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Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media Roskomnadzor

Company

Content

Assets

Owners

+ Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media (Roskomnadzor, RKN)

The Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media (Roskomnadzor) is the federal executive authority performing functions on control and supervision in the field of mass media including electronic, and mass communications, information technologies and communication, function on control and supervision of compliance of personal data processing to requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of personal data and also function on the organization of activity of radio-frequency service.

Structure

Structure of department for May, 2015

The head is Zharov Alexander Aleksandrovich

Deputy managers:

As a part of Federal service of 10 managements of central office on the main activities (215 people) and 71 territorial authorities (2804 people).

In powers of Roskomnadzor – the organization of activity of the enterprises of radio-frequency service. Federal State Unitary Enterprise Main Radio-frequency Center and federal state unitary enterprises of federal districts are its part.

Also Federal State Unitary Enterprise Informregistr Scientific and Technological Center is under authority of Roskomnadzor.

Income of the management

The head of Roskomnadzor Alexander Zharov increased the income in 2014 in comparison with 2013 almost by 1 million rubles - from 3.8 to 4.7 million, follows from its declaration published on the website of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications[1].

His spouse earned in 2014 19.8 million rubles (including due to sale of apartments) whereas for previous year its income was 26.4 million.

Thus, totally Zharov's family in 2014 could gain income of 24.2 million rubles against 30.2 million for the previous reporting period.

The head of Roskomnadzor Alexander Zharov in 2014 significantly increased the income
The head of Roskomnadzor Alexander Zharov in 2014 significantly increased the income

In the property of the head of Roskomnadzor in 2014 the new land plot of 644 sq.m. and at it their three appeared now (two others have the area of 869 sq.m. and 2677 sq.m.). Besides, Zharov owns two apartment houses (137.5 sq.m. and 320 sq.m.) and a share in the apartment (174.1 sq.m.) and also the Toyota Land Cruiser car.

At Alexander Zharov, judging by the declaration, five minor children, one of whom together with the father and mother is a co-owner of the apartment, and others use it.

The deputy head of Roskomnadzor Oleg Ivanov in 2014 gained just the same income, as well as in previous year – 2855289.87 rubles. For kopek also the income of his wife did not change. It was 822393.10 rubles. In use of family, as before, there is an apartment of 30.2 sq.m. They are not owners of the real estate and cars.

Two other deputy heads of Roskomnadzor Maxim Ksenzov and Alexander Pankov and also their wives, in 2014, as well as Ivanov's family, declared income down to the penny the repeating indicators of 2013.

Ksenzov earned 2.09 million rubles, his wife – 4.83 million rubles. Pankov received 2.145 million rubles, his wife – 84 thousand rubles. Ksenzov's family owns the Hyundai car, Pankov's family – Nissan X-Trail.

There were no changes and in real estate assets of deputies of Alexander Zharov.

The fourth deputy head of Roskomnadzor – Antonina Priyezzheva – in 2014 increased the income more than by 10 times (from 1.48 million rubles to 15.67 million), having received a subsidy for acquisition of housing.

Respectively, also the real estate belonging to it changed. In 2013 Priyezzheva owned the apartment of 44.6 sq.m. and shares in the apartment of 63 sq.m. (also the husband and the official's child owned shares in it). In 2014 she remained the owner of the apartment of 44.6 sq.m. and also together with the husband has the apartment of 51.2 sq.m. now. Her child remained the owner of a share in the apartment of 63 sq.m.

There are no cars in Priyezzhayeva's property whereas in 2013 there was Lexus. In 2014 her husband who increased the annual income from 120 thousand rubles to 243 thousand became the owner of Lexus.

History

2020

New head

On March 29, 2020 the prime minister Mikhail Mishustin appointed Andrey Lipov the head of Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media (Roskomnadzor).

To Lipov Roskomnadzor was headed by Alexander Zharov who passed into Gazprom of Media holding.

