Mikron of Mikron
Central Federal District of the Russian Federation
Zelenograd, 1st Western Drive, 12, building 1
Hasyanova Gulnara Shamilyevna
Krasnikov Gennady Yakovlevich
RTI - 70.189%
Rusnano - 20.42%
Federal Agency for State Property Management (Rosimushchestvo) - 6.55%
For October, 2016 other actions at individuals. Until the end of 2017 the share of Rusnano should pass to AFK "Sistema".
"the scientific research institute of molecular electronics and the Mikron plant", is founded in March, 1964. The enterprise initially developed high-speed integrated circuits and was completely focused on defense industry. Today this largest microelectronic enterprise in the CIS and Eastern Europe.
As of 2013 the enterprise performs deliveries to 400 customers in Russia and 100 abroad, Mikron has powerful scientific and engineering school, develops own R&D the center in which about 400 people work. The enterprise on a permanent basis cooperates with more than 60 scientific organizations. The cost of Research and Development is about 15% of revenue of the enterprise. 1700 employees are employed in the company.
- Sergey Fedotovich Boev is a chairman of the board of directors.
JSC NIIME i Mikron is one of the developers and producers of integrated circuits, largest in Russia. At the enterprise the complete chain of production of intelligent cards is created: from development of the chip, before production of the contactless RFID cards and release the chip modules used for production of contact smart cards.
- integrated microcircuits for SIM cards,
- integrated microcircuits for RFID,
- a system on the chip for the biopassport,
- standard logic,
- memory (RAM, ROM),
- operational amplifiers,
- The DC-DC converters,
- power conditioners,
- linear chips.
Possibilities of Micron allow to develop crystals for transport applications according to requirements of the customer under the specific project of the client.
2018: Revenue — 10.055 billion rubles (+ 3.5%)
The Mikron group, producer and the exporter of microelectronics, announced on July 24, 2019 operational and financial results of 2018. Based on reporting period the group showed growth on all key indicators. Revenue of Mikron Group for 2018 made 10.055 billion rubles that is 3.5% higher than an indicator of 2017. The net profit of group in 2018 was 584 million rubles. The RFID projects and also export sales and solutions for the new markets, including Internet of Things became main growth drivers.
During 2018 the Svetlana Semiconductors plant specializing in production of chips of industrial application was a part of production assets of group. Based on the MSP subsidiary company the joint venture with Moscow Metro for development of transport projects was organized. More than 50 new clients and partners and also distributors, integrators and partners in development and production joined an ecosystem of Micron.
More than 60 products and modifications, including 39 types of RFID tags, inleev and labels and also power management chips, industrial chips and RFID chips for requirements of digital economy are mastered in production. In general the projects implemented by the company provided growth of revenue in a segment of RFID for 126%.
In 2018 Micron produces more than 13 million the chip modules for finance and identification documents that twice (for 97%) above an indicator of 2017.
Expansion of production and optimization of technology processes allowed to record growth of release of plates of Ø200 of mm by 38%. According to forecasts of SEMI, production of integrated circuits on plates of Ø200 of mm will increase in 2019-2022 by 14% that is caused by increase in demand for mm Ø200 products against the background of high load of these lines worldwide.
Due to optimization of organizational structure, business process automation and reduction of management expenses labor productivity on group grew by 4% that is an important performance indicator of production.
Results of year demonstrate development of production, technology examination and market competences of Micron as production base for consolidation of the industry and implementation of large-scale projects for the benefit of digital economy of Russia, concluded in the companies.
Cooperation about Kamin-Plus in the field of development of software products based on RFID
On April 15, 2019 PJSC Mikron, producer and the exporter of microelectronics in Russia reported that they together with NPF Kamin-Plus, one of the Russian IT companies, signed the cooperation agreement on development of joint RFID projects. The companies will create and advance software solutions and multifunction RFID-applications for security systems and analytics.
| ||The company is engaged in development of applied software products and information systems. Cooperation with Micron opens access to the innovation and demanded in the market, to RFID technologies.|
Vyacheslav Cherkasov, CEO of NPF Kamin Plus
| ||RFID - one of basic technologies of digitalization of economy which range of application covers more and more industries. Our joint task with Kamin Plus - creation of smart and flexible infrastructure RFID solutions for business application which will effectively work at any enterprise.|
Gulnara Hasyanova, CEO of PJSC Mikron
Partnership includes development and an output to the market of software products based on RFID technologies for automation of accounting of data and ensuring their security on production and in logistics for different industries.
The agreement was signed general by directors of PJSC Mikron Gulnara Hasyanova and the CEO of NPF Kamin Plus Vyacheslav Cherkasov.
Mikron has own RFID laboratory on development and measurement of radio-frequency identification products in all operating frequency ranges, at the enterprise the full stroke of production of RFID of products is organized that allows to consider individual requirements of each customer.
Among successfully implemented RFID solutions of Micron: the Tracelabel blockchain platform for tracking of a goods lifecycle and supply chain management, the software solution for accounting and inventory of objects of RFIDIT and also the solution for protection of a brand and control of a counterfeit, automation of technical processes, warehouse and trade logistics, automation of the agricultural enterprises, financial, educational and medical institutions, and also for control and access control to different objects and units of storage.
The beginning of export deliveries of chips for automobile electronics to Asia
On January 23, 2019 there was information that the domestic manufacturer of microchips of Mikron begins export deliveries of the products for needs of producers automobile electronic engineers of century Asia. The first samples were already sent to customers in China and on Taiwan. One more target market of this region in Micron for themselves consider India, however owing to local mentality negotiations in this country proceed slowly.
Car electronics is meant as any systems of the automatic help to the driver — video recorders, parctronics, window regulators, signallings and so forth. In Micron in this sphere at the end of 2018 the line of the chips managing LED devices of lighting of cars was released. In production plans of the enterprise — both standard mass controllers, and adapted for requirements of specific car makers.
| ||We enter this market, fidbek still positive — the director of strategic development of Micron Karina Abagyan said. — We do not expect huge sales volumes in 2019 — units of millions of dollars. Customers at first should deliver our chips in the schemes and test.|| |
According to representatives of the company, an opportunity for export of the chips intended for the systems of car electronics opened before Micron after passing of audit by it on compliance its design and production processes to the thematic international standard IATF 16949:2016.
The interest in the market of car electronics in Micron is explained, first of all, with the fact that it, as of January, 2019, the most dynamic segment of microelectronics in the world with an average growth indicators at the level of 13.4% a year. At the same time, according to Karina Abagyan, this industry does not require "magnificent" technology regulations of production of chips — in 14 or 7 nanometers.
