunities for training and research" — Natalya Sergunina, the Deputy Mayor of Moscow told.
The vice-mayor also noted that libraries with the free Internet are in all 11 districts of the capital. It is more than such reading rooms in the east (50), the southeast (44) and in the south (41) cities.
To be connected to the Internet, it is necessary to select from the list of available networks Moscow_WiFi_Free, to open the browser and to become authorized. It can be done by two methods: using the account on mos.ru or through SMS. In the first case for connection it is necessary to enter the login and the password — to specify the phone number on which the message will come with the code in the second.
In 2019 there will be consolidation on a single platform more than 15 thousand access points to a wireless internet — on streets in the Garden Ring and locally within the Third Ring Road, in parks, libraries, recreation centers, the museums, movie theaters of Moschino network and hostels of universities. Thus, it will not be necessary to be connected repeatedly to Wi-Fi, moving on the city. Besides, for users the uniform technical support service which employees will help when using a wireless network will begin to work.
Today over three thousand access points to free city network Wi-fi, in 40 capital parks — more than 1.1 thousand, in 199 recreation centers — 880 work at streets within the Third Ring Road. 336 more points are in 14 city museums, 62 — at 13 movie theaters of Moschino network and a film society museum Eldar. Besides, city Wi-Fi is available in 151 high school hostels (more than 8.1 thousand points) and at VDNH (147 points).
According to the statistics last year, about 24.3 million times were connected to city network Wi-fi that above indicators of 2017 for 27.5 percent. The peak by the number of connections fell on May when 4.8 million times used a wireless internet. The total quantity of unique devices using which went on-line in the 2018th exceeded a mark of 5.4 million (in their 2017 there were more than 3.7 million).
During the research EY it became clear that Wi-fi networks still remain the most popular method of wireless internet access. In particular, in Moscow growth of number of public access points of Wi-fi more than by 10 times for 2 years was mentioned. However also outflow of users in a segment of the mobile Internet is observed: in particular, 65% of respondents in these or those situations did not risk to be connected to public Wi-Fi from security reasons of data and labor input of process of connection.
The Wi-fi network in the Moscow subway contains 20 million registered devices. Within more than two minutes if to consider interruptions in communication, after connection to Wi-fi network in the subway the user is forced to browse advertizing. The cost of shutdown of advertizing is from 170 rub to 350 rub a month.
In Ernst&Young note that the number of users of the Moscow Wi-Fi grows in many respects at the expense of visitors to whom public Wi-Fi allows to save on roaming.
With a growth of quantity of access points in Ernst&Young fix reduction of number of sessions and volume of traffic. In particular, from December, 2016 to July, 2017 the number of sessions in public Wi-Fi grew by 269%, however then by January, 2018 was reduced by 49%.
According to a research if the Wi-fi network does not require identification, 70% of users switch to it from the mobile Internet, and 3G-or 4G-connection will continue to use 20%. About 5% of users are not connected to Wi-Fi in general, using cellular communication on all devices.
The mobile Internet in Moscow - one of the most available among the large cities of the world
3 types of rates for mobile data transmission (not including a voice, the SMS and other communication services) became an object of research: "the minimum data packet" (up to 4 GB, inclusive), "average" (5-12 GB) and "maximum" (13 GB and more) in Moscow, Barcelona, London, Stockholm, New York, Singapore and Dubai.
According to experts of DIT the cost of 1 GB of mobile data transmission in Moscow for rates with the small included traffic packet according to the results of the 3rd quarter 2017 was 84 rubles for 1 GB while for rates with a big packet of mobile data transmission – 41 rubles for 1 GB. Acquisition of a tariff packet of mobile data transmission, big on volume, appeared more profitable. So, economy for the user makes from 1.4 times in New York, up to 5 times in Stockholm. In Moscow – twice.
The average cost of traffic in Moscow – the lowest. In comparison with New York the mobile Internet will cost by 5-8 times cheaper (depending on packet volume, the maximum difference – for the most volume packets of mobile data transmission), with London – by 3-4 times.
Experts also noted stability of the market of the prices of the mobile Internet for the last year. For comparison, about 2-3 years ago traffic became cheaper every year many times.
Moscow will expand a zone free with Wi-fi of network
The coverage free will be expanded Wi-Fi of network in Moscow. According to in November the Moscow Department of Information Technology (DIT), network will appear in 12 parks, 70 museums and 151 cultural centers of the capital.
Equipment installation on some objects already began. Until the end of December, 2017 more than 400 access points will be set in 78 cultural centers and about 50 more — in five parks. It is going to connect all points until the end of 2018.
"On each urban area specialists define optimal places for installation of access points to Wi-Fi. They will provide to users a steady signal in a radius up to 50 meters, and switching between them will not demand repeated authorization" — noted in DIT.
Points of Wi-fi will work in the Vorontsovsky park and the Philly park, the landscape Mitino park and also in the Gardeners and Northern Tushino parks. In only 12 recreation areas will set more than 200 access points. The wireless internet will appear also in the Moscow Museum of Modern Art, Memorial Museum of Astronautics, museum exhibition association Arena, the ZIL and Stimul cultural centers.
Until the end of this year the free Internet will also be carried out at all movie theaters of Moschino network of the Moscow Department of Culture. Access points already earned at nine sport schools, and in 2018 will connect 18 more to Wi-Fi. Began to equip with free Wi-Fi boarding houses for pensioners and veterans. Besides, the Internet is on 200 streets in the center of Moscow and in 24 city parks and also in city transport. Each access point provides a signal in a radius up to 50 meters. In network about 15 thousand devices at the same time can work.
2016: 175 million rubles on free Wi-Fi in the Garden Ring
Authorities of the capital are going to spend 175 million rubles for installation in the Garden Ring of the equipment which will provide to citizens free wireless Internet connection, the Govorit Moskva radio station reports .
It is noted that the similar equipment will be installed in 425 places, and a particular on Neglinny, Moss and Myasnitsky streets, Color, Tver and boulevards Chistoprudnom and also at Red Square and Kremlevskaya Embankment. At the same time city Wi-Fi will be available not only on streets, but also in buildings.
For use of network Muscovites will need to pass through identification procedure.
Portal of public services of the city of Moscow
- Main article Portal of public services of the city of Moscow
Moscow the first of territorial subjects of the Russian Federation started an online service of payment of different duties and services, transferred the most part of construction documentation to a cloud and gave the chance to receive several services by one packet.
In only several minutes you can check and pay penalties for violation of traffic regulations, make an appointment with the doctor, fill up Three, pay utilities, write the child in section and many other things. In total on the mos.ru portal now 170 services and services.
These beginnings of 2018
Health care in Moscow
Uniform Medical Information and Analytical System (UMIAS)
The Uniform Medical Information and Analytical System (UMIAS) was started in Moscow in 2011. With its help it is possible to find the nearest clinic, to register in appointment online, to receive the reference. For several years of work the electronic registry reduced queues in clinics by 2.5 times.
EMIAS is unrolled in 678 medical institutions of an out-patient and polyclinic link, integrates 21.5 thousand doctors, 9.5 million patients, contains more than 359 million records to doctors and provides more than 500 thousand different transactions daily. Through remote links of record weekly about 700 thousand people register in appointment. With its help it is possible to appoint a visit to the doctor not only in registry of medical institution, but also on the Internet, mobile application, by phone or in clinic via the infomat. A system also allows to write out electronic recipes, to receive references for traffic police and to keep the medical record of a disease in electronic form.