2019

Consideration more than 6.4 thousand complaints to operators of "Big Four"

On February 12, 2020 Roskomnadzor summed up the results of systematic work with citizens' appeals, the concerning questions of communication services provision operators of "Big Four". In 2019 more than 6.4 thousand similar addresses from which 1.2 thousand are the share of Central Federal District are considered.

Most of all complaints arrived on the telecom operator of PJSC MegaFon (2,814) whereas on PJSC VimpelCom - 1,678, on PJSC MTS - 1,300 and on T2 Mobile LLC - 666 complaints. Addresses are mainly connected with quality of rendering mobile services, one-sided change by telecom operators of rates on the servant of communication, rendering additional paid services without the consent of the subscriber (including the content services) and transferring of directory numbers on networks of mobile communication.

For comparison, in 2018 with complaints to mobile operators of "Big Four" 6064 citizens addressed. These are 16.3% of all incoming requests in Roskomnadzor in the field of communication. Then 2595 people did not agree with the amount of the invoice for communication services; 680 were dissatisfied with lack of communication; 1670 complained of the additional paid services connected without their consent; 597 users noted bad communication quality (mismatch of the stated speed of the mobile Internet, noise, illegibility of the speech, loss of a sound during negotiations). 522 more clients of operators complained of providing content services without warning of their cost and write-offs of funds from accounts.[2]

According to the results of the carried-out works the qualified answers with explanations of specialists of department in further actions were sent to authors of addresses, a part of addresses was redirected for verification of complaints to Rospotrebnadzor.

As for issues of change of rates, specialists of Roskomnadzor make explanations about validity such changes on condition of preliminary informing the subscriber. By consideration of questions of the content services - provide detailed information in terms of the legislation of the Russian Federation on an order of rendering such services and also on methods of protection against their accidental connection. So often connection of an additional or content service is made by the operator legally, and the applicant just does not own elementary rules of digital hygiene and is connected to services in ignorance. Concerning transferring of directory numbers on networks of mobile communication it is specified to operators inadmissibility of unreasonable failures and repeated repeated references of subscribers with statements when transferring numbers.

Implementation of centralized operation by a public communication network in case of threats of work of Runet

On September 26, 2019 it became known what Government of the Russian Federation made changes to regulations on Federal service on supervision in the field of communications, information technologies and mass communications (Roskomnadzor, RKN) affecting implementation of the law on ensuring steady work Russian of a segment of the Internet (Runet).

According to the entered subparagraphs, since November 1, 2019 RKN will exercise centralized operation of a public communication network in case of threats of work of Runet through control of technical means of counteraction to threats or through transfer of instructions to cellular operators, owners of technology communication networks, points of exchange of traffic, the communication lines crossing state border of the Russian Federation and to organizers of dissemination of information on the Internet with a unique identifier of set of means of communication.

Roskomnadzor will also coordinate stability of Runet, to provide means on its protection and to monitor network functioning the Internet for identification of threats. Besides, Roskomnadzor will set rules of routing of traffic if it is necessary to manage on a centralized basis Runet[3].

The court decided to exact from Roskomnadzor 415 thousand rubles for illegal blocking of the domain

On June 20, 2019 it became known that the Arbitration court of the city of Moscow considered in court session case on the claim of the individual entrepreneur Arsen Valeryevich Mirzayan (PSRNSP 311501235700039) to Management of Roskomnadzor on the Republic of Tatarstan, federal service of Roskomnadzor and JSC Registrar of Domain Names Рег.ру. The claimant required to claim from the called organizations the damages caused to him by suspension of delegation of domain name of огрн.онлайн for the period from November 24, 2016 to July 18, 2017 as which administrator the entrepreneur acts. The claimant equated the amount of collecting to a lost profit in the amount of 4 million 984 thousand 179.38 rubles. Read more here.

In Ulyanovsk tried to burn office of Roskomnadzor three times

The Ulyanovsk prosecutor's office took to court criminal case on charge of the user of pirated content of repeated attempts to burn office of regional government of Roskomnadzor, reported in June, 2019 on the website of the department[4].

The prosecutor of Leninsky district of Ulyanovsk approved the indictment on criminal case against the inhabitant of the regional center suspected of commission of a number of crimes.

