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Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology of MIPT

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+ Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT)

The Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) - the National research university is created in 1951 on the basis of physics and technology faculty MSU (1946-1951).

The institute performs training of specialists of the top skills in the different fields of modern science and technology. Nobel Prize laureates P.L. Kapitsa, N.N. Semyonov, L.D. Landau were founders and the staff of institute.

From the basis in MIPT the original system of training of specialists which became widely known as "the system of Physics and Technology faculty" is used.

Academicians P.L. Kapitsa, N.N. Semyonov, S.A. Khristianovich were its founders and employees. Nobel laureates P.L. Kapitsa, N.N. Semyonov, L.D. Landau were the first professors. Among graduates of MIPT there are Nobel laureates Andrey Geym and Konstantin Novoselov, the founder of ABBYY company David Yang, one of architects of the Pentium III processor Vladimir Pentkovsky.

History

2020

DVFU and MIPT develop mathematical algorithms for the solution of transport tasks and work with data

On April 28, 2020 it became known that scientists of Far Eastern Federal University (DVFU) together with colleagues from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) develop mathematical methods of convex optimization for the accelerated solution of the broadest spectrum of problems of economy, science, many applied directions of human activity. Read more here.

Scientists of Skoltech and MIPT opened the rule for prediction of superconducting metal hydrides

On April 16, 2020 it became known that researchers of Skoltech and MIPT and their colleagues opened the rule facilitating search of high-temperature superconductors. Scientists managed to establish connection between element provision in the Periodic table and its capability to formation of high-temperature superconducting hydride. Results of the research supported by the Russian scientific fund are presented in article in the Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science magazine. Read more here.

An exit of a command of MIPT in a semi-final of Alexa Prize Socialbot Grand Challenge 3

The DREAM command came through to the semifinal of international contest for universities of Alexa Prize Socialbot Grand Challenge 3 in the field of colloquial artificial intelligence from Amazon. On March 27, 2020 MIPT reported about it.

DREAM command

The tender purpose — creation of the advanced agents for AmazonAlexa (Socialbots) with which users will be able to communicate on hot topics. All participants received a research grant in the amount of $250.000 and access to other resources of the company.

The DREAM command consists of students and graduate students of Laboratory of the neural systems and deep learning of MIPT: Dilyara Baymurzina, Elena Ermakova, Idris Yusupov, Dmitry Karpov, Tkhe An of Le, Denis Kuznetsov, Daniil Chernyavsky and captain Yury Kuratov.

«
For the end of March, 2020 we were included in the list from six commands with the highest average rating by estimates of users of Amazon Alexa that allowed to pass automatically in the next stage – a semi-final. We consider a competition as an opportunity to work over the advanced researches in the field of AI and to develop something special. And our main objective - to reach the final and to become prize-winners. The competition Alexa Prize is an opportunity for scientists and researchers of laboratory to check the hypotheses on real users, but not on static data sets as it usually happens in academy,
noted Yury Kuratov
»

During the quarterfinal which took place from February 3 to March 17, 2020 all users of the voice assistant to Alexa could interact with bots of participants and estimate them using skill of Alexa Prize Skill. Selection of commands took place by key criteria of dialog: the user's estimates after the conversation with a bot and to the average time of conducting dialog. In total six commands came through to the semifinal, Russia in tender is represented only by a command from MIPT. It is planned that results of tender will be known in May, 2020. Winners will win monetary prizes which will share between all participants of a command.

Sensors of infrared and terahertz radiation from a decanter with black phosphorus and arsenic are created

On March 23, 2020 it became known that scientists from MIPT together with colleagues from Japan and the USA calculated parameters of photodetectors from layers of a decanter and mix of black phosphorus and arsenic. Such sensors are capable to catch radiation with energy less forbidden band of these layers without decanter. Also it is easy to modify them for increase in sensitivity to the necessary wavelength of light. Similar sensors can replace receivers of distant infrared and terahertz radiation. Results are published in the Optics Express magazine. Read more here.