Passing of audit on compliance of SMK to the IATF 16949:2016 standard
On January 23, 2019 Mikron reported that successfully there took place audit on compliance of the quality management system (QMS) to requirements of the international standard IATF 16949:2016 in the "Design and Production of Integrated Microcircuits in the form of Crystals on Plates" area for automotive industry.
| ||Mikron made strategic decision on promotion in an automotive industry segment, including export. It is an initial step on the certification operating at the SMK enterprise which testifies to its compliance to requirements of international market of car electronics and allows to work with foreign producers of automotive vehicles.|
Gulnara Hasyanova, eneralny director of Mikron
The letter on compliance is received according to the results of audit of the international independent organization United Registrar of Systems Ltd. (URS Certification, Great Britain) which Mikron successfully passed at the end of 2018. In a year at positive results of repeated audit it is going to receive the certificate of conformity which will allow to take an important step in development of a quality management system for work in the markets. For automotive industry enter road-map of products of Mikron both standard mass controllers, and adapted for requirements of specific car makers. The first batch of a line of the chips managing LED devices of lighting of cars is made in 2018.
The microelectronics for automotive industry is the most fast-growing segment of the world market, since 2016 rates of its growth average 13.4% a year.
Mikron rolled down in multi-billion losses, record for 10 years
As detected CNews, the top domestic manufacturer of microchips — the Zelenograd enterprise "Mikron" — shows huge negative indicators continuously for nine years. During this time its net loss made 15.2 billion rubles. It follows from comparison of the new annual report of the organization for 2018 with similar documents of previous years.
In 2018 Mikron showed record (at least for the last decade) net loss in the amount of 4.41 billion rubles. For comparison, in 2017 this indicator was at the level of 1.62 billion rubles, in 2016 — 1.69 billion rubles. Last time Micron had a positive net profit in 2009 when it was 262 million rubles.
Besides, in 2018 for the first time in seven years negative was also a gross profit of the organization — its size was-453 million rubles.
Let's remind, the gross profit is meant as revenue (turnover) less cost value of the sold products or service taking into account depreciation. As for net profit, it is defined by the difference between a gross profit and operating expenses of the company which can include rent costs of premises, salary, transport and so forth and also at a deduction of the amount of taxes, a penalty fee, penalties and percent on the credits.
Revenue of Micron in 2018 in comparison with previous year grew by 909 million rubles — up to 7.6 billion rubles against 6.69 billion rubles the previous year.
Subsidies for chips for the World cards
As detected CNews in April, 2019, the Zelenograd plant "Mikron" during 2018 received from Minpromtorg 208.3 million rubles as compensation of costs for release of chips for the National Payment Card System (NPCS) World — under the agreement of October 25, 2017. Money was directed to the specified purposes in quality of a subsidy (not to confuse with standard contracting according to the results of state procurements).
This subsidizing is regulated by the rules approved by order of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1450 of December 23, 2016. The document meant "compensation of losses in the income" which arose at the companies because of release of chips in 2016-2019". As told CNews in Micron, the company in 2017 made and delivered more than 2 million the chip modules for the World cards. However, apparently from documents, the first money arrived into its accounts only in 2018.
For that year the company produced more than 3 million chips. "In 2019 further increase in supply rates is planned" — interlocutors of CNews noted, but did not begin to predict the volume of compensation money.
Practical training by 52 students of a bachelor degree and magistracy
On January 30, 2019 Mikron reported that in 2018 on it production and an externship there passed 52 students of a bachelor degree and a magistracy of higher educational and average special educational institutions of Moscow. Probationers from MIETA, the Ivanovo state chemical and technology university and the Zelenograd college received practical skills from experienced specialists of the enterprise and also studied production processes of microelectronic production and specifics of the market.
In total since 2000 student's practicians and training at the enterprise passed more than 400 people. Within professional orientation of school students of high school and students and training of specialists in the field of high high technologies, Mikron actively interacts with the city administration and the leading educational institutions, including profile universities of the country, and annually participates in Open Days and excursions on objects of the plant for involvement of the young personnel.
Passing of audit of SENM in ISO 50001:2011
The Mikron company, the Russian producer and the exporter of microelectronics, announced on July 18, 2018 passing of the observation audit of a system of power management (SENM) on compliance to requirements of the international standard ISO 50001:2011.
| ||System aspects of power management are integrated into all key production and auxiliary processes of Micron, indicators of energy efficiency are a part of the KPI complex of processes. It motivates personnel on work optimization, and owners of processes obliges to manage activity, including taking into account the principles of power policy of the company — Denis Sergienko, the director of quality management and development of business processes of Micron told.|| |
Based on supervising audit the company received the positive decision about maintenance and improvement of a system of power management. The certificate of "Bureau Veritas Certification Russia" company confirms commitment of the enterprise to the world principles of activity in the field of energy saving and is an indicator of the international competitiveness and production efficiency, concluded in Micron.
The agreement of intent with SCGC on creation of the joint venture
On June 29, 2018 to Shanghai (People's Republic of China) Mikron and Shanghai Chinlendzh Gas companies signed the agreement of intent on the organization of joint venture for production, delivery and storage of technical gases and gas mixes in Russia. Read more here.
Creation of the joint venture together with Moscow Metro
On July 4, 2018 it became known that Moscow Metro and Mikron company created joint venture based on Mikron of the Security Guard Printing LLC — competence center on transport projects of Mikron Group. The relevant agreement was signed in May, 2018 after approval by corporate bodies of the parties and approval of the transaction by Federal Antimonopoly Service. Read more here.
Growth of revenue by 13%
The Mikron group, producer and the exporter of microelectronics, announced on July 2, 2018 operational and financial results of 2017. Based on reporting period the group recorded growth on all key indicators.
Revenue of Mikron Group for 2017 made 9.7 billion rubles that for 13% exceeds an indicator of last year and for 10% — growth rate of the market. Growth of a gross profit was 11%, at positive dynamics of net loss of 88% in comparison with 2016. According to the CEO of the company Gulnara Hasyanova, 54% of export of microelectronic products from Russia are the share of Mikron.
Labor productivity grew by 8% due to optimization of organizational structure, business process automation and reduction of management expenses. One of key tasks of the company in connection with the growing demand for domestic EKB was upgrade and expansion of production. According to the company, in 2017 was it is tenfold performance on sealing section the chip modules is increased that allowed to optimize the diagram of production.
Within a year quick start of new solutions on the current products was organized that led to growth of revenue from RFID solutions for 42%. For 2017 at "RFID factory" of Micron more than 150 solutions for 20 industries were worked out and the funnel of sales is created from 354 projects. The period of development of the RFID solution, including with own software, was reduced at the same time to 3 months, including production of tags, specified in the company.
In 2017 reorganization of subsidiary companies as a result of which own integrator of RFID solutions and the Center of transport competences which specializes in transport projects both for acting, and for new intelligent transport systems are formed was carried out.
One of the main tasks of 2018 is study of similar business models for Internet of Things. Products of Micron are already applied in this segment, including in smart counters of the electric power.
