National strategy of development for artificial intelligence
Article is devoted to the main development stages of the National strategy of development of technologies in the field of artificial intelligence.
Moscow created the knowledge base with projects in the field of artificial intelligence
At the end of February, 2020 Moscow started the knowledge base with projects in the field of artificial intelligence. It includes the Russian and international practicians who are selected together with analysts of Smart City Lab of the Department of Information Technologies (DIT) of Moscow. Read more here.
Moscow will introduce a new legal regime for development of artificial intelligence
According to the explanatory note, the document is developed in pursuance of the message of the president Vladimir Putin to Federal Assembly "for ensuring creation of own standards and development of technologies which define the future, in particular artificial intelligence technologies".
According to authors of the bill, its acceptance will allow to stimulate implementation, development and use of artificial intelligence technologies and also to reveal what changes of a legal regime will allow to achieve most the solution of the tasks set by the president in the field of artificial intelligence.
For establishment of an experimental legal regime in Moscow the bill offers to allocate the supreme executive body of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation — the federal city of Moscow with powers by determination in the territory of the city of Moscow of conditions, requirements and an order of development, creation, implementation and implementation of separate artificial intelligence technologies, cases and an order of use of results of use of artificial intelligence, an order and conditions of processing by participants of an experimental legal regime of the depersonalized personal data and other.
The companies included in the special register will be able to participate in an experiment. It should be the legal persons or individual entrepreneurs registered in Moscow and participating in development or turnover of artificial intelligence technologies and also the goods and services made on its basis.
The Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications was wanted by more powers in the project for development of AI for 125 billion rubles
On January 14, 2020 it became known of desire of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications to expand the powers on monitoring of the federal project "Artificial intelligence". The deputy head of department Evgeny Kislyakov sent the Ministry of Economic Development the letter in which he reported that it is necessary to transfer spheres of providing a financial support to customers and developers of solutions based on AI to an area of responsibility of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications and also increase in availability and quality of the data necessary for development of technology.
According to Kommersant, initially the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications and Sberbank were responsible for development of the Artificial intelligence project. But in September, 2019 the Deputy Prime Minister Maxim Akimov approved the decision on change of the supervising ministry with the Ministry of Economic Development. According to the edition, the Minister of Telecom and Mass Communications Konstantin Noskov himself suggested to transfer the project for which development it is going to spend about 125 billion rubles.
The press service of the Ministry of Economic Development said to the edition that the project was approved taking into account notes according to the results of the first meeting of a subcommittee on development of artificial intelligence at the government commission on digital development on December 2, 2019. In February the 2020th it is going to submit it for consideration of presidium of the government commission.
The president of InfoWatch group Natalya Kasperskaya sees logical transfer to the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of questions of a financial support of customers and developers of solutions based on artificial intelligence as, according to her, this technical ministry which "is responsible both for communication, and for digit and AI is after all about digit".
The representative of the Deputy Prime Minister Akimov Sergey Izvolsky reported to the edition that he to the middle of January, 2020 of the Ministry of Economic Development revises the project, and the exact amount of financing is not determined yet.
The Ministry of Economic Development create department of artificial intelligence. The director - the native of Rosatom
In the Ministry of Economic Development based on strategic development department and innovations will create department on artificial intelligence and innovations, reported the Interfax agency with reference to the deputy head of department Oksana Tarasenko.
The new structure was already headed by Pavel Khristenko who was earlier working in Federal State Unitary Enterprise VNIIA, being a part of Rosatom. In the Ministry of Economic Development he earlier in the same month announced the beginning of work on the Facebook page.
The department will be completely reformatted, it will have "only hot topics", cites the deputy minister's words Interfax.
Questions AI transferred to the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Economic Development from the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications which supervises the direction of development of end-to-end technologies within the Digital Economy national program. Tarasenko noted that at first AI was considered as "end-to-end digital technology" too.
| ||However influence and importance of artificial intelligence on economic development of Russia and also prospects of technology resulted in need of replacement of responsible body - the purposes of the federal project correspond to the purposes and problems of activity of the Ministry of Economic Development more, - Interfax quotes the deputy minister.|| |
Let's remind that in October, 2019 the president Vladimir Putin approved the national development strategy AI till 2030. And at the beginning of December under the chairmanship of the Minister of Economic Development Maxim Oreshkin and the head Sberbank German Gref the first meeting of the subcommittee founded in November on development of artificial intelligence took place. Following the results the text of the prepared Ministry of Economic Development of the passport of the federal project on development of AI was approved.
"Element", STC Module and Haytek will be engaged in development of AI technologies in Russia
On December 13, 2019 in Element company announced TAdviser that agreed with STC Module and Haytek group about combined actions on creation of hardware platforms and solutions in the field of artificial intelligence technologies (AI) in Russia. Read more here.
The Russian AI companies will integrate in alliance
The Russian companies specializing in creation of artificial intelligence technologies will create alliance. It in a conversation with RIA Novosti was said by the first deputy chairman of the board of Sberbank Alexander Vedyakhin on the eve of the AI Journey conference which will take place from November 8 to November 9, 2019 in Moscow.
| ||Now a huge number of the company and individuals is engaged in artificial intelligence. According to the agreement the alliance or consortium of the main companies which develop artificial intelligence will be created — he reported, having added that this issue will be discussed on AI Journey.|| |
Vedyakhin reminded that by November 7, 2019 work on the federal project which should be submitted to the Russian President Vladimir Putin till December 15 is continued.
| ||It is a lot of work, many countries passed a similar way for several years, at us on it a little more than half a year left. We work together with the government and a task for us very ambitious, we do everything possible to execute everything at the scheduled time — the first deputy chairman of board of the largest Russian bank reported.|| |
Earlier in 2019 Sberbank signed with the Russian government the agreement of intent on development of AI technology. Later the head of bank German Gref reported that within the agreement an effective objective to provide occurrence of the country in leaders in development of this technology.
Key obstacle in a way of implementation of this purpose experts see financing, Deutsche Welle tells. Gerit Schulze, the expert in Russia of the German Society in foreign economic relations and the analysis of foreign markets of Germany Trade and Invest (GTAI), considers that at the Russian Federation it will only turn out to approach the level of leaders, and here it will hardly be possible to compete with China and the USA which put much more resources in development of AI.
The strategy of development for artificial intelligence approved by Putin is published
On October 11, 2019 on the portal of legal information the national strategy of development for artificial intelligence until 2030 and the decree of the president Russia Vladimir Putin on the adoption of this strategy is published].
According to the decree, strategy is approved for the purpose of ensuring the accelerated development of artificial intelligence in the Russian Federation, carrying out scientific research in the field of artificial intelligence, increase in availability of information and computing resources for users, improvement of a system of training in this area.
The president charged to the Government to provide with the same decree till December 15, 2019 making changes in the national program "Digital Economy of the Russian Federation", including to develop and approve the federal project "Artificial intelligence".
In addition, the Government will annually have to submit to the president the report on the course of implementation of the National strategy of development for artificial intelligence until 2030 and also provide budgetary appropriations on strategy implementation when forming in 2020 - 2030 of drafts of federal budgets for the next financial year.
The national strategy of development for artificial intelligence defines the purposes and the main objectives of development of AI in the Russian Federation and also the measures directed to its use for the purpose of ensuring national interests and implementation of strategic national priorities including in the field of scientific technology development.
Strategy is a basis for development (adjustment) of federal and regional state programs, projects, planned and programmnotselevy documents of state corporations, state companies, joint-stock companies with the state participation.
It is possible to study the complete text of strategy of the national strategy of development for artificial intelligence according to the link.
The Ministry of Economic Development can become the AI regulator in Russia instead of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications
Supervise the federal project on the artificial intelligence (AI) which will become the seventh direction of the Digital Economy national program there will be a Ministry of Economic Development. On October 4 the Kommersant newspaper with reference to meeting minutes at the Deputy Prime Minister Maxim Akimov who took place at the beginning of September reported about it . At this meeting it was decided to transfer the project of the Ministry of Economic Development, but not to the Ministry of digital development which prepared the draft of the development strategy AI jointly with Sberbank.
Formally the solution should be fixed at a project validation phase — on December 15, follows from minutes of an action, Kommersant writes. This date was also offered by economic department, and former — on October 15 — recognized unrealistic.
