What is the smart city?
Main article: Smart city
The project of Ministry of Construction on development of "the smart cities" in Russia
Components of the smart city
Bezopasny gorod agrarian and industrial Complex
- Bezopasny agrarian and industrial Complex the city - within implementation of the federal program "Safe City"
Intellectual transport infrastructure (ITS)
Main article: Intellectual transport infrastructure (ITS) Russia
Analysts turn on solutions for collecting and data processing about vehicles and road infrastructure for the purpose of decision making in an ecosystem of "smart roads", including:
- detectors of traffic flow;
- adaptive (smart) traffic lights;
- means of automatic fixing of violations of traffic regulations;
- electronic means of unceasing payment of journey;
- parking meters;
- the connected information displays;
- systems of automated management of lighting;
- other connected objects (for example, automatic road meteorological stations, road controllers and so forth).
Standards of the smart cities
Main article: Standards of the smart cities
Ratings of the smart cities of Russia
Main article: The rating of the smart cities in Russia
the Size of the market of solutions for the smart cities in Russia exceeded 81 billion rubles
The size of the market of solutions for the smart cities in Russia exceeded 81 billion rubles at the end of 2019. At the end of June, 2020 the head of the Russian Government Analytical Centre Konstantin Kalinin at the international forum of urbanistics "The territory of the future reported about it. A look from heart of Eurasia".
According to him, in 2019 more than 2.5 thousand solutions in the field of smart the cities from which were implemented:
- 40% are projects in the field of automation of buildings;
- 33% — projects of digitalization power - and heat supplies;
- 32% are projects of monitoring of public security;
- 27% are initiatives of the address with waste.
Konstantin Kalinin noted that about 300 successful implemented solutions for the smart cities by the end of June, 2020 are included in the corresponding online register.
Stavropol Krai became the leader among regions of the North Caucasian Federal District (NCFD) in the level of digitalization of the cities and development of projects of the smart cities. On July 2, 2020 reported about it to TASS in the press service of the head of the region Vladimir Vladimirov according to the results of an online meeting of council for digital development, informatization and data protection of edge.
As of the end of June, 2020 for implementation of the federal project "Smart City" it is selected with 1.8 trillion rubles. The project assumes increase in internal costs at development of digital economy at the expense of all sources, creation in the country of steady and safe information and telecommunication infrastructure of high-speed transmission, processing and storage of large volumes of data and also transfer of state agencies and organizations on use mainly of the software of the Russian development. All localities numbering inhabitants more than 100 thousand people and also, at the request of the subject, the city with the smaller number of inhabitants are involved in the project.
Orange and ANO API will develop "the smart cities" in the Far East and Arctic region
On September 5, 2019 it became known that the international service -provider Orange Business Services and Agency of the Far East on the investment attraction and support of export (ANO API) signed the agreement providing cooperation when implementing projects in the Far Eastern Federal District and the Arctic region Russia. Within the agreement Orange will provide the international and Russian examination in implementation of solutions smart cities and ensuring uninterrupted communication in courts and remote objects, and ANO API will assist Orange in receiving state and financial supports and also in establishing cooperation with institutes of development and authorities for implementation of the conceived projects. In more detail here.
Ruselectronics implemented more than 1000 sets of IPRO-6 for the Smart home system
On August 20, 2019 the Ruselectronics holding of State Corporation Rostec reported what together with Ryazan "Engineering production association" (IPRO) was implemented by more than 1000 sets of the equipment of IPRO-6 for the Smart home system. Read more here.
Mikron began serial release of korpusirovanny RFID tags for marking of lampposts
On August 20, 2019 the Mikron company reported that it mastered serial release of korpusirovanny RFID tags of angular positioning of KMS-1 (or S-Tag "Kvest") for marking of lampposts in perimeter of the "smart" city. Read more here.
