Translated by
2019/12/02 14:16:05

State information system of goods marking

System of total control of a goods turnover

Content

What is marking

What is KIZ
What is KIZ
  • Marking – assignment process to a product of the unique Control Identification Tag (CIT).
  • KIZ is a peculiar electronic tag using which it is possible to monitor easily production, import and turnovers of different groups of goods.
  • Marking using RFID technology, the Stroke the code CODE39, QR-code is carried out. With its help in the KIZ chip the complete information about goods is brought. Information registers or registers in the chip using the special equipment - the RFID reader.
  • Each brand with the chip is unique, and it cannot be copied or forged.


How does process of digital marking of goods happen? Example of tobacco products

Main article: System of accounting (marking) of tobacco products

At the initial stage the producer applies on packaging the unique code which is specially generated by the system of marking which contains information on date, time and a production site of cigarettes, the product code and a cryptographic element protecting the code from counterfeit. Data via electronic channels come to the system of marking. Further information on movement of cigarettes between participants of merchandising is transmitted through the electronic universal transfer document (UTD). The operator of electronic document management reports approved by the seller and the buyer of UPD in the system of marking (thereby fixing shipment and receipt). The final stage is the fact of sale of tobacco products at the checkout. Information on sale goes the fiscal data operator to the system of marking along with sending data to FTS.

What is necessary for marking

  • The registered legal entity  or SP with a normal set of documents of title
  • Computer
  • Codes of the enterprise and goods according to the standard of the international organization  of GS1
  • Access to personal account on the website of the state information system of goods marking
  • Control Identification Tags (CIT).

What data are entered in KIZ

  • the identifier of the control sign is TID which will be reported when obtaining signs
  • TIN
  • the description of goods in compliance requirements of GS1
  • Declaration of conformity number
  • name of the producer of goods
  • name of the country manufacturer
  • goods import  or domestic
  • number of the customs declaration (for importers)
  • identification number of products of GTIN.

Results of implementation of marking of goods

  • Decrease in a share of the "grey" goods in turnover both imported, and made in the territory of the EEU countries.
  • Growth of receipts in a type of tax, duties, charges in the budget of the state.
  • Protection of producers of the countries of EEU against unfair competition, protection of trademarks (brands) of producers of goods.
  • Replacement from the market of counterfeit products, products of the underground enterprises, prevention the practician of "dilution" of legal goods counterfeit even in large shops.
  • Increase in control of legality of production and commodity import.
  • Creation of the instrument of accounting and control of turnover of goods.
  • Existence of tags on goods serves as confirmation of legality of goods for consumers, a peculiar quality label.

Principles of a system of traceability of goods

Projects of marking

Projects of goods marking pass as in a format of national projects of Russia and as more global systems within agreements of EEU.

Projects of EEU:

Marking of products from fur (TwinTag and TwinTag)

Results of marking according to marketing researches of the fur and fur industry of Russia:

  • more than 9,000 participants are registered
  • more than 7 million marks are ordered
  • 4 million products are marked
  • "white" retail sales grew many times and made in a year after marking introduction more than 56.7 billion rubles
  • the virtual warehouse of goods is created.

What is planned:

  • correction of a regulatory framework
  • expansion of analytical opportunities of an information system of FTS
  • integration with "cloud" cash desks
  • integration with the information systems of regulatory authorities and other organizations interested in data acquisition
  • expansion of the list of the marked goods

Problems    [1]

  • Money
    • the cost of the certificate of a key of the electronic signature of 1,500 rubles a year;
    • an entrance fee to Association of automatic identification "YuNISKAN/GS1 RUS" of 25,000 rub for the first year.
    • membership in "YuNISKAN/GS1 RUS" – 15,000 rubles a year.
    • the cost of the control sign is 15-22 rub for 1 piece.
    • Service of OFD – 3,000 rubles a year.
    • Service of technical service center – 8,400 rubles a year.

  • Internet…

    • RFID equipment cost. (4 pieces and 40 pieces, the price is 150 thousand rubles for unit).

  • With implementation in KIZ load of information systems increased.
  • Operation algorithms with Kizami "on live" change.
  • All possible situations in an information system of marking are not up to the end implemented. (For example return of the goods sold before introduction of marking of fur products).
  • Emergence of a linking of KIZ and online of the cash register equipment.
  • Quality of KIZ (low-quality polygraphy and high percent of defects of RFID chips).
  • There is no explicit benefit of use from RFID technology for business.
  • Load of warehouse resources increased. (technology, organizationally).
  • Extra reason for checks from FTS.

Projects of Russia:

Responsible for marking:

Till 2024 marking of all goods should pass TsRPT[2].

The chronicle of goods marking in EEU and the Russian Federation

2019

Entry into force of the law on digital marking of spirits, blouses and tires

On December 1, 2019 became effective the law on expansion of the list of goods which are subject to obligatory digital marking in Russia.

According to the order published on the website of the cabinet the updated list included spirits and toilet water, buses and tires, cameras and bed linen. Besides, marking extends to some types of clothes, including the working clothes made of genuine or bonded leather, a coat, raincoats, jackets, windbreakers and blouses.

On December 1, 2019 became effective the law on expansion of the list of goods which are subject to obligatory digital marking in Russia
On December 1, 2019 became effective the law on expansion of the list of goods which are subject to obligatory digital marking in Russia

After the marked products begin to come to shops, buyers will have an opportunity using mobile application to find information on goods.

