ISIEZ of Higher School of Economics National Research University index of digitalization of business
2019: Russia (28 points)
The institute of statistical investigations and economy of knowledge of Higher School of Economics National Research University developed the index of digitalization of business which characterizes the speed of adaptation to digital transformation of the organizations of a business sector in Russia, the countries of Europe, the Republic of Korea, Turkey and Japan. The index is calculated by the following five indicators: level of use of the broadband Internet, cloud services, RFID technologies, ERP systems and inclusiveness in electronic trading.
Digital technologies got into all spheres of life, changed economic and organizational processes, methods of communications between suppliers and consumers of goods and services. For integrated assessment of level of distribution of digital technologies in a business sector the Institute of statistical investigations and economies of knowledge of Higher School of Economics National Research University develops the index of digitalization of business (further — the Index). It characterizes the speed of adaptation to digital transformation, level of use of the broadband Internet, cloud services, RFID technologies, ERP systems, inclusiveness in electronic trading of the organizations of a business sector. The index is calculated across Russia and the countries of Europe, the Republic of Korea, Turkey and Japan.
The leading position among the specified countries is taken by Finland with value of the Index at the level of 50 points. Further Belgium (47), Denmark (46), the Republic of Korea follow (45). Russia (28 points) is in the same row with such countries of Central and Eastern Europe as Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland and Romania.
The analysis of intensity of use in our country of the separate technologies considered when calculating the Index shows that broadband access to the Internet 82% of the organizations, cloud services — 23% apply, ERP systems — 19%, electronic sales — 12%, RFID technologies — 6%.
The gap between the Russian indicators and similar data on Finland having the greatest value of the Index varies from 9 to 43 percent points. The minimum deviation is recorded in such spheres as electronic sales (9 percent points) and use of RFID technologies (17), maximum — concerning cloud services (43).
In foreign countries electronic sales (they are applied on average only by 17% of the organizations) and RFID technology (14%) were the least demanded of all listed technologies. The maximum differentiation is noted on use of RFID technologies and cloud services (in 8.4 and 8.3 times respectively). At the same time on each indicator it is possible to call the leading country. So, on implementation of electronic sales the upper place is held by Ireland (30%), RFID technologies are most intensively used in the Republic of Korea (42%), ERP systems — in Belgium (54%), cloud services — in Finland (66% of the organizations). The absolute scope of the organizations by the broadband Internet is reached in Denmark, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Finland.
IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking
2018: Russia outstripped Italy and Saudi Arabia
In June, 2018 the Swiss business school IMD published new edition of the international rating of competitiveness in a digital medium. In comparison with the previous version of the list Russia rose by two lines and occupied 40 position from the 63rd. Our country appeared ahead of Saudi Arabia and Italy which in 2017 were on the 36th and 39th places respectively.
The rating of IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking is formed in three directions: "Knowledge" (quality of training, science and education), Technologies (the regulatory environment, a financial capital in the IT industries, a status of Internet and communication technologies) and "Future readiness" (level of readiness to use digital transformation).
For formation of rating 50 criteria from which 30 are based on statistical data, such as speed of broadband access in the Internet and expenses on research and development, and 20 — on survey results are used in total.
In category "Knowledge" Russia was located on the 24th position. In other components the situation is worse: on Technologies of Russia took the 43rd place, on "Future readiness" — the 51st.
Weak points of Russia, according to authors of rating, are in the legislation on scientific research and protection of the intellectual property rights, in the level of financing of the IT industry (including a venture capital) and high investment risks and also in "the relation to globalization" and capability of business to adapt to changes.
In the overall ranking the USA got the first place (the 3rd place in the rating of 2017). The former leader of the rating Singapore fell by the second position. Further there are Sweden, Denmark, Switzerland and Norway. Ukraine is on the 58th line, closes rating Venezuela.
According to experts of IMD, the rating of digital development correlates with a labor productivity in the country. Even better performance correlates with a factor of future readiness.
ICT Development Index (IDI)
2017: The 45th place in the rating of development of ICT
In the autumn rating of 2017 Russia fell by the 45th place in the rating of development of information and communication technologies of ICT Development Index (IDI) for 2017. The rating annually is formed the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), and in 2016 Russia took in it the 43rd place. Despite it, it managed to improve value of the index — in this edition IDI it makes 7.07 points of 10. In rating for 2016 Russia gained 6.91 points.
The Information Society (2011-2020) state program provided that in 2017 Russia will rise in rating to the 42nd place. It should be noted what at calculation of the index of ITU does not consider geographical features of the countries and also population density and the nature of its distribution while these factors significantly complicate development of ICT in the countries with parameters of Russia.
