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Twitter

Company

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Owners:
Musk Elon - 9,2%%

Content

Number of employees

Assets

Owners

+ Twitter

Performance indicators

2021: Ninth place in the list of most visited sites

Ranking of the most visited sites in 2021

2020: Loss of $1.13 billion

Microblogging service Twitter Inc. at the end of 2020 received a net loss of 1.136 billion dollars against profit a year earlier.

2015: Revenue $2.2 billion

Twitter's total loss for its almost 10-year activity exceeded $2 billion, follows from the company's published annual report on Form 10-K.

Twitter revenue in 2015 amounted to $2.2 billion. This is 1.6 times more than in 2014. The company reported that in 2015 they already had 130 thousand advertisers, which is 90% more than a year earlier.

Despite the increase in the number of advertisers, analysts doubt the company's ability to make a profit. Twitter faces many tasks on which this will depend, including an increase in the user base, with which the service has obvious problems.

Internet Audience

2020: In the top 50 largest Internet sites in the world

The largest Internet sites in the world for November 2020

2018: In the top 20 Internet giants by size of the Internet audience

Internet companies by audience size

History

2022

Elon Musk stopped buying Twitter due to the large number of fake accounts

On May 13, 2022, Elon Musk announced the suspension of the Twitter purchase process. Against the background of this statement, social network shares fell greatly - at the peak, the drop in quotes reached 26% in preliminary trading.

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The deal with Twitter is temporarily suspended pending details confirming that fake and spam accounts really represent less than 5% of [social network] users, Musk's Twitter blog says.
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Elon Musk stopped the purchase of Twitter

Two hours later, the businessman wrote that he was "still committed to acquiring" Twitter. At the same time, he did not specify how long the pause in the execution of the transaction will last and whether it will be closed in the end. Initially, Musk wanted to close the deal before the end of 2022, after which Twitter, according to the entrepreneur's plans, should become a non-public company.

A Twitter report for the first quarter of 2022 says that fake or spam accounts in the social network account for less than 5% of its "monetized daily active users." In total, 229 million users saw advertising.

The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has launched an investigation into Elon Musk's purchase of a stake in Twitter. According to US laws, within 10 days of the acquisition, the investor must inform the SEC of the purchase of more than 5% of the company's shares. This is a signal to stakeholders that a major investor may try to gain control of the company, The Wall Street Journal notes.

Musk did not notify the commission, because of this, an investigation was launched. Twitter shareholder Mark Bain Rasella filed a lawsuit against a businessman in a Manhattan court. Rasella believes that the postponement with the provision of data helped the businessman buy more shares at "artificially low" prices from their owners (after the announcement of Musk's purchase of shares in the social network, the company's shares grew by 27%).[1]

Elon Musk wants to introduce end-to-end encryption in twitter messages

On April 29, 2022, it became known that Elon Musk wants to introduce end-to-end encryption on Twitter messages.

The lack of end-to-end encryption of Twitter messages raises concerns.

{{quote 'Twitter messages should have end-to-end encryption like Signal so that no one can spy on you or hack messages, "Musk tweeted. }}

The lack of end-to-end encryption of Twitter messages raises concerns and can undermine the privacy and security of users, said the American non-profit human rights organization Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF).

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Since messages without end-to-end encryption, Twitter has access to them, the EFF said. - This means that Twitter can transmit information at the request of law enforcement agencies, and internal access can be abused by hackers and Twitter employees themselves, as has already happened in the past.
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Earlier, the British government joined forces with charities and law enforcement agencies. The goal of the campaign was to spread the idea that end-to-end encryption can interfere with efforts to combat child abuse on the Internet[2].

Conducting pilot payments in cryptocurrency to authors of content

Twitter and the digital payment processing service Stripe will conduct pilot payments in cryptocurrency for some users of content monetization products. This became known on April 26, 2022.

In 2021, Twitter added a content monetization function to integrate into the economy of "creators" and increase revenues. Now users of Twitter's Ticketed Spaces and Super Follows monetization programs will be able to earn revenues in the USDC, a steablecone whose value is tied to the US dollar.