Recertification of a quality management system in ISO 9001:2015
Mikron underwent recertification of the quality management system (QMS) according to the international standard ISO 9001:2015. Audit is booked by the international independent organization Bureau Veritas Certification.
"Audit was booked taking into account significant changes in the main structural and functional divisions of the enterprise. Mikron showed productive implementation, maintenance and improvement of SMK. Compliance to international quality standards confirms the high level of the microelectronic components made at the plant", - Vitaly Panasyuk, the chief controller of PJSC Mikron reported.
Accession to Association of Internet of Things
Mikron at the beginning of January, 2018 announced the accession to the Association of Internet of Things (AIT) for collaboration in standardization of technologies and development of initiatives of their implementation.
According to the CEO of Micron Gulnara Hasyanova, the market of Internet of Things is in a formation stage, this chance needs to be used already at a standardization stage. According to her, the Russian standard for Internet of Things should include use of domestic EKB for identification of devices in public communication networks. It will provide the necessary security level at remote control with the connected objects and will help to minimize the risks inevitable at digitalization of society.
| ||Participation of Micron in Association of Internet of Things has basic value for study of the uniform development strategy and regulation of the market as the most part of innovations and functionality in Internet of Things is put at the level of chips — Andrey Kolesnikov, the director of Association of Internet of Things reported. — According to forecasts, investments into the solutions for the Internet of things will grow on average for 22% annually.|| |
The implementing solutions IoT requires a large number of new devices for which the broad spectrum of various chips is necessary, many of them can technology be manufactured in Russia. It can become one of drivers of national economy and gain of its positions in the world market, on condition of the corresponding state regulation and participation of key players in standardization processes, consider in Micron.
As noted, technological capabilities of Micron completely conform to requirements to the equipment creating the bottom level of "pyramid" of Internet of Things — sensors, analog-to-digital converters, microcontrollers, communication interfaces, processors of digital signal processing. Micron already has products and solutions ready to use in the systems of Internet of Things which are developed by AIV. Application of chips of the first level guarantees absence in them not declared opportunities and safety of data processing.
Cooperation with Asset on development of solutions of cryptoprotection
The Russian producer and the developer of software and hardware tools of information security Asset and the Russian producer of microelectronics Mikron in December, 2017 signed the agreement on cooperation on development of means of a kriptograficheskoyzashchita of information (CIPF).
The agreement provides interaction of the parties in the field of creation and promotion of the solution with hardware implementation of algorithms of GOST based on domestic microcontrollers. The companies agreed to develop products in different a form factors, such as USB and smart card, to enable their further certification and the realization.
It is expected that that the joint solution will promote increase in security of the state information systems to which high requirements for the level of security and use of "iron" of the Russian origin are imposed.
| ||Domestic chips of the first level — one of crucial elements of security of a digital medium as guarantee lack of not declared opportunities at identification. We are sure that our experience in area of chips for means of cryptography will allow to create solutions of the high level in the shortest possible time. Data of a CIPF can become further a part of the sensor fusion systems using information at the same time from several sources — Gulnara Hasyanova, the CEO of Micron said.|| |
| ||Mikron — the plant, only in the domestic market, which has a full stroke of production of smart and card chips with support of the Russian algorithms of GOST. For us this very important cooperation because it completely keeps within the modern strategy of import substitution assuming complete transition to purely Russian IT solutions — Konstantin Chernikov, the CEO emphasized Asset. — It is pleasant that together we can propose to information security market such solutions based on the qualitative and checked technologies.|| |
Microelectronics for IoT and a 5G
| ||In the conditions of digital economy the structure of the market of microelectronics around the world changes. In the last decade the main demand growth was created by segments of the PC and smartphones which required the same chips. Internet of Things requires a big variety of dedicated functional chips with low power consumption, an essential part of which can be developed under technology processes of our factories and to become the global driver for the Russian production, on condition of the corresponding state regulation — Gulnara Hasyanova, the CEO of PJSC Mikron noted. — It is necessary to build production chains within the country, otherwise Russia will remain the donor of the qualified engineers and finance for the foreign vendors delivering here ready-made solutions.|| |
According to forecasts, penetration of devices 5G will make up to 50% of a total quantity of IoT devices. At the same time more than a half of products of microelectronics for Internet of Things are chips with regulations to 90 nanometers which can be produced including domestic enterprises. It is an important factor of technology independence, including ensuring safe data storage, consider in the company.
This direction is strategic for Micron. Production and research enterprise capacities allow not only to make a broad spectrum of products EKB for Internet of Things and communication networks of the next generations, but also to act as the technology platform for the Russian engineers, universities and scientific research institute who are engaged in developments in the field of IoT.
Besides, development of EKB — one of the key directions of the "Digital Economy of the Russian Federation" program where main objectives, tasks and the directions of development in Russia of digital economy are defined: normative regulation, personnel and education, formation of research competences, information infrastructure and information security.
Creation of competence center on transport projects
On October 5, 2017 Mikron announced formation of competence center in the field of transport projects based on the subsidiary company "Mikron of the Security Guard Printing" (MSGP).
According to Gulnara Hasyanova, the transport systems — an important part of infrastructure of the smart city, depends on its work quality of life of citizens. Micron, in turn, has a successful experience of industry transport solutions as result more than 10 years of work with the enterprises of the Moscow transport hub and different regions. Thus, a task of newly created competence center — to replicate successful experience on transport companies in the million-plus cities of Russia and other countries both in the form of ready-made solutions, and with a possibility of localization of systems under needs of the customer.
Chips of Micron for transport cards (MIK1KMCM, K5016VG4N4 (MIK1312ED) and K5016HS1N4 (MIK640D/MIK64PTAS) have the status of domestic production of the first level (you watch Mikron Integrated microcircuits of MIK).
Passengers of the Moscow subway, city land transport, suburban electric trains (TsPPK) and Aeroexpress use products of Micron. Also Mikron delivered tickets in the transport systems of the different cities and regions of Russia: St. Petersburg, Kazan, Tula, Krasnodar, Kirov, Orenburg, Novosibirsk, Yakutsk and others. Inle based on chips of Micron are exported to the countries of the FSU and beyond.
Mikron planned export deliveries of chips
On June 15, 2017 the Mikron enterprise announced development of the direction of RFID technologies in 2016.
The company is going to export own RFID chips to Venezuela and Vietnam. Until the end of 2017, according to the statement of the press service, deliveries of 4 million microchips for electronic policies of compulsory health insurance are planned and 5 million schemes for the National Payment Card System World.
| ||Production of a microelectronic stuffing for smart cards is one of the advanced directions of development of the enterprise. So, chips for policies of compulsory health insurance became our demanded product – we started deliveries since April. Until the end of the year we are going to deliver 4 million chips in this direction. We are sure that we will be able to provide this order fully. Production of chips happens at our enterprise. Besides, we continue to develop the direction of production of chips for bank cards World. During 2017 we are going to supply 5 million pieces of this product to domestic market.|
Sergey Ranchin, Deputy CEO of PJSC Mikron
The direction of RFID technologies provided a gain of clients of Micron in 2016. Microchips of the Zelenograd enterprise mark fur products within the project of the Eurasian Economic Union.
