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OS aurora (before SailfishOS)

Developers: Open Mobile Platform (OMP), Jolla (Sailfish Holding)
Date of the premiere of the system: 2012/06/15
Last Release Date: 2019/05/22
Technology: Mobile Device Management (MDM),  ОС


Sailfish is the operating system closed source.

As a part of OS there are components open source. Sailfish develops since 2012 the Finnish company Jolla and is focused on portable devices on the Linux Sailfish OS platform[1].

At the heart of the system of an operating time of the project: Mer operating system and Qt libraries. The user interface forms using QML and QtQuick. Standard API QtMobility are supported.

Sailfish OS properties:

  • Sailfish OS is going to be set for different as the device.
  • Many applications for Google Android will be able to work under Sailfish OS. On September 16, 2013 in the official press release it was announced full hardware and software compatibility of page Android.
  • SDK is founded on QtCreator and has all its tools: code editor, designer, debugger.
  • Applications are created on QML c by use of QtQuick 1.1 and the Jolla components.
  • The graphical interface allows to operate applications from the uniform screen, without requiring to open everyone separately. Such principle received the name "covers".

Submission of the OS interface, 2014
Submission of the OS interface, 2014


Integration of a mobile workplace of WorksPad

On September 26, 2019 it became known that the Russian software developer of MobilityLab completed development of mobile application of WorksPad for the domestic Aurora mobile operating system (MOS). Using WorksPad the smartphone turns into the protected mobile workplace of the employee. Read more here.

Compatibility with InfoWatch Traffic Monitor

On October 1, 2019 group of companies InfoWatch announced successful passing of tests on compatibility DLP- systems InfoWatch Traffic Monitor and protected mobile operating system Sailfish Mobile OS RUS from the developer "Open mobile platform". In more detail here.

Installation on Huawei tablets

On August 26, 2019 it became known of plans of Huawei to install on the tablet computers the Russian operating system Aurora. This equipment is wanted to be used for a population census in 2020. Read more here.

Installation on the Huawei smartphones

At the end of July, 2019 it became known that the Aurora operating system will be used in smartphones Huawei. The pilot project will be started until the end of 2019, the deputy head told journalists Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications Mikhail Mamonov. According to him, the decision on rapprochement is made at the level of leaders of the states.

On the Huawei smartphones the Russian operating system will appear
On the Huawei smartphones the Russian operating system will appear
Personally I have no doubt that there will be structures of Huawei equipped with the Aurora platform. In what volume in what markets — all this a subject of further discussions, we will take active part in them … We will tell something to you as soon as they sign the nondisclosure agreement, in the nearest future, this work is conducted — he reported (the quote by TASS).

Earlier dialog with Huawei was also announced by the Deputy Prime Minister Maxim Akimov. According to him, in a talk with different vendors in the government expect integration not only mobile OS in the international products, "but also the industrial systems and desktop solutions which still in economy are very developed".

Possible use of Aurora in devices of Huawei for the first time became known in June, 2019 when the minister of digital development and communication  Konstantin Noskov  in a conversation with the chief executive officer of Huawei Guo Ping suggested it to refuse from Android for benefit of the Russian developments. Besides, the question of transition of Huawei from American software on Russian was also brought up at the president's meeting Russia Vladimir Putin  with the Chinese leader Xi Jinping.

In June, 2019 the The Bell edition with reference to an informed source wrote that China already tests mobile gadgets with preset Aurora. 

In addition to the Auroras installation on phones, one more option of cooperation with Huawei — localization of production in the Russian Federation of a part of devices of Huawei is allowed. It is about the possible beginning of coproduction both chips, and the software. [2]

Investments of Rostelecom into the Russian Aurora OS depreciated on a third

On June 19, 2019 it became known of write-off by Rostelecom of one third of investments into the Russian Aurora mobile operating system.

According to Vedomosti Rostelecom purchased developers of this platform — Votron and OMP — for 3.4 billion rubles, and by the end of 2018 these investments depreciated for 1.2 billion rubles which the operator was forced to write off.

Investments of Rostelecom into the Sailfish mobile operating system – this year it is renamed into Aurora – depreciated approximately on a third less than in a year
Investments of Rostelecom into the Sailfish mobile operating system – this year it is renamed into Aurora – depreciated approximately on a third less than in a year

Follows from the annual report of Rostelecom that developer companies of Aurora managed to earn 38 million rubles of revenue in 2018, at the same time net loss made 416 million rubles.