Users will be able to store currency in crypto shelves in the Polygon network, which deals with cryptocurrency infrastructure for, and blockchain Ethereum then exchanges for other currencies. In the future, Stripe plans to add payment options in other cryptocurrencies[3]

Elon Musk buys the company for $44 billion

On April 14, 2022, Twitter shares jumped 12% on the premarket after Elon Musk proposed a full buyback of the company. The richest person in the world said he was ready to pay $54.2 per paper - this is almost 20% more expensive than they cost at the close of previous trading.

On the same day, Saudi Prince Al-Walid ibn Talal, Twitter's largest shareholder, rejected Ilon Musk's offer to buy a social network.

"I do not think that Mask's proposal corresponds to the true cost of Twitter, taking into account the prospects for its development," he wrote.

On April 25, 2022, it became known that Ilon Musk still persuaded the main holders of Twitter shares to sell the company. 100% of the shares will cost the billionaire $44 billion. Earlier, Musk aggressively bought up shares that were freely available, and Twitter, resisting an unfriendly takeover, used the so-called "poisoned pill": the release of additional shares, which go to top management and key shareholders with a big discount, to blur the share of the attacking side. However, as we can see, Musk was able to break the resistance.

Later in early May, Elon Musk announced that he had raised $7.14 billion in funding for his offer to buy Twitter for $44 billion from investors, including co-founder, and Oracle Larry Ellison cryptocurrency exchange Binance asset management companies Fidelity, and. Brookfield Sequoia Capital

To finance the purchase of Mask, it is necessary to raise $21 billion in equity.

The largest check of $1 billion will come from Ellison. The venture capital company Sequoia will provide $800 million, and the Dubai investment group VyCapital - $700 million. Binance will provide $500 million.

During the 2020 US presidential election, the billionaire was quite active in supporting Donald Trump. Twitter, in turn, was one of the key sites for Trumpists. However, near the end of the race, the service administration decided that Joe Biden was nicer to her, after reports of numerous fraud in favor of Biden, both the then president himself and thousands of his supporters who replicated this information fell under the ban.

In the case of buying a social network, we are also talking not about economics, but about politics. After the deal closes, Twitter will become a private company, whose management will be responsible only to Musk. The billionaire buys a powerful media resource on the eve of the congressional elections and 2 years before the next presidential election. Probably, he regards the social network as a counterweight to Facebook, which finally turned into an appendage to the press service of the Democratic Party. The White House has already expressed its concern about the deal.

Interestingly, Trump is not going to return to Twitter. This is also understandable, firstly, Trump plans to return to the presidency, does not want to become overly dependent on Musk, who, although an ally, plays his games. Secondly, the transaction has not yet been closed and it will have to undergo approval in the antimonopoly department. And here there may be difficulties: antitrust activists can delay the process so that Musk becomes the full owner of the service only after 2024.

Musk bought a 9.2% stake in Twitter worth $3 billion

On April 4, 2022, it became known that Elon Musk acquired a 9.2% stake in Twitter and became the largest shareholder in the platform. The cost of this package is estimated at $3 billion.

Twitter shares rose 27% after the purchase of Mask became known in a regulatory document published on April 4, 2022. This growth was the largest intraday increase in shares since the first day of trading after the placement of the company's shares in 2013.

Musk bought a 10% stake in Twitter worth $3 billion

This announcement will be another major test for new Twitter CEO Parag Agrawal, who replaced Jack Dorsey after his unexpected resignation in November 2021. Agrawal vowed to increase accountability, make decisions faster and improve product execution. The company has set ambitious development goals, including increasing annual revenue to $7.5 billion and reaching 315 million daily users by the end of 2023.

Twitter is especially vulnerable to external pressure, because unlike Google, Facebook, Amazon and Snap, the founders of the company do not have the right to vote for its future. The company has just recovered from activist pressure from Elliot Management, which began in 2020, forcing Dorsey, who served as Twitter CEO for the second time, to develop a succession plan.