Two of six existing federal drafts of the digital national program — personnel and on normative regulation already are under authority of the Ministry of Economic Development. Other four federal projects are supervised by the Ministry of digital development.
According to the newspaper, the deputy minister of economy Oksana Tarasenko supervising corporate management and together with the deputy minister Ilya Torosov — strategic development department and innovations will be engaged in the AI project. Creation of the experimental platform for projects in the field of AI in the territory of Moscow with the assistance of the mayor's office and Sberbank will become one of the directions of its work. Tarasenko already has work experience in the field of innovations in Moscow — she supervises creation of the first technology valley based on MSU.
It is supposed that participants of the experiment calculated on 5 years will receive a preferential legal regime and access to an array of the depersonalized data for projects in the field of transport, medicine and face recognition.
The Ministry of Economic Development also suggest to make changes to the draft of the development strategy AI, having coordinated it to other documents of strategic planning — federal and regional projects and the Strategy of social and economic development of the Russian Federation till 2050 as followed from Oksana Tarasenko's performance at a meeting with Akimov, reported a source of Kommersant.
The deputy minister also took the initiative to enshrine in the document the principle of a priority of income of the population according to which "increase in level of income of the population based on an increase in labor productivity" should become an ultimate goal of implementation of AI. This point at a meeting was suggested to be worked in addition with presidential state legal department.
Believe in the Ministry of Economic Development that active implementation of AI will lead to work performance improvement "for tens of percent from the current level" and to "decrease in a share of expenses on work in structure of final cost value" that will promote "to further decrease in a role of such factor of global competitiveness as a deviation of a market exchange rate from a rate at par purchasing power".
Among the purposes of development of AI in department suggest to fix "disruptive increase in investment activity the" in the companies developing solutions in the field of AI and also "in implementation of such solutions in various spheres of social and economic development". Development of technologies is supposed to be provided due to attraction in the Russian scientific centers of "specialists of the international level" to whom the corresponding financial support should be provided, all these points also should be included in strategy.
Putin suggests to implement artificial intelligence in a state administration
On September 10, 2019 the president Russia Vladimir Putin at a meeting with the head Sberbank German Gref suggested to use practices of bank in the field of artificial intelligence for solving of tasks of public administration.
| ||You acquired much for bank, for a financial system therefore it is necessary to adapt these your practices to more major problems which face the country in general, for the separate industries, for a state administration only. We many times in this respect spoke. It is necessary to make it only as soon as possible — Vladimir Putin reported. The shorthand report of a meeting is published on the Kremlin website.|| |
Gref answered that for implementation of such projects Sberbank created two divisions: one works with regional projects, another — with federal.
German Gref announced also practices Sberbank which could be applied in the field of education. The existing education system, according to the head of the company it is necessary to reform.
Gref especially noted progress of school students in the field of artificial intelligence.
| ||We actively tried to cultivate three years this subject in regions, created special programs, involved, trained teachers, and now it becomes the important movement. And children very quickly master — he reported.|| |
According to Gref, Sberbank sees the enormous potential of use of the systems of artificial intelligence practically everywhere: work performance improvement, increase in transparency and speed of rendering services, including public services.
Earlier in 2019 the RBC edition with reference to the source familiar with the course of implementation of the Digital Economy national program, wrote that the head of state studies possibilities of implementation of artificial intelligence in the Russian economy, the sphere of a state administration, banks, the industry and agriculture.
100 universities of Russia started training programs to artificial intelligence
On September 2, 2019 artificial intelligence technologies knew of start of training programs in 100 universities of Russia. The initiative is free for students, teachers will be able to participate also in offline - actions. Besides, separate work will be carried out with research associates.
In a conversation with RIA Novosti the CEO "the University 20.35" Vasily Tretyakov said that each specialist should have skills of work with artificial intelligence technologies as "it will allow it to become successful and effective in the field of activity".
| ||It is not dependent on that, will be a builder, the linguist or the artist. The project task — to give to all students and understanding of how the artificial intelligence changes a field of activity and what solutions on the basis of artificial intelligence it is possible to create the staff of universities — he reported.|| |
Entered into number of universities in which AI-training programs are started:
- Moscow Aviation Institute;
- Moscow polytechnical university;
- Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT);
- National research N.I. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod;
- National University of Science and Technology " MISIS ";
- Higher School of Economics National Research University;
- National Research Nuclear University of MEPhI.
The vice rector of Higher School of Economics Sergey Roshchin told RIA Novosti that the university was for a long time connected to mass formation at students of digital skills and skills of work with data which are the cornerstone of artificial intelligence technologies.
In August, 2019 it became known that in Russia create service on the basis of artificial intelligence which will be used for identification of students with low progress, and in the long term — for determination of candidates for assignment. According to his developers, use of high technologies will help to get rid of shortcomings of a human factor of the solution of this question.
The Putin's orders on development of artificial intelligence technologies
On June 13, 2019 the Government of the Russian Federation published the list of the instructions approved by the president Vladimir Putin according to the results of the meeting on development of artificial intelligence technologies which took place at the end of May (is more detailed about the meeting - in the block below).
The first – the Ministry of digital development jointly with Sberbank, Gazprom Neft and management company of "Russian Direct Investment Fund" should provide consideration of the draft of the national strategy of development for technologies by expert community in the field of AI. Heads of the specified organizations are appointed responsible for its execution. They should submit the report on the done work till June 20.
After that, according to the second order, the government should approve with the interested bodies the draft of the national strategy of development of technologies in the field of AI then to submit it for consideration and to prepare the draft of the decree of the president on the adoption of this strategy. The head of the government Dmitry Medvedev is responsible for execution of the order, and completion date is specified on June 30.
The second order also orders to sign the agreement of intent between the Russian Federation and the interested state corporations and the companies with state participation, including Sberbank, Rosatom, Rostec, Rostelecom and the Russian Railway, for the purpose of development of the separate hi-tech directions. It is necessary to make it also till June 30, and Medvedev and heads of the specified organizations are responsible for execution.
After that it is necessary to approve within the Digital Economy national program the federal project on implementation of the national strategy of development for AI technologies with the actions plan expected 3-year term. It is necessary to make it till October 31, 2019, and Medvedev will report on results.
At last, within the fifth order, till November 30, 2019 it is required to consider a question of creation in Moscow of the territory where the experimental legal regime is set and necessary conditions for development and deployment of AI technologies are created. It must be done together with the Government of Moscow and Sberbank. If necessary it is necessary to provide offers on making changes in the corresponding regulatory legal acts. Medvedev, the Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin and the head of Sberbank German Gref are responsible for this part.
Meeting on artificial intelligence at Putin. Main thing
On May 30, 2019 Vladimir Putin held a meeting on development of technologies in the field of the artificial intelligence (AI). The meeting took place during visit of School 21 – the educational organization for training of specialists founded by Sberbank in information technology field.
The monopolist in the field of artificial intelligence will become the lord of the world
As the president noted, artificial intelligence technologies are one of the key directions of technology development which define and will define the future of the whole world. Mechanisms of artificial intelligence provide in real time fast acceptance of optimal solutions on the basis of the analysis of huge information volumes, so-called "Big Data" that gives enormous advantages in quality and effectiveness. Such developments have no analogs in the history on the influence on economy and on labor productivity, on management efficiency, educations, health care and on everyday life of people.
At the same time fight for technological leadership, first of all, in the field of artificial intelligence, the president noted, already became a field of the global competition.
| ||Speed of creation of new products and solutions grows in geometrical progression, after the exhibitor. Already spoke and I want to repeat once again: if someone is able to provide monopoly in the field of artificial intelligence – well, effects are clear to all of us, – that will become the lord of the world, - he said.|| |
According to him, not accidentally many developed countries of the world already accepted the action plans on development of such technologies. And Russia should provide technology sovereignty in the field of artificial intelligence.
| ||This major condition of solvency of our business and economy, quality of life of citizens of Russia, security, eventually, and defense capability of the state. And here it is not only about algorithms for separate, highly specialized tasks. Universal solutions which use gives the maximum effect, and in any industry are necessary, - Vladimir Putin noted.|| |
Support on knowledge and infrastructure
For the solution of so ambitious project in the field of artificial intelligence technologies in the country there are good starting conditions and serious competitive advantages, the president is sure. In Russia one of the highest world rates of penetration of mobile communication and the Internet, development of electronic services. The cost of access to network in Russia – one of the lowest in the world. There is a support on traditionally strong scientific and educational schools in mathematics and physics, on the competitive system of training of specialists in the field of IT.
