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2022/05/13 16:36:32

Regulation of public procurement of electronic products

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2022

Russian Ministry of Digital Affairs is rushing to buy up scarce IT equipment

As it became known on May 13, 2022 Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation , he wants to abandon the general rules for regulating procurement for the IT industry, since, according to the department, this prevents the operational purchase of IT equipment balances and the software necessary for digitalization of the public administration system from the market. According to him, the Kommersant head of the Ministry of Digital Affairs Maksut Shadaev in a letter to the head of the White House apparatus, the deputy prime minister Dmitry Grigorenko recognized the criticality of the import situation ICT and the high risks of a shortage of IT goods and services.

According to the newspaper (issue of May 13, 2022), Dmitry Grigorenko launched the approval of the proposals of the Ministry of Digital in a short counter-sanction scenario, which allows waiting for its approval by the government in the coming days. The publication says that the solution of industry problems proposed by the Ministry of Digital Affairs is already standard for the anti-crisis policy of departments - we are talking about deregulation of public procurement by abandoning competition and requirements for customers to support entrepreneurs.

Ministry of Digital Affairs of the Russian Federation is rushing to buy up scarce IT equipment

In order to conclude contracts faster, the Ministry of Finance is counting on centralized purchases of equipment for the creation of Gosoblak from a single supplier. Direct purchases from a single supplier are proposed to be allowed when contracting with a small business in the amount of up to 20 million rubles, and instead of competitive bidding and auction procedures, buy ICT products through a quotation request (by May 13, 2022, such purchases are limited to the amount of contracts up to 3 million rubles and a share of 20% of the customer's procurement volume).

In addition, the Ministry of Digital Affairs asks to resolve the calculations for the supply of universal communication services with Rostelecom not according to 44-FZ, but according to the Law "On Communications," this will allow the state monopoly to quickly receive the funds that it needs for the purchase of equipment, since Rostelecom is a supplier of equipment for a number of state IT projects.[1]

Rostelecom asked the government to make it the only supplier of servers and storage for public procurement

On May 13, 2022, it became known about Rostelecom's request to make its affiliated structure the only supplier of servers and storage for public procurement. Thus, the company plans to create a "single window" for government purchases of computer equipment.

This idea, as Kommersant writes, was promoted through one of the deputy heads of the Ministry of Digital Affairs. The initiative is that Rostelecom will have a monopoly on the supply of servers, storage systems and the sale of cloud services to Russia. According to the source of the publication, the telecom operator wanted to sell servers not only to state-owned companies and departments, but also to all market participants.

Rostelecom asked the government to make it the only server and storage provider

The Ministry of Digital Affairs told the publication that it did not know about the Rostelecom proposal, but in general did not support the idea of ​ ​ a single provider of computer technology. They added that in 2019 the company was appointed the only supplier for the services of the "state glac," but by May 2022 the service provider under one of the contracts is SberCloud.

Participants in the discussion of the Rostelecom initiative to empower it with the rights of a single server supplier and storage system for public procurement indicate several disadvantages of this idea. Firstly, there is a possibility that endowing the Rostelecom structure with such broad functions would jeopardize the sanctions risks first to the company itself, and then to all partners. Foreign regulators can easily track such a company, because the final country - the consumer of computing equipment is easy to find out, said the general director of Norsi-Trans Sergey Ovchinnikov. According to the expert, it will be better if each Russian company itself will establish schemes for the import of equipment.

The second drawback of the initiative is the lack of flexibility in payment and supply schemes that market participants can offer by working separately, another source adds.[2]

2021

The government clarified the norms on quotas for public procurement of domestic laptops and chips

As it became known in December 2021, the Government of the Russian Federation clarified the norms on quotas for public procurement of domestic laptops and chips. It is reported by Interfax with reference to the relevant resolution. According to the document, the new standards relate to portable computers, smart cards, electronic components, integrated circuits, various computer equipment, operational and viewing medical lamps, as well as orthopedic devices of the lower limbs.

As explained by TAdviser in the Ministry of Industry and Trade, quotas are used only for goods where there is the principle of "second extra" and "third extra." Quotas include only those items for which restrictions on public procurement are applied, and the new amendment has become technical and it is connected with the introduction of bans on this nomenclature in August 2021. In the case of laptops, government customers should still buy only Russian devices, the department emphasized.

Laptops and smart cards excluded from the list of quota products for public procurement

In accordance with the resolution that entered into force in early 2021, quotas for public procurement of Russian products affected more than 100 types of goods. The Ministry of Industry and Trade proposed to adjust this list, explaining that by October 2021, 41 types of these goods did not confirm the presence of Russian production, only one producer was identified for 35 types of goods, and more than two producers for 31 types of goods.

At the end of October 2021, at a meeting with  the deputy head of the Ministry of Finance Andrei  Zarenin  on the development of demand for computing technology based on Russian central microprocessors, a draft government decree "On Amending Some Acts  of the Government of the Russian Federation" was considered. The document said that the number of chips ordered at foreign factories for the production of client devices does not exceed 300 thousand units with a need of 1.5 million (in the regulated, "state" market) and no more than 30 thousand units for the production of  servers and storage  systems with a need of more than 150 thousand units, "which is currently the maximum possible production volume." The protocol stated that the specified amount of microprocessors for servers and storage is not fully located for production due to the lack of financial resources for developers.[3]

In Russia, banned public procurement of foreign tablets and servers

At the end of August 2021, the Ministry of Industry and Trade announced a ban on public procurement of some types of electronics of foreign production. We are talking about integrated circuits, smart cards, laptops, tablets, computers, servers and lighting products.