As explained to the newspaper in Rostelecom, the reporting includes obligatory testing of cost of investments for what the present value of future cash flows is recalculated. As terms of implementation of some projects on Aurora (and, respectively, cash flows) were displaced, the current value of investment fell, as was reflected in the reporting. According to the representative of Rostelecom, similar tests for impairment happen regularly and at emergence of additional factors can both lower, and to increase the cost of investments. The planned projects will be able to lead to asset value addition, hope in the company.

By June 19, 2019 Aurora OS is installed on 20 thousand smartphones, the representative of Rostelecom reported the edition. 100–200 devices are tested on different tasks more than in ten federal bodies and state companies.

"Aurora" is the only mobile system entering the register of the Russian software by June 20, 2019. Rostelecom considers this status and considerable potential of application advantages of a product. According to the president of the company Mikhail Oseevsky, third-party developers actively release applied software for a system.[3]

Certificates of conformity of JSC FSB of Russia 2/KC2

On May 24, 2019 the company "Open Mobile Platform" (OMP) announced a successful completion of certification of protected mobile operating system (ZMOS) based on Sailfish Mobile OS Rus with the built-in means cryptographic data protection (CIPF) "Sledopytssl" on compliance "To requirements to to means of protecting information limited access, not containing the data which are state a secret from unauthorized access" on a class of protection of AK2 and "To requirements to cryptographic the information security tools intended for the data protection which is not containing the data which are the state secret" class KC2.

According to the company, the built-in CIPF of "Sledopytssl" is intended for confidential data protection, transmitted through public service networks (for example, the Internet) by means of the TLS protocol using domestic cryptographic algorithms, the corresponding GOST. Also work with the electronic signature and external tokens (production of Rutoken and Alladin companies) is supported.

Presence at the mobile operating system of certificates of conformity of JSC FSB of Russia 2/KC2 allows to use it in information systems with high requirements to information security and to create effective full-function tools for the mobile staff of state authorities and private companies. These tools will not have the restrictions inherent in products with lower level of certification that will allow to increase a scope of users of corporate mobile services of the organization.[4]

Porting on the Aquarius tablet

On May 22, 2019 it became known that the companies "Open Mobile Platform" (OMP) and "Aquarius" were ported the Russian mobile operating system Aurora on tablets productions "Akvariusa".

As the first model for integration the modern eight-nuclear Aquarius tablet executed in the body protected (IP67) and intended for professional use was selected. The choice of such device is not accidental – the protected tablet allows to implement the concept of safe mobility in the companies with big staff of the field employees working in adverse environmental conditions. The tablet works at a temperature from-20 to +60 degrees Celsius, supports technology NFC, standards of communication 4G/ 3G Wi-Fi//Bluetooth, navigation GPS and GLONASS, is optionally equipped with the dactyloscopic sensor, the 1D/2D-scanner for reading barcodes and QR codes. The tablet is developed by Akvarius, is made at the plant of the company in Russia and conforms to requirements Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia.

According to representatives of the companies (OMP and Aquarius), this tablet is first signs in further promising cooperation. In particular, sharing of the Russian software and "iron" of the Russian production allows to guarantee safety of critical communications and to avoid potential risks of existence of "tabs" at all levels of functioning of mobile infrastructure of the enterprises or state agencies[5].

Release of the version of P7 Office for Sailfish

On April 10, 2019 the company announced New Communication Technologies a release of the version of the mobile application of P7 Office. Documents' for the open mobile platform Sailfish ('Aurora') entering the Register of domestic software. Read more here.

Release of the MyOffice Documents application for Sailfish

On February 20, 2019 the company "New cloud technologies" announced release moiblny application "MyOffice Documents" for the Russian operating system Sailfish Mobile OS RUS. In more detail here.

Renaming into Aurora

The only domestic Sailfish mobile operating system (MOS) received the Russian-language name "Aurora". On February 7, 2019 reported about it to TAdviser in Rostelecom. Otkrytaya mobilnaya platforma LLC and Votron LLC which since 2018 enter into the Rostelecom Group are engaged in development of MOS.

The Russian mobile operating system will continue the development under the Aurora brand
Of course, the domestic mobile operating system should have the name in Russian which is easily remembered, is filled with energy and a positive (initially an aurora — a morning dawn). Ahead Aurora has big perspectives, it should become the reliable digital assistant to the state and business in the solution of their tasks, providing remote inclusiveness of officials and employees in workflows. Especially I want to emphasize that at domestic OS already two tens partners who integrate into it the developments. We are open for cooperation with the Russian software developers and mobile applications — the president of Rostelecom Mikhail Oseevsky said.

According to representatives of developer companies, Aurora supports all fixed functions of the mobile operating system — contact management, calls and messages, an e-mail client, the browser, viewing media, the calendar, notes, the camera and gallery, hours and timers, a dictophone, work with documents, etc.