Monthly Zelenograd enterprise supplies to the Chinese market more than 50 million microchips in the different directions: control circuits power supply and RFID technologies. Mikron is going to export own RFID chips to Egypt, Venezuela and Vietnam.
Rusnano should sell to AFK "Sistema" a share in Micron until the end of 2017
On October 31, 2016 it became known of an exit of Rusnano company from the project of Mikron (earlier — "NIIME and Mikron") and sells a share in the chipmaker of AFK "Sistema" of Vladimir Yevtushenkov. The transaction should be closed until the end of 2017, will receive 8.1 billion rubles for 20.42% of Rusnano company, and System will bring the share in Micron to 90.6%. Investment was not the most profitable, experts recognize, but it is more profitable than other projects of Rusnano in microelectronics. "System", according to experts and market participants will look for in the project of the new state partner.
"Between System and Rusnano the agreement on the complete redemption of our share after accomplishment of a number of conditions is reached" — confirmed in Rusnano. Under the terms of the put option of 2014 transaction amount will be 8.1 billion rubles for 20.42% of stocks. Sources of Kommersant claim that the parties agreed about restructuring: 4.8 billion rubles of Rusnano will receive until the end of the year, and 3.3 billion rubles — no later than the end of 2017.
"Investment into Mikron allowed us to carry out two tasks at once: provide commercial effectiveness of investments and accelerate development of the Russian microelectronics. Rusnano acted here and as the successful investor, and as institute of development. Partnership with AFK was comfortable therefore we expect further joint projects" — the managing director for communications of UK "Rusnano" Alexey Firsov says.
At the time of the declaration of the transaction the RTI holding controls 70.189% of shares of Micron, Rusnano possesses 20.42%, Rosimushchestvo has another 6.55%, the rest at individuals.
"In the financial plan the transaction brought Rusnano a little. Considering the amount of investments and the redemption of a share, average annual yield made about 3% that is not comparable to the rate of inflation these years — the analyst of Uralsib Capital Konstantin Belov estimates. — in 2014, at the conclusion of the option, Rusnano understood that you should not expect considerable profit, and therefore agreed with the redemption price".
At the end of 2015 revenue of Micron grew by 23% up to 9.22 billion rubles, and net loss made 200 million rubles against 1.6 billion rubles in previous year.
"System will have no problems with financing of this transaction. MTS (AFK is controlled. — Kommersant) and other assets generate profit, besides the corporation has opportunities for attraction of financing" — mister Belov says.
But he considers that System will look for for certain the new investor for Micron among state structures.
"Considering that Mikron unprofitable to receive from the transaction with it though some profit — already a prize for Rusnano. And Rusnano received from Micron also percent on the credits so 8.1 billion rubles are not all money gained from the project. Other assets of Rusnano in the field of microelectronics, for example, "A crocus a nanoelectronics", cannot brag also of such profitability" — one of top managers in the market of microelectronics says.
He agrees that to Micron will begin to look for the new investor among state structures. The Board of Directors of Micron approved carrying out the next additional issue. The interlocutor of Kommersant close to System claims that both government institutions, and can participate in redemption of stocks.
The company falls under sanctions of the USA
On September 7, 2016 it became known of inclusion of NIIME and the Mikron plant in the sanctions list of the agency of the industry and security of the USA (BIS).
Assets of NIIME and the Mikron plant, awaking like those will be detected in the USA, are subject to "freezing". Export of technologies for the company is limited.
The beginning of deliveries of the IC for the Glonass-K satellites
On July 15, 2016 the press service of JSC NIIME i Mikron announced the beginning of deliveries of radiation resistant integrated microcircuits of space application to navigation satellites of third generation "Glonass-K", within execution of the import substitution program.
Chips of development and production of Micron will replace foreign analogs in the blocks performing functions of information processing and ensuring communication. Samples of the Russian EKB underwent testing of working capacity as a part of the equipment of the satellite and are recommended for application. The first starts of the Glonass-K satellites with element base of Micron are planned for the end of 2017 — the beginning of 2018.
Mikron began development of element base for satellites of the Glonass-K project within the state program of import substitution after introduction in 2014 of sanctions for delivery of a number of elements of electronic component base.
Renaming into PJSC Mikron (Mikron)
For the purpose of reduction of constituent documents according to Chapter 4 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation (edition of 9/1/2015) JSC NIIME i Mikron since July 12, 2016 changed legal form and the name of society.
- Full trade name of society in Russian: Mikron public joint stock company.
- The reduced brand name in Russian: PJSC Mikron.
- Full trade name of Society in English: Public Joint Stock Company "Mikron".
- The reduced brand name in English: "Mikron" PJSC.
The prime vendor of tickets for transport of Moscow
Having won the tender for delivery of contactless tickets to SUE Mosgortrans Mikron became the prime vendor of tickets for all transport network of Moscow (land and underground transport, suburban electric trains).
Development of the bank chip for the World cards
Status of the resident of the Zelenograd SEZ
In September, 2015 JSC NIIME i Mikron and JSC NIIME became residents of the Zelenograd Special economic zone.
Having completed development of 65-nanometer process in 2015, Mikron is going to start serial production of chips with topology of 65 nanometers in the first half of 2016.
The president V. Putin awards staff of the company
In June, 2015 the Russian President V.V. Putin handed to the CEO of JSC NIIME i Mikron, the academician of RAS G.Ya. Krasnikov the State award of the Russian Federation in the field of science and technologies for 2014. The decree of the Russian President ten employees of the enterprise for merits for development and creation of the special equipment, strengthening of defense capability of the country and long-term fair work were awarded with a medal of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" of the II degree and the Order of Friendship. Seven employees of the company became winners of an award of the Government of the Russian Federation in science and technology.
"NIIME and Mikron" and ISBC become technology partners
The ISBC group and JSC NIIME i Mikron entering into industry holding JSC RTI (AFK "Sistema") signed in the spring of 2015 the agreement on strategic technology partnership in the field of creation and implementation of joint developments based on the Russian MIK51SC72D microcontroller.
According to the signed agreement, ISBC acquires the exclusive right to use of the microcontroller as means of access isolation, calculation and storage of the electronic signature, means of authentication (including biometric) in a smart card form factor, or an USB token.
In the MIK51SC72D chip manufactured on Micron on topology of 180 nanometers at the hardware level cryptographic algorithms of verification of the electronic signature GOST R34.10-2001, R34.10-2012 are implemented. It supports biometric authentication on a fingerprint, has the built-in Java machine and a possibility of use of a smart card as payment, and as the e-wallet (it is certified according to the EMV standard).