What is considered at assessment
IDI is calculated as an arithmetic average of three subindexes. The first characterizes access for the population to ICT, in Russia it is now estimated at 7.23 points. At its calculation a number of indicators, for example, the fact that 22.77 subscriber connections to a telephone line and 163.26 connections to cellular communication are the share of 100 people of the population in Russia was considered. Capacity of the international Internet connection on one user makes 51888.05 bps in Russia. Also it was considered that 74.31% of the Russian households have computers, and 74.82% — Internet access.
The second subindex characterizes use of ICT in the territory of the country. In Russia it made 6.13 points. At its calculation the fact that 76.41% of the Russian citizens use the Internet was considered, and 19.74 wire and 75.03 wireless broadband subscriber connections are the share of 100 people.
The third subindex estimates skills of use of ICT which are owned by the population. In Russia it made the whole 8.62 points, having positively influenced the general IDI. At the same time the fact that training term at school is 12 years was considered, the index of receiving an average makes education in the country 100.59, the index of receiving the highest — 78.65.
In 2018 the ITU is going to refuse such indicators as the number of telephone and mobile connections on 100 people. Availability of 3G networks and LTE/WiMax and also quantity of traffic which is used at broadband connection, including mobile will be considered instead. The percent of the citizens using mobile devices, and the population share having skills of use of ICT will be considered Besides.
Leaders of the rating
First place in the IDI list was won by Iceland with an indicator 8.98 points. In 2016 it was in the second place, conceding to South Korea. Korea in 2017 fell by the second place, having gained 8.85 points. The third and fourth country also exchanged places in comparison with last year: on the third line there is Switzerland with an indicator 8.74 points, on the fourth now — Denmark which gained 8.71 points.
On the fifth place there was Great Britain which current result is 8.65 points. The sixth place was reserved by Hong Kong which gained this time 8.61 points. From the tenth on the seventh place jumped over the Netherlands which improved an indicator up to 8.49 points. From the seventh Norway which got 8.47 points fell by the eighth place. Luxembourg with an indicator in 8.47 points still is in the ninth place. From the 11th Japan which gathered 8.43 rose to the 10th place.
In the second ten one after another there are Sweden, Germany, New Zealand, Australia, France, the USA, Estonia, Singapore, Monaco and Ireland. From significant changes it is possible to note fall of Sweden from the eighth place on 11, and Estonia from 14 on 17. In total in rating 176 states are provided.
As well as in 2016, the 32nd place in the rating of IDI is taken by Belarus which got this time 7.55 points. Latvia rose from 40 to the 35th place, having gained 7.26 points. Lithuania remained on 41 places with result in 7.19 points. Kazakhstan fell from 51 by the 52nd place with result 6.79 points.
Azerbaijan fell from 60 to the 65th place with an indicator 6.2 points. Georgia and Armenia took the 74 and 75 places, having received 5.79 and 5.76 points respectively, both countries fell by one line in comparison with 2016 Ukraine went down from 78 on the 79th place, having gained 5.62 points.
Global Competitiveness Report
2017: the 57th place on development of technologies
At the end of September, 2017 the World Economic Forum (the WEF, World Economic Forum, WEF) published new edition of rating of competitiveness of the countries. Russia in it rose by five positions, but on development of technologies our country does not enter in top-50.
In the updated list Russia was at the 38th place from 137 against the 43rd in 2016. Russia achieved the greatest progress among four main components of rating in a macroeconomic environment, having added 38 positions, and on this criterion took the 53rd place.
In the Technology Level direction Russia was at the 57th place, on "The innovation potential" — at the 49th. Experts noted the accelerated digitalization of economy, in particular, growth of penetration of the Internet and mobile services.
Presence of Russia at an upper half of ratings is noted also for such indexes as "The amount of the market" (the 6th place), Infrastructure (the 35th place), "Market efficiency of work" (the 60th place), "Health and primary education" (the 54th place), "The higher education and professional training" (the 32nd place).
Worst of all in Russia the situation on such directions of competitiveness as "Competitiveness of the companies" (the 71st place), "Market efficiency of goods and services" (the 80th place), Public institutes (the 83rd place) and "Development of financial market" (the 107th place) are.
In comparison with 2012 the competitiveness of Russia in WEF rating grew by 29 positions. In the 2017th the Russian Federation is higher there were Malaysia, Qatar, Thailand, Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Malta, Poland, India, Portugal and Italy and also top five consisting of Switzerland (keeps the first place throughout nine years), the USA, Singapore, the Netherlands and Germany.
Growth of the minimum wage and protection of temporary employment designed to increase flexibility of labor market will be able to render large-scale effect on economy only at recovery of the consumer activity which failed because of weak ruble and high inflation, the report says.
The report on competitiveness of world economy (Global Competitiveness Report) prepares the World Economic Forum (WEF).
In the report of the WEF of 2014 Russia took the 108th place on the level of availability of the latest technologies to the population (the previous year - 124). On this indicator Russia concedes, for example, to Uganda, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Morocco and Brazil, but at the same time bypasses Ukraine, Egypt, Venezuela and Vietnam.