MOS also provides functionality of a remote workplace — secure access to corporate e-mail, messengers and information systems. Supports work in an electronic document management system and a corporate cloud using the qualified electronic signature. There are on a test stage such all-corporate applications and services as the navigation system, solutions for fast processing and image understanding, service for remote holding meetings and others.

All services of management, updates OS and app store can be unrolled in the organization customer. The companies for increase in efficiency of transactions can manage independently remotely devices, including installation and updating of applications, forced installation of the password, to exercise control of movements of personnel, to trace a photo and video from the place of execution of works and so on.

The operating system allows to create flexible industry solutions under requirements of the specific customer. Now such developments as a mobile workplace of the controller of power sale, a control system of execution of surveys and service for the energy companies, a mobile workplace of the railway inspector, the mobile payment terminal are approved.

Mobile OS has the certificate of conformity of JSC FSB of Russia 1/KC1 and also the certificate of conformity issued by FSTEC of Russia to requirements of security of information to operating systems of type "A" of the sixth class that confirms the highest (for February, 2019) degree of protection against unauthorized access, removals and information leaks, making changes in a configuration and other threats, specified in Rostelecom.


The translation of officials on smartphones with Sailfish OS is evaluated in 160 billion rubles

On August 6, 2018 it became known of plans of the state to transfer officials and employees of state companies to use of the Russian Sailfish mobile operating system. The corresponding expenses are estimated at 160.2 billion rubles, Kommersant with reference to the federal official writes.

Russian authorities want that by 2021 passed 7.9  million employees of state agencies to smartphones with Sailfish OS, budgetary institutions and the companies with state participation. About 71.3 billion rubles will be selected for these purposes from the federal budget,  78.2 billion rubles will provide state companies and  10.7 billion more rubles will arrive from local budgets.

Step-by-step transfer of the Russian officials and staff of state companies to smartphones with the Russian Sailfish operating system from Rostelecom can cost 160.2 billion rubles
Step-by-step transfer of the Russian officials and staff of state companies to smartphones with the Russian Sailfish operating system from Rostelecom can cost 160.2 billion rubles

The rate for "rendering complex service" using smartphones under control of Sailfish will make 13.1 thousand rubles on the person in a year. Besides, the Ministry of Finance considers it necessary to select additional 2.3 billion rubles for completion of OS.

In March, 2018 it became known of the new requirement for the Russian developers of mobile office software. Since 2019 they should create versions of the applications for the Russian mobile OS if they want to be included in the register of domestic software which gives advantages at state procurements in comparison with foreign products. The lack of applications for Sailfish is one of the main obstacles for deliveries of devices to a public sector.

According to the analyst of Mobile Research Group Eldar Murtazin, smartphones on Sailfish have a necessary minimum of applications: mail, the browser , etc., and bigger it is also not necessary for officials on business phones.

Now they use at work own devices or purchased by the company. The market of the last makes about 2.5  million pieces a year — Murtazin estimates. Other experts estimated sales of such devices at 400 thousand pieces a year.[6]

"The open Mobile Platform" and NORBIT — partners in application development for Sailfish

The NORBIT company, is included into LANIT group, and "The open mobile platform", the developer of the domestic Sailfish Mobile OS RUS mobile operating system, signed on June 7, 2018 the agreement on cooperation in the development area of mobile applications for Sailfish Mobile OS RUS.

Under the terms of the agreement, the companies will be engaged in development of an ecosystem of corporate applications based on the entrusted operating system for the mobile devices Sailfish Mobile OS RUS and also formation of the favorable environment for promotion and support of the platform in the Russian market. The agreement provides development and testing of new solutions, involvement of partners for their development and also creation of Competence Center for training and support of the partners and customers using Sailfish Mobile OS RUS.

Rostelecom demanded to transfer officials to Sailfish OS

Rostelecom in May, 2018 appealed to the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications to develop a draft resolution of the government which would oblige the Russian officials to use smartphones based on domestic operating systems. The president of Rostelecom Mikhail Oseevsky reported about it [7].

It is about office smartphones for federal officials, Oseevsky specified. He predicts that this government decree will be accepted in the middle of the summer.

In March, 2018 Rostelecom purchased control shares in Open Mobile System and Vorton companies which are developers of the Sailfish and Sailfish Mobile OS Rus mobile operating systems. The entrepreneur Grigory Berezkin who remained the co-owner of the specified companies acted as the seller.
The ministry of digital development, communication and mass communications tests smartphones with the Russian Sailfish operating system installed on them. The head of department Konstantin Noskov told about it at the international IT forum in Khanty-Mansiysk. According to him, this work will be continued until the end of this year[8].


