Information technologies in the Central Bank of the Russian Federation
2019: Expense reduction for 32%
In 2019 expenses on ensuring functioning payment, operational, information and analytical, information telecommunication systems of the Central Bank of Russian Federation (Bank of Russia) made about 7.7 billion rubles. It is reported in the annual report of the Bank of Russia published in May, 2020. The organization carries the specified expenses to capital.
Actual expenses were slightly lower than planned: the approved capital expenditure on informatization was 8.7 billion rubles.
In comparison with 2018 this item of expenditure was reduced by 32%. Cost reduction under this article was also last year. As well as then, decrease for 2019 in the Bank of Russia is explained in the annual report with reduction of amount of works within IT strategy implementation.
In the same place it is explained that these investments are directed to creation of computing and telecommunication infrastructure of a private cloud of the Bank of Russia, the systems of engineering support of DPCs. A part of means was intended for development of a single platform of external interaction with market participants, creations of services of personal accounts.
Here maintenance of functioning and development of the operating information and analytical systems and technical infrastructure, including the engineering systems of the Bank of Russia and also replacement of the equipment of computing infrastructure of divisions of the Bank of Russia are referred.
Follows from the annual report that among the central infrastructure projects of the Bank of Russia in 2019 there was a completion of works on creation of DPCs in St. Petersburg and Krasnoyarsk.
| ||It allowed to provide further consolidation of computing resources of the Bank of Russia and to complete the second stage of creation of private "cloud" of the Bank of Russia within which not only volumes of computing resources of IT infrastructure are expanded but also the level of their fault tolerance and disaster tolerance is increased, - explain in the Bank of Russia.|| |
In total at the Bank of Russia now five own DPCs, follow from the reporting.
For the purpose of expense optimization of the Bank of Russia on satellite communication in 2019 the new functionality of a management system of the selected communication satellite network of the organization which allows to provide dynamically a satellite channel on demand only for the period when certain frequencies are demanded is created and implemented.
In 2019 new were created and the current services of target platforms developed. For personal accounts of participants of financial market appointment indicators were raised: the maximum volume of one message and the number of daily accepted and processed messages are increased.
Also not relational segment of the uniform data warehouse for processing and analytics of Big Data was put into commercial operation. Transfer of participants of the Payment system of the Bank of Russia to the centralized transport gateway is complete. The organization says that it significantly simplified interaction for the participants of financial market including having the distributed branch network.
As well as the majority of the largest financial institutions, the Bank of Russia goes the way building of technical expertize in the organization. In the annual report it is said that in 2019 the Bank of Russia continued works on accumulation of internal competences of the created regional IT hubs. How much is IT hubs for the end of 2019, in the report it is not specified, as well as the number of their employees.
According to the recruiting websites, in an IT hub in Tomsk, for example, more than 250 people work. This regional center is a developer of the platform of integration services, platforms of support of primary activity, and applications on these platforms, is explained in the archived vacancies.
In the annual report it is said that team building of development and maintenance allowed to perform creation and development of 56% of target IT solutions by own resources of the Bank of Russia.
| ||At the same time according to the strategy of IT increase in number of specialists of development is carried out at simultaneous reduction of number of employees of operation due to creation of target platforms and reduction of the routine repeating transactions, - explain in the Bank of Russia.|| |
| ||The trend on transfer to internal development of key critical services and IT solutions for the purpose of an exception of dependence on external suppliers will be saved on subsequent periods, - say in the Bank of Russia.|| |
2018: Reduction of capital expenditures for IT on a quarter
In 2018 costs for ensuring functioning payment, operational, information and analytical, information telecommunication systems of the Central Bank of Russian Federation (Bank of Russia) made 11.4 billion rubles, follows from the annual report of the organization. The bank carries these expenses in the reporting to the capital investments.
At the same time actual expenses were approximately twice lower than planned: the approved volume of capital expenditures of this sort for 2018 was 22.6 billion rubles.
In comparison with 2017 capital expenditures for informatization were reduced almost by 25%. It is connected with reduction of amount of works within IT strategy implementation of the Bank of Russia, the annual report says.
She assumes transformation of an IT landscape and operational model of IT, to creation of new computing IT infrastructure.
One of articles of the specified expenses in 2019 the Bank of Russia calls creation of a management system and visualization of servers of a core infrastructure of the private cloud. In the report it is said that during implementation of the first stage of the project on creation of a private cloud new IT infrastructure which will allow to provide computing resources on the "infrastructure as service" model was constructed, to quickly scale and distribute computing powers during creation of the centralized IT solutions of the Bank of Russia.