Creation R&D-лаборатории together with Huawei Russian Research Institute based on FPMI

On March 5, 2020 Huawei Russian was announced by TAdviser that the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and the Russian research institute of Huawei (Huawei Russian Research Institute) within strategic partnership based on Physics and Technology faculty school of applied mathematics and information science (FPMI) created joint laboratory for research and development in the field of artificial intelligence and deep learning. Read more here.

Agreement with JetBrains on scientific and educational cooperation

On March 4, 2020 Fiztekh reported that together with JetBrains and JetBrains Research signed the agreement on cooperation. Within partnership students of MIPT will be able to see off scientifically- research using intelligent software solutions from JetBrains company. The document was signed the rector Fiztekha by Nikolay Kudryavtsev, the deputy CEO of JetBrains Igor Kozyrev and the director of JetBrains Research Andrey Ivanov. The MIPT Laboratory of Methods of Nuclear and Physical Experiments (LMNPE) is a member of JetBrains Research since 2019. Within cooperation the main objective of laboratory – development of libraries is always on the lips programming Kotlin also implementation of the tools written in this language to the scientific sphere. The agreement will allow to expand the field of collaboration for development educational of programs, training, the organization of practice and a training for Fiztekh's students.

MIPT
«
For many years, even before formation of laboratory, we tried to find a programming language which would allow to create quickly and effectively the scientific software of the next generation. Active support from JetBrains significantly simplifies a problem of creation of a scientific ecosystem on Kotlin. The signed agreement will allow us not only to work on development of scientific software, but also to be engaged in broader spectrum of educational and scientific tasks, including will allow students of MIPT to do scientific work under the leadership of scientists and engineers of JetBrains,
noted the assistant manager of LMYaFE Alexander Nozik
»

«
We in JetBrains created Kotlin as the language of a wide profile capable to solve a set of problems in different areas and environments. The scientific direction is of special interest. MIPT, having examination and experience in solving of tasks of calculus mathematics and physics, Kotlin as the main language of development selected, and we are glad to support the project by our knowledge and technologies! Big collaboration in creation of an ecosystem of scientific libraries and tools, and the most important – communities of adherents which the same as we, will believe in Kotlin is necessary to us and will estimate its opportunities for scientific calculations,
told Roman Belov, the developer in the Kotlin for Data Science project of JetBrains company
»

Also together with JetBrains company to MIPT there is a scientific programming rate on Kotlin. The most active students will be able to participate in summer training in the company.

MIPT solved a problem of generation of laser radiation of far infrared in semiconductor structures

On January 30, 2020 it became known that physicists from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Institute of physics of microstructures of RAS managed to solve a problem of generation of laser radiation of far infrared in semiconductor structures. Use of quantum holes of telluride of cadmium-mercury was a key to its solution. Read more here.

MIPT found a method to raise sensitivity of biosensors

On January 28, 2020 in MIPT reported that the method is found to raise sensitivity of biological sensors to the level sufficient for their application in household appliances. The biosensor — the electrochemical sensor allowing to define composition of biological liquids in real time. Read more here.

The Russian scientists taught "see" artificial intelligence quantum advantages

The Russian scientists from MIPT, FTIAN and ITMO created a neuronet which learned to predict behavior of a quantum system, "having looked" at the scheme of this system. On January 16, 2020 MIPT reported about it to TAdviser. Read more here.

2019

Scientists of MIPT received atomic and thin layers of a disulfide of molybdenum on substrates of the big areas

On December 23, 2019 in MIPT reported that Physics and Technology faculties learned to synthesize atomic thin films of a disulfide of molybdenum (MoS2) on the area up to several tens square centimeters. They showed that the structure of MoS2 can be managed by synthesis temperature change. The films demanded in electronics and optoelectronics were received in MIPT at temperatures 900os-1000os. Read more here.

Scientists from MIPT specified a graphite melting curve

Scientists from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Institute of physics of high pressures of Wereschtschagina RAHN using computer simulation specified a graphite melting curve which studying lasts more than hundred years and dazzles with conflicting data. Read more here.