The MIK51SC72D microcontroller is the first chip for generation, check and storage of the electronic signature which development and production were performed by the Russian company in the territory of Russia that as claim in ISBC, guarantees absence on the chip of any intentionally implemented harmful "tabs". Earlier hardware implementation of cryptographic algorithms was applied only in chips of foreign production.
Yevtushenkov asked Putin to support the Mikron plant
The major shareholder of AFK "Sistema" Vladimir Yevtushenkov in March, 2015 in the letter to Putin asked to finance Sistemy subsidiary company — the Mikron plant, the Vedomosti newspaper with reference to sources,, close to shareholders of the plant and Minpromtorg, reported in September, 2015.
It is noted that it is about a five-year public purpose-oriented loan in 25 billion rubles. Money will go for construction of factory of chips on topology of 28 nanometers.
Yevtushenkov really asked from the president to provide to Micron 25 billion in the form of the state credit, the resolution was lowered to promote the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Industry, the high-ranking official confirms. The credit was supposed to take 9.75% at the rate.
Yevtushenkov reported to the edition that he does not remember whether there was such letter. The representative of AFK Sergey Kopytov reported to the edition that the company prepares for production of processors of 45-28 nanometers and looks for an optimal variant of structuring and financing of the project.
The first Russian two-nuclear Elbrus-2CM processors
At the end of 2014 released JSC NIIME i Mikron the first domestic dual core Elbrus-2CM microprocessors developed by MCST Ltd on technology of 90 nanometers.
Additional share issue increases a share to 25.1% by 12 billion rubles of Rusnano
In July, 2014 JSC NIIME i Mikron completed the additional issue of securities begun on December 20, 2013, having placed 17,765,906 shares worth 730 rub for the total amount of 12.97 billion rubles. After the end of placement the blocking share in "NIIME and Mikron" (25.101%) was received by Rusnano company, follows from the certificate of share capital structure for June 26, 2014 whereas for December 20, 2013 it had only one stock of Micron (later the share of Rusnano was indistinct to 20.42% during an additional issue). The share of the major shareholder of Micron, "RTI Microelectronics" (100% "subsidiary" of the RTI holding controlled by System), in comparison with December, 2013 decreased from 76.8 to 62.6% of stocks, and a direct share of the state — from 14.15 to 8.05%.
Increase in a share of Rusnano happened thanks to converting in in addition emitted stocks of Micron of 37.67% of stocks owned by state company Sitronics-nano. This enterprise participated in the joint project with Micron on production of chips with topology of 90 nanometers.
As a result of Mikron there was the only owner Sitronics-nano, and Rusnano — the shareholder of Micron.
"The production line on production of integrated microcircuits of 90 nanometers is open in February, 2012, and at the end of 2014 Mikron released the first domestic dual core Elbrus-2CM microprocessors on technology of 90 nanometers" — specify in System.
In May, 2013 Rusnano sold to Micron 12.5% Sitronics-nano for 2 billion rubles, and in exchange for the remained packet was going to acquire 30% of shares of Micron — the corresponding petition of state company was considered in 2013 by Federal Antimonopoly Service. However, the representative of Micron warned that by the time of closing of the transaction assessment of Sitronics-nano company and packet size can change.
Rusnano had no purpose to receive minimum blocking stake — the share of 25.101% turned out proceeding from assessment of Sitronics-nano company, the representative of Rusnano Denis Belozerov assures. The general investments into Sitronics-nano made 16.57 billion rubles from which for production of 90-nanometer chips of Rusnano invested 8.25 billion rubles in creation of the line, Belozerov explains. He says that now Mikron as the partner could increase the production capacities.
The representative of Micron Alexey Dianov sees the main effect from the transaction in simplification of project management and acceleration of decision making. That infrastructure of the enterprise belonged to Micron, and a part of the equipment of the line of 90 nanometers — Rusnano, service maintenance and even access to the equipment for correction of technology processes required approval in both companies that took from several days to one month, he explains. Now, when all equipment completely passes under control of Micron, no approval will be required and all issues will be resolved in several hours, Dianov hopes.
The Mikron group consolidates production assets for the sake of creation of effective business structure which will be required for carrying out public placement of securities of the company in the future, the CEO of Micron academician of RAS Gennady Krasnikov says.
For July, 2014 the Board of Directors of Micron consisting of eight people includes only one representative of Rusnano — the senior investment manager Vladimir Konovalov, Dianov tells. Change of structure of Board of Directors of group is expected on September 22, 2014 at shareholder meeting. Perhaps, participation of the new shareholder in activity of the company will also be discussed at a meeting — Rusnano can provide the new orders connected with delivery of domestic element base on Mikron, Dianov hopes. Belozerov adds that Rusnano does not intend to interfere with operational management by Micron and acts as the portfolio investor.
Start of production of chips of 65 nanometers
JSC NIIME i Mikron will start production of chips of 65 nanometers (nanometer) in which about 3 billion rubles are invested in April, 2014. Financing of the project was performed on model of public and private partnership. In a technology part it was invested about 1 billion rubles from which 65% were invested by the state, and 35% - the enterprise. Funds were allocated for development of own technology of creation of chips. About 2 billion rubles were directed to the equipment and infrastructure. A half of this amount was selected within the federal target program "Development of Electronic Component Base", other half JSC NIIME i Mikron enclosed.
Product development on the basis of 65-nanometer technology, according to the company, lasted about two years and came to the end in December, 2013. Researches showed that transistors in new test crystals work 1.5 times quicker, than 90 nanometers technologies executed on technology which is already mastered at the enterprise. The consumed energy at the same time decreases more than twice.
In the III quarter 2014 Mikron is going to come to production volume of 500 plates a month. "We quickly react to market requests. And for us does not make big problems to increase production power", - Krasnikov commented.
There is an arrangement on production at the topology Mikron plant 65 nanometers of products of MCST Ltd developing Elbrus processors, ElVIS-NeoTech Ltd - developer of microprocessors for intelligent surveillance cameras, and Microelectronic Research Institute Progress - the developer and the chipmaker of GLONASS.
Mikron is entered to the plan of privatization
The Government of the Russian Federation approved by spring of 2014 of change in the plan of privatization of federal property for 2014 - 2016. So, according to the document, it is going to privatize 9.8% of stocks (2.433 mln pcs.) scientific research institute of molecular electronics and Mikron plant (Moscow). As note in the government, implementation of privatization of the stocks of joint-stock companies which are in federal property will allow to increase the amount of receipts in the federal budget from privatization, will create conditions for an output of the companies to the market and changes of model of corporate management.
Development of own production technology of schemes of 65 nanometers
In December, 2013 JSC NIIME i Mikron completed development of own technology of creation of integrated circuits for topology of 65 nanometers.