Priority for the near future — implementation of EMIAS in hospitals and integration with services of ambulance and the Moscow schools.
In 2015 the KPMG auditing company in the research "Smart Cities" recognized EMIAS the leader in use of smart technologies in the field of health care. In 2016 in the rating of the PricewaterhouseCoopers agency Moscow became the first among the megalopolises which are actively using the analysis of the saved-up data in management of health care. EMIAS — the winner of the English award MobileGov World Summit 2017 in the field of mobile public services and electronic services.
Video analytics and city video surveillance system
- As the city video surveillance system in Moscow is arranged
- As the system of face recognition in Moscow is arranged
Moscow is included into ten world leaders in a covering video cameras. In the city more than 146 thousand cameras — at entrances, in the yards, in places of mass accumulation of people and in educational institutions. Records from them use 70 percent of offenses and crimes at investigation. And still cameras help to control work of housing and communal services.
Records come to the uniform center of storage and data processing. In case of state of emergency it is possible to reserve archive information from the necessary camera for 30 days. For this purpose it is necessary to leave the request, having called in the round-the-clock city contact center by phone number: 8 (495) 587-00-02. With the requisition number got from the operator it is necessary to address to law enforcement agencies in the scene or to the lawyer. Without reservation archive information is stored within five days.
PJSC Rostelecom provides functioning of a video surveillance system of the city of Moscow of PVN (49,797 cameras), DVN (10,111 cameras), a MMS (the 736th camera). The amount of the performed works – about 50% of a total quantity of the mounted cameras.
The video surveillance system is under construction based on "Service model"
- The city orders services of video transmission from telecom operators and pays obtaining the video image from cameras in the uniform Data storage center (UDSC)
- ETsHD is under construction the city by the separate order and performs access functions to video cameras and data archives for users of a video surveillance system
- Purchase of cameras, installation, setup and the subsequent operation of the equipment are paid by the operator
Modern mechanisms of urban governance
"Our city" and "Active citizen"
Muscovites can interact directly with Government of the city of Moscow and influence capital life. The Our City portal is a channel of feedback from citizens. With its help it is possible to complain of work of officials and municipal services.
On the portal it is possible to announce lack of a ballot box in the park, damage of a ladder or littering of the territory, to tell about the broken paving slabs, bad care of trees and bushes or a hole on the road. On "Our city" more than one million users are registered. By the fall of 2017 the godaa was succeeded to solve about 1.8 million problems with its help.
The system of electronic referenda "The active citizen" allows to express the opinion on the most different city questions — from creation of additional bus routes and a hairstyle of a lawn before the choice of the name for a new ring of the subway. "Active citizens" save bonus points and receive the branded souvenirs, theater tickets or the museum. By the fall of 2017 in the project more than 1.9 million participants are registered, more than 2.6 thousand votes are taken and more than 81 million opinions are accepted.
Uniform Dispatching Center (UDC)
Start of the Uniform Dispatching Center (UDC) through which there pass all requests of inhabitants concerning municipal services today became one of the main results of work of DIT in the field of housing and public utilities. Emergence of EDTs already allowed the city to coordinate work of all municipal services effectively. For the beginning of 2018 in EDTs about 700 operators accepting more than 900 thousand addresses a month work. The head "Information Technologies in Housing and Public Utilities" DIT of Moscow Ilya Dyomin, in addition to advantages of EDTs, told in April, 2018 and about the ASARC (Automated System of Accounting of Resource Consumption) project which allows to control resource consumption in the house and to warn about a deviation in indicators. One of the perspective directions of informatization of housing sector – implementation of smart counters which will automatically send indications of metering devices of resource consumption to a system. In addition to automatic transfer of indications, "smart" counters will be able to pay attention to too big expense and to announce a potential leakage.
City contact center
It is always ready: the robot will tell about the status of documents
To learn whether the document is ready, it is enough to call Uniform help desk of the Government of Moscow and to click '1'
Document creation takes some time. To learn whether the document is ready, Muscovites address in Uniform help desk of the Government of Moscow. Earlier calls were distributed chaotically: were fixed, then the person got to virtual queue, after someone switched to the robot, and someone got to the operator.
It is possible to learn about readiness of the document quickly and without queue. For this purpose it is necessary to dial number 8-495-7777777, then if you get to queue to the operator, then not to expect, you can click digit '1' in a tone mode and switch to the robot, further dictate number of the statement and receive the answer.
'People on an old habit try to pass to the person, but we try to teach Muscovites to communicate with the robot. Because so they will obtain information quicker, than from the operator: process takes on average less than a minute. But it is worth emphasizing that the status of readiness of the document should be specified only after the term sounded in MFC' — Andrey Savitsky, the City Contact Center project manager comments.
The robot works at a hot line of Uniform help desk of the Government of Moscow since July, 2017. The virtual operator processes 53% of incoming calls on 22 subjects. About 325 thousand addresses a month are the share of the robot. Hundred people daily thank the virtual operator for the help just as present.
The city contact center of the capital is recognized by one of the best among world megalopolises
Based on contact center Moscow the research "The Analysis of Use of the Advanced Digital Technologies in Work of the City and Other Megalopolises of the World" the Russian capital, to a dress New York and Hong Kong, won first place. On August 28, 2018 announced this TAdviser in Moscow Department of Information Technology (DIT).
Within the research of analytics of DIT analyzed 20 "smart" cities with the most developed contact centers, including Los Angeles, Atlanta, Toronto, London, Paris, Madrid, Barcelona, Berlin, Cape Town, etc. Experts considered questions on which it is possible to address to city contact centers, city communication channels with inhabitants, quantitative indices of efficiency and completeness of functionality of contact centers.
Use of technologies of the smart city was separately studied. In City contact center of such technologies 6: omnichannel (mutual integration of separate communication channels into a single system), the robot operator, identification of the personality on a voice, artificial intelligence, the analysis of Big Data, recognition of emotions on a voice. The city contact center of Moscow, along with New York, is the leader in the level of implementation of digital technologies as in it 6 of 7 studied technologies are used, noted in DIT.
|Every month to us more than 3 million calls by the most different life situations arrive, and the increasing number of calls is processed by the virtual operator. For example, 95% of addresses on acceptance of indications of individual metering devices of water are already accepted by the robot — the City Contact Center project manager of DIT of Moscow Andrey Savitsky told.|
Together with Seol Moskva became the only city where in city contact center it is possible to handle any life situation concerning key spheres of city life. Also Russian capital showed good results on customer satisfaction (90%), solution from the first (96%), to the average time of service of a call (3 min.) and expectations of the answer (45 sec.).
|The city contact center potentially is one of key links of receiving by residents of services and services, and not only city, but also commercial. Contact center — uniform point of entry for the inhabitant for receiving the answer on any questions. Therefore world megalopolises pay much attention to this communication channel with the inhabitants. It is pleasant to realize that Moscow takes the leading positions among the "smart" cities of the world on development of city contact center — the head "Analyst" DIT of Moscow Ivan Buturlin said.|
The digital platform on automation of economic processes of Moscow
On January 30, 2020 it became known of what technologies of management of automation of economic processes of Moscow aggregate based on the Technopolice Moscow SEZ. The Deputy Mayor of Moscow concerning economic policy and the land and property relations Vladimir Yefimov reported about it. Read more here.