It is reported by RIA Novosti with reference to a statement by the ministry. The department explained that in relation to the rest of the electronics and medical equipment, state customers were obliged to apply the "second extra" rule. This rule implies that the customer is obliged to reject all applications for participation in the purchase in which imported products are offered, if at least one application has been submitted with a proposal to supply domestic electronics.

In the Russian Federation banned public procurement of foreign laptops, tablets and servers

The restrictions do not apply to goods produced in the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union. In addition, the purchase of imports is considered permissible if similar products are not produced in Russia and the EAEU countries or domestic products do not meet the specific requirements of the authorities.

The government decree signed by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin also clarifies the provision of resolution No. 616, which determines the procedure for assigning "forbidden" products to Russian. Now this can be considered only those products about which information is entered in the Register of Russian industrial products or in the Register of Russian electronic products. Accordingly, in an application for participation in public procurement, for example, a laptop supplier will have to submit an extract from these registries.

Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Vasily Shpak, whose words are quoted in the ministry's message, called this decision "a logical continuation of the ministry's strict import substitution policy."

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The act was hard, met with huge resistance on the way, but in the end we managed to do it. In the future, we will continue to complicate the purchase of foreign electronics in the regulated market, when there is a Russian functional analogue, "he added.[4]
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Manufacturers are asking to change the requirements for Russian IT equipment

March 23, 2021 it became known about the proposal of the consortium "Computing Technology" (ANO VT, unites large Russian electronics manufacturers) to finalize the criteria for recognizing domestic equipment manufactured by Russian companies.

According to To the businessman"" in one of the companies participating in the ANO VT, the consortium asks Ministry of Industry and Trade to allow equipment manufacturers to use foreign processors, provided that these companies "invest significantly in the production of domestic processors, the creation of their own design centers for microelectronics or the development of a software environment for Russian processors." This is necessary for manufacturers to participate in public procurement, the requirements for which are being tightened.

The volume of investments can be set at the level of 250 million rubles per company. By March 23, 2021, the mechanism is being discussed, the newspaper writes.

Manufacturers ask to allow the use of foreign processors subject to investment in the production of domestic processors

Not all market participants support the ANO BT initiative. This idea is useful only for foreign microelectronics manufacturers, says Sergey Ovchinnikov, head of Norsi-Trans. In his opinion, the refusal to completely switch exclusively to Russian processors will significantly slow import substitution, while domestic products need to be developed.

Ivan Pokrovsky, director of the Association of Russian Electric Developers and Manufacturers, believes that against the background of current and planned state investments of tens of billions of rubles, the offer of ANO VT "seems to be a disparate exchange."

The volume of investments proposed by market participants in the creation of processors and the development of the software environment is not comparable to the real needs of the industry, said Vikharev, Director of Technology Practice at KPMG in Russia and SNRAG ergey. In his opinion, even combining the efforts of 20 manufacturers of domestic electronic equipment is not enough: billions of dollars are needed for a complete transition to a domestic element base.[5]

2020

The Russian government was asked to simplify public procurement of radio electronics from defense industry enterprises

As it became known in early November 2020, ANO Telecommunications Technologies (ANO TT), formed by the state corporation Rostec, PJSC Rostelecom and the Element group, sent a letter to Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov asking him to simplify public procurement of radio electronics from companies of the military-industrial complex (OPK).

According to Kommersant"" with reference to this document, the general director of the consortium Gulnara Khasyanova proposes to allow state customers in 2021-2022 to purchase electronic equipment outside the competitive procedures, which is part of the national register, from electronic engineers Ministry of Industry and Trade companies included in the consolidated register of defense industry organizations.

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Russian authorities asked to simplify public procurement of radio electronics from defense industry enterprises

According to Khasyanova, the simplification of public procurement of equipment from defense industry enterprises will provide them with understandable volumes of supplies and the possibility of long-term planning. For this, it is planned to conclude contracts for a period of two years, since the short-term ones that are practiced today "do not allow domestic producers to develop," she says.

In a conversation with Kommersant, Gulnara Khasyanova expressed the opinion that quotas and preferences will provide an incentive for defense industry enterprises to produce more civilian telecommunications solutions. At the same time, market participants interviewed by the publication were skeptical of the proposal of the ANO TT.

So, according to the founder of Gagar.IN, Sergei Zorin, it can be done only worse if, in the defense industry, an uncontested supplier is imposed in an attempt to solve the problem when state customers cut off Russian manufacturers, indicating in the tender documentation the requirements and deadlines for a specific imported product. For the development of Russian electronics production, it is necessary not only to close the market from foreign products, but also to simultaneously encourage domestic competition between manufacturers so that they grow and at some point be able to compete in the world market, Zorin is sure.[6]

The government instructed to establish quotas for Russian radio electronics for public procurement

On October 19, 2020, it became known about the order of the Government of the Russian Federation to coordinate with government agencies the size of quotas for the purchase of domestic goods, including radio electronics, as well as the minimum quotas for such goods in public procurement for 2021-2023.

The fact that the Deputy Prime Minister Iouri Borisov gave such an order to the head Ministry of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov was reported by "" Kommersant with reference to a copy of the letter. The Government confirmed such a document to the publication, and the Ministry of Industry and Trade said that the project is being finalized with state agencies.

The Ministry of Finance is considering proposals for the size of quotas and has already sent proposals to the government on the procedure for the customer to prepare annual reports on their achievement, the department said. The Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation sent proposals for the draft list, but the final version has not yet been received by the department, the press service of the department told the newspaper.