Victory in the tender of Moscow Metro for card issue Three
JSC NIIME i Mikron wins the tender of Moscow Metro for production and delivery of plastic contactless smart cards for payment of Drive Three.
Obtaining certificate of power management of ISO 500001
In the summer of 2013 of JSC NIIME i Mikron underwent certification on compliance of requirements to the system of power management of ISO 50001-2011. Mikron - the first in Russia and the CIS the hi-tech microelectronic company which received this certificate. In the world it is slightly more than 400 organizations now, undergone certification on ISO 50001-2011, including Intel and X-Fab.
Implementation of this standard at the enterprise allowed to optimize costs for electrical, thermal energy and economic water at the expense of a possibility of their use in the recycling mode. Requirements for design and creation of new production capacities and engineering support using the energy saving equipment were developed for achievement of this purpose.
Within certification the new refrigerating compressor station having twice higher total refrigerating capacity at the smaller consumed electric power is created. More modern nitric compressor station is constructed. Air conditioning systems are re-equipped. Modern control facilities over expenses of primary and secondary energy resources are developed and implemented. The electric power fiscal metering system is created and put into operation that allowed to reduce costs of electric power approximately by 1.5-2 MW.
The system of power management – a recognized control system of receiving, management and expenditure of energy. Mikron invested more than 264 million rubles on reduction of the system of the energomenedzhement in compliance with the international standards, and it is expected that these investments will pay off during the near future. "Performance and capacities of our production grow, at the same time we consume "net" electricity, thus, the system of power management purchases a strategic importance both for us, and for our exacting world partners. If all Russian productions had an opportunity to pass to such system of power management, the efficiency of the Russian economy would increase", - the Chairman of the board of directors of JSC NIIME i Mikron G.Ya. Krasnikov noted
Mikron redeems from Rusnano a share in Sitronics-nano
In May, 2013 JSC NIIME i Mikron begins the procedure of consolidation of production assets with the redemption of 12.5% of a share of Rusnano in project company "Sitronics-nano".
On May 29, 2013 12.5% of stocks Sitronics-nano for the total amount of 2 billion rubles were redeemed from Rusnano. As a result the share of "NIIME and Mikron" in JV Sitronics-nano grew to 62.25%.
According to Micron, Rusnano is not going to leave entirely business on production of microchips therefore for the 50% packet can receive partially monetary compensation, and partially – stocks of JSC NIIME i Mikron.
According to the head of Mikron group Gennady Krasnikov, "consolidation of production assets is directed to creation accurately built effective business of structure".
Sitronics-nano is producer of chips in topology 90 nanometers. It possesses the production line in Zelenograd opened in February, 2012 based on JSC Scientific Research Institute of Molecular Electronics and Plant Mikron in Zelenograd. Design capacity of the line of 3 thousand 200 mm of plates a month.
The chips made on this line are held for use in navigation systems GLONASS/GPS, in biometric passports, bank and social cards, SIM- cards, RFID- tags. The enterprise purchased licenses for technologies at ST Microelectronics company.
Shares in JV Sitronics-nano were distributed between Sitronics and Rusnano on 49.75%. Another 0.5% belong to the Zelenograd Ameks Ltd.
At the project cost of 16.5 billion rubles of 12.97 billion were entered to the authorized capital of the company, and a half of the amount was entered the equipment by Sitronics, and the second half was entered money of Rusnano. 3.5 billion more were entered by the credit of Rusnano and Bank of Moscow.
As it was announced at a project startup, its revenue in 2015 should make 12 billion rubles.
Exception of the plan for privatization
Rosimushchestvo excluded the producer of microchips of JSC NIIME i Mikron from the program of privatization of federal property till 2015, ITAR-TASS reported in September, 2013 the source close to shareholders of the company. According to him, in July, 2013 the meeting of Minpromtorg and Rosimushchestvo according to the results of which such decision in connection with plans for acquisition of additional stocks of the enterprise at the expense of the funds allocated for the federal target program "Development of Electronic Component Base and Radio Electronics" was made took place. The chairman of the board of directors of Micron Gennady Krasnikov confirmed to ITAR-TASS information on transfer of privatization till 2015. That the state is going to leave a shareholding structure of Micron, it was reported in February, 2013 - then the corresponding order of the government was issued. It is supposed that by the end of 2013 Rosimushchestvo will increase the share in the enterprise from 12.4% to 14%, tells a source of ITAR-TASS. According to it, the cost of Micron is about 17 billion rubles at revenue in 2012 in 9.86 billion rubles, i.e. the packet of Rosimushchestvo costs about 2.1 billion rubles.
Delivery of chips for international passports of the Russian Federation
Since the beginning of 2013 delivery of chips of production of JSC NIIME i Mikron to international passports of a new sample is begun.
Start of the line of production of chips of 90 nanometers
The line of production of microchips with the topological level of 90 nanometers is started. Start of the new line will allow to increase the production capacity of the plant twice to 36 thousand plates with a diameter of 200 mm a year.
Release schedules of a sim card with the EDS
In 2012 together with FUO "UEK" the domestic chip for "the Universal Electronic Card" is developed.
According to him, much attention is paid to the project on development of a sim card with the EDS. So in 2013 the company expected the first silicon chip which will be the cornerstone of distinctive features of a new product.
"Now all operators are interested in our development and count all business models. When this analytics is ended, it will be possible to tell about exact starts of production more specifically. Because for an opportunity to use complete functionality of a product, it is necessary that operators carried out a certain work with the infrastructure. In particular to provide secure channels at data transmission on rendering state services. I think that we selected a development vector correct", - Gennady Krasnikov told TAdviser. - This vector is directed to providing the accessibility to owners of mobile phones to public services by means of the portable devices".
According to Krasnikov's forecasts, Mikron during the first half of 2013 will hold testings of a new sim card and by the end of the year or to the beginning of 2014 will be able to bring a finished full-fledged product to the market. "Today we produce about 70 million sim cards a year. We predict that in the near future about a third (a little more than 20 million sim cards a year), will be made with the EDS function irrespective of at what stage there will be an upgrade of infrastructure of operators", - it continued. - But as soon as operators will work technology, we are waited by explosive consumption growth".
At the same time Krasnikov noted that for full use of state services by means of the mobile phone, it is necessary to make a sim card with an ID-application. "So far on our developments it is possible to tell that the similar sim card will be increased in sizes that reduces its competitiveness", - it continued. - But it is, so to speak, the next stage which study, requires also time. Now our task - to watch reaction of citizens to implementation of UEC, a sim card with the EDS for the analysis. If everything goes well, then we quickly enough will be able to bring to the market a sim card with the ID-application certified by all authorized bodies".
On a question of possible terms of start of a sim card with an ID-application, Gennady Krasnikov assumed that it can be implemented in 2014-2015. "The matter is that this question depends not only on us: there is a discussion of the new concept of UEC, ID document of the citizen of the Russian Federation. There is a dependence on many factors", - he argues. - But we if necessary can put on the market a sim card with an ID-application within a year".