On the level of implementation of new technologies in the corporate sector Russia took the 98th place against 126 the previous year, and on extent of distribution of Internet access — passed from 62 to the 49th place.
According to the WEF, in Russia Internet access has 61.4% of the population. It is higher, than in Italy, Greece, Bulgaria or Romania, but it is less, than in Chile, Qatar or Kuwait. For comparison, the indicator the previous year given was 53.3%
In the Internet in Russia 16.6% of the population use stationary broadband access. On this indicator the state holds the 43rd place. At the same time the average speed of the Internet counting on one user in Russia was 41.2 Kbps. For comparison, the average speed of the Internet for the resident of Luxembourg was 6.4 Mbps (the first place).
In general Russia took the 53rd place in the rating of competitiveness, having risen for the last year by 11 positions.
Global Cybersecurity Index
2017: 11th place
Singapore and the USA took the first and second places in the Global index of cyber security of 2017 (Global Cybersecurity Index) made by the International Telecommunication Union (International Telecommunication Union, ITU). At the same time the research showed what to many rich countries is to what to learn in this area from less secure states. Read more here.
Bloomberg Innovation Index
2020: 26th place
Russia rose to one place in the rating of the innovation economies of the world of Bloomberg Innovation Index 2020 and was located on the 26th line, having outstripped Malaysia. Data are published in January, 2020.
The first place in rating in 2020 was taken by Germany which outstripped South Korea because of decrease in performance level in the Asian country (in this category it fell from the 18th line by the 29th). Germany took the leading positions in the field of production with added value, high technologies and patent activity.
The analyst of ING Carsten Brzeski says that the lack of innovations of the higher education leads to "the growing concern" especially as the world economy is more and more displaced towards services and production.
|It would be reasonable to government of Germany to use the current positive balance of the budget for investment and protection of a role of Germany as innovator — the expert considers.|
According to Suk-Gvong Chiang (Suk-Gwon Chang), professor of the Seoul university Hanyang, R&D-расходы is a "matter of life and death for the South Korean companies" because in the country "there are no natural resources, and there are only brains".
Top three in Bloomberg Innovation Index 2020 was occupied by Singapore against the sixth place in 2019. The USA lost one place and it appeared on the ninth position of rating, and China rose to one place and became the 15th.
In 2020 the rating of the innovation economies of analytics of Bloomberg was calculated on the basis of information on intensity of research and development, production of the innovation services and goods, labor productivity, by activities of patent activity and other indicators. The index also considers quality of education and concentration of the hi-tech companies in the country.
2018: 25th place
In 2018 Russia took the 25th place in the rating of the innovation countries which is regularly the Bloomberg agency.
The countries from the Bloomberg Innovation Index list are estimated by experts in seven criteria directly related to research activity, business, production and education. These are research and development expenses and its density, added value of production, performance, efficiency of education, concentration of the hi-tech and research enterprises and companies and the number of registered patents.
Experts note that in 2017 Russia lost 14 places in rating (there was the 26th) because of sanctions and drop in oil prices. In the 2018th our country rose by one position in Bloomberg Innovation Index, but remained behind such countries as Iceland, New Zealand, Poland and Canada.
On number of researchers on 1 million inhabitants Russia is in the 32nd place in 2018. According to authors of a research, it is the is best of all in the Russian Federation the situation with distribution of the higher education is. In attendance assessment in universities and shares of certified specialists Russia was located on the 5th line, having conceded only to Singapore, Iran, South Korea and China. In terms of the added value of production of goods Russia was at the 23rd place in the rating of the states with most innovation economy.
Other indicators approximately correspond to the final place of rating taken by Russia, except for performance. On this indicator the country is in the 44th place.
The leader of Bloomberg Innovation Index several years in succession is South Korea. On the second place in 2018 there was Sweden, and in the three of the best from the sixth position Singapore rose.
2017: 26th place
In edition of 2017 Russia took the 26th place whereas in 2016 it was on the 12th place, having risen by it with 14, occupied in 2015, and with 18 — in 2014.
In total in the rating of 50 countries. The place of everyone is defined, proceeding from its general point which represents mean value of an indicator of the state in each of the following six industries:
- "Research and development",
- "Value added for the industry",
- "Density of high technologies",
- "Efficiency of the highest level",
- "Concentration of developers" and
- "Patent activity".
More than 200 countries participated in a research, however adequate data provided only 78.
The collapse of the index of Russia in the list forced to attract separately attention analysts. On their fair observation, the second numbers of a peculiar anti-rating — Japan and Croatia — conceded only on three positions everyone, i.e. the speed of their falling was five times lower Russian.