Availability of technologies of computer vision of Smart Engines

In December, 2017 the technologies of processing and image understanding and a video flow developed by specialists of the Russian company Smart Engines became available in Sailfish Mobile OS RUS entrusted the operating system for mobile devices developed by Open Mobile Platform company. It will allow corporate users and public institutions to ensure safety of processing and transfer of business data in mobile systems.

The list of the solutions Smart Engines compatible to Sailfish Mobile OS RUS includes programs: recognitions of identity documents, Smart IDReader; recognitions of these bank cards of Smart CardReader; recognitions of numbers of the Smart PlateReader cars, etc.

Technologies which are the cornerstone of the solutions Smart Engines including image processing (Image Processing), identification of objects (Object Identification) and text recognition (OCR), are own development of the company. It provides to the products Smart Engines technology and algorithmic independence that allows to develop and develop platformonezavisimy solutions.

As noted, one of important use of technologies of computer vision of Smart Engines for devices based on Sailfish Mobile OS RUS consists in creation of mobile hardware and software systems on extraction, processing and transfer of personal data for the benefit of the organizations which impose increased requirements to information security.

Sailfish Mobile OS RUS ensures safe functioning with data at the level operating system at the expense of the built-in cryptographic means supporting different cryptoproviders. The protected operating system of general purpose based on Sailfish Mobile OS RUS underwent certification in FSB Russia on compliance to basic requirements for data protection, not making a state secret, from unauthorized access.

Sailfish Mobile OS RUS is the entrusted mobile platform
Sailfish Mobile OS RUS is the entrusted mobile platform

Rostelecom ordered audit of the Sailfish operating system of Grigory Berezkin

In July, 2017 Rostelecom for 3.2 million rubles ordered audit of development processes and software of Sailfish from the subsidiary company "Sputnik". It should end on October 15 (report Vedomosti[9])".

OMP should provide materials to the auditor, said in documents of Rostelecom, but this abbreviation is not decrypted.

Audit of Sailfish will consist of several stages. Sputnik will analyze the device: its consumer characteristics (high-speed performance and an expense of the battery), possibilities of application development for Sailfish, documentation for administrators and developers. Separately Rostelecom interests lifecycle of production of smartphones for needs of state customers: smartphones are manufactured in China, but cryptographic modules in them can be installed only in Russia. Also after assessment of patent purity Sputnik should conclude whether it is possible to use freely in Russia Sailfish and products on its base. Still Sputnik will estimate possibilities of client support of products and will analyze plans of Sailfish: as products will develop whether they will be compatible to third-party applications under other operating systems and to the latest hardware modules. Besides, the company will study the number and skills of developers, said in documents of Rostelecom.

Probability is high that Rostelecom prepares for purchase of the company, the consultant for transactions of merges and absorption who studied documents of Rostelecom considers. If the operator was going to purchase licenses, he would not be needs audit of a command and compliance to standards of production of IT products.

The purpose of possible purchase – projects on import substitution in a public sector - OMP hopes for demand of the state and corporations. About 5 million smartphones and tablets with Sailfish can be demanded by government employees, about 10 million – in a corporate segment, Eyges told Vedomosti. OS already have one consumer – in May, 2017 Russian Post bought 15,000 Inoi smartphones for 171.1 million rubles.

Support of MicroUSB-tokens of JaCarta-2 GOST

The Aladdin R.D. company announced on September 14, 2017 that MicroUSB-tokens of JaCarta-2 GOST support the national operating system for mobile platforms — Sailfish Mobile OS RUS developed by "The open mobile platform". Read more here.

ViPNet CSP is adapted for Sailfish Mobile OS Rus

The companies Infotecs "Open Mobile Platform" announced also on August 15 completion of work on adaptation of provider cryptographic ViPNet CSP of functions 4.2 for Sailfish Mobile OS Rus. As result, now on Sailfish Mobile OS Rus ViPNet cryptolibraries with the PKCS#11 interfaces, OpenSSL and CryptoAPI for are available to embedding in applied and the system software Linux. In more detail about it it is possible to read here.


Sailfish Mobile OS RUS underwent certification in FSB

As CNews knew, the protected mobile Russian Sailfish Mobile OS RUS operating system created based on Sailfish OS of the Finnish company Jolla underwent certification in FSB on compliance to basic requirements for data protection, not making a state secret, from unauthorized access.

Representatives of developer of the Russian product — the Tatarstan company "Open Mobile Platform" — told CNews that it is about the "younger" level of protection of "AK1". "We already have a minutes abstract though the certificate is in a design stage so far" — noted in the company.