He also reminded that in the programming World Cup students from Russia win against the eighth year in a row. This year it is a command from Moscow State University.
| ||Strong scientific and applied competences already allowed to create original and, the main thing, commercially successful domestic developments of world level, including in such spheres as computer vision and recognition of a voice – here just now we saw it, showed us colleagues, – and also cyber security. In five years we need to come in these directions to the leading positions, - Putin said.|| |
Four priorities of strategy
Further the president designated the main priorities of the developed National strategy of development for technologies in the field of artificial intelligence.
| ||The first. This creation of essentially new fundamental backlogs, mathematical methods, the principles of work of artificial intelligence, including by analogy with a human brain. Russia should become one of key platforms for the solution of the most difficult scientific tasks with participation of scientists from around the world. This work can go also within the international mathematical centers. Next year, I will remind, they will be open in Moscow, St. Petersburg and Sochi. Actually, will supplement what we already have. It is necessary to increase also multiply financing of researches in the field of artificial intelligence, to create incentives for private investments and development of corporate science, researches, developments. And we too separately should discuss this subject.|| |
| ||The second. It is necessary to increase our personnel, intellectual potential, to save the talents and to involve the best specialists from around the world. By the way, today many people work for us in this sphere, but much less, than in the countries which try to ensure leadership. In order that to provide this leadership, it is necessary to develop programs of preparation for the directions of artificial intelligence in universities and colleges, including in regions. It is also important to offer effective mechanisms of material stimulation, convenient working conditions, including remote employment – as for our programmers, engineers and scientists, and for the leading specialists working abroad among whom as we know, there is a lot of also our compatriots, who with pleasure return to Russia and work together with the colleagues in Russia. And of course, if necessary it is necessary quickly, to resolve without delays issues on providing nationality, work authorizations, to solve other formalities.|| |
| ||The third. It is essentially important to configure our legislation on new technology reality, as fast as possible and qualitatively to create the flexible, adequate legal base for development and use of application solutions based on artificial intelligence and also the special modes for private investments into creation of disruptive solutions and, certainly, to guarantee reliable protection of intellectual property, legal conditions for registration of patents in a national jurisdiciton of Russia. I will repeat once again, it is important to remove legislative, administrative barriers to a technology pervoprokhodchestvo, at the same time having ensured safety of the state and society, unconditional respect for the rights of citizens. Here too is over what to work.|| |
| ||The fourth. It is necessary to create effective legal regulation of turnover of data, the advanced infrastructure for their processing and storage and also to propose the weighed solutions which will allow to use data for creation of algorithms of artificial intelligence. And, at last, the major question is a readiness of society, citizens to universal implementation of such technologies. It is necessary to provide broad digital education, to start programs of retraining, first of all, in the demanded directions.|| |
The president of Sberbank German Gref – about crucial elements and the purposes of strategy of artificial intelligence
The head Sberbank German Gref began a performance with gratitude to departments which participated in preparation of national strategy in the field of artificial intelligence - Mintsifra Ministry of Economic Development Ministry of Education Ministry of Industry and Trade Minprosveshcheniya Central bank and Ministry of Health. He also noted territorial subjects of the federation, having especially selected Moscow which, according to him, "enclosed in development of strategy much". Also Gref's thanks received such companies as "Yandex", "Мэйл.ру", "Rostec", "Rostelecom", "Gazprom Neft", "Rosatom", universities: Higher School of Economics Physics and Technology faculty Skoltech ITMO Russian Academy of Sciences RVC as well as ANO Tsifrovaya ekonomika.
| ||All this became, of course, under the auspices of the Deputy Prime Minister of the Government Maxim Alekseyevich Akimov. Many thanks to Andrey Removich Belousov who invested personally in these subjects much, - Gref noted.|| |
According to him, it was very much a lot of work because not only the document under the name "strategy", but also "road map" was developed.
| ||Generally, today we have two draft documents which can be considered the complete document which is subject to the approval only, - he said.|| |
The head of Sberbank noted that the word "technologies" changes everything in life.
| ||If to ask what most important word which changes policy, life of the company, life of each person, the answer it will be simple is, of course, the word "technologies". And if to speak about artificial intelligence, then say that the artificial intelligence is a switch of an output to the new level of one and all technologies today. There is no technology, there is no science which would not purchase essentially new opportunities in connection with use of artificial intelligence today. And in 2017 the general race for leadership, national leadership in the field of artificial intelligence began, - he explained.|| |
Strategies of development for artificial intelligence abroad
Gref reminded that in 2017 already five countries accepted the National strategy of artificial intelligence, and within 2018-go-2019-go their years there were already 30.
| ||And in this sense if this document is approved in the nearest future, we will be one of 30 countries which constructed clear "road maps" and told that it is a priority in their activity, - he added.|| |
As the head of Sberbank noted, the universal purposes are set in the strategy of two countries: United States of America and China. And that, and other country set to themselves the object, one – to hold leadership in the field of artificial intelligence, another – to become a leader by 2030. In other countries set the tasks to become leaders, to be among leaders in development of technologies or to become leaders in some of the directions in the field of artificial intelligence.
| ||We speak about artificial intelligence as about the future all the time, but it is technology which actually manages today our life. It manages not always obviously, not always we realize it, but today we lay a way in the car using the systems of artificial intelligence, we buy goods and services using the recommendatory systems in the field of artificial intelligence. We read books, we read news, we watch film, we watch video, we manage money, we translate texts. Our phone is a small factory of artificial intelligence. All games use these or those elements of artificial intelligence today. And soon around us there will be no industry left, beginning from the industry of public administration which would be deprived of these or those artificial intelligence technologies.
By estimates of the European Union, the industry which will implement artificial intelligence will grow with an average speed of 9-12 percent in a year – it is three-four times faster, than other GDP. Really, the artificial intelligence gives absolutely new opportunities in the solution practically of any problems, - German Gref noted.
5 elements of artificial intelligence
According to Gref, within development of strategy rather big time was spent to give definition to "artificial intelligence".
| ||Very often there are disputes whether it is possible to call it "artificial intelligence" or it "machine intelligence", or it "the system of machine learning". But we left determination "artificial intelligence", and inside we submerged five such elements, - he explained.|| |
Were carried to the AI elements – computer vision, natural languag processing, speech synthesis recognition, the recommendatory systems and decision making systems, and separately as the direction – perspective methods and perspective artificial intelligence technologies, first of all is so-called ML technologies, technologies of the automated machine learning.
Developers of strategy, according to him, tried to pass on each of these elements and to define spheres in which the directions of artificial intelligence could be applied: in the industry, in agriculture, in transport, in public services, in justice.
| ||By the way, our judicial system, arbitration courts, courts of the general practice and magistrate's courts already has very good experience. Last year began to implement artificial intelligence actively. I think, all this will be visible to all users and citizens in the nearest future. Procedures accelerate, accuracy in pronouncement of solutions and their transparency increases. It concerns practically each of departments, each of the directions which we analyzed, - Gref explained.|| |
Key purposes of strategy
The head of Sberbank told that within strategy the task of inclusion of Russia in number of leaders in the field of artificial intelligence in the world was set. Three key purposes were designated:
1. Growth of welfare and quality of life of people.
2. Incentives for economic growth.
3. Ensuring national security and protection of law and order.
| ||We long discussed how it is possible to come to these purposes what KPI can be delivered on each of the directions, and we agreed that we just that country which can undertake rather ambitious goals, - Gref noted.|| |
He reminded that in the world there are only five countries which have such important elements of a digital ecosystem as own search engine, own social networks, own mail based within the country.
| ||Crucial elements at us in the country exist, for the last decade they are created. If we combine our efforts, now that stage when separately the companies are not able to achieve success any more if we combine the efforts (business, scientific community and the Government, including territorial subjects of the federation), then we can achieve very serious changes, - the head of Sberbank said.|| |
Driving factors of development of artificial intelligence
In development process of strategy six driving factors of development of artificial intelligence were defined and analyzed. These are algorithms and mathematical methods, the software, data, work with data, regulation and use of data and also everything that is connected with education and the personnel, and normative regulation.
| ||Each of these elements is critical in this system. The lack of one of them creates critical risks for a system in general, Gref is sure.|| |
On each of these directions developers set the objects. The head of Sberbank briefly described them.