Bloomberg considers that Russia fairly frayed the known economic sanctions and effects of two years' falling of energy costs. "The solid last year's points of Russia concerning the industry and labor productivity were completely destroyed by new estimates of this year", reported in the report. It is obvious that such estimates are completely politically engaged and have nothing in common with reality.
2016: 12th place
On January 19, 2016 the Bloomberg agency published the regular rating of the countries with most innovation economy. Russia in it rose by two positions.
In 2016 Russia took the 12th place in the list of the innovation world economy of Bloomberg Innovation Index whereas the previous year she held the 14th place. On the first position South Korea, on following four — Germany, Sweden, Japan and Switzerland respectively was located. Besides, Russia was outstripped by Singapore, Finland, the USA, Denmark, France and Israel.
Authors of Bloomberg Innovation Index considered seven following indicators: expenses on research and development, productivity, concentration of the hi-tech companies, prevalence of the higher education, added value of production as a percentage of GDP, activity regarding registration of patents and number of researchers on 1 million inhabitants.
On the last indicator Russia is in the 27th place, in the first — Israel, in the second — Denmark. On R&D-затратам as a percentage of GDP of Russia gave the 31st position, Israel and here is in the lead.
According to authoritative observers, it is the best of all in our country the situation with distribution of the higher education is. In attendance assessment in universities and shares of certified specialists Russia was located on the 3rd line, having conceded only to South Korea and Singapore.
Added value of production of goods in Russia was estimated the 27th place of the country in the rating of the states with most innovation economy. On productivity, concentration of the hi-tech companies (including from the space industry, defense industry, etc.) and work in the field of registration of patents Russia is on the 18th, 8th and 15th places respectively.
Global Innovation Index
The global index of innovations (The Global Innovation Index) is issued the Cornwall university, ISEAD and World Intellectual Property Organization at the UN (WIPO, World Intellectual Property Organization).
Startup Ecosystem Rankings
Main article: Startup Ecosystem Rankings
Tech Cities of the Future
Main article: Tech Cities of the Future
Cities in Motion
Main article: Cities in Motion (rating of the cities)
Index of development of ICT
Rating of the innovation economies of ITIF
The fund of information technologies and innovations (Information Technology and Innovation Foundation — ITIF), the independent organization which is based in Washington annual makes the rating of innovation of economies of the countries of Europe, Asia and the North American region.
Date of the last release: March, 2012
According to the last research, Russia is included in the latest group of the countries with the lowest indicators of innovation of economies, the group also included Mexico, Thailand, Vietnam, Argentina, Peru and other countries. The group of leaders, for example, includes such countries as Australia, Canada, Germany, Japan, Great Britain, the USA and others.
Rating of the electronic government of the UN
United Nations E-Government Development Database (UNeGovDD)
Main article: Rating of the electronic government of the UN
Index of economy of knowledge
The index of economy of knowledge (Knowledge Economy Index - KEI) is published by the World Bank. The index characterizes the overall level of promotion of the country or region to the economy based on knowledge and includes 4 podyndeks – educations, innovations, ICT, the economic and institutional regime. The first three podyndeks are formed by the Index of knowledge (Knowledge Index - KI) which is calculated separately.
Date of the last release: January, 2012
According to the last index, Russia took the 55th place among the countries of the world, having added 9 positions from previous year, it appeared between Qatar and Ukraine. The first five places of the index are held by Sweden, Finland, Denmark, the Netherlands and Norway.
Rating of the HackerRank programmers
Main article: Rating of the HackerRank programmers
- Information society and joint financing of regions
- Electronic Government of the Russian Federation
- Informatization of regions (market of Russia)
- Statistics of use of ICT in a public sector of Russia
- Electronic state services in regions of Russia
- System of Interdepartmental Electronic Interaction (SIEI)
- Development SIEI in the subjects of the Russian Federation
- Universal Electronic Card (UEC)
- UEC in regions of Russia
- IT in health care of the Russian Federation
- IT in formation of the Russian Federation
- Concept of MFC
- Informatization of MFC my documents
- Compliance audit of MFC to recommendations to IT
- MFC. International experience
- Chief information officers of Russian regions
- Analysis of base of Chief information officers of Russian regions of 2014
- IT in a public sector (world market)
- IT in a public sector of the USA
- IT in a public sector of the European Union
- IT in a public sector of Great Britain
- IT in a public sector of India
- Physical activity of the population in Russia
- ↑ Russia bypassed Saudi Arabia on digital competitiveness
- ↑ Russia lost two places in the world ranking of development of ICT
- ↑ Russia improved positions in the rating of competitiveness of the WEF
- ↑ Germany Breaks Korea’s Six-Year Streak as Most Innovative Nation
- ↑ The U.S. Drops Out of the Top 10 in Innovation Ranking
- ↑ Russia failed on 14 positions in the world ranking of innovations
- ↑ These Are the World's Most Innovative Economies