The Russian projects in the field of the smart city collected on one card
The platform about the hi-tech companies and solutions from the capital ICT.Moscow and division of Smart City Lab of the Moscow Department of Information Technology collected the Russian solutions in the free database of the Smart City projects. As of August 14, 2019 on a show-window the smart expert more than 100 projects from Moscow and 18 Russian cities which entered a pilot project implementation team "Smart city" are submitted. Read more here.
Earlier on the ICT.Moscow platform the card of digital ecosystems of the capital became available.
Mikron created a "smart" system for control of fullness of garbage containers
On June 11, 2019 the Mikron company announced creation of a "smart" system for control of fullness of garbage containers — wireless optical device MMK-01. The device allows to trace far off the level of waste in tanks and to optimize garbage removal logistics. Read more here.
"Rusat Infrastructure solutions" and Sitronics agreed about development of the "smart" cities
Rusatom Infrastrukturnye resheniya LLC (enters into ROSATOM State Corporation) and JSC Sitronics will integrate practices in the field of development of the digital industry of the cities. The companies announced it on May 15, 2019 in connection with the signed agreement of intent to develop joint projects. As the perspective directions of cooperation implementation of digital platforms and elements of "The smart city" at improvement of the public territory, creation of technology infrastructure and DPC, including on the basis of the principles of public-private partnership, and others are considered. Joint pilot projects in a number of regions are going to start this year. Read more here.
The database of the world Smart City projects is published in Russian
The ICT.Moscow platform together with division of Smart City Lab of the Moscow Department of Information Technology for the first time collected and uploaded publicly the database of the world Smart City projects in Russian. On April 4, 2019 reported about it to TAdviser in DIT of Moscow. It included 195 projects from Singapore, London, Seoul, Amsterdam, New York, Barcelona and other megalopolises. All projects are submitted on the interactive map. Read more here.
Rostec, Rosatom and Rostelecom create National competence center "Smart city"
Oksana Demchenko who was earlier heading Department of the urban environment of the Ministry of Construction, Housing and Utilities of the Russian Federation is appointed the head of competence center.
The competence center created with assistance of the Ministry of Construction, Housing and Utilities of the Russian Federation will be engaged in development, implementation and promoting of technologies, the equipment, the programs directed to increase in level of digitalization of municipal economy. Also the structure is going to perform preparation and support of projects of the international cooperation on housing policy, city development and management of natural resources for the purpose of development of the "smart" cities in Russia.
|The Smart City project is cross-disciplinary, requiring considerable resources and participation practically of all city services, business, communities, citizens. It difficult technology and organizationally, and the main objective of Competence center – methodical, expert and technical support of regions and municipalities. Besides, the Competence center should become the platform on which there will be the main work on "sewing together" and synchronization of practical work, consolidation of requests and offers of regions and market participants, the analysis of typical problems and development of solutions. We expect that it will become the main center of project appraisal and we welcome an initiative of Rostelecom, Rostec and Rosatom companies of creation of such center.|
The systems of "The smart city" allow to enhance quality of management of urban areas, to increase energy efficiency of municipal economy, to improve an ecological situation, to create intellectual transport infrastructure, the most comfortable for citizens and city visitors. At the same time the implemented solutions can provide both increase in budget revenues of the region to 10%, and cost reduction – up to 15%.
|The effective financial model considering the interests of the subjects of the Russian Federation and investors is necessary for successful development of "The smart cities". Concession when the main loading on start of the project lays down not on the budget of the region, and on the investor can become the optimal mechanism. Risks of the investor can be partially closed due to subsidizing of an interest rate in the financing bank. At the same time territories already in short perspective gain obvious effects. For example, the "smart" systems created by Rostec allow to reduce energy costs by 50%, to reduce accident rate on roads by 80%, to increase capacity of intersections by 15%, to increase safety of citizens. Development of effective mechanisms of work and consolidation of the best experience within Competence center will help to achieve disruptive results. It is a main objective of our cooperation.|
Vasily Brovko, director of special orders of State Corporation Rostec
For January, 2019 the project scope of Rostec in the field of "The smart city" exceeds 30 billion rubles. Systems and elements of "The smart city" of development of the enterprises of Rostec – "smart" lighting, management systems for traffic, intelligent systems of monitoring of objects of housing and public utilities, streets, roads, etc. – are implemented in Moscow, St. Petersburg, the Sverdlovsk, Yaroslavl, Irkutsk regions and some other regions of the country.