On April 2 and 15 and also on May 9, 2018 the malefactor in a mask at night day broke windows in Roskomnadzor building, then splashed out in them a combustible liquid and set fire.

After detention the man explained that it was revenge to Roskomnadzor for blocking of a piracy Internet resource on which it was possible to look at illegal content. The material damage was about 10 million rubles.

Due to the proved circumstances charge according to Part 3 of Article 30, Part 2 of Article 167 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (attempt at the destruction and damage of someone else's property which entailed the causing significant damage made by an arson) prescribing imprisonment for a period of up to 5 years is brought to the malefactor.

After the approval of the indictment the prosecutor's office took criminal case to court for consideration on the merits.

The minister Noskov declared excess powers of Roskomnadzor

During welcome speech on expanded board of Roskomnadzor the head Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications Konstantin Noskov said that it is necessary to review regulator powers, reports in April, 2019 "Kommersant".

«
"The mechanism of the regulatory guillotine which was not so long ago announced, provides the large-scale analysis and review of the operating functions of control and supervising activity. The field of activity of Roskomnadzor is extremely wide today. It is necessary to analyze from what powers it is possible and it is necessary to refuse", - he told. The Minister of Telecom and Mass Communications specified that control functions should not be too much.
»

Answering Noskov, the head of Roskomnadzor Alexander Zharov confirmed that powers really extended from the moment of regulator foundation in 2008: instead of 35 them became 147, and partially attributed this "merit" to the State Duma, including its committee on information policy.

In case of threats to functioning of Runet, the management of it will undertake Roskomnadzor. Discussion of documents is begun

On May 24, 2019 it became known what the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications placed on the Federal portal of projects of regulatory legal acts two documents where types of threats for Runet are formulated, methods of counteraction to it and regulations on conducting exercises on ensuring steady functioning of the Russian segment of the Internet affirm, Roskomsvoboda reports.

In the first of documents, "About the statement of an order of centralized operation the public communication network", selects three threats: integrity, stability and security of Runet. At their approach the management of the Russian network segment undertakes Roskomnadzor. Read more here.

The State Office of Public Prosecutor found in Roskomnadzor of 10 corrupt officials

On January 22, 2019 it became known that after check of the State Office of Public Prosecutor ten officials of Roskomnadzor were punished for violation of the anti-corruption legislation. Violations came to light in Management of Roskomnadzor across the Southern Federal District.

As a result the prosecutor's office addressed the head of department, having provided ten employees to punishment and having demanded to eliminate violations. The administration of the department brought the guilty employees to disciplinary responsibility and took steps to elimination of violations.

During check of the State Office of Public Prosecutor numerous cases when the staff of Management of Roskomnadzor across the Southern Federal District provided incomplete and false data about income, expenses, property and property obligations — the and also the spouses or children were opened.

In particular, the head of one of departments did not submit data that owns the land plot and the apartment house in Krasnodar Krai. The leading specialist of management held back receiving it the husband of income in the amount of more than 900 thousand rubles. The employee of department of financial provision and accounting did not reflect as appropriate the fact that on her husband seven vehicles are registered.

Besides, employees of Management of Roskomnadzor across the Southern Federal District not always fulfilled duties on prevention and settlement of conflicting interests.

For example, the employee of Management who was married to the top manager of the company working at the communication market took part in check of this company. It was made contrary to the decision of the commission on observance of requirements to office behavior of the public civil servants and settlement of conflicting interests.

The employee about whom there is a speech checked reliability of the data submitted the company of her husband. Data were submitted for making decision on recognition of society by the telecom operator holding essential position to public communication networks[5].

2017

Case of the fraudulent scheme of salaries

FSB carries out an inspection of the high-ranking officials of Roskomnadzor regarding participation in frauds with charge of salaries. According to Kommersant, shadowing was kept about half a year, intelligence agencies listened to telephone conversations, checked cash flow on accounts of employees.