1. Algorithms and mathematical methods.
| ||We wrote that we want to enter by 2024 in top-10 the countries under the number of articles and participation in conferences, and in 2030 we want to enter in top-10 the countries on the average level of quoting. There the whole set of measures of support is registered, the research centers, laboratories should be created, the special financial long-term support to researchers should be organized, special computing resources because the artificial intelligence requires the supercomputer capacities should be created. It is the special chip, this special equipment, rather expensive. Here it is necessary to combine, probably, the efforts because definitely each company does not need to have the such supercomputer center. It should be the principle of construction, maybe, of one-two centers which practically all participants will be able to use, and its 24-hour use can provide it|| |
2. Development of software and technological solutions.
| ||We too here set rather ambitious and clear objects. Told that we want to develop solutions which can provide superiority over the person on special tasks. And by 2030 we should provide superiority of the person on a wide range of tasks. In general, today the key purpose of all AI developers is creation of so-called general intelligence, an artificial general intelligence of either superuniversal, or superstrong computer intelligence which will be able to solve any problems. We so far in strategy did not designate these purposes, probably, it is the next stage, the following strategy. We anyway will approach it. Nevertheless we will need to create all technology device. And here support measures are written too that should be specifically made in order that this second purpose was solved.|| |
3. Storage, collecting and data processing.
| ||Here too measures of support and the purpose are designated. We want to create online the platform with the depersonalized state data and data of the companies to which developer companies of the systems of artificial intelligence will have access.|| |
4. Development of the specialized hardware.
| ||It is, likely, the most difficult point in our strategy. We see that we yet here have no necessary backlogs because not just the hardware, the specialized hardware, is specialized chipsets. It is necessary to solve two problems is a creation of own architectural capacities which will be able to create architecture of the corresponding chipsets. And, respectively, the specialized production site which will be able to make them. It is that sphere which we will need to solve together with industrialists, in particular, with Russian Technologies company and with other private companies. Here we registered too that needs to be made. Let's hope that with the help, maybe, including, the international cooperation, we will cope with this task.|| |
| ||We told that we want to enter by 2024 in top-10 the countries according to educational programs in the field of artificial intelligence. And by 2030 to eliminate deficit of specialists in the field of artificial intelligence. Today about 6-6.5 thousand people in this area in the country work for us, I can tell that only laboratories of artificial intelligence of one Microsoft total more than 6.5 thousand people today, and 10 thousand people work with the assistant to Alexa in Amazon company. Therefore here a lot of things are necessary to us what to make, together with the state, probably, too here a lot of work in order that the companies participated in it.|| |
6. Normative regulation
| ||We have already experience in the world, we have experience of adoption of the so-called directive GDPR in Europe, in the European Union which actually stopped development of artificial intelligence, has signs of readjustment of this sphere. Today all companies try to carry away the research centers from Europe because penalties are tied to turnovers of the companies, penalties to 10% of turnover of the companies nobody wants to be influenced, force of this regulation therefore it is simpler to create the centers somewhere outside the European Union. Therefore here it is important to pass between two extremes, to leave this sphere settled, on the other hand, after all to create opportunities in order that it saved dynamics of the development.|| |
The artificial intelligence, according to Gref, is big investments. If to look at national strategy, then each country actually made the decision to invest in a year not less than $1 billion. Some countries invest with a speed from $5 up to $10 billion from the state budget in a year in this technology. Here such experimental platforms are very important, communication among themselves of science, universities, business and, of course, the state and territorial subjects of the federation is important.
| ||Experimental platforms are necessary for us. We would ask you (Vladimir Putin, - the comment of TAdviser), maybe, to look, think over the special status for the territorial subject of the federation, for Moscow that in Moscow it was possible to experiment in a scope of the systems of artificial intelligence, to fulfill technologies that actually, now upon and occurs because Moscow very actively is engaged in it. The big command in Moscow works, and they invest in it much. Sergey Semyonovich (Sobyanin, - a comment of TAdviser) is ready all solutions which are acquired in Moscow, to transfer to territorial subjects of the federation free of charge. It as it seems to us, very good experience if we rolled away on the Moscow amounts of data, and here data, as a matter of fact, daily gather. Huge data arrays are already created, all systems which are necessary for data processing are created. It very seriously would advance in general all territorial subjects of the federation and would lead to that we did not spend a huge number of money on all territory of the country. The experimental platform, then several regions in which there is a scaling and, maybe, localization of this product, and then already rolling through the whole country.|| |
The Deputy Prime Minister Maxim Akimov – about key actions of development of AI and responsible for high-tech industries
The Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Maxim Akimov complemented performances of colleagues with organizational strokes.
| ||And at once I want to tell in what we are definitely not going to be engaged is the next bureaucratic construction. We think that organizational tools are created within the national program "Digital Economy". And having concentrated resources which for this program are present today within the separate federal project "Artificial intelligence", we organizationally with those strategic calls about which Herman Oskarovich spoke, will cope, - he said.|| |
Akimov designated actions which should be in the development plan for artificial intelligence technologies, having estimated its financing in limits "to 90 billion rubles in the six-year horizon".
1. Support of researches in the field of algorithms and mathematical methods, including support of the leading research centers.
According to Akimov, it is necessary to create favorable circumstances for development and replication of technologies, to subsidize pilot implementations because it is risk with which private companies can share, probably, and should with public educations. Therefore it is going to select to leading companies resources for creation of prototypes of use of artificial intelligence, having created a basis for future implementations.
2. The most various data set
For creation of high-quality artificial intelligence in any sphere there is not enough creation of polygons, the official noted. First of all the most various data set, so-called libraries on all possible situations is required.
| ||It cannot be reproduced in the closed conditions. We could rely really on the leading regions, having connected not only financial, technological capabilities, but also opportunities in the field of turnover of data, data concentrations. First of all, of course, I mean Moscow where there could be an experimental regulyatorika, - Akimov noted.|| |
3. Mechanisms of depersonalization of data
Data serve as food for artificial intelligence therefore one of tasks – involvement in turnover of the maximum quantity of the depersonalized data taking into account requirements for confidentiality.
| ||We together with deputies of Federal Assembly drafted the amendments in the law on personal data concretizing depersonalization mechanisms. This big area of work. We hope that in the nearest future this law will also become a subject of consideration of chambers of Federal Assembly, he noted.|| |
4. Industry standards
According to Akimov, it is also necessary to update industry standards, including in the field of security.
| ||We speak not just about training, we speak about change managerial, partly engineering culture. In the long term all specialties connected with adoption of significant solutions will demand competences in the field of artificial intelligence. Also it is necessary to work significantly together with the Ministry of Education and Science and the Ministry of Public Education over educational standards. In this regard also mass and deep learning of public servants is necessary. We do not suggest to stop at all work on all other directions of the technology agenda of the Digital Economy program today, we will quickly create the additional federal project, having prioritized expenses. Also we are going to make it no later than October, 2019.|| |
Maxim Akimov suggested to determine by federal executive authority, responsible for these actions, the Ministry of digital development, communication and mass communications.
Large business should head development of high-tech industries
According to Akimov, world experience and experience of our country shows that an important role in technology development is played by the largest companies. For example, in the field of artificial intelligence up to 80% of patent requests for the last five years made commercial organizations, but not the research centers or academic centers.