The Government of the Russian Federation instructed to establish quotas for Russian radio electronics for public procurement

According to the executive director of Association of the Russian developers and producers of an elektronikiivan of Pokrovsky, quotas on a number of grocery categories cannot be realized. For example, it is difficult to achieve 90% of domestic purchases of chips in the coming year, he said. At the same time, domestic solutions already dominate the category of cash terminals, and here the quota is underestimated, the expert says:

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If quotas are overestimated, then customers will go the workaround of preparing "justifications for the impossibility" of fulfilling the quota, and if they are underestimated, then it will be possible to report on the results, including in the statistics information about the Russian origin of the products that they already purchased, "he said.
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A gradual increase in quotas will allow you to get a long-term guaranteed market, which is important both for already released and for future products, said Konstantin Solodukhin, general director of the National Center for Informatization.[7]

The government allocates another 350 billion rubles for the development of radio electronics

As it became known on September 29, 2020 Government of the Russian Federation , it allocates another 350 billion rubles for the development of radio-electronic industry. These funds will be spent until 2023 as part of the national economic development plan, which was approved on September 23 at a government meeting, the director of the electronic industry department said Ministry of Industry and Trade Vasily Shpak at the opening of the Microelectronics 2020 international forum.

According to him, the allocated money, in particular, will go to research and development work related to the development of electronic components, equipment, means of producing clean gases, as well as to the development of design centers, subsidizing part of the costs of producing pilot batches of products.

According to the strategy, the goal of the development of the electronic industry by 2030 is to increase revenue by 2.5 times, to 5.2 trillion rubles, and exports - by 2.7 times, to $12 billion.

The Government of the Russian Federation allocates another 350 billion rubles for the development of radio electronics

The new program for the development of the electronic industry Russia will gradually restore this industry, the Russian Prime Minister said Mikhail Mishustin during a visit to semiconductor the Instrument Plant in Yoshkar-Ola on September 30, 2020.

The head of government positively appreciated the fact that the domestic electronic industry is again reviving in the country, although "everything has not been quite simple since the time of the Soviet Union." He noted that the government continues the program of supporting import substitution in the electronic industry, recalling that about 300 million rubles were allocated for these purposes until 2024. According to Mishustin, to support the industry, it is first necessary to form industry needs.

The head of the Cabinet expressed the hope that the mentioned state program will formulate such needs and clear guidelines to stimulate the demand of industries for Russian electronic products, as well as export prospects, reports TASS.[8][9]

The Ministry of Industry and Trade presented a State Planning Committee of purchases by the TV set equipment and SHD

On August 18, 2020, it became known about the decision Ministry of Industry and Trade to introduce quotas for public procurement of telecommunications equipment and. storage systems According to the idea of ​ ​ the department, companies whose share states exceeds 50% will have to purchase goods from the register of Russian and Eurasian industrial products based on the schedule drawn up by the Ministry of Industry and Trade.

It is assumed that state-owned companies will be required to report annually no later than February 1 on the implementation of the procurement plan or the inability to do so.

This initiative, as the ministry told Kommersant, is due to the laws on quotas for public procurement of Russian products issued in July 2020. By August 18, the size of quotas is "in the process of calculation and approval," the department added.

The Ministry of Industry and Trade presented the state plan for the purchase of telecommunications equipment
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Interest on quotas has not yet been fully worked out. We can talk about quotas in the amount of 30-50% of the volume of purchases, "explained Ivan Pokrovsky, executive director of the Association of Russian Electric Developers and Manufacturers, to the publication.
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The initiative will have the greatest impact on large state corporations, which will have to look for ways to modernize networks using Russian solutions. The Rostec"" newspaper said that Russian companies are having difficulties entering the public procurement markets, and the quota mechanism will be an effective measure to support the domestic producer.

However, ZelaxSergey Sukhman, who is familiar with the development of documents, warns that it is easy to circumvent the requirements: large companies at the stage of forming a technical assignment describe the parameters under which domestic products will not fall.

For state-owned companies, quotas are a need to think through the integration of Russian solutions into the infrastructure, said Alexander CROC Sysoev, head of the computing infrastructure of the company.[10]

Ministry of Industry and Trade decided to consolidate the priority of Russian electronics in state orders

On June 10, 2020, it became known about a project prepared by the Ministry of Industry and Trade on restrictions on  the admission of foreign companies to the  electronics market. The agency proposes to consolidate the priority of Russian decisions in public procurement.

According to Kommersant, citing this document, the draft amendments to the government decree on stimulating the production of electronic products expands the list of Russian manufacturers that fall under preferences in state procurement under the FZ-44.

June 10, 2020 it became known about the project prepared by the Ministry of Industry and Trade on restrictions on the admission of foreign companies to the electronics market

According to the document, restrictions  and prohibitions on purchases of foreign electronic products are supposed to be introduced according to  the list of the Ministry of Industry and Trade  - by June 10, 2020 , seven items were included in the book, including computer, electronic  and optical equipment, household appliances  and lighting devices.

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For industries where production is insufficient to  ensure full coverage of demand, the "second extra" rule will apply, allowing the participation of foreign equipment in the  absence of domestic. The list of such industries will be quickly regulated by the Ministry of Industry and Trade,   the department told the publication.
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As explained to Kommersant in the apparatus of Industrial Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov, Russia is moving  to tighter regulation in the form of bans on the acquisition of foreign analogues, going along the path of supporting the Russian manufacturer - both in the field of radio electronics and in other industries.

So far (by June 10, 2020  ), the "third extra" mechanism is used for products that fall under restrictions, providing for the refusal of  a foreign supplier's application if  there are  at least two Russian ones that meet the requirements of the FZ-44.