On October 11 it became known that the press secretary of Roskomnadzor Vadim Ampelonsky, the head of legal department of department Boris Edidin and the head of administration Alexander Veselchakov became defendants in the case about fraud. All of them are under house arrest.

According to media, case is schema-bound salary payments which worked in Roskomnadzor from 2012 to 2017 — in addition to official salary the staff of department received the money transferred to dummy employees of Federal State Unitary Enterprise Main Radio-frequency Center under control of Roskomnadzor. More than 20 million rubles were thus illegally paid.

Officially details of case are not told. According to the source RBC in FSB, in case is secret documents, and some of persons involved have access to a state secret. The source assumes that process can take place behind closed doors.

The lawyer of the press secretary of Roskomnadzor Vadim Ampelonsky Sergey Sedakov called absurd charges to the client. Kommersant reports about it in October, 2017.

"From the text of the resolution on involvement of mister Ampelonsky as the defendant it is possible to understand only one: only the fact that he agreed to work in Roskomnadzor is blamed of it" — Sedakov told.

Charge, as it appears from the publication, was shown to Ampelonsky on October 12.

According to the lawyer, "no word is told about any other actions of [Ampelonsky] in charge". Added sidacs that "on absurdity degree it reminds the work by Franz Kafka "Process'", the newspaper tells.

The State Office of Public Prosecutor found corruption in Roskomnadzor. Four officials are dismissed

Eight officials of Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media (Roskomnadzor) incurred different punishments for violations of the anti-corruption legislation. It is reported on the website of the State Office of Public Prosecutor which carried out the corresponding inspection in Department of the Federal Service for Supervision in the Sphere of Telecom, Information Technologies and Mass Communications for the Northwestern Federal District[6].

"Based on consideration of the act of public prosecutor's reaction the administration of the department took measures to elimination of the allowed violations, eight public servants of department, including three heads, are brought to disciplinary responsibility, said in the statement of the State Office of Public Prosecutor. — During representation consideration four officials are exempted from the substituted positions and dismissed from the public civil service on a personal initiative".

According to Prosecutor's office, some staff of Roskomnadzor when filling references hid data on the income received by them or their spouses for 2015.


The State Office of Public Prosecutor punished several officials of Roskomnadzor

In other cases it was established that officials of Management, responsible for prevention of corruption offenses, had data on significant exceeding of expenses of government employees of department over their income, but proper measures were not initiated at the same time. It is violation of Article 4 of the Federal law "About Control of Compliance of Expenses … to Income".

For example, the leading specialist expert of department of supervision in the field of telecommunication and a mail service in 2015 purchased the apartment in St. Petersburg cost more than twice exceeding its total return in three years preceding the transaction. "However the legality of receiving the income spent for purchase of real estate by it is not checked — the State Office of Public Prosecutor writes. — As a result control procedure for its expenses was not carried out in connection with dismissal from service".

In defiance of the federal laws "About the Public Civil Service in the Russian Federation" and "About Anti-corruption" other leading specialist expert of Management did not deliver in trust management the stocks owned by it Rostelecom. This organization is subsupervising for department, and in 2015 the employee participated in its check that is a conflict of interest.

Besides it is established that the chief of the department with exceeding of limits of the powers conferred by the law issued the order which approved the list of positions of federal civil service at appointment to which citizens and employees are obliged to provide the information on income, expenses, property and obligations of property character — as the, and wives with children. "However territorial authorities of federal executive authorities are not given the right of the edition of regulatory legal acts" — the State Office of Public Prosecutor notes.

2015

Control of activity of social networks

The Government of the Russian Federation in the spring of 2015 officially permitted Roskomnadzor to exercise control of activity of social networks. Such decision was made at the regular meeting of the government. The resolution was approved and signed by Dmitry Medvedev.

The sense of basic provisions of the document consists in activation of the measures of the state directed to protection of the rights of citizens against various manifestations of terrorism and extremism. The resolution was enacted within "an anti-terrorist packet" of activation of these actions.

What additional rights give the federal executive authority designed to protect the personal rights of subjects of personal data now?

