2022/05/06 17:21:16

Education in Russia



Education costs

Доля затрат на education from the GDP of countries in 2017. Blue: primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education. Blue: tertiary education

Higher education

Moscow Universities

Information Technology Universities


Putin instructed universities to focus on budget places that ensure early import substitution

Russian President Vladimir Putin instructed universities to focus on budget places that ensure early import substitution. This was announced by the press service of the Cabinet with reference to Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Chernyshenko on May 6, 2022.

In the current situation, our universities are faced with the task of not lowering the bar for the training of highly qualified personnel to mobilize key sectors of the economy... The emphasis is on specialties for early import substitution and the achievement of scientific and technological sovereignty of Russia, "said the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation.

Putin instructed universities to focus on budget places that ensure speedy import substitution

According to him, of the 590.1 thousand budget places allocated for the 2023/24 school year, more than 73% received educational institutions in the regions. Most of the budget places are provided in the engineering and technical areas of training - 245 thousand places. In second place are pedagogical sciences (more than 75 thousand), followed by public and medical areas (68 thousand and 53 thousand, respectively).

According to the levels of higher education, the budget places are distributed as follows:

  • almost 334.7 thousand - undergraduate programs;
  • 123.4 thousand - magistracy;
  • 83.9 thousand - specialty;
  • 19.6 thousand - residency;
  • 17.8 thousand - graduate school,
  • 2 thousand - postgraduate internship.

The Cabinet of Ministers reported that at a high level there are still a number of budget places in enlarged groups of specialties and training areas, within which personnel are trained for the digital economy. For the 2023/2024 academic year, 160,361 budget places were established for universities. Of these, 112,993 were sent to the regions.

Minister of Science and Higher Education Valery Falkov emphasized that the ministry is carrying out systematic work to increase the number of budget places for students.

It is important to note that the key role for us in the allocation of seats is played by the need for personnel, which is stated by regional authorities, federal executive authorities and large employers, "he said.[1]

Putin instructed to create 25 university campuses

In February 2022, Vladimir Putin's instructions were published, which were given by the President of Russia following a meeting of the State Council and the Council on Science and Education. One of them involves the creation of "at least 25 campuses of educational organizations of higher education by 2030 on the basis of public-private partnership, providing for the necessary amount of financial support for the implementation of this project from the budget allocations of the federal budget."

The order was given to the Government, "ВЭБ.РФ" and the authorities of the regions. They will also have to define the concept of "campus" and consider how to create and operate them. In addition, Putin instructed to propose measures to stimulate the participation of investors and concessionaires in this project.

Putin instructed to create 25 university campuses, it will take 607 billion rubles

According to ВЭБ.РФ estimates, which Kommersant cites, investments in the project will amount to 607 billion rubles until 2030, including 278 billion rubles from private investors.

In February 2022, the Ministry of Education and Science proposed to redirect to the creation of campuses the budget funds provided for the program of internal Russian academic mobility of students and scientific and pedagogical workers. As the representative of Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Chernyshenko explained, campuses can have a greater effect on achieving national development goals and ensure the consolidation of Russia in a dozen leading countries in research and development.

According to Mikhail Alashkevich, managing director of ВЭБ.РФ, the new campuses will not require budget funding at the operational stage and will be managed by non-state operators. After all, the campus is not only educational and scientific laboratories, it is also modern campuses, sports and leisure facilities, as well as public spaces for all citizens[2]


Increase in the share of paid education

Russia among the leaders in the number of foreign students

Top 10 countries by number of foreign students, 2018. An increase or loss in percentage over the past 5 years is shown.


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Students model a model of an electric locomotive. USSR, 1970s.


Students before the exam. USSR. 1960s.
Soviet poster of 1964. Author: V. Skachkov. "I will never forget a friend if I made friends with him in Moscow" - this is the line from the "Song of Moscow" in the movie "Pig and Shepherd" 1941.


Online Education

Literacy rate

The average literacy rate in the world is about 69%. Data at the end of 2018

1897: Literacy Map

The percentage of literate in the Romanov Empire, according to the 1897 census.

The most literate according to the census of 1897, in the Grand Duchy of Finland, Karelia, Estonia, Courland (over 75% of the literate). Then comes St. Petersburg with Ingermanland (50-60% literate), Lithuania, Moscow (40-50% literate).

Kingdom of Poland, and the capital of the Upper Volga, Yaroslavl with the province (30-40% literate). In the territories of indigenous Great Russia, the literacy rate averaged 20-30%, including the Kostroma, Vladimir, Novgorod, Olonets provinces.

But in the entire southern agricultural belt, the literacy rate was below 20%, excluding traditional Cossack lands with their 20-30% literate.

Preschool education


Study of traffic rules in kindergarten, USSR, 1986.


Masako Owada (future Empress of Japan) with girlfriends in kindergarten. Moscow, Soviet Union, 1967.


Kindergarten. USSR, September 1957.


Children draw a poster for a significant holiday - the anniversary of October in 1929


"We'll let the mother go to the bed and go to the playground." The first nursery in the village. 1928.

See also