Technologies of information modeling (BIM) in Moscow
- The main article of Technology of information modeling in Moscow
Moscow Electronic School (MES)
The Moscow Electronic School project started in September, 2016. Its basic elements — the electronic journal and the diary and library of electronic materials where there are manuals and scenarios of lessons. Scenarios succeeded plans of lessons and are similar to the presentation with evident materials and tasks. Teachers of all city can take the suitable scenario from library, add already existing or create new and open to it the general access.
Such system allows to exchange experience and creates healthy competition between teachers, scenarios estimate and keep track of the number of their downloads. Today teachers created about 50 thousand electronic scenarios of lessons.
Interactive boards — the touch screen with diagonal 84 inches — allow to make lessons more interesting. Using a finger or the stylus, on a board it is possible to draw, drag elements, to paint over areas and so on. Modern children who got used to gadgets like to work in such format. For example, studying history, pupils leave to a board and with pleasure draw trade ways or lead round territories of dwelling of these or those tribes. Some objects, such as stereometry, especially benefit from an opportunity to show space images. Thanks to connection to the Internet it is possible to bring to interactive boards quickly evident information — the law, the scientific article, video and so on.
Also at schools of the capital the electronic journal and the diary and the Pass and Power Supply system work. The diary in electronic form allows parents to monitor progress of the child and educational process in general: watch what subjects passed that was set on the house. "Pass and a power supply" gives the chance to learn about when the child came to school and that he ate for lunch.
Until the end of 2018 at 1840 schools of Moscow will earn Wi-Fi covering all territory of educational institution. It will be one of the largest networks in the world if to speak about educational institutions, DIT claims. 646 schools will be able to begin to use a wireless internet in 2017.
2019: Sobyanin: Big Data will help to create individual approach to training of school students
One of tasks on which work in Moscow — creation of tools of the analysis of Big Data in education, the portal of city government with reference to the mayor Sergey Sobyanin reported February, 2019 . With their help teachers at schools will be able to estimate results of training of each pupil, to predict his achievements, to reveal deficit of knowledge and skills. Read more here.
Moscow rose to 5 places in the rating of digital transformation of the cities
On August 4, 2020 TAdviser knew that Moscow took the 18th place in the rating of digital transformation of the cities of Services Globalization Index of the international consulting agency Tholons, having improved in a year the positions on five points, the Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Economic Policy and Property and Land Relations Vladimir Yefimov reported.
|The three first places in rating which analyzes digital transformation of the 10 most developed megalopolises of the world occupied Bangalore, São Paulo, Toronto. Moscow for the last years actively develops a digital medium, implements innovations to different spheres of life of the city, creates electronic services for citizens and business. Progress of the Russian capital in this direction is confirmed by promotion in this rating where Moscow is in the same row with Los Angeles, Yokhanessburg and Santiago and advances Dubai, Tokyo and Seoul — the vice-mayor emphasized.|
|The cities in rating are estimated on five groups of indicators: "Human capital", "Development of a business environment", "Costs and infrastructure", "Security and quality of life" and also "Digitalization and innovations". "When calculating final rating the Digitalizations and Innovations group — 40% of overall assessment whereas earlier it made 25% has the largest weight. In it indicators of Moscow increased by 1.5 times. In addition, indicators of Moscow in the "Security and Quality of Life" group seriously improved — the Minister of the Moscow Government, the Head of Department of economic policy and development of the city Kirill Purtov specified.|
In questions of the investment attraction and implementation of innovations the Russian capital competes with the most developed cities of the world, the Minister of the Moscow Government, the head noted Department of information technologies Eduard Lysenko.
|Positions in the international ratings once again confirm efficiency of the consistent policy of the Government of Moscow directed to digitalization of all spheres of life of the city. At the same time the main principle of digitalization for us is that we implement technologies not for the sake of technologies, and for the sake of citizens that the city became even more comfortable for life and business — Eduard Lysenko noted.|
The rating of Services Globalization Index of the Tholons agency leaves since 2017. Moscow began in it the promotion with the 38th place, in 2019 already entered in top-30.
Moscow developed requirements to appearance of the equipment of cellular communication
In Moscow architectural rules of placement of telecommunication equipment are developed. The draft of the concept "A city esthetics of communication" in which requirements to appearance of a communications infrastructure are registered is submitted for expert discussion. On July 10, 2020 the Moscow Department of Information Technology (DIT) which is engaged in development of the concept together with the profile organization reported about it. Read more here.
Moscow is the 18th place of rating of the European cities (Tech Cities of the Future)
At the end of June, 2020 the fDi Intelligence magazine and the technology edition The Next Web published the rating of the European cities with the highest perspectives for investment into IT. Moscow was at the 18th place.
Within the research Tech Cities of the Future 76 cities which were estimated in terms of attraction of the capital, presence of qualified employees and development of infrastructure are considered. In addition to overall rating, separate categories are selected: "Economic potential", "Innovations and attractiveness", "Level of the direct foreign investments", "Ecosystem of startups" and Profitability.
Main article: Tech Cities of the Future
In Moscow the experiment on replacement of passports with QR codes is planned
The ministry of digital development, communication and mass communications of the Russian Federation suggested to make an experiment on replacement of paper passports with mobile application "The mobile identifier". According to the draft resolution published on the portal of regulatory legal acts, the experiment should be made in Moscow since July 1, 2020th in 31 December 2021. It became known on May 26, 2020.
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(on the 27th the page gave the error message 505 "The project is deleted")->. The representative of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications answered a question of the reasons of removal of the project that he at first was published, and then the working version of the resolution is deleted. The ready version should appear on the portal shortly.
Proceeding from a detail design which within several hours was published on the website follows that till December 1, 2020 the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications should develop the mobile application designed to replace the physical identity certificate of the citizen RUSSIAN FEDERATION. In addition to the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of participants of an experiment also should be among MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS Ministry of Economic Development FSB, FSTEC and other state agencies Government of Moscow,Multifunction centers of providing public services Moscow State Budgetary Institution goroda, "Rostelecom", ANO Tsifrovaya ekonomika.
The Mobile Identifier appendix will be contained by the QR code which citizens will be able to show as the identity certificate. Using the application it will be possible to confirm the personality during the personal or remote request for the public, municipal and other services.
The law on a capital experiment with artificial intelligence is adopted
The State Duma approved in April, 2020 the bill of an experimental legal regime for the purpose of development and deployment of appropriate technologies.
The bill of an experimental legal regime for implementation of artificial intelligence technologies in Moscow is approved by the State Duma in the third final reading. The document was developed in pursuance of the message of the president to Federal Assembly on January 15, 2020 for ensuring creation of own standards and development of the technologies defining the future.
Carrying out in Moscow an experiment on establishment since July 1, 2020 of a special legal regime "for the purpose of creation of necessary conditions for development and deployment of artificial intelligence technologies and also the subsequent use of results of its application" is provided. Conditions, requirements, an order of development, creation and implementation of appropriate technologies and also the mechanism of processing of the depersonalized personal data will be regulated by the capital government. The term of carrying out an experiment – five years.
The legal entities and individual entrepreneurs entered in the register of participants of the experimental mode according to their request will become participants of an experiment.
72.2 billion rub are selected for implementation of the Smart City state program
On January 30, 2020 it became known that the size of the planned budget of Department of information technologies of the Government of Moscow (DIT) for 2020 is 80.006 billion rubles. From above-mentioned 80 billion rubles the most part naturally, as well as in previous years, will go for implementation of the "Development of a Digital Medium and Innovations" state program ("The smart city") — 72.2 billion rubles Read more here.