STMicroelectronics sells the companies of the production technology of 90 nanometers
The devolution agreement on Mikron of the production technology of chips is signed with regulations of 90 nanometers from STMicroelectronics company.
Decision on additional share issue
For 2010 JSC NIIME i Mikron in goes to the structure of JSC Sitronics where is head enterprise of the Microelectronic Solutions business direction. Entered this business direction:
- "Voronezh plant of semiconductors",
- Sitronics Smart Technologies,
- Scientific research institute of Exact Mechanical engineering.
In "Sitronics Microelectronic Solutions" works about 3000 people, from them on Micron - 1600 people of 37% of employees have the higher education.
In September, 2010 it became known that shareholders of the Zelenograd JSC NIIME i Mikron approved an additional share issue (it is going to produce 5.436 million actions in addition to 601 rub which are available 10.858 million actions at the market price for an action) to the company for the total amount of 3.267 billion rubles. They will be distributed between shareholders in proportion to ownership shares if they express desire to acquire the issued shares. However money should be paid for additional actions not to all. The major shareholder — Sitronics can impecuniously make the contribution by offset of a debt of Micron to Sitronics. Other shareholders should lay out cash and if someone from them does not want it to make, then it will remain with former number of actions. In other words, shareholders, not concordants to give money to Micron, will reduce the share in the company.
Additional shares will be placed within a year from the moment of registration of the prospectus of the issue. According to the vice president of Sitronics Irina Lanina until the prospectus of the issue is registered, it is expected that placement will take place by the end of 2010.
According to the current shares in stocks of Micron its shareholders from the total amount of an additional issue of 3.267 billion rubles should pay:
- Sitronics is about 2.5 billion rubles,
- state ― about 300 million rubles,
- other minority shareholders ― about 420 million rubles.
However, according to Lanina, the question of technical offset of a debt of the Mikron plant to JSC Sitronics in exchange for additional actions is considered. It is about the funds raised by Sitronics in 2007 as a result of the IPO and directed to creation in Zelenograd of production of chips with a topological size of 180 nanometers.
The size of a debt is not specified. According to documents of Micron, as of the end of the II quarter 2010 the debt of the enterprise to Sitronics for the granted loans and percent on them made about 8.4 billion rubles So only on partial offset of debts of Micron to Sitronics all amount which the last would have to pay for additional actions will leave. Therefore, the additional issue of Micron for Sitronics will be actually free.
Minority shareholders, because as Lanina reported, representatives of Sitronics and state voted for an additional issue can appear discordant. If all minority shareholders refuse to pay, then after issue of additional stocks of a share in Micron will be distributed so: Sitronics — 80.7%, the state ― 10.3%, minority shareholders ― 9.0%.
Plans of growth of deliveries to China
Mikron trades with China only through own representations in Shenzhen, Hong Kong and Taipei. In 2009 revenue of Micron from export of chips fell in absolute measures, Karina Abagyan, the head of marketing of Micron said. But in 2010 this indicator "will undoubtedly grow", she is sure.
In September, 2010 the Mikron plant began delivery to China of the RFID chips released on 180 nanometers of technology on 200-mm plates. Until the end of 2010 under the signed contracts with the Chinese producers of electronic cards and system integrators the company expects to deliver 10 million chips.
In cooperation with the countries of Southeast Asia for the Russian producer there is nothing new, the basis of its export to the region within 20 years is formed by analog circuits of power management. However Mikron delivers chips for radio-frequency tags for the first time.
According to in Micron, the company is capable to compete with Asian producers on price relation and qualities.
"Effective cost is provided with the design solutions directed to reduction of the area of the chip and a good exit suitable", - Karina Abagyan explained CNews.
Access cards – electronic keys for houses, offices, hotels will become the end products created based on chips of Micron in China. The company expects to advance the products among producers of cards at the expense of the existing customer base and business communications in the region. It is impossible to sell to China own ready-made products at Micron: because of customs and logistic costs local assembly becomes more profitable.
The cost of chips, deliverable at China, in Micron is not disclosed. "Judging by the description, means single-channel electrically - programmable memory of small volume which is around the world made on an old micron, but not submicron technology, and stands up around 6 cents for a crystal", - Alexey Tabolkin, the CEO believes Angstrem.
Tabolkin also assumes that interest of Chinese in the Russian crystals on plates can be attracted by desire to resell radio-frequency tags in foreign markets. "The main producers from the USA and Europe not really want to deliver the plates to China, - he says. - Chinese do RFID tags of crystals and sell them back to Europe and the USA, increasing thereby the competition in the market. It is clear, that it is not pleasant to the European and American producers at all".
The Mikron plant is included into the business direction Sitronics Microelectronics where financial results of the producer of smart cards of Sistroniks Smart Technologii are also consolidated. Revenue of all direction according to IFRS for 2009 made $208.1 million from which 15-20% were the share of export, for sales of RFID products – 35%.
Creation of JV Sitronics-nano with Rusnano
Structures of System and Rusnano became partners for project implementation in production of chips with topology of 90 nanometers in 2009, having created JV Sitronics-nano where received 49.75%. The general investments into the project made 16.5 billion rubles of Rusnano entered 6.5 billion rubles, structures of System — the equipment for the same amount. 3.5 more billion rubles attracted Sitronics-nano in the form of loans, in particular having taken the credit of 1.8 billion rubles under 13% per annum from Rusnano.
Revenue for the 3rd quarter 2008 made about 4 billion rubles. Net profit - 62 million rubles.
Revenue at the end of year $160 million
Revenue at the end of 2007 made $160 million.
Start of capacities for release of 180-nanometer chips
In 2007 Micron had capacities for release of 180-nanometer chips. The cost of the equipment was estimated at 6.5 billion rubles. The share of RFID chips in total sales of Micron, by words Karina Abagyan, the head of marketing of Micron, for October, 2010 exceeds 30%.
Start of production of RFID tickets for the subway and SIM cards
Rosimushchestvo receives 9.88% of the company for $10.5 million.
In November, 2006 the Federal Financial Markets Service registered additional issue of stocks of Micron. Shares were placed on the closed subscription for benefit of Rosimushchestvo — the federal agency performing functions in the field of privatization and the owner's power, including a shareholder right in the field of property management of the Russian Federation. The purchased share block made 9.88%. The cost of the transaction was about $10.5 million.
Production start the chip modules for contact smart cards
In 2006 JSC NIIME i Mikron the chip modules, the contact smart cards used for production started release.
Agreement with STMicroelectronics on technology transfer of integrated circuits of 0.18 microns
The agreement with STMicroelectronics company on transfer "by JSC NIIME i Mikron of the production technology of integrated circuits is signed with the topological level of 0.18 microns on EEPROM technology. Production the chip modules for contact smart cards began to work at Micron. In November JSC NIIME i Mikron got to work with rules of design of chips on EEPROM technology of 0.18 microns for the Russian design centers.