The Ministry of Economic Development told the newspaper that the practice of imposing prohibitions does not  cause difficulty in  ensuring state needs  and does not eliminate competition at  the auction, but  stimulates investments  in the localization of production  in the Russian Federation.[11]

Authorities want to introduce forced purchases of Russian electronics for state-owned companies

On February 7, 2020, it became known that the Ministry of Industry and Trade prepared a draft directive aimed at reducing purchases of radio electronics from foreign production by Russian state-owned companies, including their subsidiaries.

The draft directive of the Ministry of Industry and Trade has already been sent for approval to the Government of the Russian Federation, including its deputy chairman Yuri Borisov, who oversees industry in the government.

The project involves the use of quotas when transferring state-owned companies to purchase domestic radio electronics from a special register. In addition, it is planned to conduct quarterly stress tests to assess potential currency and sanctions risks, as well as cyber threats.

According to the text of the project, the initiative to discuss the issue of technological dependence of Russian enterprises on foreign radio electronics should come from state representatives on the board of directors of state-owned companies.

According to the document prepared by the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the government will establish quotas for the purchase of domestic products for each state-owned company. The purchase of foreign goods is allowed only in the absence of Russian bids after two procurement attempts.

The government will be able to determine the conditions for forming the maximum contract price and contract prices with a single supplier according to the characteristics of domestic goods. In case of failure to fulfill the minimum share of domestic purchases at the end of the year, the state-owned company is obliged to justify the impossibility of achieving it.

After collecting feedback, the project will again be sent for approval, it became known from the words of the representative of the Ministry of Industry and Trade. He did not specify which quotas for the purchase of domestic radio electronics are proposed to be introduced, but it is planned to make a decision on this issue before the end of March 2020. So far, the directive has not received the support of the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of Economy expects additional information about the project.

According to information, there is no consensus in the Government on this issue. The Ministry of Finance did not support the project of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Economic Development asked for additional data[12].

2019

Authorities will be able to oblige companies to use Russian equipment and VOLS to connect SZO to the Internet

On December 30, 2019, it became known that Government of the Russian Federation it published a Internet legal information order on the official portal, according to which Mintsifrazvitiya RUSSIAN FEDERATION when purchasing services for connecting to the Internet socially significant objects (SZO), it will be able to require the use of the Russian telecommunication equipment and. fiber optic cable

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Establish that when executing state contracts concluded by the Ministry of Digital Development of the Russian Federation for the purchase of services for connecting to the [...] Internet, and for transmitting data when accessing this network to social facilities; separately for each subject of the Russian Federation, amendments to these contracts are allowed in terms of: the contractor's obligations to use telecommunication equipment and fiber-optic cable for the provision of the service, which, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, are of Russian origin, the document says.
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As noted in the order, the contractor has the right not to use Russian electronic products in agreement with the customer if there is no corresponding domestic analogue. Also, the contractor has the right to early fulfill the stages of the state contract, providing for the connection of social facilities to the Internet, if the customer is not entitled to pay for the fulfilled and accepted obligations provided for by the state contract. In the event of an increase or decrease in the number of connected social facilities, the state customer, in agreement with the contractor, has the right to increase or decrease the volume of the service by no more than 30% with an increase or decrease in price.

Earlier, the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation spoke about the results of the first exercises, which took place several days in Moscow, Vladimir, Rostov and several other entities within the framework of the law on the sovereign Runet. During the exercises, communication stability was tested, cellular security was checked (including issues of personal data protection and traffic interception) and the security of the Internet of Things was tested. [13].

Putin instructed to stimulate the purchase of Russian telecom equipment using related loans

On February 23, 2019, the President Russia Vladimir Putin approved the list of instructions following the results of the forum of the All-Russian Public Organization Business Russia"," held on February 6. Part of the instructions relates to domestic telecom equipment.

Vladimir Putin instructed to develop measures to economically stimulate the purchase of Russian telecom equipment

In particular, the president instructed to develop and ensure, with the participation of Russian business associations, the implementation of a set of measures aimed at economically stimulating the acquisition of Russian telecommunications equipment. For consumers of such equipment, a mechanism for providing related loans should be defined.

Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev was appointed responsible for this task. The due date is March 31, 2019.

Another order is aimed at providing support to developers of competitive domestic solutions for new generation communication systems during the implementation of the national program "Digital Economy of the Russian Federation." The deadline for the execution of the order is March 31, 2019. Dmitry Medvedev is also responsible.

Russia will create a single register of Russian electronic equipment

On January 14, 2019, it became known about the possibility of creating a unified register of radio-electronic equipment of Russian origin in Russia with the allocation of a register of telecommunications equipment of Russian origin in it. The Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Economic Development, the Ministry of Communications and the Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia must submit to the Government of the Russian Federation "a draft regulatory legal act on the creation of a unified register" by March 1, 2019.

The relevant instructions to the departments were given by Deputy Prime Minister Maxim  Akimov following the meeting on the use of domestic telecommunications equipment in the implementation of the national program and the national project "Digital Economy."

Authorities will create a single register of Russian electronic equipment

The Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Finance and the Federal Antimonopoly Service must prepare amendments to the legislation by March 1, 2019 that only equipment from this register is recognized as telecommunications equipment manufactured in Russia.  State contracts should include obligations to purchase and use only such equipment. 

Until February 1, 2019, the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Finance will have to submit proposals to stimulate the use of telecommunications equipment of Russian origin, including proposals to provide preferential credit lines to buyers of such equipment, as well as proposals to introduce a preferential regime for paying taxes and insurance premiums by enterprises producing equipment from the register.