38 place in the global index of the innovation cities of the world Innovation Cities Global Index
On November 15, 2019 it became known that Moscow took the 38th place in the global index of the innovation cities of the world Innovation Cities Global Index from agency 2thinknow for 2019 though in 2018 it was only in the 48th place. On the website 2thinknow the latest version of rating for November 15, 2019 is not published, there is only an index for 2018.
The international agency 2thinknow which is based in Australia releases Innovation Cities Global Index since 2007, and for November, 2019 it covers more than 500 cities of the world. Editions of rating for 2019 in the first five included New York, Tokyo, London, Los Angeles and Singapore. The Vice-Mayor of Moscow Vladimir Yefimov reported that the capital of Russia gained in 2019 the same number of points as the Japanese Osaka, the Canadian Vancouver and Portland and Las Vegas located in the USA. At the same time Moscow outstripped Istanbul, Oslo, Rome, Copenhagen, Dublin, Hong Kong, Helsinki and Brussels.
The head of the Moscow department of economic policy and development Denis Tikhonov noted that for the last seven years Moscow occupying in 2012 only the 192nd place in the list rose more than by 150 positions.
In total in 2019 in rating got to 20 Russian cities. St. Petersburg took the 109th place, Kazan — 393. The others were located in the fifth hundred where Novosibirsk took the 405th place, Yekaterinburg — 416, Rostov-on-Don — 419, Nizhny Novgorod — 421, Kaliningrad — 437, Krasnoyarsk — 438, Samara — 440, Perm — 441, Volgograd — 444, Vladivostok — 447, Omsk — 449, Tomsk — 460, Saratov — 463, Orenburg — 473, Togliatti — 475, Barnaul — 476, Izhevsk — 482.
Assessment is made by 162 criteria separated three categories: infrastructure for a human capital, the market potential and cultural property. Among other experts estimate the policy of the government in the field of IT and also development of wireless networks and card payments. Also they are interested in a gross regional product, a material wealth level and educations, income tax of the companies, the level of development of industrial production, quantity in the city of the headquarters of multinational corporations, existence in it of industrial clusters and the strategy of promotion of a brand.
TAdviser Interview: The head of DIT of Moscow Eduard Lysenko – about key lines of the IT budget and a firm position of the mayor
Information technologies became key management tools Moscow therefore decisions on their implementation are made by the mayor "quickly, accurately and without options". In an interview to the Chief Editor of TAdviser Alexander Levashov the head of capital IT department Eduard Lysenko told about priorities of digital development of the city, structure of the IT budget and features of Moscow in terms of informatization in comparison with other regions. Read more here.
Moscow on the first place in the rating of the electronic government of the UN
On July 19, 2018 #.2A_2018:_.D0.A0.D0.BE.D1.81.D1.81.D0.B8.D1.8F_.D0.BF.D0.BE.D0.B4.D0.BD.D1.8F.D0.BB.D0.B0.D1.81.D1.8C_.D0.BD.D0.B0_32-.D0.BC.D0.B5.D1.81.D1.82.D0.BE._.D0.94.D0.B0.D0.BD.D0.B8.D1.8F_.D0.B2.D1.8B.D1.88.D0.BB.D0.B0_.D0.B2_.D0.BB.D0.B8.D0.B4.D0.B5.D1.80.D1.8B._.D0.9C.D0.BE.D1.81.D0.BA.D0.B2.D0.B0_-_.D0.BB.D0.B8.D0.B4.D0.B5.D1.80_.D1.81.D1.80.D0.B5.D0.B4.D0.B8_.D0.B3.D0.BE.D1.80.D0.BE.D0.B4.D0.BE.D0.B2 the next edition of rating of the countries with the greatest level of development of the electronic government was published. Russia in this list rose to three places — from the 35th in 2016 on the 32nd in the 2018th. The research is conducted every two years.
In a research for the first time began to estimate the level of development of the electronic government in the cities. In total 40 cities were studied, and first place among them was won by Moscow, having outstripped Cape Town (Republic of South Africa) and Tallinn (Estonia) which became the second and third respectively. London (Great Britain) and Paris (France) got the fourth and fifth places.
Job evaluation of the electronic government in the cities was carried out on technical aspects, information filling of the local websites of state services and also on use of the electronic services and initiatives directed to involvement of citizens to such services. In total 60 different indicators were involved. Among them — simplicity of work with the portal, speed of loading of pages, availability of services on mobile devices, the mechanism of internal search and individual preference of the portal.
In particular, each megalopolis was estimated according to the Index of local online service (Local onlineservice index) — this indicator is provided within a pilot project. The result of each megalopolis was affected by contents and possibilities of city portals, quality of providing electronic services, level of the involvement of inhabitants into management through electronic services.
Efficiency evaluation of the electronic government and information and communication technologies for creation of steady and flexible society became other research problem.
In Moscow there are 55 of 60 indicators of development of the electronic government that became the greatest value in the world. In Paris, Sydney and Amsterdam there are 51, 50 and 49 indicators respectively.
Moscow was included into group of the cities with "very high" development of online services in the field of the electronic government.
Possibilities of use of digital technologies by authorities in a research are illustrated with specific examples. So, authors pay attention to practice of prevention and emergency response in the different countries, initiatives of the states in the field of ensuring cyber security and also successful cases of use of artificial intelligence.
The research consists of an analytical part and data on development of the electronic government. During preparation of the report the innovation approaches which allowed to show process of conversion of the state institutes most fully were used. The basis of an analytical part was formed by data from different sources, results of expert polls of scientists and practicians.
Moscow decided to reveal illegal lease of apartments through Big Data
On July 20, 2018 it became known of development in Moscow of an analysis system of Big Data for identification of illegal lease of apartments. Find non-payers technically not easy, but the Department of Information Technologies (DIT) of Moscow solved a problem, the head of department Artem Yermolaev on the sidelines of the Moscow urbanistic forum told RBC.
He explained that the mechanism which will allow to define those who do not pay taxes is already tested and, "at some point" these data will be used. However for full start of technology it will be required to make changes to the legislation.
The last development stage of strategy "The smart city — 2030" started
The Department of Information Technologies (DIT) of the city of Moscow continues work on the digital strategy of Moscow "The smart city — 2030". After discussion of an industry part of the document the last development stage of strategy — discussion of indicators which will last prior to the beginning of July, 2018 on the website ict.moscow started. The stage purpose — to decide on that, progress of creation of the smart city will be estimated how exactly, reported on June 25, 2018 in DIT.
As top level indicators of strategy it is offered to use two indexes: qualities of life and quality of the urban environment. They allow to estimate in a complex development in all six directions of strategy "The smart city — 2030" (The human and social capital, the Urban environment, Digital mobility, Urban economy, Security and ecology, the Digital government) and also to compare quality of life in Moscow and in other cities of the Russian Federation.
As explained in DIT of Moscow, the index of quality of life — to provide the combined indicator which measures achievements of certain regions in terms of their capability to the inhabitants safe life. The index of quality of the urban environment, in turn, estimates capability of the city to satisfy objective needs and requests of the inhabitants according to the commonly accepted regulations and standards of life activity.
For each of six directions of an industry part additional indexes which are focused on specifics of the vectors included in each specific direction are provided. Within discussion each index can give marks, agreeing or not agreeing with expediency of their use. On each page it is also possible to leave own comments.