Also developers reminded that since September 5, 2016 Sailfish Mobile OS RUS is included in the Register of the Russian software of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications by which state agencies are obliged to be guided at implementation of software purchases.

On November 29 noted this fact in the official press release the Finnish Jolla noted, having specified that it is the only mobile OS which appears in the Register in the section "operating systems" now, and the Russian state corporations developing mobile devices will begin to use it.

For Jolla it became an occasion to initiate in China and South Africa entering, as well as Russia, in the block of BRICS, discussion of perspectives of creation of mobile ecosystems in these countries.

Sailfish 2.0.2

On September 11, 2016 the Jolla company released update of a firmware of 2.0.2 "Aurajoki".

Within this upgrade users received release of Sailfish OS.

Submission of the code in modules OS, (2016)
Submission of the code in modules OS, (2016)

Changes in Sailfish 2.0.2

  • In the manager of photos of Gallery the feature for preserving of backup copies in cloud services of OneDrive and Dropbox and also a possibility of viewing contents of albums in these services directly from the application is added. Speed of opening of big photos[10] is increased];
  • Backup setup is simplified. Functions of creation of backup copies local, not synchronized, the calendar-planirovshchka are added to the menu. Backup copies can remain in cloud storages (OneDrive, Dropbox) or on the SD card.
  • In the web browser links from other applications are by default opened in new tabs now;
  • The mode allowing to use a flash LED for illumination at removal of video is added to the application for work with the camera. Time of activation of the camera is reduced;
  • The feature for removal or sending several contacts from the address directory is added at once;
  • At SMS writing the counter of characters is displaid now;
  • The feature for creation of a screenshot at at the same time deduction of buttons of increase and reduction of volume is added more than 0.5 sec.
  • Function for formatting and safe extraction of memory cards is added to settings of storage;
  • The simple file manager for viewing contents of drives is added;
  • Support of access to content to is added to services for work with cloud storages;
  • Support of devices with FM radio and two slots for SIM cards;
  • Possibility of use of Mozilla Location Service for position fix on bases of wireless access points and base stations;
  • Possibility of adding of the chosen applications and actions for a call from the keeper of the screen;
  • In applications for work with office files support of text copying in a clipboard appeared.

Inclusion in the Unified register of domestic software

On September 5, 2016 mobile Sailfish OS is included in the unified register of the Russian software (at No. 1543).

The open Mobile Platform develops Sailfish

Since 2016 in Russia the Open Mobile Platform company is engaged in development of the operating system. The mobile operating system (OS) under the name Sailfish Mobile OS RUS appeared in the fall of 2016 in the register of the domestic software at the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications. It is developed by the Open Mobile Platform (OMP) company related to the founder of energoholding of UST Grigory Berezkin.

2015: Sailfish will live

On December 22, 2015 it became known of continuation of development of the Sailfish OS operating system by Jolla company. Support of community and other activity will continue - there were means which are for this purpose necessary[11].

Anti-Sarnio (Antti Saarnio), the chairman of the board of directors and the co-founder of Jolla, in the address did not hide emotions and said that it "has excellent news" for all who joined in. Noted that Jolla was hover because till a certain moment it was not represented whether the company will be able to continue activity in the absence of the former amounts of financing. The head unambiguously said - work will be continued, the company productively carried out a round of attraction of financing. The volume of the raised funds, persons/name of the companies investors in Jolla did not specify.

Without calling the companies, Jolla noted growth of interest in licensing of Sailfish OS from participants of the industry of mobile technologies. Sarnio declared the beginning of implementation of Jolla of model according to which partners in the different countries (first of all in Russia, India and China) will make investments in adaptation of Sailfish OS to local markets, Jolla will be focused on development of basic components of the platform.

According to Sarnio, Jolla was in Death Valley, but managed to be selected from there.

Similar situations were and before, as well as at many other startups. This everyday occurrence. But the last episode was for us the most difficult, but now, after removal of a question of financing, the Jolla command is complete of enthusiasm more than ever.
Anti-Sarnio (Antti Saarnio)

Earlier, in November, 2015 Jolla announced time staff reduction due to the lack of financing and submitted the application about restructuring of debt obligations to regulating authorities of Finland. According to TechCrunch the company could not close the next round of financing of $10.6 million from the unknown investor. Negotiations continued about three months, but unsuccessfully. It was supposed that it will be possible to renew them in December, 2015.

2014: The smartphone presentation based on Sailfish

Representation of the smartphone on the Sailfish OS platform, 2014