As the head of the working group on marking and traceability of goods of AKORT Anna Orlova, transition to marking on four groups which are defined since December 1, 2019 explained, will be smooth.

«
In the beginning all should be registered by a system, then begin marking of products: both remaining balance, and again made products, and prohibition of turnover of unmarked products will come much later — she noted.
»

The experiment on marking of perfume took place in Russia from July 1 to November 30, 2019. Its purpose — check of operation of the new mechanism of marking of spirits and toilet water means of identification for counteraction to illegal import and turnover of such goods. As TASS the deputy director general of the Center of Development of Perspective Technologies (CDPT) Revaz Yusupov reported, the pilot project was supported by 650 companies, including L'etual, "Novaya Zarya, Rive Gauche, Brokard.

Within tests more than 560 thousand codes are produced, 4.8 thousand goods are described, marking of samplers, sets and sets was succeeded to reach compromise on a number of questions, important for the industries, among them, for example, he told.[3]

In Russia will apply obligatory digital marking on domestic and homeless animals

At the end of November, 2019 it became known that in Russia obligatory digital marking of pets will be entered. The relevant bill is drafted by the Ministry of Agriculture and sent for consideration in the government commission.

Thanks to chips and special tattoos in Russia there will be official accounting and identification of pets among which a cat and a dog, small and cattle, pigs, fur animals, poultry, bees, fishes, "other water animals" and also camels, deer, horses, donkeys, mules and hinnies.

The Ministry of Agriculture prepares the system of identification of pets
The Ministry of Agriculture prepares the system of identification of pets

Besides, obligatory marking will extend also to homeless animals, the head of the State Duma Committee on ecology and environmental protection Vladimir Burmatov reported RIA Novosti.

According to him, without such marking it is impossible to win against corruption in the field of regulation of number. Identification of neglected animals will have to be made in shelters, he added.

Burmatov reminded that amendments to the Administrative Code about punishment for leaving of animals on the street already introduced to the State Duma and also the law on municipal shelters is adopted. However they as the parliamentarian considers, will not work without obligatory marking of pets.

 According to the Chairman of the Committee of the Federation Council on  agrarian and food policy Alexey Mayorov that the law on  obligatory identification of animals really worked, penalties for  deviation from  accomplishment of the law should be introduced.

It is expected that on an animal the public veterinary services will be engaged in drawing marking. The procedure represents drawing visual signs or introduction to a body of an animal of electronic chips. The committee on ecology demanded that the procedure at the same time was free and available "even for grandmothers from the village".[4]

Marking by QR codes of Alenka chocolate

On November 5, 2019 it became known that the Red October company implemented the project on ensuring traceability of the products from factory to the buyer. For project implementation chocolate as it has standard geometrical forms was selected and on it it is easy to place the QR code. At the same time selected the line of production of Alenka chocolate because it already has the maximum automation and almost ideal conditions. Read more here.

In Russia digital marking of bicycles is started

On September 16, 2019 in Russia the project on marking of bicycles and bicycle frames started. It will last till May 31 of the 2020th. The relevant resolution was signed by the Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.

The experiment is started to define need of introduction of obligatory marking of bicycles for the purpose of prevention of illegal commodity importation to Russia and standardization of accounting of their turnover.

The government also intends to test efficiency of mechanisms of marking. Producers and importers of bicycles can participate in an experiment. Participation in an experiment voluntary.

In Russia the project on marking of bicycles and bicycle frames started
In Russia the project on marking of bicycles and bicycle frames started

"Operator-TsRPT", child structure Center of development of perspective technologies which 50% belong To Alisher Usmanov, 25% — To Rostec and another 25% — is engaged in project implementation To Alexander Galitsky (Almaz Capital).

«
TsRPT works with the industry, the working group into which producers, distributors, retail enter is already created. In it about 15 companies — commented on RIA Novosti in the press service of TsRPT.
»

Minpromtorg, Ministry of Communications, FSB, the Federal Tax Service, the Federal Customs Service and Federal service on supervision in the field of consumer protection and wellbeing will carry out marking also.

Till September 30 methodical recommendations and the schedule of an experiment should be developed. The initiative of start of a system of digital marking of bicycles was taken by large producers, in particular "Velomotors", Forward, "Velobalt" and Sportmaster.

According to the head of National association of development of the cycle motor-industry Pavel Shmidov, a tag — case necessary. They also will protect fans of cycling from smuggling and a counterfeit, and will make the market more clear. According to it, by September, 2019 70% of the Russian market of bicycles are the share of import, part of them is not declared or declared from bad faith, Rossiyskaya Gazeta tells.[5]

Marking of spirits QR codes in Russia did not begin

On September 11, 2019 it became known that the pilot project on marking of spirits and toilet water in Russia did not start though had to begin in July.

According to RBC, board member of the Russian perfumery and cosmetic association (RPKA; integrates Avon, Mary Key, Faberlic, Rive Gauche, etc.) Ilya Dmitriyev at a meeting in the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC) explained failure to meet time constraints with lack of the necessary software and job requirements with it. Till July 15, 2019 the operator of a system on marking – the Center of Development of Perspective Technologies (CDPT) had to develop them.

Marking of spirits QR codes in Russia did not begin yet
Marking of spirits QR codes in Russia did not begin yet

In spite of the fact that the start of the test period of marking did not take place, representatives of the perfumery industry already receive descriptions and the recommendations of Minpromtorg to start debugging of business processes.