According to department, more than 20 thousand experts and representatives of business already took part in discussion. About 400 comments, offers and notes are sent to authors of the project of strategy. In May, 2018 strategy was discussed with the international experts, world leaders in the field of city informatization, representatives more than 20 cities, within Connected Cities 2020 club which meeting for the first time took place in Moscow. In July The Smart City — 2030 program is going to be discussed with citizens on crowd.mos.ru.
In general "The smart city – 2030" is a high-level strategic document which is developed by the Moscow Department of Information Technology with involvement of experts and business communities. In the document the purposes, tasks and the directions of further development of Moscow as innovation smart city of the future are defined.
Sobyanin charged to develop the Smart City program for Moscow
The Russian capital should reach the new level of development of electronic services and services, the mayor Moscow Sergey Sobyanin in April, 2018 at a meeting of presidium city government said.
The Information City state program which is coming to an end this year will be succeeded by the new program – Smart City which development began at the request of the Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin now. The basis of new strategy will be formed by key modern technologies. Among them DIT selects artificial intelligence for automation of decision making on the basis of data analysis, blockchain technology for paperless contracts, Big Data for targeted services. Besides, the basic principles of creation of "The smart city" among which – involvement of inhabitants of all age in management of the city, availability of all services round the clock from any device, domination of the electronic document over paper, a support on domestic solutions and development of the city together with business were defined.
Discussion of the Smart City program will take place from April to June, 2018 in the public mode – the city invites industry experts, representatives business of community, citizens to take part in development of new strategy on which the capital will live till 2030.
|It is possible to speak not about separate services today, and about creation of the separate program "Smart City" which would cover all parties of our life, - the Interfax news agency quotes Sobyanin.|
According to plans of the mayor's office the new stage of informatization of municipal economy of Moscow should come since 2019 when the Smart City program is adopted.
In materials to presidium of the capital government it is specified that the new program will correspond to the present stage of information technology development - digitalization eras. The program purpose - to create the most convenient, the available and personified virtual environment for Muscovites; increase efficiency of the municipal government on the basis of wide use of the analysis of Big Data and implementation of artificial intelligence.
After implementation of the program, Interfax with reference to materials writes, in Moscow the uniform point of entry (access) to any service, at any time, from any device and with the quality objective should become a norm.
Additional opportunities in the field of economy and finance
City solutions of Moscow are highly appreciated at the international level
Anholt-GfK City Brands IndexSM: Moscow - 33ya among the attractive cities of the world
Moscow in 2017 improved the positions on 1 point  in the global rating of attractiveness of the cities of Anholt-GfK City Brands IndexSM (CBISM) , having risen to the 33rd place. 50 cities participating in a global research in 10 countries were estimated by respondents by such criteria as the international status, quality of housing, transport availability, cultural diversity and other factors.
The first place in a row keeps already several years Paris in the world ranking of the most attractive cities. In 2017 the positions in rating improved the Australian cities: Sydney took the third place, having displaced New York one line lower, and Melbourne appeared on the 7th position, having bypassed Amsterdam (the 8th line) and Berlin (10).
The global research Anholt-GfK City Brands IndexSM estimates image of the cities on the basis of six key indicators:
- Presence (international status of the city and its reputation and also global contribution to science, culture and management)
- Place (urban environment: attractiveness of climate, purity of the environment, attractiveness of city architecture and parks)
- Basic conditions (satisfaction with basic qualities of the city and standards of public benefits, such as schools, hospitals, transport and sports constructions)
- People (friendliness, hospitality, cultural diversity, feeling of security)
- Pulse (than to do in the spare time in the city)
- Potential (economic and educational perspectives: it is how easy to find work, to start the business or to graduate)
In a top of rating the cities of Western Europe and the USA prevail, the similar picture was observed also in results of the previous researches. Results of this year, however, showed significant changes for many cities, regardless of the region or the level of development. For example, Tokyo – one of the few not western cities which, nevertheless, steadily is in an upper half of rating. After decrease in indicators in 2013, Tokyo redeemed situation in rating and showed improvement of image in two subsequent researches CBISM. In 2017 Tokyo shares the 11th position with Vancouver, having outstripped such cities as Madrid, Barcelona, Washington, Toronto and Vienna.
Among the cities of Central and Eastern Europe Vienna is in the lead; Moscow took the 33rd place of rating, having improved result of two-year prescription on 1 point and having outstripped such cities as Istanbul, Rio and Warsaw. The national brand of Russia is in Anholt-GfK Nation Brands Index published recently on the 23rd line.
The CBISM 2017 index shows that good results for a national brand of the country not necessarily mean like those for its cities. The example is Berlin closing top-10 the cities while in the Index of national brands Germany is in the first place. 'It means that insufficiently just to rely the cities on force of a national brand of the country – it is necessary to develop own unique image', - Vadim Volos, the senior vice president of GfK, the head of social researches and consulting comments.
Among the cities of the countries of Africa and the Middle East the highest position in rating is taken by Dubai – the 27th place, it is the only city of the region which reached so high position. On indicators Presence and the Place the city is, respectively, on 15 and 16 lines that serves as good support for image. Despite it, the South African Durban achieved the most considerable improvements of the indicators: +1.51 points that allowed it to exceed Cairo.
EY: Moscow overtook Singapore and passed to digit
The Russian capital was recognized one of three cities of the world which population is more than others enough level of development of digital services, said in a research of the British auditor and consulting company EY (being Ernst&Young) "The rating of satisfaction with digital services in the large cities of the world". Except the Russian capital, top three included also London and New Delhi.
Moods of users of digital services
In total within the research the company analyzed moods of users of digital services in 11 cities of the world, including in Astana, Vellingtonna, Ottawa, Sydney and Johannesburg. In everyone polled not less than 300 active users of digital-services. Questions concerned digitalization level in six different spheres – participants asked to estimate that in the field of transport, housing and communal services and state services, a fintekha and also within information services and access to public Wi-Fi. For each of six directions of analytics output the integrated index of satisfaction on a scale from 1 to 10 where 1 was the highest assessment.
On the level of satisfaction with digitalization of services Moscow surely bypassed such cities as New York, Hong Kong and even Singapore. On a number of positions at the same time the Russian capital came out on top in the world at all, having bypassed including London.
Level of digitalization of state services
The appreciation at users of digital services of the Russian capital was received by the level of digitalization of state services. Including it is about job satisfaction of MFC and also electronic signing up on the Internet or mobile applications in city institutions (clinics, schools, kindergartens, etc.). On this indicator Moscow overtook all participating cities of a research, including won first place according to the results of a research London and New Delhi. In London the level of satisfaction with digitalization of state services was estimated in general only on 5 points – on this indicator the capital of Great Britain was bypassed by Hong Kong and Singapore. Worst of all the relation to digital services in the sector of state services appeared in Wellington and Johannesburg.
Rather low mark (5 points) was received also by the level of development in London of information services – it is about such solutions as portals with the directory of available services or services for citizens and also about applications or mailings with the notification about emergencies. In Moscow, on the contrary, the level of development of information services received assessment in 2 points that belongs to the highest rates.
According to the results of a research the lowest mark at users of digital services in Moscow was received by financial technical-services: integrated assessment for the direction made 5 points. In New Delhi, London, Singapore and Hong Kong the satisfaction with digital services in this sector is higher, than in the Russian capital. In this case the relation and also the level of development and uses of such solutions as mobile applications of banks or insurance companies, mobile e-wallets, etc. was estimated. On the other hand, in Ottawa, Astana, Wellington and also other participating cities of a research the level of satisfaction with financial technical-services is even lower. Worst of all with this indicator the situation is in Ottawa, New York and Wellington.