In addition, by March 1, 2019, proposals should be prepared for the implementation of measures aimed at training qualified specialists for the construction and operation of information infrastructure based on Russian telecommunications equipment and computer equipment.

Maksimov Akimov also instructed the Ministry of Communications, together with the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Rosatom, Rostec and RVC JSC, to provide for the development of a comprehensive project for the development of wireless communication technologies based on promising domestic telecommunications equipment by February 1.[14]

By February 15, the Federal Customs Service, the Federal Tax Service and the Ministry of Internal Affairs should report on the results of the analysis of the movement of imported telecommunications equipment for compliance with   the VEDEAES TN codes.

2018

Deputy Prime Minister Akimov highlighted key tasks in the telecommunications industry

Russian manufacturers of telecommunications equipment should feel as comfortable as possible in the domestic market and squeeze out foreign competitors, all conditions will be created for this, said Russian Deputy Prime Minister Maxim Akimov in Novosibirsk in December 2018.

"Today is an occasion to talk about the problems of the telecommunications industry, equipment, in order to solve key problems. One of them is to make the presence of Russian manufacturers in the Russian market as comfortable as possible and on competitive and attractive conditions for telecommunications companies to squeeze out our foreign competitors, "he said
.

The Deputy Prime Minister noted that the meeting of the council will talk about "how technologically, competitively and competently to do this."

In turn, the deputy chairman Federation Council Andrey Turchak said that the council will meaningfully discuss and, possibly, develop additional measures to support the industry at the legislative level, regulatory levels, including customs.

Akimov and Turchak in Novosibirsk took part in the opening of the second stage of the production of telecommunications equipment of Eltex, one of the Russian developers and manufacturers of telecommunications equipment. The head of the company, Chernikov Alexei, said that he expects that with the development of production, his enterprise will be able to occupy up to 30-35% of the Russian market in the next two to three years.

State-owned companies will be obliged to purchase Russian telecommunications equipment

Mintsifra together Minekonomiravzitiya Ministry of Industry and Trade Russia with and develops directives according to which state-owned companies will have to purchase equipment from the register of telecommunication equipment Russian of origin (TORP) or justify the purchase of foreign telecommunications equipment. This was announced on December 11, 2018 by the Deputy Director of the Department of High Technology Development. According Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media Dmitry Nikitin to the official, this will give an "additional incentive to state-owned companies" and they will be able to pay more attention to domestic telecommunications equipment.

Nikitin noted that the directives should be issued in the II quarter of 2019, but it is possible that they will be sent to state-owned companies ahead of schedule.

The register of telecommunications equipment of Russian origin, maintained by the Ministry of Industry and Trade, was created on the basis of government decree No. 858-r of 2010. The register contains more than 400 domestic analogues of telecommunications equipment of[15].

The Ministry of Communications is discussing the expansion of the list of Russian telecom equipment

The Federal Communications Agency (Rossvyaz) proposes to expand the list of communication equipment, which may be called domestic, this issue is now being considered by the Ministry of Communications and Communications, Telesputnik reports in February 2018, the Ministry of Communications of the[16] reference to the deputy head of the department of public services in the communications sector of Rossvyaz Vladimir AreAre.

The official recalled that now the status of telecommunications equipment of Russian origin (TORP) receives equipment subject to mandatory certification - such as switching and routing equipment (including wireless access points WiFi 802.11a/b/g/n standard), monitoring, telephone, base stations, digital transport systems. At the same time, according to him, the means of communication which are subject to declaring - any terminal equipment, AFU, power supply equipment, cable products, modems, servers - are not included in this list of the list of the joint order.

According to Rossvyaz, 2016 declarations were registered in 2590, of which 551 (or 21%) is equipment made in Russia. In 2017, the dynamics remained almost the same - 594 (or 22%) means of communication from 2649 registered declarations. At the same time, 815 certificates of compliance were issued in 2016, of which 265 (or 32%) are recognized as domestic equipment, in 2017 - 295 (or 39%) means of communication of domestic production out of 748 certificates of compliance.

Back in 2017, Rossvyaz proposed expanding the list of TORP by assigning this status to all funds used in the public communication network

2017

The register of Russian telecom equipment did not become a market incentive - analysts

The market of operator telecom equipment in Russia continues to account for a small share of the global market and does not show a clear positive development trend. This conclusion was reached by J'son & Partners Consulting. According to him, imported equipment in the Russian telecom industry accounts for almost 94% of the[17][18]).

Measures taken at the federal level have not yet yielded a tangible result - for example, the register of telecommunications equipment of Russian origin (TORP). The agency notes that the companies that most actively receive the status of TORP in the market are lagging behind in terms of sales. Of the 334 types of equipment with the status of TORP, only 43 (13%) are actively in demand by the market over the past 6 years, including switches and routers.

The negative trend of the export share in the external economic activity of the operator equipment segment continues. In most cases, the countries of the post-Soviet space remain consumers of such equipment. Telecom equipment is mainly supplied to Russia by China. At the same time, the growth rate of various manufacturing sectors in Russia was the highest in the world after China in 20 years. The total annual average growth rate of production of electronic and optical equipment in Russia for the period 2000-2015 was 12.5% compared to 16.7% in China, 0.3% in the USA and a decrease in the UK by 4.8%.

At the same time, in absolute terms, the volume of Russian industry is not large against the background of industrialized countries. The existing size and diversification of manufacturing industries is not enough for an industrial breakthrough in the electronic and telecommunications sectors, the agency said. There is also no proprietary advanced digital electronics and ICT equipment. its own advanced digital electronics and ICT equipment is a challenge to maximizing the economic impact of digitalization of the economy on imported infrastructure.