It is not yet clear what Musk plans to do with his share. SEC The declaration states that the date of the event that served as the basis for the disclosure of information is March 14, 2022. The type of form used often indicates that the investor does not seek to acquire control of the company or influence its management.

According to Bloomberg, Twitter is under pressure from investors who want the company to create new products at a faster rate. The company has set ambitious revenue and user growth targets to convince skeptical investors that it is serious about expanding its business. Although Twitter has been developing steadily for many years, the growth of its shares lagged behind similar indicators in the industry, according to a publication dated April 4, 2022.[4]

Roskomnadzor blocks social network amid special operation in Russia in Ukraine

Roskomnadzor decided to block access to the Twitter network in Russia, the agency reported on March 4, 2022 against the backdrop of Russia's special operation in Ukraine.

Temporary stop of recommendations of tweets and advertising in Russia and Ukraine

The social network Twitter reported that in the light of the situation around Ukraine, it had taken a number of measures, including suspending advertising for Russians and Ukrainians, as well as temporarily stopping the recommendations of tweets in order to avoid the dissemination of offensive materials. This became known on February 26, 2022.

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Our top priority is to keep people safe on Twitter. We are actively monitoring the risks associated with the conflict in Ukraine, including identifying and stopping attempts to disseminate false and misleading information, the company said in a statement in Russian.
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It is noted that the social network actively monitors vulnerable profiles of famous users, including journalists, activists, government officials and agencies, "in order to mitigate any attempts at targeted capture or manipulation."

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For people using Twitter in Ukraine and Russia, we also suspended some recommendations of tweets from people on whom you are not subscribed to the Main One in order to reduce the spread of offensive content, the message emphasizes.
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Also, the social network launched hints in the section "Search" and "Home," which indicate the "Moment of Twitter" with digital security and protection resources in English, Ukrainian and Russian[5].

The new head of Twitter, Para Agraval, went on decree three months after the appointment

In mid-February 2022, the general director of also Parag Agraval took parental leave. This happened three months after his appointment as CEO. More details here.

Twitter: 71% of data deletion requests in Russia related to suicide propaganda

At the end of January 2022, Twitter reported that during the reporting period from January to June 2021, the company received a total of 12 thousand requests for data removal. According to the company, 71% of Russian requests from various departments related to Russian laws prohibiting suicide propaganda.

Of the total number of requests, the United States made 3 thousand requests, which amounted to 24% of the total volume and 27% of all indicated accounts from around the world. The company said it fully or partially satisfied 68% of the requests of the US government. In particular, the most requesting agencies were the Federal Intelligence Bureau, the US Department of Justice and the US Secret Service. These figures returned the United States to first place in the list of global requests after they fell to second place in 2020.

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Twitter: 71% of data deletion requests in Russia related to suicide propaganda

The second place in the number of governmental requests was taken, India which received 18% of the total number of requests for information and 30% of the total number of specified accounts. Twitter received almost 1.5 thousand fewer requests from, and the India number of these accounts during the reporting period decreased by 217.

Japan and France complete the top four countries. Together, the four account for three quarters of all global requests for government information in six months. The company noted that this is the third report in a row, in which these countries are presented in different orders in the four largest global requests for the removal of various information.

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We face unprecedented challenges as governments around the world increasingly try to intervene and remove content. This threat to privacy and freedom of expression is a deeply worrying trend that requires our close attention. The update of the Twitter Transparency Center emphasizes our long-standing commitment to meaningful transparency and the urgent, urgent need to protect the free, safe and global open Internet, "said Sinead McSweeney, vice president of global public policy and charity.
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Of the total global legal requirements, 95% came from five countries. Japan is the leader in this list, accounting for 43% of all requests received in the world. 93% of requests from Japan were mainly related to drug laws and drug control, obscenity or financial crimes, Twitter said. The next largest volume of legal requests came from Russia, amounting to 25% of the total number of global legal requests and 56% higher than the number of requests submitted by this country in 2020. Turkey accounted for 13% of global legal requests, which is 30% more compared to the previous reporting period, and it became the third largest applicant of requests. India accounted for 11% of global legal requests, which is less than 18% in 2020, and South Korea remained in fifth place, accounting for 5% of all global legal requests.