Means also went for creation of the systems of engineering support of DPCs; creation of the reserve module payment and systems of fast payments; maintenance of functioning and development of the operating information and analytical systems of the Bank of Russia, the unified information system of support of activity, single telecommunication banking network.
Part of means was spent for upgrade of computing infrastructure of the corporate and applied systems. Start of the new own centralized payment system within which payment services are provided to clients became one of key projects of the Bank of Russia in the field of development of IT in 2018.
Also works on industrial implementation of instruments of processing and the analysis of Big Data and development of analytical services of self-service were begun, the annual report says. In 2018 within this project the Bank of Russia started pilot collection of information of trading day of group of credit institutions.
2017: Growth of capital expenditures for IT twice
The capital investments of the Central Bank (Central Bank of the Russian Federation) in the field of informatization in 2017 grew by 100.5%, to 11.091 billion rubles, follows from the annual report of the regulator published in the summer of 2018. Growth of capital costs of informatization in the Central Bank of the Russian Federation is connected with IT strategy implementation for 2016-2020 within which a number of large projects was executed. Among them - works on creation of a core infrastructure of a private cloud of the Central Bank, the systems of engineering support of DPCs, the uniform data warehouse of the unified information system of support of activity of the Central Bank.
Also funds were allocated for creation of the transport gateway of a centralized system of exchange of payment and financial messages with clients of the Central Bank, development of a number of the operating analytical systems and automated systems, upgrade of computing infrastructure, single telecommunication banking network.
The Central Bank referred to capital costs of informatization both security and data protection, including creation of an automated system of FinCERT of the Central Bank.
Article of capital costs of informatization includes not all capital costs of ICT of the Central Bank. Separately in article "Other Costs of Capital Character" purchase costs of rights to use of software products for creation of target IT infrastructure of the Central Bank, on development of system and technical infrastructure of information telecommunication system are considered. Here expenses on ensuring functioning of the used automated systems and applied complexes are included. In comparison with 2016 the specified costs grew almost by 50%, to 2.71 billion rubles.
Costs for software contain also in article "The Capital Investments in Intangible Assets" which general growth was 84%, to 1.53 billion rubles. The Central Bank in the annual report notes that growth of costs under this article is connected with acquisition and development of software products (intellectual property items of the Central Bank) for ensuring functioning of the applied platforms created within strategy implementation for 2016-2020.
Operating expenses of the Central Bank on the maintenance of ADP equipment, on payment of support of software tools and information services in 2017 remained at the previous level in comparison with 2016 and made 10.84 billion rubles.
The chronicle of development of IT in the Central Bank of Russian Federation
The Central Bank began to change Oracle for the Russian DBMS
"the STC of Relex" conducts negotiations with the Bank of Russia (the Central Bank, the Central Bank) on the delivery contract Linter DBMS for a number of the divisions in regions, TAdviser told the source familiar with parts of negotiations, in December, 2019. Read more here.
The Central Bank decided to create base of computers and smartphones for anti-money laundering
At the beginning of December, 2019 it became known of plans of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation to create uniform base of computers and smartphones to trace and stop doubtful cash transactions. The project directed to anti-money laundering received the name "Service of the Analysis of Engineering Devices", the managing director of Fintekh association (AFT) Tatyana Zharkova told RBC. Read more here.
The agreement with Moscow City Department of Competition Policy in the field of implementation of purchases
The parties will interact concerning development of information cooperation in the field of implementation of the purchases necessary for ensuring functioning of a system Bank Russia. In more detail here.
2018: The Central Bank will replace 6500 employees with robots
At the end of October, 2018 it became known of the dismissals of 6500 people planned in the Central Bank in connection with the carried-out robotization of workflows at the regulator.
On the sidelines of a conference of suppliers of the Central Bank the vice-chairman of the Bank of Russia Ruslan Vesterovsky told journalists that by the end of 2019 reduction of number of staff in the Central Bank — from 50 to 43.5 thousand is planned, the Kommersant newspaper tells.
| ||In general the bank carries out big reengineering now. In terms of business processes we watch what IT component is added there what normative regulation, we revaluate the number which we will have — Ruslan Vesterovsky (the quote by RIA Novosti) said, having added that at some point the staff of the Central Bank reached about 100 thousand people.|| |
According to him, the carried-out robotization of workflow of the Central Bank will become the reason for reduction of workers. Consolidation and robotization give enormous effect.
| ||For an example, in the direction of personnel office-work we had about 400 people through the whole country. Now in Ufa we start a hub which will close all personnel problems and in which 120 people work. Automation will even more enhance effect — the representative of the regulator noted.|| |
In February, 2018 the Central Bank issued the report in which the bank regulator called robotization of one of the most perspective financial technologies. Also ranked mobile technologies, artificial intelligence, cloud computing and biometrics as such technologies of the Central Bank.
