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Intel Core

Developers: Intel
Last Release Date: May, 2019
Technology: Processors



Intel provided the 10th generation of processors

At the end of May, 2019 Intel provided the 10th generation of Core processors. These chips with architecture of Ice Lake and cores of Sunny Cove  are manufactured on 10-nanometer technical process which the American corporation at last mastered.

However AMD is ahead of the competitor: the company announced new generation of Ryzen processors for desktop computers which cornerstone the 7-nanometer technology is.

Intel provided the 10th generation of processors, having mastered 10-nanometer technology. AMD already for 7 nanometers
Intel provided the 10th generation of processors, having mastered 10-nanometer technology. AMD already for 7 nanometers

New AMD Ryzen 9 3900X with 12 cores, 24 computing flows and a teplootvodnost of 105 W is evaluated in $500. At the same time the model, similar on characteristics, from Intel — 12-core Core i9 9920X with a thermopacket of 165 W — is on sale for $1189. 

The line of the Intel processors Core of the 10th generation includes various models from  Intel Core i3  to   Intel Core i7 which have up to  4  cores  / 8  flows and  work with  the maximum frequency in  the turbo mode up to  1.1  GHz.

In new products the technology of Intel  DL Boost which provides performance improvement on  problems of artificial intelligence approximately by  2.5 times found application. For low-cost AI-applications on  the computer  the Intel Gaussian Network Accelerator (GNA) accelerator is built in the processor.

The company claims that the new graphics of Intel Iris Plus constructed  based on graphic architecture  of the 11th  generation almost doubles performance.

In  the platform support of the integrated Thunderbolt 3 interface  and  the integrated adapter of a wireless network of Intel Wi-Fi of 6  (Gig+) which provides data transmission at a speed up to 1.7 Gbps is for the first time implemented. The Thunderbolt 3 controller is expected support to four ports brought to the antiput parties of the notebook.[1]

The Intel processors Core of the 10th generation by the end of May, 2019 are already delivered, and the first systems from OEM manufacturing will be available by the end of the year.

Intel Core of the 9th generation of series H

On April 23, 2019 the Intel company provided powerful generation mobile processorovintel to Core are mobile Intel processors Core of the 9th generation of series H which are intended for gamers and people of creators of content, persons interested to lift the experience with the notebook to the following level.

Intel Core of the 9th generation of series H
The generation of the mobile Intel processors Core of the 9th generation is created for gamers and professionals in creation of content. We give opportunities to the desktop workstation from 5 GHz and 8 cores in a number of the compact systems and the following level of communication with Wi-Fi of 6 (Gig+) so users can play and create without restrictions.

Fredrik Hamberger, general manager of segments premium and game notebooks of Intel

According to the company, the mobile Intel processors Core of the 9th generation offer the high performance of the desktop workstation in a mobile form factor, the most high-speed and reliable connection to wireless networks thanks to the adapter of Intel Wi-Fi of 6 AX200 (Gig+), powerful connectivities thanks to Thunderbolt 3 and also support of technology of memory of Intel Optane.

The most powerful processor in a line is Intel Core i9-9980HK of the 9th generation, the first mobile Intel processor Core i9 with the maximum clock rate to 5.0 Ggtsii with Intel Thermal Velocity Boost technology, 8 cores and 16 flows, Intel of Smart Cache supporting up to 16 MB. The mobile Intel processors Core of the 9th generation are intended for the most exacting workloads and provide:

  • full range of processors, including i5, i7 and the Intel processor Core i9-9980HK with the unblocked multiplier for higher performance;
  • performance gain for 33% in comparison with three-year PCs;
  • reduction of response time by 28%;
  • permanent optimization of performance due to use of Intel Dynamic Tuning for all types of notebooks.

The mobile Intel processors Core of the 9th generation allow to start on notebooks the most resource-intensive games as on normal desktop computers, to play where you were, and along with it to perform record and streaming. Thanks to the optimized energy consumption and existence of the network adapter of Intel of Wi-fi 6 AX200 with support of multigigabit Wi-Fi of connection immersion in game process becomes more complete. Now gamers receive:

  • immersive play experience in the most resource-intensive games due to improvement of FPS for 56% in such games as 'Total War: Warhammer II';
  • acceleration of time of start of games for 38%, for example, in 'Civilization 6';
  • an opportunity to play, write and broadcast game process in Full HD resolution 2.1 times faster in comparison with the previous generations;
  • an opportunity to be connected to a game, using wireless Wi-Fi technology due to use of the adapter of Intel of Wi-fi of 6 AX200 (Gig+) with almost triple acceleration and 75% reduction of delays, and when using Wi-fi routers 6 (Gig+) based on technologies of Intel.

