Institute of system programming of ISP RAS
Central Federal District of the Russian Federation
109004, B. Kommunisticheskaya, 25
Avetisyan Arutyun Ishkhanovich
More then 200 (March, 2011) workers
Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS)
Activity of Institute is conducted in the following three directions:
- basic researches,
- application studies for the benefit of the industry and
These directions have strong cross impact. Students and graduate students of Institute participate in projects of basic and application studies. Results of basic researches are used in applications. Application studies define the directions of basic researches. Researches are conducted on a wide range of questions of system programming.
About 60-65% of the budget of Institute of system programming of RAS (ISP RAS) consist of contracts with the foreign companies, CNews in March, 2011 the director of institute told,. The institute receives other means from RAS, the Ministry of Education and Science, from the Russian Federal Property Fund (RFPF) and from contracts with different departments and commercial firms in Russia.
"As to the director, of course, it would be desirable for me that this balance was at least 50х50, - Ivannikov argues. - And such process goes now: there are Russian organizations – both commercial, and different departments - which are necessary to technology. Ten years ago they were not at all. We paid taxes on a large sum, than gave us the state, actually training students at own expense – at the expense of those contracts which we received".
Working costs of one specialist over contract projects at institute are estimated from $65-75 thousand a year. At the same time it happens that the western companies entice specialists of institute to themselves.
"There were cases when the companies impudently took away our people. However, similar occurs infrequently because most corporations after all adhere to ethics", - the director of ISP RAS notes. In total at institute, according to Ivannikov, there are about 200 programmers.
Despite considerable experience of development of programs from scratch, yet does not consider the possibility to put trade in them on ISP RAS flow. "If to look at any company, even software, then in it you will see only 10% of developers, and 90% - administrations, maintenances, sellers, marketing, etc. We have about 200 programmers. Respectively, in order that we could sell successfully, we should have one thousand two people, turning on both marketing specialists, and sellers. These are people with other mentality, with other morality. Very not easy to do all this, and we are not engaged in it. We develop technologies and we implement them in other organizations", – Ivannikov notes.
Cooperation with Samsung
The largest contracts at ISP RAS are signed with Samsung company. In particular, the foreign partner pays institute about $500 thousand a year for development of the system of Svace - the instrument of detection of vulnerabilities and critical errors in software products which the company uses, for example, in the smartphones and mobile computers.
As explained CNews in 2016, development of this software the institute began more than 10 with Nortel company back. Afterwards the project received grants from the Ministry of Education and Science and from the Russian Federal Property Fund. About two years cooperate with Samsung on this ISP RAS project, the director of institute says.
By request of the same company the institute is engaged in optimization of compilers for ARM processors. According to Ivannikov, all at the moment at ISP RAS several contracts with a total amount about $1.5-2 million are signed with Samsung.
Problems of intellectual property in works on contracts are particularly acute very much, Victor Ivannikov notes: these questions make a reservation every time before signing of the contract.
"If we start software development from scratch for the company which delivers proprietary software products, then all intellectual property rights belong to this company. At best in the contract it can be written that we can use it software for the educational or scientific purposes too, - the academician says. - If development of any software began before signing of the contract with the company, the exclusive rights belong to institute, and to the customer the non-exclusive right to use of a product is in most cases assigned". According to the last scheme, for example, the rights to Svace between ISP RAS and Samsung are distributed.
One of projects on which ISP RAS worked by request of Samsung earlier are technologies of energy saving for accumulators. In particular, the institute developed the compiler allowing to create software capable if necessary to call the commands of the processor changing its clock rate and, thus to control power consumption. According to Ivannikov, perhaps, works on this direction will be resumed.
IoT Samsung Academy in MIPT
The Samsung Electronics company with assistance of Institute of system programming of RAS started in October, 2017 based on Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology the IoT Samsung Academy project within which students of university will be able to gain practical knowledge of Internet of Things and to develop own projects using "smart" devices. The tripartite agreement about project implementation is signed on October 10.
Cooperation with Nokia
For March, 2011 at institute the contract with Nokia – on development of binders of big programs for mobile phones is signed. But the amount of this contract is slightly less, than with Samsung on development of Svace.
Development of the open source software
In addition to contracts with business companies, ISP RAS takes active part in open projects, the truth these projects are not always successful.
One of the software solutions developed by ISP RAS from scratch is the free DBMS for storage and management of XML-data Sedna extended under the license Apache License 2.0. The product, according to specialists, turned out very qualitative, but, according to Ivannikov, this DBMS use, generally only the academic and small commercial organizations.
Besides, the institute cooperates with Linux Foundation (the consortium including more than 70 IT suppliers). A few years ago ISP RAS together with Linux Foundation released the program of testing of different software for compliance of Linux Standard Base - to the fundamental modern standard defining requirements of compatibility with Linux systems. It was supposed that test will be passed by developers of the Linux distribution kits and the proprietary software, and the certificate received as a result should guarantee that this or that proprietary program is compatible to the free OS which also underwent certification. But it was not succeeded to warm great interest to certification, at least, from proprietary developers yet.
Staff of Institute participated in a number of large projects of the USSR such as:
- the software for the well-known machine BESM-6, including the D-68 (1968) operating system and real-time system ND-70 (1971);
- architecture and the software of the distributed heterogeneous AS-6 (1979) system which was operated within more than 10 years in Mission control centers;
- architecture, software and automation system of design of a computer of the Bice Electronics CC supercomputer (1987).
2017: ISP RAS in Latin America
ISP RAS signed in April, 2017 the agreement on scientific cooperation with the Republican university of Uruguay (Universidad de la República,  The agreement purpose - assistance to development and distribution of cultural ties, scientific and technology researches and the higher education. Making the decision to develop cooperation, the institute and the university were guided by the agreement between RAS and UDELAR signed in the same time.ISP RAS and the university already have an experience of scientific exchange and joint participation in actions in the field of high technologies. The director of ISP RAS, the corresponding member of RAS Arutyun Avetisyan commented:
'UDELAR, one of considerable universities of Latin America with good competences of such areas as Big Data and distributed systems, can help Institute to increase scientific communications with the region, is essential to increase our presence in the countries of Latin America. We speak not only about basic researches, but also about implementations of ISP RAS technologies in the industry'.
- ↑ the academician Victor Ivannikov Programmistov of RAS "feed" with Samsung and Nokia
- ↑ UDELAR)UDELAR - one of the largest education and research centers of Latin America, the independent state university. 120,000 students of the university make 3.6% of all population of the Republic Uruguay (it is the highest rate in Latin America).