Import dependence may stop the development of the segment of domestic telecom equipment

According to representatives of the information and analytical center of the domestic electronic industry Central Research Institute "Electronics" (part of the Rostec structure), the share of Russian telecom equipment in the procurement structure of Russian business and the state continues to increase, but its further growth may be hindered by the almost complete absence of domestic solutions for next-generation networks, including 5G, reports Kommersant[19]

Telecom equipment costs

In 2016, Russian business and the state spent about 500 billion rubles on the purchase of telecommunications equipment. Of these, devices of domestic production accounted for 5.5%, which is 0.5 percentage points more than the same indicator in 2015 (with a market volume of 430 billion rubles), calculated at the Central Research Institute "Electronics." Most of this amount was spent on purchases by telecom operators. The costs of other companies did not exceed 20 billion rubles. However, as expected, they will grow by the end of 2017 to 24.5 billion rubles.

The situation in the telecom market of Russia

According to the general director of the Central Research Institute "Electronics," Alena Fomina the best domestic developers are represented in segments IPswitchboards-,, routers gateways and a number of others. At the same time, Russian companies are practically absent in the following sectors: solutions for building 5G networks, technologies for building software-defined networks () SDN virtualizations and network functions (NFV).

Effects of import dependence

According to experts of the Central Research Institute of Electronics, the import dependence of the telecom industry threatens with risks associated with restricting or banning the supply of foreign equipment. This can slow down the dynamics of the development of national network infrastructure and create a shortage in the market segments of telecom equipment that has no domestic analogues, according to the Central Research Institute.

Market Player Comments

According to Rostelecom, the use of domestic telecom equipment is increasing while improving its quality.

According to MegaFon, the share of domestic equipment in the operator's network has been stable for the past few years. In particular, the company uses domestic cable products - radio frequency and fiber optic cables, passive antenna devices, equipment of transport networks, as well as a wide range of domestic software.

In turn, VimpelCom announced its readiness to use domestic equipment on its network, subject to the optimal balance of price and quality, specifying that "its choice is still small."

According to Tele2 representatives, the operator considers domestic equipment along with foreign equipment, focusing primarily on quality when choosing it.

MTS did not provide a comment.

Companies with the state budget will be obliged to purchase telecom equipment from Russia

The government is considering an initiative that assumes that government agencies and companies that are more than half state-owned should prefer domestic telecom equipment in procurement. We are talking about equipment included in the corresponding register of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, they write in September. ""News

"The
possibility of extending the restriction on the admission of telecommunications equipment of foreign origin to purchases not only for state and municipal needs, but also for companies with state participation is being worked out," the press service of the ministry told the publication.

A similar rule is currently in force in the procurement of software. In the case of bidding, state-owned companies should prefer domestic software from the register. If it is not suitable, the reasons for the failure must be justified.

Restrictions on public procurement of foreign equipment for GLONASS

The government expanded the list of foreign electronic products, which are subject to the restriction when making public procurement, adding GLONASS equipment to it. The corresponding resolution was signed on July 6, 2017.

In addition to GLONASS equipment, electrical signalling devices, both sound and light, as well as electrical equipment for ensuring safety or traffic control on railways, tram tracks, roads, inland waterways, parking areas, port facilities or airfields were added to the list.

The public sector was banned from buying foreign GLONASS equipment. Source photo: 360tv.ru

The government explains its actions by the fact that in Russia chips and modules for GLONASS are already being produced, as well as light-signal equipment "with characteristics that are not inferior to foreign counterparts." The decision should increase its competitiveness and contribute to the further development of this market in Russia[20]."

2016

Government decree on public procurement of electronic products

On September 27, 2016, the Government of the Russian Federation issued Decree No. 968, establishing restrictions on the admission of certain types of foreign electronic products to public procurement. The list of products for which restrictions have been imposed on public procurement contains, among other things:

  • cell phones,
  • laptops,
  • tablet computers,
  • cash terminals,
  • ATMs,
  • integrated electronic circuits,
  • keyboards,
  • printers,
  • graph builders,
  • data I/O terminals,
  • scanners,
  • monitors, etc. (more than 100 items in total).

According to the decree, when purchasing these types of electronic products, the state customer is obliged to reject all foreign applications, provided that at least two applications are received for the tender, offering the supply of similar equipment of Russian production or production of the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union. The first - they contain proposals for the supply of products produced in the territory of the Russian Federation, the second - do not contain proposals for the supply of the same type of products from one manufacturer.

This restriction comes into force on September 30, 2016 and will be valid until August 31, 2018.

A separate paragraph stipulates that during the execution of the contract, when the customer rejected applications with offers of imported products, it is not allowed to replace the manufacturer and purchased goods with foreign ones.

The government decree contains instructions on what products can be considered manufactured in Russia

From September 1, 2018, according to the decree, similar rules will apply for products produced in the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union. In addition to the Russian Federation, it includes Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan. When two or more bids are received for the tender with the offer of products of their countries from different suppliers, bids with proposals of other imported products will have to be rejected by the customer.

The decree establishes a list of types of products subject to restrictions. It includes various types of computing machines, laptop computers (including laptops and tablets), printers, cash terminals, ATMs, computer monitors and projectors, internal and external storage devices, electronic communication devices, video cameras, televisions, audio playback equipment, handset and cellular communication networks, and much more.

According to the decree, when purchasing, products included in the list and not contained in it cannot be combined into one lot.

The explanatory note to the draft resolution indicated that it is focused on creating conditions for the long-term development and formation of competitive advantages of manufacturers of Russian electronic products.