The mobile Intel processors Core of the 9th generation are capable to accelerate editing video, allowing to carry out resource-intensive creative tasks in the mobile mode. The solid-state memory of Intel Optane with systems capabilities of QLC NAND SSD accelerates loading of applications while support of Thunderbolt 3 improves processes of creation of content of the house and in operating conditions thanks to a possibility of convenient connection on a uniform cable of several monitors with the resolution of 4K, additional secondary storage devices and recharge of a system.

The mobile Intel processors Core of the 9th generation provide:

  • acceleration of editing video in format 4K for 54% in comparison with three-year PCs;
  • the amount of memory, necessary for work with applications and files, up to 1 Tb the provided Intel Optane H10;
  • acceleration of creation of content for 63% in comparison with the three-year PC thanks to a solid-state memory of Intel Optane of H10 in comparison only with TLC NAND SSD;
  • Intel of Wi-fi of 6 (Gig+) allows to transfer multimedia files with a capacity of 10 GB less than in one minute (almost three times quicker, than in standard 2x2 AC Wi-fi).

Also additions to family of the desktop Intel processors Core of the 9th generation were provided. The updated line of the desktop Intel processors Core of the 9th generation contains in total more than 25 products now, since the Intel processors Core i3 and finishing with the Intel processors Core-i9, offering the unique performance and flexibility for satisfaction of different needs of users – from accomplishment of routine office tasks prior to games and creation of content. The family also includes the products Pentium Gold and Celeron for calculations of initial level that gives to users a bigger choice and allows to find the suitable solution for the requirements and under any budget. Among the updated opportunities:

  • increase in FPS in games for 47%;
  • acceleration of editing video by 2.1 times in comparison with five-year PCs during the work with video with resolution of 4K and panoramic video;
  • the adapter of Intel Wi-Fi of 6 (Gig+) with support of gigabit Wi-Fi of speeds provides almost three times big performance in comparison with standard 2x2 AC, and acceleration for 40% in comparison with Intel Wireless-AC (Gigabit);
  • up to 8 cores and 16 flows, work in the turbo mode up to 5.0 GHz on a core, 16 MB of Intel of Smart Cache and 40 platform PCIe lines.


Intel focused on Apple and left Asus and Acer without processors

At the end of October, 2018 information that Apple is the main reason of shortage of computer processors appeared. Other PC makers, including Asus and Acer suffer from this cooperation of Intel and Apple.

According to the Nikkei newspaper with reference to sources in the industry, Intel alone delivers for new iPhones so-called modems — the chips intended in order that phones called and left in the mobile Internet.

14-nanometer Intel processor Core of the eighth generation
14-nanometer Intel processor Core of the eighth generation

Such chips are manufactured on 14-nanometer technology process — the same which is the cornerstone of the Intel processors Core. And the company independently makes these chips that puts "even more than pressure upon the Intel enterprises to which it is already necessary not with pleasure because of a delay with a release of the 10-nanometer production technology of chips of the next generation", the interlocutor of the edition says.

According to him, all computer makers came up against an intense situation before a Christmas season. And the largest vendors, like Lenovo, HP Inc., Dell and Apple, can suffer less, than Asus and Acer as leaders thanks to large volumes of purchases have more levers of pressure upon Intel during negotiations on an occasion of deliveries of chips.

Vulnerability of Asus and Acer is stronger also because the companies are concentrated on release of cheaper notebooks, Nikkei notes.

Deficit of Intel processors will have stronger impact on computer makers of the second and third echelons who release more laptops based on chips with weak characteristics — the analyst of TrendForce Tseng Kouhan agrees.

By its estimates, is not enough for the market of notebooks in the second half of 2018 to 5% of processors, and the problem can become "even more noticeable" in December.[2]

Intel Core of the 9th generation, Intel Core X-series

On October 8, 2018 Intel provided a complete product line processors for the desktop systems focused on games and creation content including the Intel processors Core of the 9th generation and the Intel processors Core X-series. Processors for the desktop systems which are designed to provide performance and to implement advanced functionality. Are also provided the updated line of Intel Core of series X and Intel Xeon W-3175X (is more detailed about this product here).