The planned total revenue of State corporation from digitalization of municipal economies by 2025 should exceed 350 billion rubles.
The size of the market of technological solutions for "the smart city" — 81 billion rubles, growth by 8%
Expenses on technological solutions for "the smart city" in Russia at the end of 2018 made more than 81 billion rubles that is 8% more, than the previous year. Such these analysts of iKS-Consulting published on March 18, 2019.
According to experts, the considered market has the potential and attractiveness, however it not only does not show explosive growth, but also can be reduced. It is predicted that in 2019 investments into digital solutions for "the smart city" will fall to 77.1 billion rubles.
In a research it is noted that private investors are not interested in participation in projects of "the smart city", and practically all market is created by Moscow of which 93% of expenses in Russia are the share. The share of St. Petersburg makes 2%, and other regions combined — 5%. Disinterest of private investors in participation in projects of "the smart city" in Rostelecom is explained with the fact that often such investments do not become highly profitable.
Cost reduction is provided in the Moscow budget for planning period of 2019-2020 on implementation of the separate directions within the concept of "the smart city". In this situation only assignment from the federal budget for implementation of regional programs of "Digital economy" can fuel growth of the market in Russia, consider iKS-Consulting. The departmental program "Smart City" and upgrade of a video surveillance system in Moscow using a sensing technology of persons can have a small impact on the market.
As for all Russian market of technological solutions for "the smart city", only assignment from the federal budget for development of regional programs of "Digital economy" can urge on it, specify in iKS-Consulting. In the field of "the smart city" for regions of analytics carry light, housing and public utilities, traffic management, "the safe city" and ecomonitoring to the most perspective segments.
"And + About Transproyekt" and "Schwabe" will prormote civil production for "the smart cities" to the world market
The And + About Transproyekt company, the expert in the field of transport planning and development of IT solutions in modeling and management of traffic flows, and Shvabe holding which integrates the main scientific, manufacturing and service and sales enterprises of the optical-electronic industry of Russia signed on November 22, 2018 the partnership agreement. The parties agreed jointly to develop deliveries of civil products for "the smart cities" to the world market. Read more here.
CB Strelka and Cisco agreed jointly to develop solutions of Smart City in Russia
CB Strelka and Cisco announced on October 11, 2018 agreement signature about intentions according to which the companies are going to develop jointly solutions on the Smart City direction, including regarding their localization in Russia.
In particular, the companies intend to participate in development of the development strategy in the Smart City direction and piloting of such solutions in different regions of the Russian Federation. An important part of the signed agreement is, in particular, that CB Strelka will become the first Russian company which localizes a control panel of the solution Cisco Kinetic for Cities. Creation of intellectual infrastructure in regions of the Russian Federation founded on the solutions increasing effective management of municipal economy and optimizing implementation of new services should become result of cooperation declared in Cisco.
|CB Strelka is the company with wide experience of implementation of complex projects which considers the city as the end-to-end system directed to creation of the comfortable environment for life. Cisco, in return, has experience and knowledge which allow to make the city not only comfortable, but also "smart". All this will allow our cooperation to be the most effective — Amr Salem, the vice president of Cisco for work with customers of public sector said. — We actively interact with state structures worldwide: only in Europe more than 100 projects within which we as the expert help to build "The smart cities" are already started.|
|The task of CB Strelka is in creating solutions which will allow the Russian cities and their inhabitants to be competitive at the global and regional level. For us it is important to cooperate with the world leader of the digital systems for the cities and to develop transport, economic and space solutions which meet needs of modern citizens — the CEO of CB Strelka Denis Leontyev commented on an event.|
Plan of installation of dynamic road signs
At the beginning of September, 2018 it became known that in Russia installation of road signs which independently will begin to change the most authorized speed of the movement is planned. Read more here.