According to him, large Russian business should and can become the main participant of actions for development in the Russian Federation of high-tech industries.
| ||I will remind, today it was offered and offered to define them 13. It is artificial intelligence, new generation of mobile wireless communication, first of all Plus 5G, new generation of narrowband wireless connectivity for Internet of Things, communications of a near and average range, technology of the distributed register. We in coordination with initiators separated a quantum perspective into three tracks: quantum sensors, quantum computings, quantum communications. Technologies of creation of new materials and substances, satellite communication, new generation of microelectronics and creation of electronic component base, creation of new portable power sources both their transportation and genomic technologies, - the official told.|| |
He offered a format at which the first step is agreement signature about intentions between the Government of the Russian Federation and the companies. In it not only the general principles, but also obligations for development and adoption of detailed "road maps" for development of each of the hi-tech directions till 2024 inclusive will be recorded.
| ||The text of such agreement is ready, we discussed it with the companies which are present here is Rosatom, Russian Railways, Rostec, Rostelecom and Sberbank. Are ready in the nearest future, within June, to sign it, - Akimov noted.|| |
In coordination with the companies the following distribution of subjects is offered. Sberbank, on technologies of mobile communication of fifth generation in the corresponding parts consortium of Rostelecom and Rostec will be the leading company in the Artificial intelligence direction, the directions on development of quantum sensors, technologies of the distributed registers and new generation of high-band communication for Internet of Things will be assigned to Russian Technologies. Rosatom will be engaged in quantum computings and new materials, Russian Railway – quantum communications.
| ||Would like to note, of course, separately that receiving a leader position does not mean monopolization of the company. Practice of work on the first direction – to Artificial intelligence demonstrates to it. The Government of the Russian Federation will monitor involvement in process of all strong players. I will note, for example, that Russian the private equity fund already performs considerable investments into startups and into more mature companies in artificial intelligence technologies. And only formation of wide consortium it is possible to form strong teams, - he said.|| |
The Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin – about innovations in the capital
The Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin during the performance noted that the idea on creation in Moscow of the experimental platform for development of disruptive technologies in the field of artificial intelligence is a good idea.
| ||We do not imagine today already at all an opportunity to manage the city without information technologies. There are good technology backlogs, data processing centers, the Internet, development of the Internet, speed, its availability one of world-best. Thanks to colleagues, frequencies for implementation of a 5G are selected, and four experimental platforms in Moscow will be implemented already until the end of the year for the first time in Russia. We already approved this technology during the FIFA World Cup in Luzhniki. It is, of course, unique technology. People could look, broadcast on smartphones for the whole world, with adding of virtual reality, i.e. it is such technology very interesting, and I think that Moscow will be the first city where it will be implemented, - the capital mayor told.|| |
Further he told that Moscow has high educational personnel potential and densely works with leading companies which have backlogs and world-class technologies in the field of artificial intelligence. Besides, there are a certain experience and projects in the field of education - it is the Moscow electronic school, in the field of health care is diagnosis of cancer diseases according to pictures of MRT. There is implementation of two technologies - it is video recognition and speech recognition.
| ||In our call centers at the expense of chat-bots from 40 to 70% of calls are serviced, i.e. the robot answers, processes these data, talks to those who make these or those inquiries, - Sobyanin explained.|| |
According to him, speech sensing technologies experimentally are implemented at schools, clinics, hospitals, on transport.
The experiment with video recognition was made during the World Cup. Now experimenting in this sphere takes place in the subway, and using access cameras. Dozens of criminals who were wanted were as a result revealed.
| ||This year we will shortly announce competition on creation of a large-scale system of a videoraspoznovaniye (together with the Ministry of Internal Affairs we this conduct work), which will cover more than 200 thousand video cameras in Moscow, and will be one of the largest systems in the world, competing only to the Chinese systems, - Sobyanin added.|| |
In addition, the Mayor of Moscow told about other technological projects. In particular, about creation of the innovation cluster in Moscow, about carrying out an experiment on electronic vote and an experiment on pilotless transport.
| ||It seems to me, we could systematize, give assignment with the Government to handle the matter, to make offers that we had additional opportunities (financial resources, personnel and technology is), legal opportunities to create new disruptive solutions in information technology field, artificial intelligence. It seems to me, it would be on advantage everything. We are ready to extend, of course, really non-paid the experience, giving it to other regions, the companies, - Sergey Sobyanin concluded.|| |
The CEO of RDIF Kirill Dmitriyev – about importance of investments for development of artificial intelligence
The CEO of the Russian Direct Investment Fund Kirill Dmitriyev in the performance stopped on a question of investments for development of artificial intelligence. According to him, the fund sees that the artificial intelligence is capable to increase efficiency of many industries by 30–40%.
| ||There are known examples of 40 percent decrease in electricity consumption in data centers, increases on a third of accuracy of detection of lung cancer, for 30% of increase in productivity in India. And this 30-40 percent increase in efficiency in many industries, certainly, is extremely important and is the key driver. Many consultants consider that due to artificial intelligence world GDP will grow 1.2% above in a year, and the total effect of implementation will be $13 trillion, - Dmitriyev noted.|| |
According to him, Russia has very good starting positions. The fund analyzes 100 leading companies in the field of artificial intelligence, 20 most perspective are selected, and investments into six are already approved. Among them "Onkoboks" (it is the innovation system of selection of medicines for treatment of oncological diseases) and Motility (the developer of prostheses). And also we implement actively artificial intelligence in our portfolio companies, he noted.
| ||Implementation, for example, in our oncological centers of intelligent systems will allow to reduce by five-six times quantity of medical errors there, - Dmitriyev explained.|| |
Also together with the United Arab Emirates RDIF starts SCANEX company on the Middle Eastern markets. According to him, partners selected $2 billion for the joint investment in projects.
In addition, the CEO of RDIF selected eight initiatives.
| ||The first – we see that there are two large models of data management. One is more recognized in China where the state provides bigger access and controls data, and other more European where the data access is very limited. We, of course, consider that Chinese model will allow to move forward quicker.|| |
| ||Also, certainly, finishing our Russian companies is important for the level of world leaders. Because if the companies work only for the market of Russia, then they have not enough advantages to compete in world spaces. We want to bring our companies to the world markets.|| |
| ||The third initiative – it is unconditional, important that our companies implemented at themselves artificial intelligence. We consider that each of large state companies should have own strategy for implementation of artificial intelligence.|| |
| ||The fourth is that creation of consortia with China is possible, with the Middle East where it is useful to have the large-scale markets.|| |
| ||The fifth. … we are going to create the center of artificial intelligence with MSU.|| |
| ||The sixth are data centers.|| |
| ||The seventh – at us is already many data in Moscow, including in FTS which has the significant potential for the analysis of economy, and these data can be used.|| |
| ||And in conclusion we would ask to support inclusion in consortium of Sberbank. We recognize that Sberbank was one of the first who began to be focused on artificial intelligence. Both RDIF, and Gazpromneft which have very good practices in this sphere that we jointly could develop and advance it actively.|| |
The CEO of Gazprom Neft Alexander Dyukov – about artificial intelligence in the industry
| ||I consider that the good basic document which considers the main directions of development turned out. During development of strategy we gave the offers and comments, most of them are considered. In Gazpromneft we already work in many directions determined by strategy.|| |
He noted that he an important factor which needs to be considered is demand for AI technologies.
| ||Certainly, for development of artificial intelligence and its practical application technologies, algorithms, data, people, infrastructure are necessary. These are key driving factors, but one more basic factor of development of artificial intelligence is demand for artificial intelligence technologies. Demand needs to be created, demand needs to be consolidated that the strategy of development for artificial intelligence made sense. Now conscious demand exists in such spheres as banking services, media, retail, telecoms, but demand volume from these segments is limited. If to speak about the industry, then our industry, except for, perhaps, Rostec and still a number of the companies, in fact, so far is seriously not involved in creation of demand for artificial intelligence technologies. It is not criticism, on it we have objective reasons, and such situation not only, but also in the world in general. At the same time the industry creates a considerable segment of economy, maybe, and should be one of drivers of development of economy. The industry has the specifics in a scope of artificial intelligence, and here I want to tell that we cannot expect that development of artificial intelligence, say, in a telecom, will allow us to solve those problems which face the industry. At the industry the specifics, and it needs to be considered when implementing strategy. It also requires special attention and from the state in terms of existence of the necessary regulatory base and infrastructure.|| |
Industry involvement, in his opinion, is very important for development of artificial intelligence. Fuel and energy complex – the largest segment of the Russian industry can play very important role in it. Energy industry has a number of key advantages before other industries necessary to become the leader in development of artificial intelligence. Energy industry is capable to create solvency, demand for technologies. Implementation of artificial intelligence technologies in energy industry has large-scale economic effect. In energy industry there is strong managerial and engineering personnel. Also energy industry is one of the most difficult industries in terms of amount of data created in the course of productive activity, a variety of solvable tasks and business processes. Therefore the tasks solved by energy industry companies can be scaled and replicated then in other industries.