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Within the framework of the WTO, the Russian Federation has no obligations in relation to public procurement, in connection with which the potential for creating and developing the production of Russian microelectronic products, computer equipment, lighting products, telecommunications production and other types of Russian radioelectronic industry is concentrated in this area of ​ ​ regulation, which can be implemented by introducing prohibitions and restrictions on access to state orders, the explanatory note said.
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Ministry of Industry and Trade proposes to limit purchases of imported telecom equipment

On March 9, 2016, it became known that state-owned companies and companies with state participation may be banned from buying foreign telecommunications equipment, if there is a similar Russian one. Experts note that domestic solutions are only on paper.

Izvestia wrote that the Ministry of Industry and Trade has developed a draft government decree restricting public procurement of foreign telecom equipment. It is assumed that it can be purchased only in the absence of Russian analogues in the register of the Ministry of Industry and Trade and if the goods do not satisfy the customer's requests.

State companies and companies with state participation may be prohibited from buying foreign telecommunications equipment if there is a similar Russian

The authors of the project propose to introduce for manufacturers from the countries of the Eurasian Economic Union the same admission regime to the Russian market as for domestic companies.

According to RBKAlexander Kononenko, Deputy General Director for Technology, often equipment belonging to Russian is not entirely such, since most of the equipment is based on a foreign element base (mainly Chinese) with the addition of Russian components.

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From the experience and feedback of my colleagues, I can say that such equipment - the "Russian-Chinese self-assembly" - does not always work stably and with many operational problems. Therefore, when it is possible to buy branded foreign equipment, which is checked by time, with the same cost as Russian, many make a choice in favor of foreign. No one wants his infrastructure to "fall," Kononenko said.
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The head of Cognitive Technologies Olga Uskova supports the project of the Ministry of Industry and Trade. Uskova also advises the government to indicate additional parameters of equipment for public procurement so that manufacturers can prepare for the production of the necessary models.[21]

2015

How the state plans to cut off foreign telecom equipment suppliers

TAdviser got acquainted with the presentation of the Deputy Minister of Communications of the Russian Federation Alexey Sokolov dated November 27, 2015 on the main proposals of the Ministry to support the import substitution of telecommunications equipment.

The interagency working group of the Ministry of Communications and the Ministry of Industry and Trade coordinates these works. Together, the ministries intend to implement several initiatives:

  • the principle of "third excess" - limiting the admission of foreign manufacturers of telecommunications equipment to purchases for state and municipal needs, if there are applications for two or more goods of Russian origin;

  • provision of preferences in relation to state contracts in the amount of 15% to the participants of the order, the applications for participation of which contain proposals for the supply of Russian-made products;

  • mandatory testing of equipment according to the methods developed by the Ministry of Communications and Communications together with the Ministry of Industry and Trade and with the participation of interested departments, in order to ensure information security of the Unified Telecommunication Network of the Russian Federation;

  • development together with the Ministry of Industry and Trade of a mechanism for granting preferences to domestic telecommunication equipment by analogy with the implemented mechanism for domestic software.

The restrictions proposed by the Ministry of Communications and the Ministry of Industry and Trade, apparently, will apply to both government agencies and state-owned companies. The draft document on 15% preference has already been published on the portal of public discussion of regulatory legal acts and applies to tenders, auctions and requests for quotes for the purchase of software, equipment and services of all state corporations, state-owned companies, and natural monopolies.

The law on restricting public procurement of foreign software concerns only state authorities, but on December 22, Russian President Vladimir Putin supported the proposal of the IT industry to limit public procurement of foreign software to state-owned companies as well.

Purchases of foreign telecommunications equipment in government agencies and state-owned companies will be limited
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Due to a number of factors, the Russian Federation has not developed software and hardware for telecommunications equipment in the last 20 years. The exception was companies that partially occupied the narrow market for telecommunications devices that solve specific tasks related to power departments, as well as OEM manufacturers that were engaged not so much in the development itself as in the import and adaptation of foreign solutions. Wide markets for routers, switches, equipment for cellular networks, wireless equipment were almost completely lost to foreign vendors, "says Sergey Nikulin, CEO of РДП.ру.
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In his opinion, it was almost impossible to eliminate the backlog due to non-competitiveness or the lack of production of an elementary base in Russia.

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Fortunately for Russian companies, worldwide there is a trend towards the virtualization of network functions and the transition of network functionality to a purely software area based on standard server platforms. Competition of network equipment manufacturers goes to the level of software competition, and here the weak point of Russia - hardware - no longer restrains the development of our companies, the expert adds.
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Factors such as the low ruble exchange rate and international sanctions are also favorable, Nikulin said.

All these factors, in his opinion, give Russian companies a window of opportunity to occupy a significant share (> 30%) of these wide markets in Russia and the countries of the customs union, and in the future to claim global expansion.

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In order for these plans to become a reality, serious support for the authorities is needed and in this sense the initiative of the Ministry of Communications is very expected and timely, Nikulin notes.
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The Ministry of Finance and Minek did not agree on the proposal of the Ministry of Communications

On September 22, 2015, it became known that the proposals of the Ministry of Communications to stimulate the purchase of Russian-made telecommunications equipment were sent for revision by the financial and economic bloc of the government.

As support measures for domestic vendors, it was proposed to partially subsidize the costs of purchasing their hardware (including the payment of interest on loans), introduce subsidies for the disposal of obsolete foreign equipment and provide preferential access to the frequency ranges on which mobile Internet equipment of Russian origin operates.