According to the deputy director general of the Center of development of perspective Revaza Yusupova technologies, the experiment with marking "is in an active phase", 160 market participants are already involved in it.

Meanwhile, Minpromtorg denied information on failure of an experiment on marking of spirits and toilet water.

«
There is no slightest occasion, even formal now, to speak about difficulties with an experiment", says — the Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Victor Evtukhov said.
»

Producers and importers of perfumery products opposed introduction of obligatory marking of the products more than once. They gave the fact that the marking purpose — fight against a counterfeit and falsification, but their share in the Russian market of perfumery does not exceed 1% as one of arguments.

In case of marking introduction the foreign companies delivering perfumery to Russia will be forced to stop deliveries, Dmitriyev warned at a meeting in ECE. By estimates of RPKA, about 50% of all spirits and toilet water in the Russian market are imported from abroad.[6]

Start of a system of marking of water

At the end of August, 2019 terms of start of a system of marking of mineral water in Russia became known. The experiment will take place  from October 1, 2019 to September 30, 2020, TASS with reference to the draft resolution of the government which is drafted by Minpromtorg and is placed on the federal portal of projects of regulatory legal acts reports.

It is entrusted to make an experiment to Minpromtorg, the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications, FTS, FCS, Rospotrebnadzor, Federal Accreditation Service, Rospatent and FSB. Functions of the operator of an information system of marking of water will be performed by Operator-TsRPT LLC on a grant basis.

Since October 1 in the Russian Federation the experiment on marking of drinking water starts
Since October 1 in the Russian Federation the experiment on marking of drinking water starts

Will mark natural or artificial mineral water, gassy, without adding of sugar or other sweetening or vkusoaromatichesky substances. The two-dimensional code which contains data on a product is applied on packaging of goods: name, producer, date, time, place of release.

The experiment purpose — to check system operation of control of turnover of water and to create conditions for protection of interests of her producers and consumers.

Earlier the head of Rostec Sergey Chemezov said that it is necessary to begin marking of drinking water as more than 25% of goods are counterfeit (on average in Russia). In some regions this indicator reaches 80%. The union of producers of soft drinks and mineral waters opposed marking, having referred to "insignificance" of volume of a counterfeit.

The offer on marking introduction by control (identification) signs of mineral water was sent to Minpromtorg by Rospotrebnadzor to prevent production and turnover of counterfeit products in the country.

The producer of the Yessentuki No. 4 and Yessentuki No. 17 mineral water Holding of Akwa appealed Minpromtorg earlier to make a voluntary experiment on inclusion of mineral water in the system of marking.[7]

In Russia digital marking of dairy products began

On July 15, 2019 in Russia the pilot project on digital marking of dairy products started. Within the experiment which will last till February 29, 2020 the digital two-dimensional Data Matrix code with cryptographic protection will be applied on  separate categories of products, including milk, cream, condensed milk, yogurt, kefir, butter, ice cream, cheeses and  cottage cheese. Read more here.

In Russia the project of marking of clothes QR codes starts

On June 24, 2019 it became known of start in Russia of the project on marking of clothes by means of QR codes. The experiment will take place from June 27 to November 30, 2019.  Read more here.

TsRPT became the operator of a system of marking of fur products

On March 19, 2019 it became known that according to the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of March 14 N270, on June 1, 2019 the information system of marking of fur products will pass Fair Sign into a single national system of marking and tracing of goods. Read more here.

Experiment on marking of spirits and toilet water, cameras and flashlights

On January 23, 2019 TsRPT reported that Minpromtorg suggested to make from March 1 to November 30, 2019 an experiment on marking of spirits and toilet water and also cameras and flashlights. Read more here.

2018

On December 18, 2018 there is an order of the government No. 2828-r "About a monitoring system of the movement of medicines using means of identification" according to which "Operator-TsRPT" becomes the operator of a monitoring system of the movement of medicines for medical application.

On December 28, 2018 the order of the government No. 2963-r "About the approval of the Concept of creation and functioning in the Russian Federation of the system of goods marking by means of identification and traceability of the movement of goods" is born, and on February 28, 2019 there is government decree No. 224 "About the approval of rules of marking of tobacco products means of identification".

GIS of goods marking in Russia finally received legal position

On December 26, 2018 it became known that in Russia the legal basis for creation of the state information system (SIS) for goods marking and monitoring of their turnover is finally created. It follows from changes and amendments in the federal law "About Bases of State Regulation of a Trading Activity in the Russian Federation", accepted in three readings in the lower house of the State Duma and approved by the Federation Council.

The single system of control will allow to fight against illicit trafficking in goods, will protect from low-quality or counterfeited goods. The document which is becoming effective since January 1, 2019 gives to the Government of the Russian Federation authority for determination of an operating procedure of uniform GIS of goods marking.

The GIS operator of marking will also be defined by the Government. In the course of carrying out preliminary experiments on marking of different groups of goods by GIS operator FTS acted.

The document also defines process of creation, development, commissioning and operation of GIS of marking within public-private partnership at the expense of the private partner, without attraction of financial resources of the federal budget.

For December, 2018 the information system in which data on the marked goods will be stored is in a stage of creation and tests. GIS operator of marking on a grant basis is Operator-TsRPT LLC (The center of development of perspective technologies) created as the USM Holdings joint project of Alisher Usmanov (50%), Rostec state corporations (25%) and Elvis-Plus group of Alexander Galitsky (25%).

