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Space communication

Company

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Russian national operator of satellite communication of Russian Satellite Communications Company (Russian Satellite Communications Company)

Owners:
Federal Communications Agency (Rossvyaz)


Assets

Assets

+ Space communication of the Russian Satellite Communications Company

The federal state unitary enterprise "Space communication" (Russian Satellite Communications Company) – the Russian national operator of satellite communication whose spacecrafts have a global covering has the largest in Russia orbital grouping from 11 geostationary satellites working in With - Ku-and L-ranges. Service areas of spacecrafts of the Russian Satellite Communications Company cover all territory of Russia, the CIS country, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, the Pacific Rim, North and South America, Australia.

Assets

The Russian Satellite Communications Company provides a full range of communication services and broadcasting using own satellite grouping and land technical means. The Russian Satellite Communications Company works at all geographically accessible markets, providing communication services and broadcastings to clients from 35 countries of the world, and enters ten the largest satellite operators of the world on the volume of an orbital and frequency resource.

For 2012 as a part of satellite grouping of the Russian Satellite Communications Company of 11 satellites on an arc of a geostationary earth orbit from 14 degrees of east longitude, western up to 140 degrees.

Five teleports in the territory from the Moscow region to Khabarovsk Krai – the Centers of Space Communication (CSC) are a part of the Russian Satellite Communications Company:

  • "Bear Lakes" (Shchyolkovo district of Moscow region),
  • Dubna,
  • Skolkovo,
  • Zheleznogorsk and
  • Khabarovsk,

high-speed fiber-optical network and also the Technical center "Shabolovka" in Moscow. Shopping Center Shabolovka is the switching center of the fiber lines of communication connecting teleports to the international switching centers.

Shopping Center Shabolovka of the Russian Satellite Communications Company will unroll own center of a compression of programs and multiplexing of digital traffic flows which provides formation of packets of federal TV and radio programs for the subsequent rise on satellites of the Russian Satellite Communications Company (including in MPEG4 standard).

The ambitious development strategy of the Russian Satellite Communications Company is defined till 2020 and provides creation and operation of the most modern spacecrafts (for the end of 2012 by request of the Russian Satellite Communications Company record 7 satellites at the same time are under construction), transformation of a business model of the enterprise from infrastructure to universal. The strategic objective of the Russian Satellite Communications Company till 2020 - to enter the five of the largest global players of the market of satellite communications.

History

2019: Opening of the updated TsUP in Skolkovo

On June 14, 2019 there was information that Space communication (GP KS) opened the updated Mission Control Center (MCC) in Skolkovo. The enterprise explained need of improvement of TsUP with the preparing starts of new satellites. GP KS expects to launch till 2026 seven satellites into a geostationary earth orbit (GSO) and four — into the high elliptic orbit (HEO). Read more here.

2016

Growth of revenue by 24% to 11.4 billion rubles

Revenue of Federal State Unitary Enterprise Kosmicheskaya communication made 11.4 billion rubles. It is 24% more in comparison with an indicator of 2015 when the enterprise earned 9.2 billion rubles.

GP KS considerably increased a share of income from the international activity. If in 2015 it made 30% in the general structure of revenue, then in 2016 it increased up to 40%. Such growth, in particular, became result of an entry of the enterprise into the market of Latin America and expansion of the customer base in South Africa.

Despite growth of revenue on foreign projects, in GP KS consider that 2016 could be in this plan even more effective if not difficulties with the order of the Express AMU2 satellite which was initially going to be started just in 2016.
"Thanks to updating of satellite grouping we had spacecrafts much expanding our opportunities in the Middle East in Latin America, in India, in Pakistan, in the Southern Asia. So far we, unfortunately, did not manage to amplify in Southeast Asia on objective circumstances. We expected "AMU-2", but works on it, as we know, were not finished", - the deputy CEO for business development of GP KS Drozdova Ksenia explained
.

Space communication found signs of abuse of monopoly

The Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS) in peracute expressions characterized results of exit inspection of state enterprise "Space communication" (Russian Satellite Communications Company) which was carried out at the request of the Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin in February, 2016. FAS announced identification in activity of structure of repeated violations of the law "About protection of the competition", "About a contract system" and "About the state and municipal enterprises"[1].

In particular, signs of discrimination in an access mechanism to space infrastructure were revealed, the deputy chief of Management of control of the aviation, space-rocket and nuclear industry of FAS Anton Pastukhov said.