Proposals of the Ministry of Communications to stimulate the purchase of Russian-made telecommunications equipment were sent for revision

In addition, the Ministry of Communications spoke about the need to open credit lines for operators building networks on Russian equipment, reduce value added tax on its purchase, reduce payments to the universal service reserve by the amount for which the operator purchased domestic equipment, and simplify the certification of Russian telecom products.

As Vedomosti wrote in the issue of September 21, 2015, the Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of Finance made comments on the prepared draft. In particular, according to the representative of the Ministry of Economic Development Elena Lashkina, the measures proposed by the Ministry of Communications do not take into account the financial and economic consequences.

Ilya Rachkov, partner at King & Spalding Law Firm, notes that import substitution subsidies, manufacturer discrimination only on the basis of origin and simplified certification, which is the so-called non-tariff barrier, are prohibited within the World Trade Organization.

According to the representative of the Ministry of Finance, preferences for manufacturers of Russian telecommunications equipment should be financed from the state program "Information Society (2011-2020)," for which the Ministry of Communications has already allocated budget money. At the same time, the proposals of the department to support domestic manufacturers of communications equipment to one degree or another are already enshrined in current legislation, including in the tax, and the telecommunications industry has not suffered so much from the crisis compared to others, the Ministry of Finance said.[22]

Proposal of the Ministry of Communications on preferences for Russian telecom equipment

On September 17, 2015, it became known that Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media Russia it had prepared proposals for the formation of a set of measures for the import substitution of telecommunications equipment by providing benefits to Russian manufacturers of these solutions.

According to Kommersant, Deputy Minister of Communications Alexey Sokolov sent a letter to the Ministry of Industry and Trade and a number of other relevant departments stating the creation of a priority procedure for the purchase of domestic telecommunications equipment by authorities and companies with state participation in tenders.

Russian telecom equipment may receive preferences for public procurement

The ministry first proposes at Rostelecom to test the method of providing point preferences to Russian hardware telecom solutions and the system of planning their public procurement for a period of more than one year. To receive benefits, Russian manufacturers will have to undergo testing of their products at the center of competencies in the field of telecommunications equipment, communication networks and software, created in Ufa on the basis of Rostelecom.

According to Alexey Sokolov, the Ministry of Communications is preparing for consideration by the government a draft regulatory act on restricting the purchase of foreign telecommunications equipment at the expense of budgets of all levels in the case of existing domestic analogues. The next discussion of this issue is scheduled for September 30, 2015 as part of a meeting on the development of microelectronics chaired by Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Rostelecom says that the company is consistently implementing a set of measures to increase the share of Russian-made equipment purchased. At the same time, a source close to the operator indicates the difficulty of implementing this program.[23]

2014

Prepare import substitution plan

On the basis of instructions from the President and the Government of the Russian Federation in the Ministry of Industry and Trade and in the Department of Electronic Industry, as in one of its divisions, sectoral import substitution plans are being prepared , Pavel Kutsko, deputy director of this department, said in March 2015.

According to him, as of March 2015, such plans have by and large already been formed and are undergoing stages of public discussion, discussion at the Analytical Center under the Government of the Russian Federation and other state authorities.

Deputy Director of the Department of Electronic Industry of the Ministry of Industry and Trade Pavel Kutsko

In March, the plan for import substitution in the electronic industry was also aimed at coordination with interested federal executive bodies. Subsequently, it is planned to create a new program for the development of the electronic industry in Russia on its basis, Kutsko said.

About 200 projects were selected in the plan, which are distributed in five main areas: telecommunications, computing, medical equipment, electronic engineering and intelligent control systems. The implementation of these projects is planned to begin in 2016.

These five directions are the basis for the state program for the development of the electronic industry being developed in the Ministry of Industry and Trade. In all these areas, "road maps" have been developed, areas and measures have been identified that require priority import substitution.

Pavel Kutsko also noted that the percentage of use of the domestic electronic base is growing, but the percentage of imported components continues to prevail significantly. In his opinion, there are two segments in which the Russian industry is most ready for the "global import substitution" - telecommunications technology and computing.

See also

Notes

  1. Clarifying the Cloud
  2. Servers offered a single window
  3. Laptops and smart cards excluded from the list of quota products for public procurement
  4. In Russia, banned public procurement of foreign laptops, tablets and servers
  5. Adventures of microelectronics. Russian companies are not ready to abandon foreign processors
  6. Electronics are prepared for conversion. Public procurement of equipment from defense industry enterprises is asked to simplify
  7. The organs were sealed with microcircuits. State customers painted quotas for Russian radio electronics
  8. Mishustin said that the program for the development of radio electronics will restore the industry
  9. The state will allocate an additional 350 billion rubles for the development of radio electronics
  10. Telecommunications is our future. State-owned companies are preparing state plans for the purchase of radio electronics
  11. Adventures of Electronics
  12. The authorities want to introduce forced purchases of Russian electronics for state-owned companies
  13. Companies will be obliged to use Russian equipment when connecting social facilities to the Network
  14. Decisions on the results of the meeting on the use of domestic telecommunications equipment in the implementation of measures of the national program and the national project "Digital Economy"
  15. the State Company may be obliged to buy domestic telecommunications equipment
  16. Russian Federation is considering expanding the list of communication equipment, which may be called domestic with
  17. market. The register of Russian telecom equipment has not become a market incentive - Atlas analysts of
  18. the telecommunications equipment market of Russian origin (TORP
  19. Routers routed to carriers
  20. , the State Sector was banned from buying foreign GLONASS - "iron
  21. They want to ban foreign telecom equipment in public procurement
  22. Benefits for users of domestic communication equipment are not agreed
  23. Expensive domestic