Experts of TsSR stated lag of Russia in the field of Smart City
The projects of "the smart city" implemented in the Russian cities have no complex character and come down to upgrade of the separate systems. Experts of Centre for Strategic research of Alexey Kudrin came to such conclusions. The corresponding report of the center under the name "The Priority Directions of Implementation of Technologies of the Smart City in the Russian Cities" is published on the official site of the organization.
Experts of TsSR state "low readiness of the Russian cities for digital transformation". "The projects of the smart city implemented in the country at this stage are mainly connected with point digitalization and intellectualization of separate services and elements of infrastructure", the document says. As for complex upgrades based on the principles of Smart City, at the moment in Russia similar projects are implemented only within greenfield-projects, analysts of Centre for Strategic research note. Among such projects are called Innopolis in Tatarstan, the innovation center Youzhny in St. Petersburg and situated near Moscow innocentre Skolkovo.
Besides, in the country there are obviously not enough own Smart City technologies, the report says. "The carried-out analysis of patent and printing activity shows that Russia has no own technology backlogs in the majority of the directions of development of the smart city", the document says.
On the way of complex implementation of Smart City in Russia it is necessary to overcome a number of obstacles, experts of TsSR recognize. "The main barriers on the way of digital transformation of the Russian cities are, on the one hand, barriers to development of new technological solutions (for example, regarding standardization of new technologies, features of work with data, including with big, attraction of alternative financing sources of technology projects). On the other hand, the significant role is played by legal, organizational and technology barriers for implementation of technologies of the smart city by municipalities and business (for example, outdated requirements in CONSTRUCTION NORMS AND REGULATIONS, features of carrying out state procurements, lack of the complete, automatically verified and reliable space city data, etc.)" — it is said in the report.
Among priority steps for complex implementation of Smart City experts of TsSR called improvement of legal regulation including development and adoption of the special federal law "About the Smart Cities in the Russian Federation". Also, according to them, it is necessary to create at the level of the Government of the Russian Federation and municipal entities coordinating body concerning development of the smart cities.
And at last, it is necessary to provide financings of upgrade of the cities on the basis of the principles of Smart City. "Special attention should be paid to formation of the financial instruments providing resource support of project implementation of the smart city. The speech first of all goes about tax benefits, subsidies and grants within profile state programs, support of initiatives in the field of public-private partnership and also about expansion of use of instruments of crowd funding" — authors of the report summarize.
Creation of consortium for implementation of the concept "The smart cities of Russia"
On October 17, 2017 representatives Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation, "Rosatom", "Rostelecom", ITMO university and MSU of M.V. Lomonosov sign the memorandum of creation of National consortium of development and implementation of digital technologies in the field of the municipal government.
One of key tasks of consortium — creation and implementation of the concept "The smart cities of Russia" which will assume specific measures and target indicators for digitalization of the industries of municipal economy.
According to the president of Rostelecom Mikhail Oseevsky, the concept will provide in general the advancing development of 50 cities of Russia which will become "points" of concentration of fixed capital of digital economy — highly qualified specialists. The strategic consortium, in turn, will become competence center on creation of the "smart" cities and implementation of the corresponding innovation projects for the benefit of nearly 50 million residents of Russia.
Until the end of 2017 it is going to define "pilot" territories and to develop the "road" card including including, actions for application of digital platforms of management of the "smart" cities, projects on implementation of pilotless transport, increase in transparency and efficiency of housing and public utilities, creation in the cities of favorable conditions for development of the hi-tech companies and projects and other initiatives.
The Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications suggests to create 50 "smart" cities within the Digital Economy program
In Russia it is going to create 50 "smart" cities due to implementation of modern infocommunication technologies. Such conclusion can be drawn on the basis of the prepared Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications at the request of Russian President Vladimir Putin Digital Economy of Russia program in which the development plan for the Russian ICT industry during the period till 2025 is described.
The conversion program of the normal cities in "smart" assumes implementation of a complex of the technical solutions and organizational actions directed to achievement of the greatest possible quality of resource management and provision of services. It is planned that not less than 60 wireless access points to the Internet will fall on one square kilometer of the "smart" cities, citizens using electronic services will participate in decision making by the city authorities, and the level of informatization of public transport will reach 100%. Also technoparks which will make high-tech products will be created.
Implementation of plans of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications for creation of the "smart" cities requires development of qualitative telecommunication infrastructure – wireless networks of access on Wi-fi technology and modern communication networks on the basis of standard 5G, capable to transfer large volumes of data on very high speeds. Development of technologies of narrow-band communication of NB-IoT with which help it is possible to connect the counters of housing and public utilities and different sensors controlling a status of infrastructure facilities and transport to network of Internet of Things will become one more perspective direction.
Central Federal District
- Moscow the Smart city (Smart city) Information technologies in Moscow
- Moscow Department of Information Technology (DIT)
- Information city (ICT program of Moscow)
- ITS on the example of Moscow
- Uniform Wi-Fi-network "Moscow Transport" (MT FREE)
- Uniform Medical Information and Analytical System (UMIAS)
- Intelligent transport system (Moscow)
- Moscow Electronic School project
Main article: Technologies of "the smart city" in the Moscow region
At the beginning of 2017 it became known in what region Rostec made the decision to implement a pilot project after implementation of technology of "the smart city". The Smart City systems will start working in Yaroslavl, their installation will begin in 2018. Into infrastructure of the city it is going to integrate five complexes:
- "The light city" — LED lighting with intellectual management;
- "Intelligent transport system" — photo video fixing of violations and weight and dimensional control with uniform command center;
- "The safe city" — video monitoring and the notification of the population about emergencies with the uniform center of rapid response;
- Ekomonitoring is status monitoring of the environment using sensors and sensors and also the park of unmanned aerial vehicles and kopter;
- "Tourism development" — the aggregator of information on region sights, a uniform tourist smart card with the transport application.
Main article: Technologies of "the smart city" in Tula region
Ural Federal District
On July 8, 2020 Rostec reported that it Schwabe holding implemented the contract of lifecycle on design, construction and maintenance of a system of city outside illumination of Nizhny Tagil. For July, 2020 in the city more than 9 thousand support of lighting are set, about 15 thousand lamps are mounted, 455 km of networks of street lighting are carried out and transferred to maintenance 9206 svetotochek. Read more here
Volga Federal District
Main article: Digital economy and Electronic Tatarstan
The digital economy and creation of "the smart cities" are impossible without core infrastructure and certain practices. In Tatarstan such practices are. It and the level of penetration of broadband access into the Internet of-75% on which the republic takes 1 place in Volga federal district and 3 over the country. It and a pilot project, joint with PJSC Rostelecom and PJSC Tattelecom, on creation of a pilot zone of network of mobile communication of fifth generation. It and rendering state services in electronic form – 79.7%. It and development of the city of high technologies Innopolis which already became the comfortable environment for life and work more than one thousand IT specialists.
2020: In Tatarstan will implement intelligent transport systems taking into account foreign experience
In Tatarstan will implement intelligent transport systems taking into account foreign experience, report the Kazan sheets in June.
First of all in the republic show interest in a problem of legal regulation of this sphere. Use of intelligent transport systems the agencies which are engaged in construction of roads, and uniform structure which would direct this form of activity, does not exist yet supervise the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications. And if in respect of technologies the Russian developers can speak "one language" with the foreign colleagues, then in the development plan of regulating documents lag is felt.