| ||As for Gazpromneft. We already relied on development of artificial intelligence and its application for solving of tasks, facing the oil industry. Our company already has an experience of use of artificial intelligence in many directions of our activity from geological exploration to gas stations, - Dyukov noted.|| |
| ||Our program of digital transformation includes already 12 key programs and more than 500 projects on all chain of value creation. Within these programs we should create hundreds of models. The expected effect, by our estimates, not less additional 150 billion rubles of operating profit a year, - the CEO "Added Gazprom Neft.|| |
According to him, the company is ready to provide both knowledge, and practices, and production base for further development of artificial intelligence in the industry.
| ||We are ready to work together with other companies and the organizations on strategy implementation. And we are ready to undertake a role of one of leaders in development of artificial intelligence for an industry segment, - he concluded.|| |
The CEO of Rostec Sergey Chemezov – about domestic chips, UAVs and a 5G
Sergey Chemezov, the CEO of Rostec state corporation, in the performance stopped on development of the specialized hardware, i.e. about one of six factors of development of AI about which the head of Sberbank German Gref spoke.
| ||In this direction we already began to work, created public-private partnership with AFK "Sistema" company, having merged all assets which are in one way or another connected with this activity. The main objective which faces us, – to create modern electronic and component base, first of all chips which will need to be used further during creation of the equipment working in the field of artificial intelligence, - Chemezov told.|| |
It also declared determination to include in this enterprise of everyone who is ready to develop this field of activity, who has some practices.
| ||We have Angstrem T. In the long term, I think that this company can enter into our community too, - Chemezov added.|| |
As for in general other directions in the field of artificial intelligence, according to the head of Rostec, many companies of corporation already work in this sphere.
| ||It and technologies of determination of face recognition … It both unmanned aerial vehicles, and airplanes, and helicopters, it and the unmanned vehicles created on KamAZ they already actively work, at least, on KamAZ already ride. I hope that not far off that day when the car can come already and to public roads. There is an automatic complex of radio-electronic fight against unmanned aerial vehicles which not just stops this or that aircraft approaching an object it or he will be put, or will unroll and will send back. Its range – up to 3 kilometers, covers with a dome any object, generally, rather interesting thing which is used including the Ministry of Defence. I do not speak any more about those practices which we have also in a defense system today, are heads of homing, they work for a long time, it is, in general, too artificial intelligence, - Sergey Chemezov noted.|| |
As for the hi-tech directions, according to him, deployment of networks of fifth generation is a key issue of development of telecommunications in Russia, and the solution of the matter requires consolidation of efforts of telecom operators and the industry, both for carrying out clearing of frequencies existing and for development and the subsequent implementation of crucial components of networks of fifth generation.
Rostec carries out active work on consolidation of operators and vendors in the direction of development of fifth generation of wireless communication in a format of consortium. Besides that the corporation develops "road map" on development of technologies of wireless communication, Rostec created the concept of development of industrial solutions for creation of networks of fifth generation. The approaches provided in it were approved, the concept is already approved with representatives of the domestic industry and is actively studied with telecom operators.
| ||I want to emphasize that at deployment of technology 5G creation of domestic solutions which will ensure high-quality and continuous functioning of all services and services without influence of external factors will be required. It is important. With respect thereto it is logical that in the beginning technology infrastructure around which then all services and services will be built should be created. Therefore I once again want to offer services of Rostec corporation we could head this direction together with Rostelecom, - Chemezov added.|| |
The Deputy Prime Minister Yury Borisov – about promotion of domestic solutions AI
The Deputy Prime Minister Yury Borisov during the performance noted timeliness, relevance and rather serious development of strategy in the field of AI.
But he would also like to see even more tangible purposes connected with a market share, world and internal in strategy.
| ||It seems to me that the main objective in implementation of this strategy is a dynamic implementation, I will emphasize, domestic solutions of artificial intelligence. And it is just a complex of algorithmic, software and hardware solutions to all spheres of economy for the purpose of domination in the domestic market of these products, and the forecast shows that it is the enormous market, and to positioning on external. I consider that implementation of this strategy, especially regarding implementation of hardware support, will create synergy effect for development of domestic microelectronics because he is not by hearsay familiar with these products. These are products with high value added, difficult. They, unfortunately, require long terms of implementation and rather costly, - the Deputy Prime Minister noted.|| |
According to him, actions which will be planned in strategy will be directed to creation of these products, at the same time the main objective, according to him, consists in their promotion on the market.
| ||Taking into account that these products expensive, perhaps, it is necessary to think also of the state order of implementation of these products in the specialized centers. They should not be much. But products of domestic production are competitive, along with chipsets and accelerators western should break on the domestic market, - he added.|| |
The head of "Yandex" Arkady Volozh – about uniqueness of the Russian market, stimulation of the personnel and tests of UAVs in the real environment
| ||Here it was told that at more than 30 countries there are programs of artificial intelligence. The reasons that to us is now here what to discuss is that in Russia there are specialists in this area, and Russia in sense of implementation on the market of these systems, on retail market, is one of the unique markets in the world, at us here almost all the. It became possible only because we have people, the system of selection and education of these people. There is a wish not to lose it and not only to fix it at the level of the Higher school that now is made, but also (in strategy it is mentioned) there is a wish to leave more deeply and to begin systematic selection and training of people in the field of the exact sciences, mathematics, programming, directly with a school bench. It is one aspect.|| |
| ||And the second aspect when we train people, not a secret that Russia is a donor of such specialists for the companies of the world, it is normal when young people after training go to work to the world companies. It is important that they had an incentive and desire to remain with someone, at someone – to return back to work in the Russian companies. In Yandex for the last few years we returned 100 specialists from the world companies to work back for us, and we attracted them, of course, not so much them people who surround you use salaries, how many a possibility of the solution of ambitious tasks, and an opportunity to solve problems which are implemented directly in front of your eyes and directly. It, as a rule, is unavailable to them when they work in some global corporations. There is a wish that within strategy, perhaps, some special state program which stimulates not so much even financially how many, maybe, non-materially the people returning to work here was developed. Other countries have such programs, we should make it too.|| |
One more important direction, according to the head of "Yandex", this creation of conditions for testing. The artificial intelligence is a machine learning, and to train machines, he considers, it is necessary real data, in actual practice, for example, UAVs, pilotless machines which go on roads.
| ||They should go not so much on polygons how many to come to roads of street use, and here it is very important that we did not regulate it. It is clear, that all it is a little bit terrible, but, it seems to me if we want that it was implemented quicker, is very competitive environment, – we need not to be afraid and a little bit to relax itself here and to give the chance of very rapid implementation, a possibility of testing of a large number of such, for example, machines or in general any solutions in the field of artificial intelligence in actual practice. "Yandex" should bring this year 100 machines to streets. If we take that procedure which is now, then we just on certification of these machines need four years. There is a wish that it was reflected also in this program – tests in the real environment. Because the speech goes here that we will import or export these technologies, eventually.|| |
The president's special representative Dmitry Peskov - about new data types and a problem of training
The Russian President's special representative on digital and technology development Dmitry Peskov stopped on two main questions. The first - data types, the second – the personnel.
| ||Today we are based on those data which are already created by banks, telecoms, the state. But there are also much bigger data arrays, and we see that world development turns towards such absolutely unexpected data types today - it is oceans, forests, the person, a biome, a microbiome. We see a huge number of startups which compete for the traditional markets on logic of a sheaf between biology and artificial intelligence today. There are absolutely new types of products. Now we had a company which builds the global system of goods marking on the basis of unique that is called the futprint, a biological print of a production site of these goods. This joint as it seems to me, should be finished before formation of DataSet not only from banks and telecoms, but also in problem definition in scientific research, in the industries, in the forest industry, in many other places in terms of formation of the new DataSet types. Otherwise we will well make homework on reduction of a gap, but we will lag behind on the next step, - Peskov noted.|| |
The second question raised Sand is connected with the personnel and with regulation.