As acceptable means of identification the document defines the codes of marking in a machine-readable form presented in the form of a barcode, a radio-frequency tag (RFID) or other means of automatic identification. The code of marking, in turn, includes a character sequence of the code of identification and the validation code.

The code of identification is meant as unique number of a copy of goods, the validation code is result of cryptographic conversion of the id-code (enciphering) when checking with the fiscal drive and/or other technical means. Enciphering will be made by the software and hardware tools approved by federal executive authority with the appropriate certificate.

Ensuring the centralized formation of validation codes completely is assigned to uniform operator GIS of marking.

The goods which are subject to obligatory marking and entering into GIS of marking will be defined by the adopted law and a number of additional regulations. In addition to the approval of requirements to marking and technical means for its drawing and accounting, the document also orders the statement of an order of withdrawal and destruction of the unmarked goods withdrawn from circulation.

The size and order of collection of a payment for rendering services in drawing marking, identification and monitoring of the movement of the marked goods will be set by additional regulations. For producers of the goods which are subject to marking, the information access about their goods is provided free of charge.

The duty of providing to the operator of data on turnover of goods for inclusion of this information in GIS is assigned to participants of turnover. The provided data, in particular, should include the information about participants of turnover of the marked goods, information on goods given about the technical means used in this process, all about violations of the requirements of marking revealed by users and other data which will be defined by the Government.

Only the operator has full access to data of GIS with a possibility of their processing. The information access in GIS of monitoring is provided with the operator in the order determined by the Government at a compliance with law about a state secret, a trade secret and other secrets protected by the law.

Limited access to information, without a possibility of introduction of changes in it is provided to users of a system. In open access on the Internet there will be data of GIS which received the status of public.

The separate point also notes the possibility of data processing of the certain participant of turnover of the marked products which is available for GIS operator, without depersonalization of such information. On condition of depersonalization of data the GIS operator can use data for statistical and other research purposes.

Due to the adoption of law on GIS of marking, the corresponding changes are also made to Federal law "About Use of the Cash Registers at Implementation of Calculations in the Russian Federation" (54-FZ).

In particular, the law on GIS of marking does not extend to monitoring of the movement of medicines for medical application from the producer to the consumer. This information is processed by GIS operator of monitoring according to law No. 61-FZ "About drug circulation".

The Government of the Russian Federation received powers to perform marking of different groups of goods with adoption on December 31, 2017 of amendments to the law "About Bases of State Regulation of a Trading Activity in the Russian Federation".

In Russia the experiment on marking of medicines and medicines which was prolonged until the end of 2018 is made. The barcode on packaging is read out using the smartphone or the special scanner. Municipal drugstores are equipped with the necessary equipment at the expense of city budgets, private drugstores should buy devices independently.

Marking of all medicines in Russia should become obligatory since the beginning of 2020.

The start was given to final formation of a Single federal system of goods marking in February, 2018 according to the results of a successful completion of an experiment with marking of fur coats is performed in the territory of EEU (Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan). All participants of the pilot are obliged to transfer thematic data to an information resource of marking which operator is FTS.

From June 1, 2018 to June 30, 2019 in Russia the experiment on marking of shoe goods for the purpose of fight against their illegal turnover is also made. The corresponding government decree No. 620 was accepted on May 30, 2018. Marking of footwear will give the chance to trace and stop cases of illegal production, import and implementation of shoe goods. It in turn will lead to the fact that from goods all taxes and the customs duties will be paid, is explained on the website of the government. It is supposed that marking of footwear will become obligatory since July 1, 2019.

On April 28, 2018 the prime minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev signed the order of the government No. 792-r which approved the inventory, subject to obligatory marking in Russia for the purpose of fight against their illegal turnover.

In total the inventory, subject to obligatory marking, included ten groups of goods. In addition to footwear, the list of goods included tobacco products for which marking will become obligatory since March 1, 2019 and also spirits and toilet water, rubber buses and tires, articles of clothing from skin, women's blouses, men's and women's coats and jackets, different types of linen and photography equipment for which marking will become[8], obligatory since December 1, 2019,[9].

ISBC acquired the right to develop the Internet of animals in Russia

The ISBC group became the first independent organization in Russia to which the Federal Service for Veterinary Phytosanitary Surveillance (Rosselkhoznadzor) granted the official right to identification of animals. This TAdviser was announced on December 19, 2018 by representatives of ISBC. According to them, within pilot projects of ISBC is going to create the electronic systems of identification and accounting of animals providing radio-frequency (RFID) identification in the veterinary, zootechnical and breeding purposes. Read more here.

Marking and traceability will allow to reduce a share of shadow economy by 50-60%

The chairman of the board of directors of the Center of development of perspective technologies Mikhail Dubin, speaking in September, 2018 at one of the largest business forums, told about the national system of digital marking and traceability of goods "The fair sign" – the Russia's first project of public-private partnership in information technologies – and about how large-scale IT projects stimulate development of economy [10].

"From analytics about people and the external environment we pass to a new step – analytics about goods. Through the platform of reliable information about movement of goods "Fair sign" we do all economy visible. Legislative "freedom" of turnover of data directly will allow to achieve a single gain of GDP to 1.5% due to increase in consumption of new products and services and growth of the export potential", – Mikhail Dubin noted
.