The latest transparency report also showed that Twitter demanded that account owners remove 4.7 million tweets that violated platform rules, permanently suspended the work of 453 thousand unique accounts for violating the policy of sexual exploitation of children, and also suspended the work of almost 45 thousand accounts for promoting terrorism and organizations that use violence. If we talk specifically about misinformation, COVID-19 the company noted that in December 2021 alone, Twitter challenged the actions of 3.5 thousand accounts, suspended the work of 666 accounts and deleted a little more than 4.5 thousand units of content around the world. Twitter continues to observe a general downward trend in the number of account violations, which is probably due to a change in the behavior of these subjects, combined with a constant improvement in our protection in this area.[6]

A fine of 10 million rubles for refusing to remove posts mentioning Navalny and shooting at a Perm university

Twitter was fined 10 million rubles for refusing to remove posts mentioning oppositionist Alexei Navalny and shooting at Perm State University. This became known on January 19, 2022 from the texts of the court decision, to which TASS refers.

Twitter fined 10 million rubles for refusing to remove posts mentioning Navalny and shooting at a Perm university

Roskomnadzor sent a notification to the owner of Twitter that it was necessary to remove the content prohibited in Russia, "namely calls for participation in an unauthorized action on September 18, 2021, information about the activities of FBK [founded by Alexei Navalny the Anti-Corruption Fund, recognized in Russia as an NGO-foreign agent and a banned extremist organization, liquidated by a court decision), as well as an assessment of events in Perm State University, said in a document." It contains links to specific posts that needed to be deleted. Twitter did not do this for a day, as established by law. The World Court found the social network guilty of two episodes under Article 13.41 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation (violation of the procedure for restricting access to information) and fined it 10 million rubles, the report said.

According to the deputy head of Roskom, Vadim Subbotin, by mid-January 2022, Google, Meta and Twitter did not remove about 5.5 thousand materials with prohibited information, they were fined a total of more than 140 million rubles. We are talking about information about extremist materials, as well as materials that can incite social or religious discord, materials with the heroization of terrorists, drug propaganda. Roskomnadzor in this regard is taking measures to slow down Twitter traffic, and also imposes fines. In particular, for the first time, a negotiable fine will be applied to Meta for systematic non-removal of prohibited information.[7]

2021

Penalty for refusal to remove content prohibited in the Russian Federation

The Tagansky court of Moscow on December 16, 2021 fined Twitter 10 million rubles for refusing to remove content prohibited by Russian law on its social network. The company was found guilty under Part 2 and Part 4 of Art. 13.41 Administrative Code (failure to remove information, access to which should be limited). The fine according to the first protocol amounted to 3 million rubles, according to the second - 7 million rubles.

For refusing to delete which content the Moscow court fined Twitter in mid-December 2021, it is not specified.

The court fined Twitter 10 million rubles for not removing prohibited content

In October 2021, the deputy head of Roskom, Vadim Subbotin, said that collectively Google, Facebook and Twitter did not delete about 5.5 thousand materials with prohibited information. We are talking about the most definitely dangerous materials for society, including extremist materials, materials that can incite social or religious discord, materials with the heroization of terrorists, with drug propaganda and many other prohibited materials, he explained.

On November 25, 2021, it became known that the bailiffs initiated six more cases against Twitter - the forced recovery of 19 million rubles in fines. At that time, the FSPP was conducting eight cases against Twitter on the forced recovery of 34.7 million rubles, including the performance fee.

By December 16, 2021, the total amount of fines issued by Twitter since the beginning of the year amounted to about 55 million rubles. How much of this amount the company paid is not reported. At the same time, Twitter was previously seen paying fines. So, the social network paid 3 thousand rubles for refusing to provide Roskomnadzor with information on the localization of data of Russian users in Russia.