At the end of October, 2018 the special representative of the President of Russia on digital and technology development Dmitry Peskov said that large-scale robotization will begin in Russia only after 2022, "because still there is a number of technology problems to do these robots on the pipeline who substitute the person".
The Central Bank begins the choice of the Russian OS and DBMS on replacement import
In the Central Bank (Central Bank) it is created and the Commission on ensuring import substitution in information telecommunication system of the Central Bank functions. Information on it appeared on the website of the Central Bank in November, 2017. The commission, including, is engaged in the organization of the analysis of the arriving initiatives of application of the software of domestic development.
The main directions for consideration are operating systems (for x86-64 platform) and DBMS (high-performance relational DBMS of an enterprise scale), says the regulator.
The Central Bank takes cognizance of initiatives in the form of letters with the attached presentation materials addressed to the director of the department of information technologies.
Having communicated to market participants, TAdviser found out that some players of the market already interact with the commission as of November. Postgres Professional reported to TAdviser that it is aware of creation of the commission in the Central Bank and submitted the application for participation.
Not all players preferred to speak about contacts with the new commission of the Central Bank openly. But from communication of TAdviser with them it became known that interaction with the commission through partners is conducted also by one of domestic developers of operating systems.
All key IT posts in the Central Bank of Russian Federation borrowed women
In July, 2017 and the organization of processes of the Bank of Russia Alice Melnikova, earlier for four years heading Sberbank-Tekhnologii company was appointed the director of the department of financial technologies, projects.
The department is engaged in studying of perspective financial technologies (in particular, a blockchain) and development of offers on their application. As the Head of Department Melnikov replaced Vadim Kalukhov who resigned in May, 2017.
In October, 2017 the acting director of the department of information technologies of the Central Bank became Zulfia Kakhrumanova. Before since 2015 she headed the center of development as a part of IT department, and earlier directed IT projects in Rosbank and development of a corporate information system of "The Siberian generation company".
Kakhrumanova replaced as the head of IT department Maxim Tyshchenko holding this post since 2014.
Both departments - both financial technologies, and information technologies - are under supervision of the first deputy chairman of the Central Bank Olga Skorobogatova.
One more department accountable to Skorobogatova is engaged in a national payment system. It since October, 2014 is headed by Alla Bakina who released Timur Batyrev from this duty.
Thus, women held key posts of a technology wing of the Central Bank that it is possible to consider the advanced practice.
The gender balance of the organizations as it is considered, is the key to its productivity and creativity. Are guided by this thesis increasing number of global corporations which undergo difficult process of transformation today. Being built in new digital reality, they change approaches not only to technologies, but also to corporate culture. The new HR policy even more often sets a task to align the number of men and women in commands (is more detailed - in the overview of TAdviser about a role of women in IT).
Purchase of licenses of Microsoft for 3.5 billion rubles
The strategy of IT for 2016-2020
In February, 2017 the Central Bank of Russian Federation submitted the strategy of development for the IT system till 2020. The regulator plans consolidation of separate IT solutions on single platforms, optimization of infrastructure, implementation of tools of cyberstability, etc.
The director of the department of information technologies of the Central Bank Maxim Tyshchenko told that IT infrastructure of the Bank of Russia will be cardinally changed at the forum "Information Security of the Financial Sphere". According to him, the purpose of transformation is the regulator possibility flexibly to react to any changes of the technology environment within modern trends when preserving reliability and stability of a system.
About four main directions are going to undertake reform: creation of a target IT landscape, creation of an effective data management system (including Big Data), optimization of infrastructure and embedding of tools of cyber security. The first direction assumes transition from separate IT solutions to nine applied platforms.
| ||We have 375 decentralized applications, more than 3 thousand installations of these applications now — Maxim Tyshchenko said. — After transition to key platforms which will close completely all functionality there will be very small amount of customized applications which we cannot influence and somehow change them|| |
The target IT landscape will be is the cornerstone by the platform of external interaction representing the unified channel of communication with external partners providing electronic document management, work of personal accounts, the external website. This channel will ensure functioning with Big Data, including unstructured.