Marking and traceability will allow to reduce a share of shadow economy by 50-60%, to increase collecting of excises by 20-40% for 1-2 years, to deepen integration in borders of EEU and also to increase efficiency of the state and business. Thanks to costs system implementation on logistics, stocks, exchange and return of goods will be reduced by 6-7%.

The PPP on marking and traceability is profitable to the state and business. The private partner of TsRPT undertakes all commercial risks and is ready to invest in a system more than 200 billion rubles within 15 years. The main contribution of the state to the project – elimination of regulatory risk in the new industry. The total effect of marking implementation more than 10 commodity groups will be more than 1 trillion rub.

Data availability – a key condition for achievement of the stated effects. This factor is necessary not only for development of a system of marking, but also for creation of new technologies, products and services. They in turn will lead to emergence of new businesses, will increase labor productivity and will create the best quality of life for citizens. Besides, available data will give an impulse to growth of competitiveness of Russia in the world. By estimates of European Commission, the unrealized potential of growth of digital economy is 450 billion euros now. Legislative "freedom" of turnover of data directly will allow to achieve GDP gain to 1.5% due to increase in consumption of new products and services and growth of the export potential. The countries with the greatest availability of information already achieved an essential separation in development of the industry. So, for example, on materials international research and the International Data Corporation (IDC) consulting company, the world market of analytics of Big Data estimated at 166 billion dollars shares as follows: to the USA 53%, are the share of Western Europe – 21%, to Asia – 14%, of other countries – 11%. The size of the market of the Russian Federation is only 0.03% or 40 million dollars.

The project of digital marking creates opportunities for growth of other markets. Due to emergence of services on the basis of Big Data the reliable analytics about sales will appear, there will be a transition on "the Industry 4.0", i.e. production under requirements. Use of e-document flow will help to optimize logistics, using financial technologies factoring will be improved, B2B2C services will allow to adjust communication with consumers. Automation of the industries in general will give an impetus to emergence of new products – for example, the electronic recipe for a pharma.

In the nearest future the Fair Sign system will cover tobacco products, spirits, buses and tires, products of light industry, footwear, cameras and flashlights, drugs, products from fur, finished dairy products, etc. Obligatory marking of these goods begins in 2019.

Expenses on creation of a system of goods marking in Russia estimated at 205.7 billion rubles

In August, 2018 it became known of expenses on creation in Russia of the IT system for goods marking — more than 200 billion rubles. The Center of Development of Perspective Technologies (CDPT) will become operator of a system.

According to Vedomosti with reference to the informed sources, expenses on creation of a system is estimated at 205.7 billion rubles in 15 years. 68 billion rubles from this the amounts is necessary capital costs, and 137.7 billion rubles will make operating expenses. At the same time the investor is going to reach payback in seven years (at profitability of 16%).

The investor will invest 205 billion rubles in creation of a single system of digital marking and is going to earn from consumers and producers of goods
The investor will invest 205 billion rubles in creation of a single system of digital marking and is going to earn from consumers and producers of goods

Most of all investments will go for equipment procurement for registration of release of the marked goods. Such equipment releases Trekmark — the TsRPT enterprise, the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) and the Swiss SICPA. Free of charge  such registrars will receive producers of goods for which marking, medical institutions and drugstores waits.

About the state investments the speech does not go. It is expected that funds from investors will pay off at the expense of profit which services in marking will give. So, TsRPT is going to take for services 0.5 rubles excluding VAT for each unit of the marked goods.

Exception vital drugs will become cheaper than 20 rubles  — their TsRPT will mark free of charge. Besides, in the future the company is going to earn from sale of analytics, the newspaper writes.

As the representative of Minpromtorg told the newspaper, the private partner will undertake all expenses and risks of creation of a system, and the state will provide timely adoption of all documents. He added that the ministry sent the main terms of agreement to the government.

The project of marking started in 2016  with fur products. They and drugs are marked by FTS, alcohol — the Unified State Automated Information System system, tobacco and footwear — TsRPT. But till 2024  under control of TsRPT will pass all groups of goods.[11]

Experiment on marking of dairy products

The Government of the Russian Federation is going to make from September 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019 an experiment on marking of finished dairy products. The draft of the relevant resolution is posted in July, 2018 on the website of the Government.

CDPT (Center of Development of Perspective Technologies) is ready to begin a pilot project since September 1, 2018.

«
"We for several months work processes and technologies with market participants", – Revaz Yusupov, the deputy CEO of the Center of development of perspective technologies told.
»

Danone, Galaktika and Carat declared determination to provide the production sites for tests.

The digital technology used in the national system of digital marking "The fair sign" allows to connect to it different goods and will give to the consumer the chance to verify authenticity and to be convinced of the stated goods quality.

«
"A system is already used in tobacco and footwear. Marking of tobacco products takes place the accelerated rates and proved the efficiency. "A system the Fair sign" will be integrated to the system of EVS "Mercury": will trace milk from a farm to the plant Mercury, and "The fair sign" – from the plant to the buyer", – Yusupov noted.
»

For marking of finished dairy products the digital Data Matrix code will be used.

The Deputy Prime Minister for digital economy Maxim Akimov will become the curator of projects of goods marking

On June 15 the CEO of Rostec Sergey Chemezov suggested the prime minister Dmitry Medvedev to appoint the Deputy Prime Minister Maxim Akimov the coordinator of the projects of goods marking. The deputy administrator of government office Valery Sidorenko supported the nomination, and also Medvedev agreed on July 4, Vedomosti reported [12] with reference to copies of the letter and orders of the prime minister.