Roskomnadzor acquired full authority to get acquainted with correspondence of active users of popular social networks, such as: "Odnoklassniki", VKontakte. The regulatory authority also will get access to e-mail of Internet users and also the systems of exchange of messages Агент.Mail.ru, ICQ. All social networks, mail services, blogs, forums and other similar platforms fall under new requirements. They are obliged to store data on users within half a year.

Control procedure of personal correspondence is strictly regulated and is put in action only at the request of law enforcement agencies within conducting investigation and search operations.

Department acquired the right to carry out inspections of organizers of dissemination of information – the websites and providers who will organize transmission of messages of users. During such actions Roskomnadzor will determine "the facts of acceptance, transfer, delivery and (or) processing of electronic messages of users".

Inspections will be carried out without sanction of prosecutor's office, the appeal of law enforcement agencies or violation by provider of terms of elimination of earlier revealed defects can be the cause at the organization of transmission of messages.

Results of check will be published on the website of Roskomnadzor.

The analysis of content is included in internet mass-media

On December 25, 2015 it became known of start by Roskomnadzor the system of automatic collecting and the analysis of content in internet mass-media in the territory of 19 regions of the Russian Federation in the test mode[7].

In more detail about a system in article: Control system of online media.

2014: Privilege elevation on control of the Internet

In  2014 powers of Roskomnadzor on  control of  performance  of the Russian legislation  concerning the Internet were expanded again. Reorganization of subordinated radio-frequency service is carried out. All expert functions concentrate in  the Main radio-frequency center now, and  powers according to  engineering facilities of activity of Roskomnadzor are completely assigned to  the Radio-frequency center of Central Federal District  which part the enterprises of radio-frequency service in  federal districts were.

In addition to improvement of structure of radio-frequency service, the head of department Alexander Zharov selects[8] among results of 2014 interface of information systems of Roskomnadzor and  RChS that brought to  new level control and  supervision  in the field of communication; increase in volumes of rendering state services  in electronic form; upgrade of approaches to  protection of the rights of subjects of personal data.

"In  this row and  expansion  of activities, joint with the Prosecutor General's Office, for  counteraction to manifestations of extremism on  the Internet, gain  according to  "the law on  bloggers" of address work with  owners and  administrations of the websites, providers of a hosting  for the purpose of operational removal of illegal information and  minimization of blocking of popular Internet resources", - Zharov says.

2014 became year of final fixing to  Roskomnadzor of the status of the main authority ensuring information security of the personality, society and  state in  an Internet environment.

"We implement the important regulatory function directed to  creation of instruments of effective counteraction to distribution on  the Internet of socially dangerous information on  strengthening of information sovereignty of Russia", - he adds
.

In  2014, despite  decrease in a total quantity of checks ( especially small and medium business), Roskomnadzor revealed more violations, than  a year before. Respectively, volumes of the issued instructions and  the imposed penalties increased. Inspections are carried out mainly on  signs of the violations revealed  during the actions of systematic observation  which are not requiring interaction with  market participants.

2012: Complaint to Youtube and LJ

In July, 2012 Roskomnadzor announced the direction of notifications to 5 American companies and one registrar of domain names from the Bahamas about illegal distribution on the domains of personal data of Russians belonging to them. Among these companies – Youtube and Livejournal owning, respectively, the largest video hosting and a blogging platform, popular in Russia.

Roskomnadzor requires from these companies to stop delegation of the corresponding domain names or to delete information violating the Russian law. What of pages on these resources violate personal data, is not reported. The SUP Media company owning LiveJournal service reported that it is not aware of this requirement.

Similar letters received the American registrars Domains By Proxy and Names.com. The first of them services domains of feritac.info and its mirror - elgebei.info on which information on residence of Muscovites is located. Names.com services the domain huzhe.net on which the "book of complaints" allowing to place the complaint to any person or the organization is placed.

One more addressee of letters of Roskomnadzor – the Bahama Internet.bs – services the similar obmanof.net resource where it is possible to leave complaints to Internet swindlers. It is possible to specify in complaints also a contact information of "swindlers" that, probably, and caused requirements of Roskomnadzor about shutdown of domains.