Violations are revealed not only in activity of the Russian Satellite Communications Company, but also in work of "the federal authorities supervising the enterprise". Like that is the Federal Communications Agency (Rossvyaz). Besides, FULL FACE added that the Russian Satellite Communications Company tried to interfere with conducting check and did not provide to antimonopoly department required materials.

The source in the market of satellite communication considers the real reason of so sharp attacks of FAS to the Russian Satellite Communications Company of a contradiction which the Russian Satellite Communications Company and the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications have. "The new management of the ministry tried to interfere actively with business activities of the Russian Satellite Communications Company that caused discontent of directors" — the interlocutor of CNews says. For example, on a request of the ministry to provide it certain materials of the Russian Satellite Communications Company answered with the requirement previously to fill on the staff of department a form for access to classified documents.

2015: The forecast of annual revenues - 9.2 billion rubles

Revenue of Russian Satellite Communications Company at the end of 2015 should make 9.2 billion rubles, and by the end of 2016 should reach 12 billion rubles. Such forecast within the conference of the Russian Satellite Communications Company was read in February, 2016 by its head Prokhorov Yury.

"Growth of revenue, growth of net profit allows to return those loans which we attracted on construction of spaceships and to think of grouping development", - he added. By the way, the net profit predicted after the procedure of audit of the Russian Satellite Communications Company should be 2.5 billion rubles.

About 41-42% of revenue of the Russian Satellite Communications Company in 2015 were the share of foreign clients. In 2016 the federal state unitary enterprise will continue to develop foreign projects, in particular, intends to start with the assistance of GeoTelecommunications company the satellite project in India.

2014

Growth of revenue by 36.7%

Revenue of the Russian national operator Russian Satellite Communications Company (Russian Satellite Communications Company) in 2014 grew by 36.7 percent and made eight billion rubles in comparison with 5.85 billion rubles last year.

The number of subscribers of network of broadband access (broadband access) in the Internet exceeded 5.5 thousand users. The Russian Satellite Communications Company develops the satellite communication system in the Ka-range, the service of Internet access is provided in the territory of the European part of Russia using the KA-SAT (9E) satellite.

In the first quarter 2015 the service of satellite broadband access will be available to residents of the Far East and Siberia (on the new Russian Express AM5 satellite). It is in the third quarter going to add to the territory of a covering the Central and Southern Ural region (on the Express AM6 satellite).

Starts of three spacecrafts of the Russian Satellite Communications Company are planned for 2015: Express AM7 and Express AM8 satellites in the first quarter and Express AMU1 spacecraft in the fourth quarter.

"Space communication" does not see sense to be reformed

The management of Space communication skeptically estimated initiatives of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of change of the scheme of financing and incorporating the enterprise. The proposed measures will not lead to economy of budgetary funds, but will cause inconveniences for many participants of process and will reduce the number of starts, speak in[2].

2003-2009: Start of 7 new satellites

During the period from 2003 to 2009 satellite grouping of the enterprise was replenished with seven satellites of the Express AM series and one small Express MD1 spacecraft. At the same time the Russian Satellite Communications Company undertook control and control of own satellites that allowed to increase considerably quality and reliability of the provided services.

Efforts of the enterprise for development of modern infocommunication services and entry into the new regional markets also should noticed - at the international summit by satellite communication which took place in September, 2009 in Paris, the Russian Satellite Communications Company was recognized by the best regional satellite operator of year in the world.

For 2013 the Russian Satellite Communications Company is the third in age of the acting satellite operators in the world.

2001: Conversion to Russian Satellite Communications Company

On April 19, 2001 the Russian Satellite Communications Company received the status of Federal State Unitary Enterprise (Russian Satellite Communications Company or the Russian Satellite Communications Company).

2000: Start of the first satellites of the Express And series

In 1998 within the Federal space program of Russia the Russian Satellite Communications Company signed the contract with domestic manufacturer of spacecrafts of NPO PM for development and production of new modern satellites of the Express And series with the improved technical parameters to which payload was provided by the French firm Alcatel. In 2000 two satellites of this series which became harbingers of development and program implementation on updating of the Russian national satellite grouping were successfully put to orbit.