Transition to e-document flow
On February 11, 2016 the Central bank announced transition to legally significant electronic document management with controlled financial institutions since May 10, 2016  (in more detail).
2015: Transformation of IT in the Central Bank: main directions
In the presentation of the Bank of Russia published in March, 2015 it was told about the main directions of transformation of IT which the finance regulator is going to perform. Followed from it that transformation is carried out in three main directions: management of IT in bank, development of IT and maintenance of IT.
Concerning the first point the Central Bank was going to centralize and unify the organization structure of IT, to implement project management, management of relationship with functional customers, to optimize budget management processes of IT and also to implement a management system for IT risks.
Regarding development of IT competence centers on development of IT solutions had to be created, the target architecture of IT is developed, IT solutions are centralized and unified and lifecycle of development of IT solutions is optimized.
As for maintenance, it was going to implement a single system of monitoring and incident management here, to centralize and unify infrastructure solutions and to implement the centralized IT processes.
The need for transformation of IT for the Bank of Russia was explained with need to correspond to the changing reality conditions, such as expansion of perimeter of banking liability of Russia as "mega-regulator", emergence of new types of risks in the Russian and international financial spheres and also "new calls from the market regarding development of new technologies and services.
The main priorities for IT within plans for transformation in the Bank of Russia determined fall forward and qualities of project implementation with IT of a component, reliability assurance and the continuity of functioning of IT systems, quality improvement of IT services regarding compliance to requirements and expectations of customers and increase in level of control of use of funds for development and operation of IT systems.
2014: Skorobogatova replaces Luntovsky as the curator of the IT block
In July, 2014 Olga Skorobogatova left Rosbank and passed to work into the Central Bank of Russian Federation to the vice-chairman's position. On the new place she began to be responsible for calculations, information technologies and development of payment systems, having replaced in this role of Georgy Luntovsky.
In September, 2014 the department of informatization was headed by Maxim Tyshchenko who was earlier working as the associate director of this department.
2013: Luntovsky replaces Senatorova as the IT curator
At the end of June, 2013 in the Central Bank the chairman of the board was replaced. Elvira Nabiullina who began to form own team became him.
The post was left by Mikhail Senatorov - the vice-chairman of the Central Bank who was responsible for IT. Technology divisions of the Bank of Russia were reassigned to the first deputy chairman Georgy Luntovsky. It followed from the new management structure of bank published on its website. Senatorov passed into Gazprom to a position of the adviser for IT.
The IT structure of the Central Bank included the following divisions:
- Department of informatization and telecommunications of the Central Bank (Andrey Karshin headed)
- Center of information technologies (Dmitry Alyokhin)
- Head department of security and data protection (GUBZI) (Oleg Krylov). This division on single questions submitted directly to the chairman of bank.
If Alyokhin and Krylov headed the structures long ago, then Karshin's department was created in 2013 instead of the abolished department of information systems (DIS). According to CNews, Sergey Nagibin heading it left the Central Bank. Also from bank most of heads of managements of old structure is dismissed. Karshin before new appointment was Krylov's deputy in GUBZI.
In addition to the called divisions entered into structure of the Central Bank:
- the technology center "Nudol" headed by Anatoly Shiryaev (storage of documents, including electronic, and the holder of the substitution equipment);
- the interregional center of informatization (ICI) under the leadership of Mikhail Shashlov (ensures functioning of a payment system of bank, connection of clients to electronic exchange, etc.)
Heads of these divisions held also long ago the positions.
Problem of 2013 is centralization of IT, namely transition to single payment system (in 2004 there were 10 such systems, in 2007 there were three), decrease in number of computer centers of head department of bank and increase in loading of the existing equipment. The payment system of the Bank of Russia services interbank settlements, namely the bank electronic due payments (BEDP), intraregional and interregional settlement systems and other payments mechanisms.
With Nabyullina's arrival in addition to Mikhail Senatorov supervising informatization, the bank was left, for example, by the deputy chairman Victor Melnikov supervising fight against laundering of criminal income and Alexey Ulyukaev who became the Minister of Economic Development.
2012: 440 thousand equipment rooms and software tools for 90 billion rubles
In 2012 the deputy chairman of the Central Bank Mikhail Senatorov described the information telecommunication system (ITS) of the Bank of Russia as covering all divisions in all territory of the country and numbering in total 440 thousand equipment rooms and software tools for the amount of nearly 90 billion rubles.
Total number of servers was 14.4 thousand. Every day the bank processed from 8 to 12 million transactions. Total number of users of ITS – about 60 thousand in the organization and about 5 thousand external clients.
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