Notifications were sent to the period since the beginning of July, answers to them did not arrive yet. At the same time the Roskmonadzor asked the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to render assistance through diplomatic channels in the termination of distribution of personal data of Russians.

In total since the beginning of 2012 Roskomnadzor directed abroad 42 requirements about the termination of dissemination of data, the breaking Russian Law "About Personal Data Protection". Affirmative answer was received in 15 cases. From them in 12 cases registrars disconnected domain names. The moscownomers.org and pyat.net resources deleted illegal information after their registrars (from the USA and India respectively) redirected them the corresponding letters from Russian authorities.

And the website wcb.su made it after obtaining the requirement from Public service of Ukraine for personal data protection. In other cases Roskomnadzor promises to address for protection in authorized bodies of the respective countries. In fight against information posted in foreign social networks Roskomnadzor has only one successful precedent so far: the shockcrim.blogspot.com resource located on the Blogspot service belonging to Google ceased to work after the address to the registrar of the corresponding domain name – the American MarkMonitor[9].

2011: As Roskomnadzor monitors online media

Since December 15, 2011 in Roskomnadzor the computer system detecting illegal content in on-line media will earn. Developers of this system from the Moscow company "Datacentre" told Marker[10]as it will function, and representatives of Roskomnadzor explained why a lot of things still should be done by forces of experts — people.

Violators will be looked for by the computer

In April (2011) tender of Roskomnadzor on "development, delivery and installation of a hardware and software system of control of an information and telecommunications network the Internet on observance of mandatory requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation" nine companies participated. Datacentre LLC promising to create by December such system for 4.6 million rubles (the starting price of tender — 15 million rubles) became the winner. Answering a question of experience of content projects, the representative of Datacentre Olga Volodina reported that her firm developed the "closed" projects for the state organizations.

As the project manager of Datacentre company Aleksey Shiloh created for Roskomnadzor the hardware and software system (HSS) explained is a server with a specialized software, with a set of dictionaries and library of the materials recognized illegal. This HSS analyzes materials of internet mass-media (the websites which do not have licenses of media, Roskomnadzor is not engaged). Having detected materials which are already recognized before illegal, it sends the message to the staff of supervising department. The same occurs if words from special dictionaries — names of drugs, offensive namings of the nations, appeals to illegal acts, etc. occur in articles. According to Aleksey Shiloh, a system will analyze a context in which words from "risk group" meet, let us assume, the words "let's go to wet" can theoretically belong to washing of linen.

Representatives of Data-center claim that their HSS will analyze, including a graphic, audio-and video information. In the bid of this company it was talked of 17 text formats, 10 — graphic, 14 — audio and 11 — video.

Of course, the computer system will not be able to define all cases of illegal content, the head of department of Roskomnadzor Nikolay Novikov recognizes. The computer — only one of auxiliary tools for control. Besides people anyway should make the decision on illegality of information.

The computer will be helped by people

Since September 1, 2012 Roskomnadzor will have more work. Will become effective the law "About Protection of Children from Information Doing Harm to Their Health and Development". It requires to mark special signs the information products which are not intended for children. Judging by the text of the law, it belongs also to the websites. Types of information which is not intended for children much. It is, in particular, the content denying family values, creating disrespect for parents, justifying a delinquent behavior, causing fear, horror or panic, etc. in children.

Roskomnadzor hopes that the computer system will help them to cope with all this work. According to the representative of department Mihail Vorobyov, illegal content seldom meets in an editorial matter — much more often it can be seen in comments of readers. According to the last year's resolution of the Supreme Court, internet mass-media should delete or edit such comments within one working day after the appeal of Roskomnadzor. If it is not made, Roskomnadzor issues internet mass-media the warning provided by the law "About Mass Media".