1980: Satellite TV broadcast of the Olympic Games in Moscow

The organization of television satellite broadcasts of the Moscow summer Olympic Games of 1980 became one of the main stages in the history of the Russian Satellite Communications Company. For the solution of this of the task most difficult for those times the Center of space communication Dubna in the Moscow region which is the largest teleport of Russia and Eastern Europe now was created. Due to the preparation for the Olympic broadcastings an additional boost of development was also received by the Center of space communication Vladimir in the Vladimir region (he is educated in 1971). Land technical means of the Russian Satellite Communications Company successfully provided the global covering of the Olympic Games and forward translations on all territory of the Soviet Union and other states, including the countries of the Atlantic region.

In the eighties works on development of civil satellite grouping of communication were almost stopped. The first new Russian communication satellite and broadcastings Express began to work only in 15 years after start of first Horizon.

At the beginning of the 90th new economic country situation promoted that the enterprises of defense industry offered consumers the achievements at the level of the international standards. The new stage of development of satellite communication and broadcasting in Russia is in the nineties connected with use not only the foreign relaying equipment, but also using the best achievements of domestic technologies in the field of instrument making.

1976: First-ever system of direct satellite broadcasting

The history of the Russian Satellite Communications Company is inseparably linked creation of domestic communication satellites and broadcastings. The priority was sent to the USSR to creation of the piloted and scientific spacecrafts and also the systems of a special purpose therefore the first domestic geostationary satellites of communication considerably were inferior by the technical parameters to foreign analogs. However there were also unique developments: for example in 1976 in the USSR the first-ever geostationary satellite of direct broadcasting Screen was launched. The Screen system worked in frequency range below 1 GHz and had the big power of the transmitter of an onboard repeater (to 300 W) that allowed to cover TV broadcasting sparsely populated points in the Areas of Siberia, Far North and a part of the Far East. For its implementation frequencies 714 and 754 MHz on which it was possible to create rather simple and cheap receiving devices were selected. The Screen system became actually first-ever rule of direct satellite broadcasting.

1968: Creation of "Station of space communication"

In 1968 the order of Ministry of Communications of the USSR formed "The station of space communication" which became the operator of the Russian orbital grouping of communication satellites and broadcastings of civil appointment over time - the Russian Satellite Communications Company (Russian Satellite Communications Company).

1967: Communication system of "Orbit"

In 1965-1967 in record time in east regions of the USSR 20 terrestrial stations of "Orbit" and the new central transmitting station (K-40 cabin) in the territory of a radio engineering polygon of Moscow Power Engineering Institute in the Shchyolkovo district of Moscow region which became the first transceiving terrestrial station Russian Satellite Communications Company were at the same time built and put into operation (today one of key objects of land infrastructure of the enterprise – the Center of space communication Bear Lakes is located here). The system of "Orbit" became the first-ever circular, television, distribution satellite manifold in which possibilities of satellite communication are most effectively used.

During creation of a system of "Orbit" much attention was paid to the choice of platforms for placement of terrestrial stations. The place for construction of terrestrial stations was selected most close to television centers and so that influence of noises from the tropospheric radio relay lines working in the same frequency range was excluded. Transition to use of rather small parabolic antennas, with a diameter of mirror of 12 m whereas at that time in the international system Intelsat stations with huge and expensive antennas with a diameter of 25-32 m were under construction was the important solution at system development.

Since November 4, 1967 broadcasts of programs of the central television in the system of "Orbit" became regular. This day is considered the Birthday of the Russian Satellite Communications Company.

1965: The first Soviet communication satellite - "Lightning-1"

In 50-60 years of the 20th century the USSR and the USA were recognized world leaders in the field of space exploration. The first artificial Earth satellite created by group of the Soviet scientists under the leadership of the founder of practical astronautics Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov was successfully put to orbit on October 4, 1957. This event laid the foundation for a space age of mankind.

Already the commercial expediency and vital need of creation of communication satellites and TV broadcasting became in the early sixties obvious. With the advent of domestic satellites of the Lightning series and American "Telstar" rapid development of satellite communication around the world began. The USSR became the pioneer in use of communication satellites in a high-elliptic orbit and development of satellite direct TV broadcasting.

The first Soviet communication satellite "Lightning-1" was launched on April 23, 1965 and placed in a high-elliptic orbit which allowed to service the territory of the USSR. Satellite was visible from any point of the country within 8 hours, via it successfully organized experimental broadcasts of television programs and telephone communication on the line Moscow-Vladivostok.

Notes