At the same time, by the end of August 2021, Twitter did not pay a fine of 4 million rubles for non-localization of user data in the Russian Federation, imposed in 2020, [8] reported [9]]

Purchase of Quill corporate messenger

On December 7, 2021, Twitter announced the acquisition of Quill. The terms of the transaction were not disclosed. It is assumed that this purchase will help the social network improve its own messaging tools. More details here.

CEO Jack Dorsey is leaving the company. Para Agrawal new CEO

According to sources in November 2021, Jack Dorsey, co-founder and chief executive officer of Twitter, is leaving his post. More details here.

Twitter confirmed that Dorsey is resigning.

Technical Director Parag Agrawal has been appointed CEO and a member of Twitter's board of directors.

Twitter opens division to work with blockchain

A Twitter unit has been created - Crypto, which will work with cryptocurrencies and NFT, as well as, possibly, decentralization of social networks. This became known in November 2021.

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Twitter is exactly in business regarding everything that concerns crypto (payments in bitcoins, NFT, etc.), but there are still many other opportunities, "Rainirson noted.
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As indicated in TechCrunch material, crypto payments and NFT galleries are the most obvious direction for Twitter, but the creation of a division in the company indicates that it is going to move in the direction of decentralizing social networks, which will allow them to independently function on the blockchain, and not on large business hostings such as Amazon Web Services. The idea is that such decentralized networks will give individual users more control over their data and privacy.

Twitter Crypto will work closely with the Bluesky initiative, aimed precisely at creating an "open decentralized standard for social media." The initiative is sponsored by Twitter, but its goal is to create a protocol independent of any single social network - just as no bank controls Bitcoin or Ethereum cryptocurrencies.

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Blockchain is one of the most discussed technologies whose potential for November 2021 has not been fully explored and whose scope may be much wider than imagined, "said Georgy Lagoda, deputy general director of the Software Product group of companies. - Research Twitter, apparently, will be purely practical, but in the process may form some insights that will have far-reaching consequences[10]
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Twitter includes the ability to ask for a tip to Bitcoin through its app

In September 2021, it became known that Twitter includes the opportunity to ask for a tip to Bitcoin through its application, becoming the first large social network to accept cryptocurrency as a payment method.

Bitcoin payments will go through a crypto-shelf application called Strike, first on iOS, and then on Android.

In addition to Bitcoin, Twitter will allow users to connect nine traditional payment systems to their profiles, including Venmo and Cash App. Twitter does not process payments on its own.

During a press conference on September 23, Twitter said it also plans to support authentication for NFT.

Payment of $809.5 million on the claim of shareholders for failure to fulfill forecasts for audience growth

On September 20, 2021, Twitter agreed to pay $809.5 million to settle a collective lawsuit by shareholders who accused the company of painting a "too rosy picture" of its future. The social network was accused of violating securities laws by misleading investors about their growth prospects.

The settlement follows from a 2016 lawsuit that claimed that Twitter and its executives in November 2014 misled shareholders about user growth, promising an increase in the number of monthly active users to 550 million in the interim and more than 1 billion in the long term. The company did not comply with any of these forecasts and concealed that it had no basis for such forecasts. The growth in the number of users of the company remained unchanged, which led to a sharp drop in the value of the company's shares, the lawsuit said. According to a statement made by the company on September 20, 2021, the proposed settlement does not contain a plea of guilt or offense by Twitter.

Twitter will pay $810 million for concealing data on slow audience growth

In April 2019, Twitter stopped reporting monthly active users and according to recent estimates, their number was 330 million. Now the company considers daily users who view advertising as a key metric. In July 2021, the company announced that its monetized daily active users (MDAU), rose to 206 million for the quarter that ended in June 2021. The increase in the number of users helped the company, which receives most of the revenue from advertising, increase quarterly revenue by 74%, to $1.19 billion.

According to The Wall Street Journal, US District Judge John Tigar in 2020 set the stage for a full-fledged trial, deciding that reasonable jurors could conclude that, hiding the fall in key user indicators, the company deceived its investors.