Maxim Akimov will supervise projects of goods marking
Maxim Akimov will supervise projects of goods marking

Rostec – the co-owner of the operator of goods marking, the Center of Development of Perspective Technologies (CDPT). The project started in 2016 when special digital tags began to be applied on fur products.

The idea to fight against a counterfeit using goods marking was advanced by the former first Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov. After its leaving the government in May, 2018 there was a question who will supervise further this subject. The candidacy of the first Deputy Prime Minister – the Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov was seriously discussed, but it was necessary to refuse the idea because of his too big load. Considered also the Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Kozak, but Rostec was afraid that at Kozak it can have competitors among operators of marking, the interlocutor of Vedomosti reported.

Medvedev decided long ago that the Deputy Prime Minister who is responsible for digital economy will be a curator of goods marking, the prime minister's press secretary Natalya Timakova said. The decision was made irrespective of letters of Rostec, she added. It becomes not only for ensuring technology unity of a system of marking, the main thing – a system will collect and generate huge number of the valuable and sensitive data. It is necessary that these data served public, but not private interests and that nobody could privatize them, Timakova concluded. It is a position and Akimova, the acquaintance reported it.

Akimov was against concentration of all goods in hands of one operator, two federal officials told Vedomosti. Also Sberbank wanted to participate in the project – at the beginning of June its president German Gref suggested Kozak to involve a cloud service of Sberbank Korus of directory when forming the directory of the marked goods in the letter and allowed creation of joint venture with Rostec in this sphere.

At the end of June the meeting with the Minister of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov where finally decided that operator one – TsRPT took place, two federal officials noted. At the beginning of July Manturov announced this decision in an interview of TASS. The representative of Sberbank refused comments. The source close to Sberbank added that the bank did not receive official failure and history is not finished yet.

Drugs and fur products already prepare for transfer of TsRPT, Chemezov specifies in the letter. In the III quarter 2018 the pilot project on traceability of tobacco products for the EEU countries will be started. Preparation for start in 2018 of pilot projects on goods of light industry, dairy and food products is conducted, it lists.

Since 2019 will begin to mark even more goods – from spirits and tires to cameras and bed linen. Intermediate results of an experiment on marking show that "the uniform center of coordination and adoption of operational solutions at the level of the government" is necessary for the project, Chemezov writes.

Chemezov is right – strange that each sphere and each question is covered by the curator, one person who will represent the interests of all is necessary, reported in a conversation with Vedomosti of people, close to structure of Rostec. It is logical that the profile Deputy Prime Minister will be engaged in it, the participant of a discussion noted.

Chemezov – one of nine most influential people in the country and at Rostec is great business interests in marking, the political scientist Evgeny Minchenko reminded: "There is nothing surprising that Chemezov himself sent the letter with the proposal of the curator". Akimov – the most logical candidate for this post, is its field of activity on distribution of duties between Deputy Prime Ministers, the political scientist noted. Akimov supervises the Digital Economy national program, the national project for creation of safe and qualitative highways, digitalization of a state administration. Also in its sphere of responsibility transport, communication, innovations, the real estate and intellectual property.

Akimov well feels business, the former colleague said it. For example, in stay by the deputy governor of the Kaluga region Akimov organized rail transportation for export to China through a hub in the region. He was engaged in this subject from beginning to end: thought up, organized, finished the project prior to deliveries, the interlocutor of Vedomosti noted.

Akimov should solve many problems, the employee of the large pharmaceutical company reported. Many producers oppose marking, being afraid that it will lead to increase in prices. So, a system was criticized by members of the Union of the Russian brewers integrating the large companies of which more than 70% of sales are the share. Equipment installation for marking on one production line, by estimation, will cost $1 million, the AB InBev Efes brewery counted. It is necessary to trace that the project worked, but also load of business was not too big, the employee of the pharmaceutical company concluded.

Akimov is the reference young technocrat regarding as of paramount importance efficiency, Minchenko considers:

«
He is quite sane person with whom can run business both private, and state business.
»

2017

On November 27, 2017 there is government decree No. 1433 "About carrying out an experiment on marking of tobacco products means of identification and monitoring of turnover of tobacco products". In it, among other things, it is told about need to conduct from January 15 to December 31, 2018 an experiment on marking of tobacco products by means of identification and to monitoring of turnover of tobacco products. Functions of the operator of the IC used for the purpose of carrying out an experiment were on a grant basis assigned to Operator-TsRPT LLC. Subjects of the address of tobacco products could participate in an experiment on a voluntary basis.

Experiment on marking of tobacco products in Russia from January 15 to December 31, 2018

Main article: System of accounting (marking) of tobacco products

The idea of carrying out an experiment on electronic marking of tobacco products in the Russian Federation was positively apprehended by producers of cigarettes, some retail chain stores also expressed readiness to participate in testing. Not clearly so far what the new brand on a pack will be, but the tobacco companies urge to make technical solution simple and inexpensive[13].

The development plan in the Russian Federation IT systems of total control of a goods turnover

In November, 2017 it became known of possible development in Russia of the system of continuous traceability of a goods turnover which will allow to control any commodity transactions of business together with retail sales and taxation, the Kommersant newspaper tells. 