Digitalization of transport
As for digitalization of transport, housing and communal services and also such option as a public access to Wi-Fi, here the Russian capital received let and not unambiguously leader, but there is enough appreciation (3 points).
In relation to transport services were estimated including digital solutions for use of individual and public transport – for example, applications for search and payment of the parking, services for viewing and payment of penalties. The relation and level of satisfaction of users of digital services by applications with the schedule and routes of traffic and also presence of such option as non-cash payment methods of journey was analyzed.
As analysts of EY note, outputs of a pilot research did not become in itself surprise. They, in addition, remind: Russia already appeared among leaders within the analysis of level of penetration of financial and technology services in the largest cities of the world. The research was conducted in the summer of 2017, following the results Russia took the 3rd place, having passed China and India forward. If to speak about the level of digitalization of national economy in general, then Russia quite strongly lags behind the leading countries. So, according to the international consulting company McKinsey, the share of digital economy in GDP of Russia makes slightly less than 4% that is 2-3 times lower, than at the leading countries. Basic lag and on other indicators, for example, on a delay in mastering of technologies is observed. At the same time, as believe in the international consulting company McKinsey, by 2025 the volume of digital economy in Russia can already increase to 9.6 trillion rub.
At the end of 2015 the last made only 3.2 trillion rubles. Almost triple growth should be provided due to digitalization of traditional branches of the economy and also development of the independent hi-tech industry.
PwC: Moscow in top five on readiness of transition to Smart City
Moscow was included into a top of 5 largest cities and agglomerations of the world ready to implementation of technologies of the future. Results of a large-scale research "Are like that the future is close: the index of readiness of the cities" to the international network of Pwcuchastnikami companies 
The Russian capital took the leading positions on quality of virtual services for citizens, to the level of development of infrastructure, open adaptive education and digital economy, in overall rating, having passed forward only Singapore, London, Shanghai and New York.
Infrastructure readiness became an important component of poll. Smart buildings and the systems of resource-saving will allow to consume city resources more rationally. It should be noted that today on use of new technologies in the field of housing and public utilities Singapore (64%) and Barcelona (61%) are the most successful.
Besides, digital technologies will become the main making strategy of development for culture and tourism. Undoubted leaders are Barcelona (78%), Shanghai (78%) and Singapore (72%) as these cities have a large number of examples of implementation of projects in the field of use of new technologies already today. Digital technologies help with city space to the tourist better and quicker to be integrated with the city.
In the field of digital economy Singapore (75%) is in the lead. It should be noted that use uninvolved or not enough used assets in economy is a main goal of new economy. Indisputable plus of Singapore is that it is one of the few cities which keeps development of technologies of adaptive education. Use of neurotechnologies and technologies of virtual reality in educational process trains citizens for future professions that finally is displayed also on a status of digital economy.
If to speak about the system of creation of the virtual cities, then here London (63%) and Singapore (61%) as they exceed all stated megalopolises on implementation of new technologies of construction undoubtedly are in the lead. In particular it concerns use of modular construction, 3D - printings of buildings and online monitoring of construction.
The social determination of citizens on the way to use of the new ideas became an important component of a research. Less than a half of the population are ready to implement actively technologies of the future in the everyday life. An exception became Shanghai which showed 76% of social readiness, and Hong Kong with result of 53%. Results of other cities approximately identical: slightly less than a half of the population are ready to innovations. Toronto and London were the most reserved supporters of new technologies in ordinary life.
One of the most perspective spheres for implementation of innovations around the world, according to a research, are the housing and public utilities. By 2030 the efficiency of the systems of housing and public utilities will be increased thanks to changes of regulations of city construction, emergence of new technologies for preserving of the electric power and transition of the cities to smart power supply networks. Already now in many large cities including in Moscow, work on construction of smart buildings and water supply systems is conducted, smart counters are used.
According to a research, about 47% of residents of Moscow are ready to use of technology innovations. Citizens showed the greatest loyalty to new technologies in spheres of virtual services (65%), pro-active security (58%) and digital economy (55%) (projects: A uniform medical information and analytical system, "The Moscow electronic school", city Wi-Fi, "Learn Moscow", "The safe city", an intelligent transport system, Autocode).
On digitalization of objects of culture and tourism Moscow takes the leading positions thanks to existence of a set of virtual services for interaction with citizens in project implementation. Among them – services for the solution of city problems and crowdsourcing of the ideas of city projects.
ICF: Moscow in the seven of smart cities in the world
On February 9, 2017 the non-profit research organization of Intelligent Community Forum (ICF) dealing with issues of creation of jobs and economic development in the world made the 15th edition of rating of seven most smart cities. For the first time in the list there was Moscow.
In the research ICF it is noted that the mayor Moscow Sergey Sobyanin made huge money and the political capital to turn the megalopolis into the attractive place for the intellectual companies, scientific center and the city in which the government serves for the benefit of people most effectively and is transparent. Implementation of digital technologies for these purposes does Moscow by one of the largest cities in the international intellectual community.
Also specialists paid attention to presence in the Moscow region of 26 technoparks and technopolises which support more than 1300 hi-tech companies. Until the end of 2017 it is going to double number of these objects.
The second place of the city by quantity of points of wireless Internet access in the world after Seoul became one more plus for benefit of Moscow.
In addition to the capital of Russia, in 2017 entered the rating of the most smart cities:
- Tszya (Taiwan);
- Edmonton (Canada);
- District of Grey of the State of Ontario (Canada);
- Ipswich (Australia);
- Melbourne (Australia);
- Taoyuan (Taiwan).
In 2016 the list consisted of the following cities:
- Xinzhu (Taiwan);
- Montreal (Canada);
- Surrey (Canada);
- Wanganui (New Zealand);
- Mülheim - on - Ruhr (Germany);
- Winnipeg (Canada);
- Xinbei (Taiwan).
ICF make the list of the most smart cities on the basis of the following criteria: highly qualified personnel, innovations, development of broadband access in the Internet, digital equality, sustainable development and an active position of citizens.
Part of Lyublino to the "smart" quarter
Regarding apartment houses of the capital Region of Lyublino will implement elements of the "smart" city. To VedomostiThe deputy administrator of department information technologies Moscow Andrey Belozerov told about the beginning of an experiment in January, 2017 "". Competition on design of the "smart" quarter will be announced in the first quarter 2017.
The experiment assumes that the Smart City elements will implement in already constructed apartment houses. Following the results the authorities will solve, it is worth continuing similar practice in the capital. Only several houses and the yards in Lyublino will become "experimental".
Residential buildings will equip with several "smart" systems. This, in particular, intellectual heating (temperature of radiators depends on temperature outside the window) and intellectual lighting at entrances (the light is turned off when there is nobody). Also in houses will install "smart" counters which will transfer indications to municipal services.
In the yards it is going to equip "advanced" garbage platforms. On them there will be an automatic control of fillability of containers and automatic sorting of the garbage.
A number of experts are afraid that unreasoned implementation of similar technologies can lead to increase of utility tariffs. Carrying out similar local experiments will allow to avoid such "reefs".
Video terminals for acceptance of complaints at stations of Moscow
Terminals for video messages by passengers will appear at all capital stations during 2017. Now at the Kazan station three terminals, and on Leningrad – five devices are installed.