| ||Gap on the needs for the personnel now so catastrophic that we could not find any scenario at which we could liquidate lag even till 2030. In this sense if we continue to rest against the idea that we can upgrade the operating system of educational standards, we will never receive result. Joints of technologies change so quickly that as soon as we enter this very long bureaucratic cycle, there it turns out that in large quantities we new types of specialists somewhere approximately by 2030 also will release. We many times came on this subject, but already everything ripened to impossibility now. The certain territory of regulation on subjects of artificial intelligence, Big Data and other end-to-end technologies which would allow to start normative processes of training within two-three months, but not within three, four, five, six years is necessary for us, - he noted.|| |
The problem, according to him, is that around data there is a set of new specialties, but they are not reflected anywhere in any regulating documents.
| ||Fortunately, good news consists that they create a set of new jobs. And we in this sense have no concern that the artificial intelligence of all will deprive of work and new jobs will not appear. But the complexity consists that there are this deepening and job specialization, it requires separate regulation. I would ask separately in instructions to us after all such circuit to create, it now not doformirovan, - the president's special representative said.|| |
| ||Of course, all education system should be changed. We with colleagues from the Ministry of science and the higher education take such step, we begin implementation of the educational platform of artificial intelligence at hundred regional universities at once, and we hope that in July of this year it will earn. I invite all too to take part in its start, - he added.|| |
The president of Rostelecom Mikhail Oseevsky – about obligations for development of the hi-tech directions
The head of Rostelecom Mikhail Oseevsky commented on the proposal of the Deputy Prime Minister Maxim Akimov concerning the agreement of intent between the Government of the Russian Federation and the companies in which obligations for development and adoption of "road maps" for development of the hi-tech directions will be recorded.
| ||We really go for this cooperation with the Government absolutely consciously not because we to it are forced. We consider that such concentration of separate companies on these key directions will allow us to move quicker, on the one hand. On the other hand, the last year of work on the Digital Economy program, in general within modern technological solutions strengthens interaction between us. We have no contradictions today, all of us sitting at this table cooperate in many directions. Therefore as Herman Oskarovich told, the leading role of the companies does not mean that the others will be switched off. We are sure that the wide consortium will be just created, - Oseevsky noted.|| |
The CEO of Mail.ru Group Boris Dobrodeyev – about sales market for startups
| ||On the basis of artificial intelligence more than 100 million people use our services already today. And, certainly, it would be very interesting to us to apply this examination in real economy, - he noted.|| |
Dobrodeyev also focused attention on a question of sales market for technological startups.
| ||We every day and inside create a large number of services, and we watch hundreds of startups, and we are convinced that the main question of this market is just a question of sales market. Because already now there are not tens, even hundreds of the companies which have good technologies, but all of them rest against sales market, against small revenue which does not pay back the knowledge-intensive startups and technologies today. Therefore, it seems to me, for us the most important purpose is a stimulation of this demand and sales markets, - he said.|| |
The first deputy director general of Rosatom Ivan Kamenskikh – about joint work of state companies in the field of development of new technologies
| ||We have very close ties with Rosneft and with Gazprom regarding digital wells, digital layers, i.e. and we rather actively participate in this part. With Rostec we agreed about joint work rather active in the field of supercalculations and mathematical modeling. So this direction, of course, is supported, - he explained.|| |
Besides, it supported the proposal of the Deputy Prime Minister Yury Borisov, that the most important task is to create the market, domestic market and foreign market for implementation of new technologies.
The Assistant to the President Andrey Belousov – about changes in the traditional markets under the influence of AI
The Assistant to the President Russia Andrey Belousov paid attention that there is no market of products of artificial intelligence, first, as such, and, secondly, it is absolutely not main. According to him, the main thing is a change in the traditional markets which bears in itself artificial intelligence, and it is necessary to measure not by what share we will occupy in this market of artificial intelligence and how many we at the expense of our national solutions will be able to win in the industry market, in the market of trade services, in the market of logistics services.
| ||For example, what is the airplane of fifth generation? It is the new concept, it is the new concept of conducting fight when at you affine data connect in real time, and artificial intelligence to you helps to make decisions. Without artificial intelligence this construction does not work. And the same in logistics, the same in trade, the same in health care arises, just the same constructions. There is a speech about these markets. And here really there are real revolutions, - he explained.|| |
Daley Andrey Belousov spoke a problem with sale.
| ||They (problems, - primas of TAdviser) will also arise further. And we should create, roughly speaking, surplus of the offer today (we go on it consciously). Why there is a problem with sale? We should understand with you that implementation of artificial intelligence essentially changes decision making processes in the companies. It is impossible to implement artificial intelligence without change of a management system. It just will not work. These are absolutely other principles, other approaches. And it not only at us, it in the world. You know perfectly that Americans created the special research centers which analyze changes of management systems under the influence of the system of artificial intelligence and adjacent information technologies, digital technologies. Therefore here, of course, these processes go inertially, they go rather slowly, including go slowly and in corporations. But in order that to us to urge on all these processes, we, of course, should and using measures of stimulation to urge on them, but the most important – we should propose the solution which will give to the same companies or their competitors, including disraptor – the small companies, will give the chance to win big segments of the market on the basis of these solutions. It is process slow, long it is enough as shows experience, but we should go on it, of course, - Belousov noted.|| |
According to him, the most important error into which we can fall is to begin to create certain new management systems, new construction of management of this process in strategy, i.e. to fall into bureaucratic process with any resolutions, solutions and so on.
| ||We need to start everything very quickly, - Belousov added.|| |
Draft of the National strategy of development for artificial intelligence
As CNews knew, in Russia the draft of the National strategy of development for the artificial intelligence (AI) appeared. The document was prepared by Sberbank at the request of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin and will be soon submitted to it for consideration. In May, 2019 the draft copy was at disposal of edition.
In Strategy it is noted that the world market of AI last year made $2.5 billion, by 2024 it will grow to $137.2 billion. More than 30 countries in the world recognized critical importance of AI and accepted the corresponding national strategy.
In the field of development of AI Russia at the universal level looks poorly. In 2018 market size was 2.1 billion rubles (0.2% of world). By 2024 it will increase to 160 billion rubles (1.8% of world). The volume of the Russian investments into AI last year was less than 1% of world. Also at the level from 1% from world there is a number of patents in the field of AI and scientific articles to it devoted.
For development of AI in Russia the high level of basic physical and mathematical education, strong school of sciences in the field of mathematics and natural sciences, first place won by the Russian students in the international Olympic Games on programming and the leading positions in the world in a segment of computer vision belong to positive factors.
At the same time there are also negative factors. It is a lack of demand for AI for increase in production efficiency of products, goods and rendering services, a small number of qualified specialists and researches, including because of outflow of the personnel abroad and low availability and quality of data (both corporate, and collected by state agencies).
Creation of Technical committee based on the Russian venture capital company
On May 21, 2019 it became known what based on Russian Venture Capital Company (RVCC) will begin work the Technical Committee (TC) on standardization artificial intelligence (AI). In the field of its responsibility there will be questions connected with normative and technical regulation of applied use of AI technologies.
This body will integrate the profile organizations, authorities, research and educational institutes for national, interstate and international standartization of AI technologies. Shopping malls create with support Ministry of Industry and Trade RUSSIAN FEDERATION and Rosstandart.
Alexander Povalko told:
| ||RVC as project office of the National Technology Initiative (NTI) proposed creations of uniform specialized body for standardization to create conditions for the fastest conversion of the accumulated fundamental knowledge in the field of AI in specific products and services and to provide their applied implementation in various sectors of the economy.|
Alexander Povalko, CEO of RVC
According to the press service of RVC, committee will be engaged in development of terms, determinations in the field of AI, standardization of standard architecture of the AI systems and formats of data view; development of requirements to indicators and criteria of quality of systems with AI, methods of identification and protection against specific threats of information security; development of rules of assessment of functional characteristics of systems with AI for the solution of applied tasks in economy, education, health care, the industry and other industries.