2011: Control for 385 thousand legal persons

In the Russian Federation in 2011 activity in the field of communication, information technologies and mass communications was performed by over 385 thousand legal entities and individual entrepreneurs and more than 89 thousand editorial offices of mass media. The state control over them was exercised during conducting scheduled and unscheduled inspections, systematic observation. Monitoring of materials of media for the purpose of identification of violations of the law was in addition conducted.

In total in 2011 2511 scheduled inspections and 5353 unplanned were carried out. Make actions of systematic observation of a total quantity of actions of all types of the state control of 63.5% (in 2010 – 51%). At the same time the most part of all planned actions (83.6%, in 2010 – 64.3%) was also held by this method that allowed to lower considerably administrative load of business, said in the report of Roskomnadzor.

In 2011 department implemented a possibility of electronic submission of 14 public services. Also Roskomnadzor and jurisdictional enterprises of radio-frequency service carry out works on improvement of the Federal automated information and analytical system in the field of use of a radio frequency spectrum and electronic media. Since October 15, 2011 on the Internet portal FAIS and also on the Internet portal of radio-frequency service access for operators and citizens of the Russian Federation to a part of sections of FAIS of departmental base of radio-frequency appointments of all civil telecom operators which is a part across the territory of the Russian Federation is open.

During 2011 14108 statements concerning licensing (2010 – 16308, in 2009 – 13154), including 7,613 statements for providing the new license came to Roskomnadzor. In addition 6495 statements for prolongation of validity period of the license, for making changes and additions came to licenses, about renewal and cancellation of the license.

2008: Conversion to the Rossvyazkomnadzor and further in Roskomnadzor

By the decree of the President No. 724 of 5/12/2008 the Decree of the President Rossvyazyokhrankultur it is transformed to Federal service on supervision in the field of communication and mass communications (Rossvyazkomnadzor) and Federal service on supervision of a compliance with law in the field of protection of cultural heritage. The Rossvyazkomnadzor becomes subordinated to the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation.

According to the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 6/2/2008 No. 419, functions on control and supervision in the field of mass media, including electronic, and mass communications, information technologies and communication, function on control and supervision of compliance of personal data processing to requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation and also function on the organization of activity of radio-frequency service were assigned to the Rossvyazkomnadzor.

The Rossvyazkomnadzor was the licensing body in the field of TV broadcasting and broadcasting, in the field of communication services provision, in the field of reproduction (production of copies) of audiovisual works and phonograms on any kinds of carriers.

Besides, the Rossvyazkomnadzor performs assignment (appointment) of radio frequencies or radio-frequency channels and will organize biddings on obtaining licenses in the field of communication.

The Rossvyazkomnadzor will be transformed by the decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 1715 of December 3, 2008 to Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology and Mass Media (Roskomnadzor). The federal service remains under the authority of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation.

2007: Rossvyazyokhrankultura's creation

In March, 2007 powers on implementation of allowing and license and control and supervising activity in the field of communication and in the field of mass communications were eaten around within one department.

Federal service on supervision in the field of communication and Federal service on supervision of a compliance with law in the field of mass communications and protection of cultural heritage are transformed by the decree of the President of 3/12/2007 No. 320 to Federal service on supervision in the field of mass communications, communication and protection of cultural heritage. The new structure submits directly to the Government of the Russian Federation.

Functions on implementation of radio-frequency assignments and the organization of activity of radio-frequency service and also normative legal regulation in the field of control and supervision in the field of communication were transferred to in addition new Federal service. In December, 2007 the Service started execution of powers as Authorized body for protection of the rights of subjects of personal data.

2004: Creation of service Federal Information Technologies Agency

On January 1, 2004 became effective the new Federal law "About Communication" which cornerstone the principle of creation of equal conditions of access for all citizens of Russia to communication services is. After it the Decree of the President of 3/9/2004 No. 314 "About a system and structure of federal executive authorities" according to which the Federal service of supervision in the field of communication was formed (Federal Information Technologies Agency) followed.

For the first time in national history of function of the state supervision in the field of communication were assigned by this Decree to separate federal executive authority.