In 2017 at all railway stations of Moscow will install video terminals for a feedback of passengers. At capital stations such devices – three terminals already work at the Kazan station, and five on Leningrad.
Using video terminals passengers will be able to send more quickly the video message with the complaint or the offer to directorate of the Russian Railway, than in writing. On a video it will be visible, the person is how indignant whether objectively he describes a situation. The answer will be posted on the website of directorate.
According to the cochairman of the City and Transport organization Alexander Morozov, the system of video fixing will allow to define real problems, "complaints will be fresh that is called "from wheels", the person will forget nothing. Statistics will be more and is more complete and also will real picture of what needs be changed and why".
At the end of 2016 Moscow took the 43rd place in the global rating of the innovation cities of the international rating agency 2Thinknow, having risen from the 192nd place which it took in 2011. Also Moscow took the third place in the national rating of a status of the investment climate in regions.
PwC: Moscow - the world leader in informatization of the cities
In July, 2016 within the research of PwC experience of 28 main world megalopolises in implementation of the concept of DDC was studied ("the city, data-driven", data driven city). The report is based on two complementary methods: semantic analysis of metadata about the cities and technologies and expert evaluation.
Researchers of PwC especially note experience of Moscow in creation of "Uniform Medical Information and Analytical System" (UMIAS). Now experts call the project started five years ago in the Russian capital unique in world practice. EMIAS combines the situational center, digital registries and medical cards, laboratory service, medical recipes, etc. A system covers also all commercial health facilities. EMAIS is covered over 600 medical institutions, about 22 thousand their employees.
Authors of the report note that In Moscow the uniform centers function, the first is responsible for management of transport services, the second – for functioning and service of Three – the uniform card for payment of travel by capital transport: subway, buses, trams, trolleybuses, electric trains, etc. Smart transport signs will announce drivers the current situation on trunks. The project of seamless and free Wi-Fi for passengers was also mentioned by expert community. One more achievement of the capital: about 55 video cameras are the share of one square kilometer of the urban area. With their help about 70% of all committed crimes are solved.
Platforms for crowdsourcing are distributed in all cities, however the most large-scale project in this area is implemented in Moscow ("The active citizen"). Started in 2014. "The active citizen" represents the electronic platform for vote on different questions of the city device.
"Our city" is a geoinformational portal. Created in 2011 he allows to announce a specific city problem to responsible authority and serves as an additional tool of quality control of work of management companies and contractors for the city administration.
The leader in the field of the mobile Internet
Among the considered 28 cities only in Sydney and London the city network Wi-fi is not created. It can significantly affect communication opportunities of infrastructure of sensors and a data transmission system in general, researchers consider. In the field of availability and quality of the broadband and mobile Internet Moscow, London and New York became leaders.
Strategy of "smart" development of Moscow
Expenses of Department of IT of Moscow (DIT) in 2017 can grow almost by one and a half times. In a conversation with the journalist of CNews within the November of CNews Forum 2016 which passed in the middle the head of DIT Artem Yermolaev reported about it. "In 2017 the budget will increase almost by one and a half times. If not in one and a half, then for 30% precisely" — he told. In 2016 one billion p32.14 were officially selected for capital informatization. Thus, the forecast of the Moscow minister for financing of its department in 2017 is in the range from one billion p41.78 to one billion p48.21 that means a gain to previous year on one billion p10-16.
In more detail about the Moscow Department of Information Technology (DIT) and the IT budget to the capital.
The strategy of development for Moscow as "smart city" assumes the maximum personification of the services rendered to citizens, the Head of the Moscow Department of Information Technology of Moscow Artem Yermolaev told on a plenary discussion of the forum "Smart City of the Future".
"Creation of limited number of services, but high quality is extremely important for us, - the official emphasized. - All services "generate" the considerable volume of Big Data which allow to analyze behavior models of both Muscovites, and business, and as appropriate to remake certain elements in the city. Besides, they give the chance to work selectively with each motorist, the parent, the patient, offering them those services which are important".
In the next 2-3 years the majority of such services will be transferred to an electronic form, Yermolaev promised. So, for example, since December 1 record in the first class will be performed only online - via the website or mobile application.
State services, however, not the only direction of "smart" development of capital agglomeration. The corresponding strategy assumes implementation of modern information technologies in housing and public utilities, education, health care and other spheres of life of the city.
The lack of a uniform concept and ideology of Smart City interferes with development of "the smart cities" in Russia, the director of Institute of regional researches and city planning of Higher School of Economics National Research University Irina Ilyina told in November at the forum "Day of Innovations in Architecture and Construction". According to the expert, successful implementation of "smart" technologies in the Russian cities is possible only at interest of the state and existence of the regulatory base regulating both the maintenance of the concept Smart City, and mechanisms of its financing and work. So far the authorities declare interest in "smart" technologies more likely, than really are engaged in their implementation. The recent research of Higher School of Economics National Research University during which mayors of 50 Russian cities were polled became confirmation to that. And though all of them, according to Ilyina, separate Smart City ideology, volunteered to provide the city for development of "smart" technologies in full only one.
Priorities of DIT – social focus and personification
2013: Housing became a stumbling block in development of IT market in Moscow
The main problem in market development of the innovative companies in the area information technologies in To Moscow the industry sees in a lack of cheap housing for specialists. Experts of an IT segment at a meeting with the mayor came Moscow Sergey Sobyanin on January 28, 2013 to such conclusion.
The Mayor of Moscow was interested in development of the industry and what problems are seen by experts.
The founder and the managing partner of Almaz Capital Partners company Alexander Galitsky of one of the main problems sees in the shortage of cheap housing. According to him, in Moscow the project can be untwisted and leave the abroad because in the capital it is expensive to live and rent the areas under offices. He is sure that it is necessary to build small quarters for IT specialists, employees of the starap located near office with the low cost of lease.
On the first point the CEO of Infowatch Natalya Kasperskaya also agreed with Galitsky. "I though against direct privileges, but consider that it is possible to develop a certain program which would give to the companies some privileges in payment of a rental rate", - she told. – It is possible to consider it only as a temporary measure, until, so far the company will not grow to the set level after which pays on an equal basis with all". According to Natalya Kasperskaya, it will be extremely difficult to young companies to lift at least 70 thousand rubles of the rent a month for office.
The industry was supported by the Minister of Telecom and Mass Communications Nikolai Nikiforov in a question of construction of residential districts for specialists. According to him, thus, the capital will be able to keep talents not only in the city, but also in the country. "If to take 10 thousand IT specialists for an example, then the residential district needs to be built on 25 thousand people to give them the chance to settle with families", - Nikiforov told. – It is necessary to create all infrastructure".
Misunderstanding of the innovative companies by tax authorities
Natalya Kasperskaya also noted the unclear relations of the innovative young companies with tax authorities. According to her, the innovative companies the main article of expenses have wage fund, and several years can not get a profit or not have operating activities at all. "Tax specialists can come and tell that if next year the reporting is not, then nobody will look at your innovation and the conversation will be in other tone", - she concluded.
Sergey Sobyanin was interested in this information and he promised in every possible way it to check.
Education – a stronghold of talents and the future of the IT industry
The second big problem Galitsky sees insufficient attention to higher education institutions. "It is necessary to create conditions when young specialists would like to remain and come to Moscow", - he told.
Nikiforov is sure that it is necessary to develop the system of tests in different educational institutions to identify capable children and to send them for further training to specialized schools or higher education institutions.