Intel Core of the 9th generation

The Intel processor Core i9-9900K of the 9th differs in performance among all line of Intel processors for desktop platforms and became the starting processor of the Intel Core i9 brand in a mass segment of the desktop systems. I5-9600K, i7-9700K and i9-9900K processors are capable to provide outstanding play experience thanks to existence of 8 cores / 16 flows, to increase in frequency to 5.0 GHz on one core using Intel Turbo Boost 2.0 and also to existence 16MB of Intel of Smart Cache.

Intel Core i9-9900K

The Intel processors Core of the 9th generation have the unblocked multiplier, and will support the systems on their basis to 40 PCIe 3.0 lines, opening opportunities for games, creations of content and an overkloking:

  • an opportunity to receive FPS higher than 220 in three computer games, popular in world scales.
  • thanks to Intel Turbo Boost Technology 2.0 technology which allows to increase the frequency of work of a core to 5.0 GHz gamers can enjoy favourite games with higher frequency of change of the personnel (FPS) which in popular games in some cases can be 10% higher, than in systems based on processors of the previous generation, and 37% above, than frame rate in games on computers of three-year prescription.
  • an opportunity to perform record and recoding of video and to host the stream directly during the game. At a similar megazadachnost gamers can enjoy for 11% higher FPS in games in comparison with the systems of the previous generation and if to take into account about computers of three-year prescription, then the indicator of FPS in certain cases can be 41% higher.
  • editing video in Adobe Premiere is improved – the gain of performance makes up to 34% in comparison with the systems of the previous generation, performance when editing video increased by 97% in comparison with computers of three-year prescription.
  • in general system performance improved for 15% in comparison with the systems of the previous generation and for 40% in comparison with the PC of three-year prescription.
  • possibility of acceleration of the provided processors using Intel Extreme Tuning Utility, the exact tool for expanded control of an overkloking and also existence of an additional stock on heat emission at the expense of special material of the Solder Thermal Interface Material (STIM) thermointerface.

Intel Core of the 9th generation

Completely to implement all potential of the Intel processors Core of the 9th generation, the Intel corporation represents a chipset of Intel Z390 which includes the high-speed integrated Gen 2 USB 3.1 ports and the integrated wireless module Intel Wireless-AC with Gigabit Wi-Fi support. The Intel processors Core of the 9th generation are also compatible to all motherboards based on chipsets of Intel of 300 Series that provides additional opportunities for consumers.

Intel Core of series X

Intel also announced a line (i7-9800X, i9-9820X, i9-9900X, i9-9920X, i9-9940X, i9-9960X and i9-9980XE) series X Intel processors Core for the scalable desktop Intel platform. Processors are provided by models with the most different number of cores and differ in variable opportunities of input-output. Intended for work at a high frequency and with support of functionality for workloads – both with small, and with a large number of flows, these processors will cope with accomplishment of the most difficult tasks and with start of the most exacting applications.

Thanks to the Intel Turbo Boost Max Technology 3.0 technology ensuring functioning with frequency of core of 4.5 GHz, the most exacting workloads to computing resources can be sent for accomplishment to two fastest cores of the processor that allows to optimize if necessary device capacity at start of workloads with a small number of flows. It means that now clients should not make a compromise between the choice of the processor for tasks with a small number of flows and the processor for the workloads assuming a large number of flows.

Besides, the Intel processors Core X-series allow software developers to create the applications using a set of instructions Intel AVX-512 for acceleration of calculating capacity at parallelization of workloads.


The Intel processors Core of the 9th generation and motherboards based on a chipset of Intel Z390 are available to the preorder at different global suppliers and retailers since October 8. The Intel processors Core X-series will be available in November, 2018.

Cannon Lake is the first 10-nanometer Intel processor

In the middle of May, 2018 Intel announced the first processor made on 10-nanometer technology process. This chip the American corporation opened the Intel Cannon Lake family. 

The Core i3-8121U model which has two computing cores with a possibility of simultaneous processing to four flows of instructions became the first representative of a new series of processors.  The clock rate makes 2.2 GHz, but its increase up to 3.2 GHz in "turbo" - the mode is possible.