Students of MIPT are recognized world-best on AI systems for Minecraft

Staff of laboratory of the cognitive dynamic systems of MIPT became winners of the competition MineRL. Announced this MIPT to TAdviser on December 16, 2019. They offered an unknown training method with a reinforcement on the basis of demonstrations using which it is possible to solve quickly and effectively hierarchical problems in the environment of Minecraft: search of resources and creation of tools. It will be possible to use the developed algorithms during creation of independent mobile robots and robotic manipulators. Tender took place within the international conference on neural network Neural Information Processing Systems-2019 technologies.

Training with a reinforcement — one of perspective methods of artificial intelligence which shows achievements in game and robotic tasks, but requires a large number of computing resources and time of training. Employees and trainees of laboratory of the cognitive dynamic systems of MIPT and Institute of problems of artificial intelligence of FITs IU RAS — Alexey Skrynnik, Ermek Aytygulov, Alexey Staroverov, Kirill Aksenov, Vasily Davydov and Alexander Panov — offered approach using the mechanism of a zabyvaniye of incorrect expert demonstrations of the solution of an assigned task.

«
The command of laboratory achieved excellent result, having adequately provided Physics and Technology faculty and Russia at the international conference. The game Minecraft environment in which we could show intellectual behavior of the agent implements a big variety of different types of interaction of the person with the difficult, unpredictable external environment. In this plan it is the excellent simulator approximate to reality, and for it it is much more difficult to develop behavior training methods, than for such environments as Go, Dota or Starcraft. The method offered by us opens different ways for use of training with a reinforcement already in applied tasks, such as pilotless transport and robotic manipulators,
told the head of the laboratory of the cognitive dynamic systems of the Center of cognitive modeling Alexander Panov
»

The competition lasted five months, all there were two rounds. In the first the command of Physics and Technology faculty took the third place, in the second — bypassed nine finalists and won first place with an essential separation. More than 40 commands from around the world participated in tender.

«
MineRL is a competition for intellectual algorithms, but not computing opportunities. Before many worthy results in the field of artificial intelligence were achieved due to 'brute force' — a large number of GPU and CPU for training of complex systems. As soon as need of development of computing and effective methods was added to requirements, chances of all commands were balanced. In such conditions our children were best of all, having outstripped commands from the USA, China, Japan, Finland, Germany and other countries. It once again confirms that Physics and Technology faculty in general and FPMI in particular — world leaders in the field of artificial intelligence. And it is actually natural because in Physics and Technology faculty school the good system of interaction of the academic basic organizations and industrial partners is constructed. In this case I would note extremely successful joining IZA RAHN and Aymtekh on the platform FPMI,
added the director Physics and Technology faculty school of applied mathematics and information science Andrey Raygorodsky
»

The competition is organized by Microsoft and Carnegie Mellon University, in organizational and program committees entered Microsoft Research, Ruslan Salakhutdinov (Carnegie Mellon University), UC Berkeley and Google Brain and UC Berkeley.

Physics of RAS and MIPT defined type of quasiparticles in semiconductor carbon nanotubes

On December 5, 2019 in MIPT reported that scientists from Institute of the general physics of A.M. Prokhorov of RAS and MIPT together with colleagues investigated influence of "traps" on optical properties of carbon nanotubes. When processing separate hydrogen atoms remain hydrochloric acid on a surface of tubes. They do not form chemical bonds with a surface, and, so do not enter defects to structure of a nanotube. These atoms serve as "traps" — the quasiparticle which got to their zone of influence cannot "run away" (becomes localized). Based on the data obtained by spectroscopy methods, physicists came to a conclusion — in "trap" got an exciton (consists of an electron and "hole") and trion (an exciton which one more hole or an electron joined). Read more here.

Scientists found out how not to lose a signal in magnon schemes

On December 3, 2019 it became known that researchers from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institute of radio engineering and electronics of V.A. Kotelnikov RAS and Saratov State University showed that connecting elements in electronic circuits of magnon logic are very important: the unsuccessful wave guide can lead to signal loss. Scientists constructed parametrical model which allows to model the suitable wave guide which is not leading to signal loss created a prototype of a wave guide and checked experimentally correctness of model. Read more here.