The idea with creation of specialized schools not really it was pleasant to Sergey Sobyanin. "Can occur so that after a while there will be some "criminal" children", - he told. The Mayor of Moscow suggested IT community to vote ruble for schools where according to them best of all teach specialized disciplines. "Let's invest money. For each your ruble, we will give three. Select schools, involve specialists there and you leave with offers, and we will support them", - he said.
The government is also ready to support higher education institutions, but more modest allocations. "Higher education institutions are ready to finance too, but one to two", - the mayor of the capital summarized.
Creation of the working group on development of IT
According to the results of a meeting Sergey Sobyanin suggested to create the working group on development, a formulation and the further solution of the designated problems.
2011: Moscow promoted in the ICT rating of the world capitals
The capital of Russia improved positions in the rating of 25 conducting world capitals on the level of development of the infocommunication technologies (IT). Moscow took the 11th place, Seoul, Singapore and Stockholm are called leaders.
Ericsson and consulting company Arthur D. Little prepared new release of rating of the largest cities of the world using the technologies connecting society for creation of the smart and comfortable urban environment
In rating development of projects in the field of ICT, such as electronic government or the "smart transport" helping to improve quality of life of citizens, to solve current problems of big cities and to increase their attractiveness is considered.
The only Russian megalopolis which entered the list – Moscow – improved the provision in rating, having risen by one line up and having taken the 11th place.
Three cities which received the highest estimates in rating – Seoul, Singapore and Stockholm – considerably increased investments into ICT and could solve successfully many social, economic and infrastructure problems. For example, Singapore began to implement actively innovations in the field of health care and also became the pioneer in management of traffic. In Seoul infocommunication technologies are used for implementation of ecological initiatives, the report says.
The research showed that a number of the cities from the BRIC countries, such as San Paulo and Delhi, made serious efforts for the solution of socioeconomic problems with the help of adoption of multilateral obligations in improvement of technology infrastructure. San Paulo already received before several state and international awards for information technology implementation in the city.
In Delhi there is also a number of promising initiatives of use of ICT for improvement of life of citizens. The serious effect already brings the Eko project within which there was an opportunity to carry out small financial transactions using mobile devices and terminals. The Eko project services already over 1.3 million people, and the total volume of microdeposits and micropayments exceeded 500 million dollars. In such city as Delhi access to the simplest financial services will allow thousands of people to begin own business activity and to increase the standard of living.
To the cities from a middle part of rating which Moscow, Beijing, Sydney and Buenos Aires are among authors of rating recommend to select the key points of growth connected with opportunities of implementation of ICT and then to initiate and coordinate focal programs of development. So, Moscow first of all of ICT will be helped with the solution of transport problems and decrease in traffic congestion.
Digital devices in Moscow
2018: As Muscovites use digital devices
In July, 2018 analytics Department of information technologies of the city Moscow and the website of personals Avito.ru studied how Muscovites use digital devices including where listen to music more often on what they play games where they look for information. Also special attention was paid to devices which only gain popularity and did not become mass on the present yet: devices smart home, the smartwatch and bracelets, helmets and points virtual reality, game consoles and robots- vacuum cleaners. In more detail here.
IT projects in Moscow
- ↑ investitsiiiz Gorbatko A.V. presentations "Moscow 2017 the smart city" on TAdviser SummIT, November, 2017
- ↑ Results of rating are provided within the XVII Regional investment congress "The Best Practices of the Investment Attraction to Regions".
- ↑ Personal data making out digital the admission of residents of Moscow area will be deleted - the Minister of Telecom and Mass Communications
- ↑ Violations of traffic regulations in Moscow began to fix using neural network
- ↑ The CMTPL was connected to cameras
- ↑ "Yandex" agreed with the authorities of Moscow to develop pilotless transport
- ↑ Electrobuss do not reach to regions
- ↑ [http://wi-fi.ru/desktop/news/22/1838785 Merge real and virtual
- ↑ : as the smart city works]
- ↑ the Megalopolis online: a wireless internet in Moscow and other big cities of the world
- ↑ the world Moscow reached the final of an award of a forum of the smart cities
- ↑ of Wi-fi, the smart city and Internet of Things: online technologies for the capital
- ↑ Wi-Fi in parks
- ↑ [https://telesputnik.ru/materials/tekhnika-i-tekhnologii/news/do-kontsa-2019-goda-v-moskve-zapustyat-5g/?utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium=email In Moscow
- ↑ experimental platforms on implementation of a 5G will appear]
- ↑ 175 million rubles will spend the authorities of Moscow for Wi-Fi in the Garden Ring
- ↑ In Moscow until the end of summer will integrate free Wi-Fi in the subway and land transport
- ↑ In Moscow the experiment on replacement of passports with QR codes is planned
- ↑ the law on a capital experiment with artificial intelligence Is adopted
- ↑ of the city of Moscow rose by 10 lines in the global rating of the innovation cities
- ↑ [http://www.interfax.ru/moscow/607780 Sobyanin
- ↑ charged to develop the Smart City program for the capital]
- ↑ the Research Anholt-GfK CBISM takes place
- ↑ each two years and measures image of 50 cities, considering indicators: Presence, Place, Basic Conditions, People, Pulse, Potential. In 2017 5057 respondents in 10 countries (Australia, Brazil, China, France, Germany, India, Russia, South Korea, Great Britain and the USA) were polled, in each country, at least, 500 interviews were conducted. Surveys were conducted online, participants – adults are more senior than 18 years in each country. Using the most relevant parameters of the online population, selection in each country was weighed for display of key demographic characteristics, including age, a gender and education of the online population of the country. The field investigation phase passed from September 20 to October 3, 2017. The cities participating in a research: Western Europe: Amsterdam, Barcelona, Basel, Berlin, Brussels, Dublin, Edinburgh, Geneva, London, Madrid, Munich, Paris, Rome, Stockholm. Central/Eastern Europe: Istanbul, Moscow, Prague, Vienna, Warsaw. Pacific Rim: Auckland, Bangkok, Beijing, Hong Kong, Jakarta *, Melbourne, Mumbai, Seoul, Shanghai, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo. North America: Boston *, Chicago, Dallas Fort Worth, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco *, Toronto, Vancouver *, Washington. Latin America: Buenos Aires, Mexico City, Rio de Janeiro, Santiago-de-Chile. Near East / Africa: Cairo, Cape Town, Doha, Dubai, Durban, Johannesburg. Simon Anholt is known as one of world experts in the field of national image and identity. Professor Anholt was the vice-chairman of Council of public diplomacy at the government of Great Britain and acted as the independent consultant of policy of heads of state and government more than in 50 other countries. Anholt developed the concept of the researches Nation Brands IndexSM and City Brands IndexSM in 2005
- ↑ the Rating of satisfaction with digital services in the large cities of the world
- ↑ of EY: Moscow overtook Singapore and passed to digit
- ↑ of poll there were residents of Moscow, London, Barcelona, New York, Sydney, Singapore, Shanghai, Tokyo, Toronto and Hong Kong. In each city not less than 100 respondents were polled. In total amount 1500 people told about the relation to use of the innovative technologies.
- ↑ The Top7 Intelligent Communities of the Year
- ↑ Authorities of the capital will turn a part of Lyublino into the "smart" quarter
- ↑ At all stations of Moscow will install video terminals for acceptance of complaints
- ↑ of the solutions data driven CNews: Moscow is called the world leader in informatization of the cities
- ↑ the IT budget of Moscow in 2017 will rise 10-15 billion