Participation in process of the international standardization on behalf of the Russian Federation including consideration of questions of application of international standards in the field of AI at the national level, participation in work of the joint international technical committee on standardization of ISO/IEC JTC of 1 "Information Technologies" and also participation in work of subcommittee of ISO/IEC JTC of 1 SC 42 "Artificial Intelligence" will become the separate area of work of shopping mall.
The director of scientific projects of NIU "Higher School of Economics" Sergey Garbuk will become the chairman of shopping Mall Iskusstvenny intellekt. Earlier he headed the information direction of Fund of perspective researches, the center of information technologies in scientific research institute of standardization and unification of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation.
The structure of shopping mall will be built to specularly profile international subcommittee of SC 42 and will integrate the working groups which are responsible for questions of unification and ensuring quality of AI technologies, specialize in formation of standard requirements to AI technologies in the different industries.
| ||the Market of AI actively develops in Russia. The volume of the corresponding segment in the industry at us in the country by 2021 will be $380 million. For May, 2019 top management of the enterprises which are engaged in digitalization begins to be told about integration of the AI different models. Integration is necessary for consolidation of algorithms from different suppliers in a uniform ecosystem. Datana will study plans of shopping mall in the nearest future.|| |
The director of the department of development and planning of Skolkovo Foundation Sergey Izraylit reported that the organization is interested in participation in shopping mall on standardization of AI.
| ||Development of AI - one of priorities of activity of fund. Two of five resident companies of the innovation center which develop solutions in the field of IT have his components.|
Sergey Izraylit, Director of the department of development and planning of Skolkovo Foundation
According to him, the Skolkovo Foundation as competence center of the federal draft "Normative Regulation of a Digital Medium" of the national program "Digital economy of the Russian Federation" already works on creation of the actions plan of the federal project. Part of them is directed to improvement of mechanisms of standardization including preparation of documents of a national system of standardization in the field of technologies "Smart Production", "Internet of Things", "Industrial Internet of Things", Artificial intelligence and "Cyber-physical systems".
| ||It is obvious that the scope of use of AI requires open comprehensive discussions - both on regulatory, and on ethical levels. The committee sets for itself a difficult task - to develop uniform standards of use of technology and different data types.|
Georgy Shatirov, director of competence center of Big Data of Technoserv company
In his opinion, problems of standardization are required in those industries which already underwent the first phases of development of technologies and entered a komoditization stage.
| ||Certainly, AI - a subject which is discussed everywhere and all. However whether came it is time to enter uniform standards and by that to enter risk of deceleration of development of technology if its peak was not reached yet? Perhaps, just that time when open discussions of vectors of development are necessary, more than ever.|| |
| ||On behalf of NP Russoft I already directed the request for accession to shopping Mall II. Experiment of RVC on creation and start of work of shopping mall No. 194 "Cyber-physical systems" shows that this tool in skillful hands is very useful to the industry.|
Valentin Makarov, President of NP Russoft
According to him, on the example of shopping mall No. 194 it is visible how it is possible to coordinate effectively activity of the different organizations with a uniform vector and the work plan for creation of drafts of standards and on their promotion in Russia and abroad.
Requests for the accession to shopping mall from the interested organizations and the companies admit to RVC till July 1, 2019.
Putin charged to develop national strategy in the field of artificial intelligence and a measure of support of hi-tech projects of the SMB-companies
On February 27, 2019 the President Russia Vladimir Putin within implementation of the message To Federal Assembly charged to develop till June 15, 2019 national strategy in the area artificial intelligence.
In addition, the president requires to implement the additional measures directed to stimulation of growth of investments into the hi-tech projects in the field of artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, robotics and processing of data bulks performed by small and medium-sized businesses.
The prime minister Dmitry Medvedev is appointed responsible for these instructions. Till July 1, 2019 he should prepare the report on measures of support of hi-tech projects of the SMB-companies.
The Russian strategy of AI will rely on achievements of a domestic physical mat
The president's special representative concerning digital and technology development Dmitry Peskov told on February 11, 2019 about the general vision when developing approaches to the national strategy of development for artificial intelligence in Russia. "Agency of Strategic Initiatives" (ASI) jointly with Sberbank according to order of the president Vladimir Putin is engaged in their development.
According to Peskov, there is already a common understanding that do not cost the purpose of creation of any separate system under an assigned task, and the mechanisms which are already existing within "A national technology initiative" and the Digital Economy project will be used.
| ||Now we look attentively at what is done by other countries, and we are faced by a difficult task – separation of hype from contents, - Peskov tells.|| |
| ||In this sense we will have the national strategy relying on the best achievements of our mathematical and physical schools, but not senseless replication of the solutions created in other countries, - the president's special representative concerning digital and technology development noted.|| |
Added sands that within "A national technology initiative" 2 competence centers on artificial intelligence are created: one based on Physics and Technology faculty on specialization in the field of speech artificial intelligence, and based on ITMO – with specialization in the field of cognitive researches.
It is supposed that in the nearest future competition which prepares Rosatom State Corporation, on creation and development of general "road map" in the field of artificial intelligence will be announced. And to this development in addition to institutes can the largest companies will join. Sberbank and Rostelecom, "Yandex", Mail.ru, Rostec already declared determination to participate in this development, Dmitry Peskov said.
Sberbank participating in development of approaches in the field of the strategy of AI actively develops the activity in the field of these technologies. In bank there is a laboratory of artificial intelligence. In February Sberbank also made the decision on creation of laboratory of neurosciences and behavior of the person which will conduct scientific research in the field of neurophysiology, social psychology and cognitive science and to implement results of scientific developments in daily practice of the company.
Development of approaches to the national strategy of development for artificial intelligence
On January 30, 2019 the President Russia Vladimir Putin approved the list of instructions according to the results of a meeting of the supervisory board of ANO Agency of Strategic Initiatives on Promotion of New Projects which took place on January 15, 2019.
One of instructions concerns development in the country of artificial intelligence technologies (AI). In particular, to the Government of the Russian Federation till February 25, 2019 it is entrusted to develop approaches to the national strategy of development for artificial intelligence with participation of Sberbank and other interested organizations and to provide the relevant proposals.
At the end of 2018 TAdviser prepared the overview devoted to development of artificial intelligence technologies and machine learning in Russia. According to forecasts of TAdviser, this market will promptly grow and by 2020 its volume can already reach 28 billion rubles.
The experts polled by the edition also see the enormous market potential of AI technologies. However so far on it still there is a huge shortcoming of the corresponding specialists. The companies experience difficulties searching, attraction and deduction of such employees.
During preparation of the overview the main trends of the market of artificial intelligence technologies and machine learning were defined (Machine Learning, ML). Among them:
- replacement of employees with robots (robotic services),
- AI combination to robotization of business processes,
- expansion of opportunities of software products means of AI and ML,
- application of new methods of machine learning,
- wide use of AI for service quality improvement,
- increasing expansion of scopes of AI.
In more detail about market situation of AI technologies in Russia, key trends and competence of market participants read in the overview of TAdviser "Artificial intelligence of 2018".
- Robots (robotics)
- Robotics (world market)
- In the industry, medicine, fighting
- Service robots
- Collaborative robot, cobot (Collaborative robot, kobot)
- IoT - IIoT
- Artificial intelligence (AI, Artificial intelligence, AI)
- Artificial intelligence (market of Russia)
- In banks, medicine, radiology
- National Association of Participants of the Market of Robotics (NAPMR)
- Russian association of artificial intelligence
- National center of development of technologies and basic elements of robotics
- The international Center for robotics (IRC) based on NITU MISIS
- ↑ Moscow will start a five-year experiment with artificial intelligence
- ↑ Officials divide artificial intelligence
- ↑ In the Ministry of Economic Development will create department of artificial intelligence
- ↑ The companies of the Russian Federation which are engaged in artificial intelligence will integrate in alliance
- ↑ [http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201910110003?index=2&rangeSize=1 the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 10/10/2019 No. 490 "About development of artificial intelligence in the Russian Federation"
- ↑ [https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4112456 to Artificial intelligence
- ↑ look for occupation]
- ↑ Meeting with the chairman of the board of Sberbank of Russia German Gref
- ↑ Students of hundred universities will be trained to artificial intelligence technologies
- ↑ to Putin wrote the strategy of development for artificial intelligence complete of optimism in Russia
- ↑ RVC will help to standardize AI