Scientists could synthesize superconducting material — thorium decahydride

Scientists under the leadership of professor of Skoltech and Artem Oganov and Ivan Troyan's MIPT from Institute of a crystallography of RAS could synthesize superconducting material ‒ decahydride of thorium (ThH10) with very high critical temperature of 161 To (-112C). On November 7, 2019 reported about it in MIPT, Skoltech and the Russian Scientific Fund (RSF). Read more here.

The Russian scientists showed a possibility of detecting of penetration of abrikosovsky whirlwinds through superconductor border with a ferromagnetic

On October 31, 2019 it became known that scientists from MIPT, showed to MSU and IFTT of RAS a possibility of detecting of penetration of abrikosovsky whirlwinds through superconductor border with a ferromagnetic. The device is a ferromagnetic nanowire to which superconducting electrodes are brought. Read more here.

Opening together with Abbyy of laboratory of computer vision and natural languag processing

On September 30, 2019 the ABBYY company announced opening together with the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) of laboratory of computer vision (Computer Vision) and natural languag processing (Natural Language Processing). The staff of ABBYY Lab – the laboratory will be called so – will research, integrating 30 years' experience of the company in these spheres with other methods of artificial intelligence and data analysis.

According to the company, among problems which will be solved by the staff of future laboratory, – the multilingual analysis of difficult text images based on methods of deep machine learning, the computer analysis of language of social networks using the differential mega-body and also other relevant tasks on a joint of NLP and machine vision.

ABBYY not only expects from laboratory of results of the academic researches, perspective for the company, but also transfers in scientific use some technologies – first of all, technologies of automatic generation of the marked data which are a key factor of application of methods of deep learning. The laboratory will also act as the organizer of open scientific and technology competitions in the field of the computer analysis of texts and images.

For September, 2019 the laboratory does a serious rate on young researchers. 24-year-old Alexey Zhuravlev, the head of group of researches in the field of computer vision of ABBYY and the graduate student of department of image understanding and text processing of FPMI MIPT will become her head.

«
ABBYY pays much attention to the direction of research and development: on R&D the company invests more than a half of all costs in researches in the field of natural languag processing and computer vision. And we are sure that artificial intelligence technologies should be not just scientific knowledge, and to bring real benefit to the companies of the different industries and people around the world. Long-term experience of cooperation of ABBYY with MIPT – at institute our departments of image understanding and text processing and computational linguistics successfully work – allows to calculate that the laboratory will become the next stage of fruitful interaction of science and business.

David Yang, the founder and the chairman of the board of directors of ABBYY group told
»

«
ABBYY – our old key partner. The company became in due time one of founders of faculty of innovations and high technologies who together with faculty of management and applied mathematics based afterwards Physics and Technology faculty school of applied mathematics and information science – FPMI. The company always took pro-active positions, vividly participated in formation of the scientific and educational agenda of FPMI. Creation of laboratory is another exclusively significant step in development of our constructive relations and in construction of a unique scientific and educational complex of our School.

Andrey Raygorodsky, the director told Physics and Technology faculty school of applied mathematics and information science of MIPT
»

Norilsk Nickel, IBM and MIPT will train blockchain specialists

The Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), Norilsk Nickel company and IBM Russia signed in June, 2019 the agreement on creation in Moscow (based on MIPT) Competence center for carrying out scientific research, training of specialists in the development area of digital technologies for the mining industry using open source software and specialized solutions.

The agreement was signed on June 6, 2019 during the taking place St. Petersburg International Economic Forum. Signatures under the document were appended by Sergey Batekhin, the senior vice president, the head of the block of sale, resource providing and the innovative development of Norilsk Nickel, Iris Dzeba, the CEO of IBM in Russia and the CIS countries, Nikolay Kudryavtsev, the rector of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.

Training of students, researches and creation of digital ecosystems and mastering effective the practician of use information technologies in areas "blockchain", "Internet of Things", "the systems of optimization" will be the main objective of the Center.

The joint project will be implemented for the purpose of improvement of training of specialists and development of solutions for the mining industry using IT based on open standards, SOFTWARE with open code, including on the basis of the distributed register (DLT). The competence center will also work on the solution of applied problems mining of the industry.