According to the results of the meeting with the prime minister Dmitry Medvedev which took place on November 10 instructions "are given to develop and provide to five departments (The Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Finance, the Federal Tax Service, the Federal Customs Service, Federal Security Service) drafts of the concept on creation to the Russian Federation of the system of goods marking by control (identification) signs".  Completion date of order is specified on February 10, 2018.

Medvedev charged to create the IT system for total control of a goods turnover
Medvedev charged to create the IT system for total control of a goods turnover

It is about preparation of legislative and conceptual base for one of the most large-scale projects of control of goods markets in the history of the country — the system of continuous goods marking by identification tags till 2024 and "an action for transition to the system of traceability of the movement of all groups of goods in the territory of the Russian Federation". Similar projects already exist concerning drugs, fur and tobacco products.

The transparency of a goods turnover will allow to analyze the most part of commodity transactions in real time, will force to invest entrepreneurs in automation and digitalization of the companies. Similar expenses, perhaps, will appear it can do only to large business.

Part of entrepreneurs will be forced to stop economic activity or to fade completely into the background. To larger players, on the contrary, most likely, it will be more profitable to rehabilitate completely sales. According to Association of the diplomaed certified public accountants for 2016, the shadow sector of economy in Russia made 39% of GDP.

Project cost, the goods turnover directed to total tracking in Russia, is not reported.[14]

Start by Rostec of serial production of the equipment for marking of drugs in the Russian Federation

The State Corporation Rostec within development of "digital" health care announced on October 16, 2017 start of serial production of the equipment for marking of medicines. The operator of the project appoints the Center of development of perspective technologies. The project investment cost, according to the industrial director of a radio-electronic cluster of State Corporation Rostec Sergey Kulikov, exceeded 20 million euros. Read more here.

TwinTag: The Angstremovsky RFID tag for fur passed tests in Goznak

JSC Angstrem received in March the positive decision from JSC Goznak about carrying out tests of RFID tags for fur. During tests angstremovsky radio tags showed high strength and resistance to influence of external factors: temperature, mechanical, chemical, humidity. The expected supply rate of RFID tags for the fur industry on domestic market can be 2.5 million pieces a year.

In more detail in articles TwinTag and TwinTag.

The choice of the operator of the project on electronic marking of cigarettes in the Russian Federation

Main article: System of accounting (marking) of tobacco products

At the end of September, 2017 the operator of a pilot project on marking of cigarettes which should start in 2018 became known. The Center of Development of Perspective Technologies (CDPT) founded in June of the 2017th with the assistance of Rostec and USM Holdings can become it, Kommersant with reference to a source writes, subcentral.

According to him, the experiment should take place within public-private partnership therefore TsRPT is selected. In it 50% belong to the developer of billing systems of JSC Peter-Service (enters USM Holdings of Alisher Usmanov),   Elvis + group LLC has 25% (Alexander Galitsky owns it). The center specializes in creation of the control and cash equipment and tags with cryptoprotection for goods marking.

The Center of development of perspective technologies can become operator of a pilot project of marking of cigarettes who should begin in 2018
The Center of development of perspective technologies can become operator of a pilot project of marking of cigarettes who should begin in 2018

The inventory for marking

On May 2, 2017 at a meeting of the Eurasian Economic Commission the Order of Council of EAS No. 45 at which the inventory offered by the Russian Federation concerning which marking introduction is reasonable was approved was accepted:

  • 3004 – medicines;
  • 3303 00 - spirits and toilet water;
  • 4011 - buses and tires pneumatic rubber new;
  • 4203 10,000 - clothes from genuine leather;
  • 6106 – blouses, blouses and jumpers of knitted machine or hand knitting, women's or for girls;
  • 6201 – a coat, a short coat, capes, raincoats, jackets (including ski), windbreakers, tarpaulins and similar products men's or for boys;
  • 6202 - a coat, a short coat, capes, raincoats, jackets (including ski), windbreakers, tarpaulins and similar products women's or for girls;
  • 6302 – linen is bed, table, toilet and kitchen;
  • 6403 – footwear with a sole from rubber, plastic, genuine or bonded leather and with top from genuine leather;
  • 9006 – cameras (except movie cameras); flashlights and flashing lamps.

2016

RFID Bookos is integrated into the Marking system of FTS

The equipment of the Russian manufacturer of radio frequency identification systems (RFID) "RST-Invent" is integrated into a system for accounting of the fur products "Marking" Federal Tax Service.

The RFID reader Bookos 2.0 FE from RST-Invent is intended for work with the fur products marked with control identification tags (KIZ) and is completely compatible to the software of FTS. Bookos 2.0 FE conforms to all requirements imposed by tax administration to the RFID equipment for check, individualization and reading of KIZ.

Main article Bookos (RFID)

Experiment in Russia on goods marking from fur

Since April 1, 2016 in Russia the experiment on marking of articles of clothing, accessories to clothes and the other products from natural fur which are in circulation in the territory of the country began. It is carried out with the purpose to test technical capabilities of a system of goods marking and further should form base for implementation of obligatory goods marking in the Russian Federation.

Participation in an experiment is voluntary. For this legal person and individual entrepreneurs direct requests electronically through a personal account on the official site of FTS and during its carrying out transfer necessary data on the marked goods to an information system of marking. The responsibility for violation of rules of marking within the experiment is not provided.

At the beginning of August, 2016 in FTS told TAdviser that almost in four months of carrying out an experiment in an information system of marking more than 950 participants from all territory of the Russian Federation are registered, and the daily gain of number of participants makes more than 10 that speaks about demand of use of a system of marking by representatives of fur business.