Intel allocated Core i3-8121U a cache memory of the third level with a capacity of 4 MB. The maximum value of the disseminated thermal energy (TDP) is stated at the level of 15 W.

Intel provided the first 10-nanometer processor and the new Cannon Lake family
Intel provided the first 10-nanometer processor and the new Cannon Lake family

Besides, in characteristics of the processor support of RAM of DDR4-2400 and LPDDR4/x-2400 with a maximum capacity of 32 Gbytes and the drives Intel Optane is specified. It is supposed that Core i3-8121U will be used in ultrathin notebooks and compact computers.

The chip is deprived of the built-in graphic accelerator therefore the computers working for Core i3-8121U will need the separate video card. The Lenovo Ideapad 330 notebook which cost begins with $450 became the first device which received this processor. This laptop is equipped with the graphics adapter AMD Radeon.

According to the statement of Intel, Core i3-8121U works for a quarter quicker than the 14-nanometer Core i3-6006U processor. However the last has 1 MB less a cache memory and clock rate at the level of 2 GHz. And it, unlike Core i3-8121U, has no support of Turbo Boost technology, but there is built-in GPU. The indicator of TDP is identical.

The cost of Intel Core i3-8121U by May 16, 2018 does not reveal yet. The producer is going to begin official sales of the processor during the second quarter. About other processors in a line of Intel Cannon Lake there is no information.[3]


Coffee Lake-S

In September, 2017 the Intel company announced the eighth generation of Core processors for desktop computers. The first that is evident at consideration of new products, is an increase in quantity of cores and growth of the price.

New chips belong to the Coffee Lake-S family. Four six-nuclear Intel processor Core i7 and i5 and also couple of quad-core Core i3 entered the provided line.  Intel calls new Core i7 the fastest game processor in assortment of the company and note that Intel Core i5 chips  for the first time have six computing cores.

Box for the Intel processor Core i7 8700K
Box for the Intel processor Core i7 8700K

If not to take the solution of the class HEDT into account, then it is about the first increase in quantity of cores in "desktop"  CPU Intel since 2006 when Core 2 Extreme QX6700 was released.

New processors are equipped with the built-in graphic Intel HD Graphics 630 accelerator and support work with drives and RAM of DDR4-2666.

Flagship product is the Intel Core i7-8700K model with clock rates from 3.7 to 4.7 GHz, 12 MB a cache memory of the third level and nominal energy consumption of 95 W.

According to developers, Coffee Lake-S processors provide a 25 percent gain of frame frequency in comparison with the solutions Intel Core of the seventh generation. Besides, increase in speed of a programs runtime for creation of content (for example, Adobe Photoshop) for 65% and acceleration of processing of 4K-video for 32% is declared.

Performance improvement affected the prices. So, i7-8700K cost in batches from 1000 pieces is $359 that is 18% more expensive than model 7700K. 

Retail sales of new processors will begin on October 5, 2017.

Along with Coffee Lake-S chips a new set of system logic Intel Z370 for them was provided. According to Intel, it contains different improvements in power supply and will help 6-core models to reach the maximum level of performance.[4]

Intel Core i8

On August 21, 2017 Intel officially announced the eighth generation of Core processors — the most powerful for computers in assortment of the company. The new family is provided by series Y (for tablets about connected by keyboards), U (for thin and easy transforming notebooks), H (for productive laptops and mobile workstations) and S (for powerful desktops).

At first chips from a line of Kaby Lake Refresh which received four computing cores with Hyper-Threading support, the two-channel controller of memory DDR4-2400/LPDDR3-2133 and the graphic UHD Graphics 620 accelerator with support of HDMI 2.0 are announced. Depending on model and the value of dynamic "acceleration" the clock rate makes from 1.6 to 4.2 GHz.

Technical characteristics of the Intel processors Core of the eighth generation
Technical characteristics of the Intel processors Core of the eighth generation

Speaking about growth  of speed, in Intel note that users of the Kaby Lake platform will observe moderate rise in performance, and here renewing, for example, a five-year system on Ivy Bridge, will notice more than twofold gain.  According to the press release, the eighth generation of the Intel processors Core for 40% exceeds the previous solutions on performance.

The company claims that devices based on new chips will be able to work till 10 o'clock without recharge in video playback mode with the 4K-permission. One more important point is the built-in support of Microsoft Mixed Reality technology for display of content in a format of virtual reality.