For project implementation MIPT will prepare and will start the master and postgraduate programs supported with professional teachers with experience of research and development in the specified area. The master program for the Blockchain direction will be started in the fall of 2019, curricula for it are prepared, MIPT prepares for enrollment of students.

MIPT will also create the educational demonstration platform, including computing powers for holding training and scientific events of the Center for subject of Norilsk Nickel, will provide creation of prototypes for the mining industry on the basis of solutions of IBM.

IBM will provide to the new Center access to profile scientific and educational materials and solutions and also training materials and services within the forms of support of IT developer existing in corporation.

Norilsk Nickel not only will provide payment of grants to students and graduate students of the joint program, but will make available to the Center the production sites for working off of solutions and carrying out research works.

In the master program of MIPT for the Blockchain direction (set of 20-24 people in 2019-2021) the following disciplines (modules) are assumed: Introduction to a blockchain (DLT), Cryptography, Games theory, Overview of the Graphene blockchain platform, Ethereum blockchain platform, blockchain designer of Hyperledger Fabric and Tokenomik.

Along with studying of different platforms and deep theoretical preparation in the field of the mathematical theory, students and graduate students will get knowledge and experience of diversified use of blockchain technologies, about activity of the cryptoexchanges, steyblkoyna, platforms of tokenization, the accompanying services - Custody, KYC/AML, crypto - derivatives and robotic trade at the cryptoexchanges.

The master program is implemented during four semester (about 5500 class periods).

2018: Start of the master program "Mathematical Biology" together with Biocad

Since September 1, 2018 at department of the innovation pharmaceutics, medical equipment and biotechnology Physics and Technology faculty school of biological and medical physics of MIPT starts training at the master program implemented together with biotechnology company Biocad and focused on training of specialists in the field of computing and mathematical biology.

As of August 9, 2018, the general set is closed, but the interview with the candidates who expressed desire to be transferred to the master program continues. Read more here.

2017: IoT Samsung Academy in MIPT

The Samsung Electronics company with assistance of Institute of system programming of RAS started in October, 2017 based on Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology the IoT Samsung Academy project within which students of university will be able to gain practical knowledge of Internet of Things and to develop own projects using "smart" devices. The tripartite agreement about project implementation is signed on October 10.

The rector of MIPT Nikolay Kudryavtsev, the director Physics and Technology faculty school of applied mathematics and information science of MIPT Andrey Raygorodsky, the director of ISP RAS Arutyun Avetisyan, the director of the department of corporate projects and government relations of Samsung Electronics company Pevnev Sergey, the head of group of development of ecosystems of solutions of the Research Center Samsung Svetlana Jun, the head of the press service of ISP RAS Anna Novomlinskaya and the senior specialist of group of development of ecosystems of solutions of the Research center Samsung Tatyana Volkova took part in signing of the document.

"IoT the Samsung Academy" will give to students of MIPT an opportunity to acquire practical knowledge in a demanded information technology sphere. According to the educational and methodical materials developed by experts of the Research center Samsung pupils will complete the year training course constructed on studying of real cases on implementation of technologies of Internet of Things in the different industries, will have an opportunity to create own prototypes of IoT of devices.

Within project implementation of MIPT the educational class equipped with the equipment provided to Samsung Electronics will open: the sets for rapid prototyping of IoT-devices including Samsung ARTIK microcomputers, sensors and modules of wireless communication. Will conduct occupations in "IoT of Samsung Academy" the teachers of university who underwent additional training from the company. Training will come to the end with tender of student's projects.

In June, 2017 Samsung announced start of the similar project at the Moscow technology university (MIREA). Further the company is going to expand the program.

2014

Many leading Russian scientists are professors of MIPT. Among them there are more than 80 academicians and corresponding members of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (the State University) - one of the most authoritative technical colleges of the country, as of November, 2014 enters in top-5 the large ratings of the Russian universities. An education basis in MIPT is the unique "system of Physics and Technology faculty": laborious education and selection of the most talented entrants, fundamental formation of the top class and early involvement of students in real research work.

2009: Obtaining status "National Research University"

In 2009 MIPT was among 12 Russian universities concerning which the Government of the Russian Federation based on competitive selection sets the status "National Research University".