2005: The Smart cards company is founded
In 2005 the new Center of design and workshop for assembly of components is open for liquid crystal monitors.
In 2005 the Smart cards company which entered the business direction Sitronics Microelectronics is founded.
2002: Entry into the structure of Sitronics holding
In 2002 Mikron the first among industrial enterprises of the country entered the stock market.
In 2002 JSC NIIME i Mikron was a part of JSC SITRONICS (transformed from JSC Nauchny Centre Concern) as head enterprise of the Sitronics Microelectronic Solutions business direction (further Sitronics Microelectronics).
2001: The first samples of the micromechanical fiber-optical switch
The order of the Government of the Russian Federation for the achieved success of JSC NIIME i Mikron awards an award of the Government of the Russian Federation in the field of quality.
In 2001 on the First Moscow International salon of innovations and investments of Mikron it is awarded with two gold and two silver medals for development of new process flows.
Construction, manufacturing techniques is developed and the first samples of the micromechanical fiber-optical switch are created.
2000: Creation of VZPP-Mikron
In 1999 the international certificate of Bureau Veritas Quality International company on compliance of a quality management system according to ISO 9000 regulations is received.
In 2000 based on the Voronezh plant of semiconductors VZPP-Mikron Ltd is created.
1997: Entry into the structure of Scientific center concern
In May, 1997 "NIIME and Mikron" was a part of the JSC Nauchny Centre Concern holding which began consolidation of the Russian enterprises of the electronic industry.
1996: The new clean room is built
In 1996 high-speed DACs and ATsP of the scheme of series 572 are developed and mastered. More than 200 types of the integrated circuits which were earlier issued at other enterprises of the country are mastered. The new clean room is built, production of the IC on plates of silicon with a diameter of 150 mm with project regulations of 0.8 microns is begun.
1994: Registration of JSC NIIME and Plant Mikron
January 13, 1994. The Moscow registration chamber registered the enterprise as public joint stock company "scientific research institute of molecular electronics and the Mikron plant.
1991: Gennady Krasnikov is the head of the enterprise
In 1991 Mikron was headed by G.Ya. Krasnikov. Despite recession of economic activity in the country, the enterprise continues to be engaged in developments and develops.
Installation of the clean room of "OZON-1" of class 10 on the basis of domestic component parts is finished.
The prototype of color 100 mm of the LCD display is developed.
The manufacturing techniques BIKMOP IS are developed.
The element base modern BIKMOP IS using the self-combined technology is created (it is protected by 7 patents of the Russian Federation).
During this period Mikron acquired the right of an independent exit to foreign markets.
Serial delivery of crystals of the IC for Samsung company is begun.
In 1980 the plant Micron makes a 100-million chip.
NIIME and the Mikron plant is awarded the order by the decree of Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR of 4/12/1983 the Labour Red Banner for successful task performance on creation and production of the Single system of a computer.
Deliveries of integrated microcircuits for providing the Mars-Venus program are performed. Production of CMOS of memory devices with an arbitrary access is begun. At the enterprise production on the basis of domestic "clean rooms" is created.
The first ICs with programmable logic arrays of series 556 and 1556 are released. The industrial release of a basic matrix crystal of BMK-I-300B (high-speed performance of 0.35 nanoseconds on a valve, 1500 valves on a crystal) as element base of domestic supercomputers is organized. The domestic supercombined technology (CST) of receiving bipolar transistors with a high integration scale and high-speed performance of 0.15 nanoseconds on a valve is developed. The first schemes of the PAL family and television ICs are mastered.
1971: Release of element base for key computers of the USSR
In 1971 all four sections of the Mikron plant over 60 thousand sq.m. are handed over under installation. Chips of series 155 are for the first time certified on the highest category of quality. "Quality label" is appropriated in 1972.
The industrial release of the logic digital ICs of series 100 and 500 developed at the enterprise with high-speed performance of 2 nanoseconds on a valve which provided with element base is organized:
- superbig computer Elbrus-2;
- the machines "Row" intended for the solution of strategic problems of the national economy, world ecology and defense;
- the single system of a computer used in the national economy of the countries Comecon;
- Computer Damask steel (special machines of defense appointment).
In 1978 the generic high-speed microprocessor collection of series 1802 intended for the defense equipment, in particular for the air defense complexes is developed.
1967: Start of the Mikron plant
On February 1, 1967 the order of the minister of electronic industry of the USSR at NIIME organizes the plant on production of integrated circuits of Mikron.
For the first time in the country are developed and created:
- planar technology arsenide - gallium chips;
- plastic IC package and molding composition;
- crystals of the IC of the emitter and connected logic (ECL);
- digital (transistor-transistor logic) and analog ICs of mass application.
By 1970 more than 3.5 million chips are made and delivered to the different industries.
1966: Production of 100 thousand chips
In 1966 in the register of the USSR the first IC on 2 bipolar transistors is registered. The development shop on release of chips is organized.
Production volume in 1966 was 100,000 chips.
1965: Construction of own building of NIIME
On January 25 K.A. Valiyev is appointed the director of NIIME. For the beginning of year in NIIME 183 persons worked. Most of employees was placed in the general hall of the Elion plant. On the areas of the Komponent plant the first line on release of the packageless planar bipolar n-p-n-transistor is organized and started. In the end of the year construction of own building of NIIME of 25 thousand sq.m. is finished.
1964: Foundation of NIIME
According to the Order of the State Committee of the USSR on the electronic equipment of 3/9/1964 No. 50 is organized the Research Institute of Molecular Electronics (RIME).
- Deliveries of RFID of tickets for Moscow Metro since November, 2006.
- Deliveries of transport tickets for land transport of Moscow by request of the Uniform social register since February, 2007.
- Deliveries of forms of transport tickets for the Magnitogorsk transport since 2007.
- ↑ Mikron will sell chips for automotive industry of China for millions of dollars
- ↑ Mikron rolled down in multi-billion losses, record for 10 years
- ↑ to the Power compensated to Micron 200 million spent for release of chips for the World cards
- ↑ of Mikron is going to export own RFID chips to Venezuela and Vietnam
- ↑ 5,0 5,1 [http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3130982 AFK "Sistema" RTI holding
- ↑ [http://www.gazeta.ru/business/news/2015/09/14/n_7589501.shtml Vedomosti
- ↑ : Yevtushenkov asked Putin to support the Mikron plant]
- ↑ 8,0 8,1 [http://www.vedomosti.ru/tech/news/29213051/rosnano-poluchila-blokpaket-mikrona#ixzz38H2JeXIL
- ↑ Mikron will start production of chips of 65 nanometers in 2014
- ↑ of CNews
- ↑ Russia began to sell to China modern chips