In Tatarstan work on implementation of intelligent transport systems is conducted: functions photofixing violations of traffic regulations, weight and dimensional control, the system of informing and also are implemented programs "Safe city" and "Smart city".
On June 26, 2019 the Integra-with company reported that using the Integra 4D-mother Earth system in the territory of the city of Samara the majority of systems existing and functioning in the city is integrated.
The automated system of monitoring of security of the habitat integrated through uniform dispatching services of administrations of municipal entities at the level of municipal districts and districts, providing end-to-end transfer and information processing, integrity and coordination of information streams and procedures within interdepartmental interaction taking into account access rights restrictions became a basis of a system of Bezopasny gorod agrarian and industrial Complex. Read more here.
On October 10, 2019 reported to JSC ER-Telecom Holding that together with the Government of the Saratov region signed the agreement on development of telecommunication infrastructure of the region and projects implementation of the national program "Digital Economy of Russia". Read more here.
Northwestern Federal District
St. Petersburg and Kazan can be carried to the cities with "smart" housing and public utilities. The Northern Capital is the city with the water adjusted by the automation system of networks of supply, heat and the electric power. Good practices on control of transport are implemented.
- Infrastructure of Bezopasny gorod agrarian and industrial Complex of St. Petersburg
- Information technologies in St. Petersburg
Southern Federal District
Main article: Technologies of the smart city in Krasnodar Krai
Zheleznovodsk at the beginning of June, 2020 officially became the Russia's first smart resort town. Read more here.
On March 10, 2020 Rostelecom reported that it in Novocherkassk completed installation of a system of energy efficient lighting. The project is implemented for the investment account of the company and according to the concept of "The smart city" within the national program "Digital Economy of Russia". Read more here.
On October 8, 2019 the Rostelecom company reported that it implemented a complex of the smart solutions allowing the city to be called the first "clever" in the south of Russia in Taganrog. At the disposal of residents of Taganrog such systems as "Smart lighting", "The safe city", "Smart video surveillance", "The smart on-door speakerphone", electronic services for medicine and "the digital diary" appeared. Emergence of these solutions became possible thanks to the tripartite agreement signed in September, 2018 between the Government of the Rostov region, Administration of Taganrog and PJSC Rostelecom. Read more here.
SevastopolIn November, 2017 it became known also that the "smart city" will appear in Sevastopol. Circuits of future system were described by the chief of Head department of informatization and communication of the city Pyotr Darichev, TASS writes.
"There are many directions which are implemented already now. This direction connected with photo and video fixing, the social card of the resident of Sevastopol, the transport card. There is a number of the directions which we inspected regarding informatization and automation. These are projects in the field of health care, educations, housing and public utilities. Today we are at a stage of the project offer on consolidation of all projects in the uniform perspective project "Smart City" — Darichev told.
According to him, project implementation will demand 1.2 billion rubles. The city is going them to attract only from extrabudgetary funds, having invited the private investor. Results of the corresponding tender at which such investor will be selected will bring in August, 2018.
On November 19, 2019 Rostec reported that together with the Astrakhan region agreed about implementation of complex technology projects in the territory of the region. Cooperation is aimed at the development of technologies of "The smart city" and "The safe city" for the benefit of the region. Read more here.
Far Eastern Federal District
According to information for 2016, the city Tsiolkovsky who will be constructed on site the settlement of Uglegorsk is from the very beginning projected as smart. Tsiolkovsky expected 25 thousand of the population is created near Vostochny Cosmodrome and generally intends for service staff of the spaceport. According to the press service of Federal Agency for Special Construction, uniqueness of the project that all elements of the Smart City system used in the different cities of Russia separately are put in Tsiolkovsky's infrastructure initially.
Four handed-over houses already work within the smart city, so, in them monitoring of operation of elevators, the systems of housing and public utilities and security is performed.