«
Within the voluntary experiment, legal entities and individual entrepreneurs have an opportunity in full to use the corresponding functionality of an information system of marking for preparation and debugging of the business processes prior to the beginning of a pilot project on obligatory marking, - the representative of FTS in a conversation with TAdviser noted.
»

Joining of legal persons and individual entrepreneurs to an experiment will not involve essential costs as the price of one brand is from only 15-22 rubles apiece (sewn in and glue-15 rubles, hinged - 22 rubles), data gave TAdviser in department. Added to FTS that pay much attention to that the system of marking as much as possible fitted into the existing business processes of market participants. Regular meetings and consultations with industry members are for this purpose held.

Speaking about the main difficulties of an experiment, FTS noted that a large number of federal executive authorities participates in the project of marking, and it was very important not only to establish relation with market participants, but also to organize effective interaction with all federal executive authorities participating in the project.

«
Now the system of interaction with federal executive authorities is debugged, and all arising issues are resolved quickly, - told TAdviser in department. - In general participants of an experiment note high readiness of an information system of marking for start of a pilot project on obligatory marking.
»

Ratification of the agreement on "pilot" in Russia

On April 26, 2016 in Russia the federal law on ratification of the agreement on a pilot project on goods marking introduction with control (identification) signs on goods from natural fur was signed.

Contract with USP Compulink for 650 million rubles

In March, 2016 FTS signed the contract with USP Compulink of 649.3 million rubles for supply of equipment, software and execution of works on creation of a hardware and software system of an industrial circuit of information systems of goods marking.

The contract for 139 million rub about CentrInform on software development of a national component of Russia

In February, 2016 FTS signed the contract with Federal State Unitary Enterprise CentrInform for the amount of 138.5 million rubles for software development of a national component of an information system of goods marking in Russia.

Beginning of creation of a system

In January, 2016 FTS signed the contract with Inlayn of tekhnolodzhis for the amount of 472.6 million rubles for supply of equipment, software and execution of works on creation of a hardware and software system of the central accounting system of an information system of goods marking in member states of the Customs union (stage No. 1).

The system of goods marking of light industry is created for control of their turnover and ensuring legality of import and production in territories of member states of the Eurasian Economic Union. A main objective of creation of goods marking is reduction of a share of illegally imported or manufactured goods, increase in receipts in the budget from payment of the customs duties and a value added tax.

An operator of a national component of Russia of the system of goods marking is FTS.

As of August, 2016 FTS concluded government contracts for the total amount more than 1.28 billion rubles on delivery of the products and execution of works connected with creation of a system.

A system is based on technology of marking by control identification tags with radio-frequency tags (RFID tags, from the English Radio Frequency IDentification - radio frequency identification). Data on goods then using "cloud" technologies information is transferred to the system of FTS Marking are entered in the brand equipped with a radio-frequency tag.

Each radio-frequency tag has unique number that excludes a possibility of counterfeit, claim in FTS[15]. Besides, business will have no access to the data warehouse therefore it is impossible to change information.

In turn, buyers of fur products will be able to check legality of goods using the smartphones, using the applications allowing to obtain information on goods by means of the QR code of the brand: country of origin, type of fur, producer and so on.

The scheme of the Russian component in it is information
The scheme of the Russian component in it is information

to the system of goods marking]]

2015

The decision of EEU on carrying out a pilot project of marking of products from fur

The decision of the Supreme Eurasian economic council of 10/10/2014 No. 88 and the decision of Council of the Eurasian economic commission of 2/4/2015 No. 1 it was decided to implement in 2015-2016 a pilot project on goods marking introduction by control (identification) signs on goods from natural fur.

System implementation since April, 2016 should provide a possibility of tracking of the movement of authentic goods at all stages: from production or import to the EEU territory until sale to the end buyer. By estimates of the minister of trade of the Eurasian economic commission Andrey Slepnev, marking introduction only for fur products (the counterfeit in this market occupies 80-90%) will increase fiscal revenues in the community countries by $500 million a year. The size of the market of fur products of Russia is about 2.5 million units of production.

Within the Single system goods are marked by the national control identification tag (KIZ) which meets requirements imposed to forms of the strict accounting. KIZ consists of polygraphicly protected form and a radio-frequency tag (RFID). The RFID tag as a part of KIZ will allow to keep the general account of the marked products, will provide additional protection of the form against counterfeit, will contain information on the history of origin and movement of a fur product and also a unique identifier of the label. The issuer of the Russian KIZ defined Federal State Unitary Enterprise Goznak - the largest Russian producer of the protected products.

At successful implementation of a pilot project it is going to expand the list of the marked goods.

CentrInform develops the project documentation of "pilot" of marking of products from fur for 23 million rub

In November, 2015 FTS signed the contract with Federal State Unitary Enterprise CentrInform about 23.8 million rubles at the starting price of an auction in 85.2 million rubles on development of the project documentation of software of a national component of a system of marking of the first stage for carrying out a pilot project on introduction of goods marking from fur.

2014: The decision of EEU on creation of a system, FTS the operator in the Russian Federation

In 2014 Council of the Eurasian economic commission made the decision on need of creation of a system of marking for the purpose of control of turnover of goods and ensuring legality of import and production of goods in territories of member states of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU).

FTS was appointed by operator the operator of a national component of Russia of the system of goods marking.

Notes