TsPPK central suburban passenger company
Central Federal District of the Russian Federation
Khromov Mikhail Borisovich
Russian Railways (RR)
"The central PPK" is the largest carrier of passengers among the suburban passenger companies of Russia: it in suburban passenger traffic in the Moscow railway junction is made by more than 80%, and in suburban passenger rail transportation across Russia - 60%.
The company got to work since January 1, 2006 on the Paveletsky direction of the Moscow Railway - Russian Railway branch. Since May 1, 2007 expanded a zone of the activity on the Kursk and Kazan directions of the Moscow Railway. Since October 1, 2008 service of suburban passengers on the Yaroslavl direction of the Moscow Railway began. Since July 1, 2010 - on the Savelovsky, Riga and Belarusian directions, and since November, 2010 – on the Gorky direction of the Moscow Railway.
Daily about 1.6 million people use services of JSC Centralnaya PPK.
A customer of transportations are Moscow and the Moscow region and the other subjects of the Russian Federation – the company performs the suburban message in the territory of ten territorial subjects of the Russian Federation, including in the Kursk, Vladimir, Ryazan, Tula, Kaluga, Smolensk, Bryansk, Oryol regions.
The company performs transportation and service of passengers, renting the rolling stock at Russian Railway. As of 2013 in lease at Central PPK there are 402 electric trains, (including 11 interregional expresses, 23 regional trains of the increased comfort and 16 trains "Sputnik") and also 31 rail buses and 44 railcars.
TsPPK is one of the few operators of electric trains who get profit. In 2011 made 4.7 billion rubles. Partially such result is explained by a high passenger traffic in the region, partially - federal subsidies. In particular, all PPK pay for use of the Russian Railway of infrastructure only one percent from a rate, and other costs are compensated from the budget.
The Russian Railway assured that in Russia it is impossible to earn from suburban transportations therefore the authorities should subsidize them. In 2011 the Russian Railway completely refused independent suburban transportations - the suburban passenger companies (SPC) which they own the Russian Railway (as a rule disposes of a controlling stake) and regions are engaged in them. Territorial subjects of the federation agree with PPK about the diagram of transportations and cost of tickets. If the regional authorities want to make rates lower, then, as envisioned by authors of reform, PPK should receive from budgets of a subsidy.
In December, 2012 it became known that the Moscow budget and RUSSIAN RAILWAY will be selected by more than 85 billion rubles for development of infrastructure of suburban passenger traffic in 2012-2020. The relevant agreement, as reported in the press release of the government of the capital, was signed by the head RUSSIAN RAILWAY Vladimir Yakunin and the mayor Sergey Sobyanin.
According to the agreement, Moscow will provide 47 billion rubles, the Russian Railway - 38 billion rubles.
According to RIA Novosti, at a signing ceremony Sobyanin said that funds will be allocated for "the most first-priority, hot directions". In particular, investments will go for construction of new main ways on the Kursk, Savelovsky, Kazan, Yaroslavl and Gorky directions.