In comparison with Kaby Lake-R in Kaby Lake Refresh it was succeeded to save heat release (TDP) at the level of 15 W, despite increase in number of cores. At this Intel it was forced to reduce significantly the operating frequency of chips, having increased the maximum indicator of Turbo Boost by couple of hundreds of MHz. Also It should be noted twice the increased volume a cache memory of the third level.

In addition to Kaby Lake Refresh, the eighth generation of the Intel processors Core will include the Coffee Lake families (an exit is planned for fall of 2017) and Cannon Lake.[5]

Intel Core i9

In May, 2017 Intel provided a processor family of Intel Core X-series, the first in the history platform differing in so high performance, scalability and availability. The family includes the processors numbering from 4 to 18 cores from the most available to expensive models. In family the new high-performance Intel processor Core i9 for achievement of the maximum power and an extreme megazadachnost (megatasking) is also provided. Computing opportunities of this industry innovation allows to rethink in a root work with the high-loaded tasks, such as creation of content for virtual reality or data visualization.

The processor family of Intel Core X-series includes the first Intel processors for desktop PCs with a teraflopny performance that shows what computing power is provided by these processors. Besides, we represent essentially new Intel processor Core i9 offering maximum capacity for game systems, applications for work with technologies of virtual reality and for creation of content. The line is headed by the new Intel processor Core i9 Extreme Edition, the first processor of a consumer class for desktop PCs equipped with 18 cores and supporting 36 flows.

For 2017 it is the most highly productive processor in the world for the desktop systems. Thanks to so wide range and so flexible price policy the processor family of Intel Core X-series represents the scalablest and available desktop platform for community of PCs enthusiasts. But we are not limited only to increase in number of cores at all. Working in a complex, our technologies allow to achieve maximum capacity in scales of all platform. Along with a processor family we represent a new chipset of Intel x299 in which the number of input/output devices (I/O) is increased and which offers enhanced capabilities for an overkloking.

Within cooperation with Microsoft Intel managed to achieve the maximum performance measures, full-fledged experience with Windows, big battery life and to implement ample network capabilities in thin and easy PCs. More than 30 models of such computers, including from Acer, Huawei, Lenovo and MSI are provided already. The model code-named of "Kukuna" was performed on stage together with Asus company.


Kaby Lake

On August 17, 2016 Intel announced the beginning of deliveries of Core processors of the seventh generation code-named of Kaby Lake.

Brian Krzanich, the CEO of Intel, showed the PC with the ready processor. Chips are how powerful that is allowed to play the games Overwatch without use of the graphic accelerator.

Kaby Lake, (2016)
Kaby Lake, (2016)
New processors — the most productive of ever released Intel.

Brian Krzanich, CEO of Intel

Kaby Lake processors, as well as Skylake (the sixth generation), are manufactured using 14-nanometer technology. From innovations — support of the USB-C Gen 2 and HDCP 2.2 interfaces. Besides, chips are equipped with the graphic controller optimized for processing of 4K-video that will help to create cheaper notebooks supporting this resolution[6].

By means of Core of the seventh generation Intel will try to return a consumer interest to desktop PCs. The company will try to use jump in performance which will be noticeable, and in simple tasks, both in games, and in creative programs.

Moore's law is far from the death.

Brian Krzanich

According to the head of Intel, the company started deliveries of chips to partners. The first PCs with them are expected on sale in the fall of 2016. It is worth expecting receipt in sale of mobile computers, and already then desktops.

Representation of Core i7 Extreme Edition

In June, 2016 Intel provided a processor family of Intel Core i7 Extreme Edition, the most powerful processors for desktop PCs in the history of Intel. The family will satisfy the most advanced queries of fans of modern computer games and producers of different visual content.

The processor of the next generation on the basis of design of Broadwell-E - 14-nanometer technical process with three-dimensional FinFET-transistors. It distinguishes it at the level of microarchitecture and according to formal specifications. Before such offers in assortment of processors for the desktop systems did not exist, and the most advanced Core i7 received only eight cores. Now the operating system can see in the computer on Core i7-6950X two tens logical cores at once.

The family is characterized by support of 40 PCI lines that guarantees scalability and allows to expand systems capabilities due to installation of graphic cards and solid state drives. Performance improvement became possible thanks to Intel Turbo Boost Max Technology 3.0 technology and use of four-channel memory.