On April 26, 2004 there was government decree No. 223 "About reorganization of a system of the state supervision of communication and informatization" therefore managements on supervision of communication and informatization in the subjects of the Russian Federation were liquidated and created the relevant territorial authorities of the Federal Information Technologies Agency.

The order of the Government of the Russian Federation of 6/30/2004 No. 318 defined functions of the Federal Information Technologies Agency. They significantly extended. Problems of licensing of activity in the field of communication services provision, a task of state regulation of the prices of accession and traffic transmission by "essential" operators, problems of ensuring non-discriminatory access to the market of communication services were added to tasks of the organization and carrying out the state supervision of communication and informatization.

2001: Department on supervision of communication and informatization in Ministry of Communications

In 2001 reorganization of Service according to government decree No. 380 "About reorganization of a system of the state supervision of communication and informatization in the Russian Federation" is carried out. The Department on supervision of communication and informatization in the Russian Federation as a part of Ministry of Communications of Russia and 77 managements in the regions integrated by the general name Gossvyaznadzor is as a result created.

Department on supervision of communication and informatization as the control structure and Gossvyaznadzor as control body, first of all, provided holding actions for control and supervision in the field of communication and information technologies for the purpose of ensuring compliance with license conditions and mandatory requirements in the telecommunication market of the country.

1999: Creation of the Ministry of Press

In the fall of 1999 the Ministry of Press, TV and radio broadcasting and means of mass communications of the Russian Federation (Federal Agency on Press and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation) as a part of which regional governments functioned was created. In August, 2000 Territorial Departments were transformed to district and interregional Territorial Departments of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for printing, TV and radio broadcasting and means of mass communications.

District and interregional Territorial Departments of Federal Agency on Press and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation performed state policy in the field of mass media and mass communications. Also questions of registration of mass media, news agencies, licensing of polygraphic activity were under their authority. Invariable was also a function of control on a compliance with law of the Russian Federation about mass media.

1993: Service of the state supervision of communication

Since the beginning of the 1990th years the communications industry, as well as all other segments of the Russian economy, passed to market rails: new technologies were implemented, the range of the rendered services extended, the number of operators grew, the new communication equipment was in large quantities imported into the country. Unfair competition, illegal use of radio-electronic means (distribution zone), creation of noises to communication systems of public administration turned out to be collateral consequence of active development of the industry. The situation which developed in the industry demanded implementation of new organizational forms and methods of regulation.

On November 15, 1993 resolution of Council of Ministers – Governments of the Russian Federation No. 1156 the Service of the state supervision of communication at Ministry of Communications of Russia is created. Its functions included control of a status of networks and means of an electric and mail service, of providing communication services to consumers according to the licenses granted in accordance with the established procedure and according to the set quality regulations and also carrying out frequency assignments for work of the distribution zone and high-frequency devices.

The service consisted of Head department of the state supervision of communication and regional governments and departments.

The Federal law "About Communication" adopted in 1995 assigned to Service of function of the organization and ensuring the state supervision and control.

The service consistently turned into subordination to the State committee of the Russian Federation on communication and informatization (1997-1999), to the State committee of the Russian Federation on telecommunications (1999), to the Ministry of the Russian Federation of communication and informatization (1999-2001).

Reduction by 5 times of number of the operators working without licenses became a work result from 1995 to 1999, the number of complaints to work of operators of telecommunication decreased by 20%, the share of not certified equipment of communication significantly decreased.

1991: Inspectorate for protection of freedom of press and mass information at Mininformpechati

The Head department on protection of the state secrets in printing was a predecessor of Roskomnadzor in the field of supervision of activity of mass media and mass communications.

It was reorganized by the resolution of Council of Ministers of RSFSR No. 566 of February 25, 1991 into the State inspectorate for protection of freedom of press and mass information at Mininformpechati of the Russian Federation. In 1994 the order already of Committee of the Russian Federation on printing creates regional governments. Implementation of state policy in the field of mass information became the main objective of Managements, including: registration of mass media, licensing of polygraphic activity, protection of freedom of press and mass information, control on a compliance with law of the Russian Federation in the field of mass information.

Notes