The settlement agreement, which does not contain recognition of unlawful actions by Twitter, is subject to court approval. The payment of funds is expected to be paid in the fourth quarter of 2021.[11]

A fine of 5 million for content prohibited in the Russian Federation

On September 14, 2021, the Tagansky Court of Moscow fined Twitter and Telegram 5 million and 9 million rubles, respectively, for failure to comply with the instructions to remove content prohibited in Russia.

Twitter and Telegram received fines under two protocols drawn up in relation to each of the companies. Fines were imposed following the consideration of administrative cases initiated on the facts of offenses under Part 4 and Part 2 of Art. 13.41 Administrative Code of the Russian Federation. It provides for punishment for non-compliance with the requirements of Russian law to remove prohibited data from information resources.

Twitter and Telegram will pay millions of rubles of a fine for non-removal of illegal information

Since the beginning of 2021, Twitter has repeatedly been brought to administrative responsibility for violating Russian law for refusing to remove prohibited content and refusing to localize the data of Russian users in the Russian Federation. The company tried to challenge the fines in court, but its appeals were rejected.

According to the Code of Administrative Offenses, if the owner of the Internet site does not remove prohibited content, he faces a fine of 800 thousand to four million rubles. For the failure of information with calls for extremism, child pornography, as well as on the methods, methods of developing, making and using drugs, fines are higher - up to eight million rubles. In case of repeated violation, its size increases to one fifth of the company's annual revenue. Also, a number of social networks were prosecuted for refusing to localize the data of Russian users in the Russian Federation.

By September 14, 2021, Twitter was fined a total of 45 million rubles, Telegram - 35 million rubles.

On July 1, 2021, Roskomnadzor reported that the agency called representatives of Facebook, WhatsApp and Twitter to hand them administrative protocols drawn up by the department for violating the requirements of Russian legislation in the field of personal data in terms of localizing databases of Russian users in Russia.[12]

Bitcoin Plans

At the end of July 2021, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey told investors that Bitcoin would be a big part of the company's future, as he sees opportunities for integrating cryptocurrency into existing Twitter products and services.

Dorsey has been an ardent supporter of Bitcoin for many years, but how it will be applied on the Twitter platform has not yet been described in detail. However, Dorsey often spoke publicly in support of cryptocurrency, saying that she reminds him of the early days of the Internet.

On July 21, 2021, Dorsey called Bitcoin one of three key trends for the future of Twitter, along with such areas as artificial intelligence and decentralization (implemented as part of the Bluesky project).

Twitter begins to accept bitcoins for payment

Jack Dorsey spoke about Bitcoin to investors during his March-May 2021 earnings call, saying he could help the company move faster in terms of expanding its products, while explaining that it is the best candidate to become the home currency of the Internet.

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If the Internet has its own global currency, we will be able to advance much faster with products such as Super Follows, Commerce, Subscriptions, Tip Jar. We will be able to reach every person on the planet through this, instead of going from market to market. I think that we are waiting for a lot of innovations, in addition to currency, especially when we think about decentralizing social networks and creating economic incentives. Therefore, I think that it is very important for the company and for shareholders that we continue to consider this space and actively invest in it. And I think that the open standard that is native to the Internet is the right path, so I and we will ultimately focus on Bitcoin, "said Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey.
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A Twitter spokesman confirmed that this is the first time Dorsey has spoken publicly about how Twitter can integrate Bitcoin into its product line. The possibility of paying with bitcoin on the social network is expected in the near future (information was published at the end of July 2021).[13][14]

A fine of 5.5 million rubles for refusing to remove prohibited content

On July 22, 2021, the World Court of the Tagansky District of Moscow fined Twitter another 5.5 million rubles for refusing to delete content that is banned in Russia.

According to TASS, citing the press service of the court, the American social network was found guilty of committing two administrative offenses under paragraph 2 of Art. 13.41 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation. The fine for each administrative case based on the protocol of Roskomnadzor in this case can be from 800 thousand to 4 million rubles. In the case of Twitter, fines in each case amounted to 3 and 2.5 million rubles.

Twitter received a fine of another 5.5 million rubles for refusing to remove prohibited content

Fines were issued, including for publications calling on teenagers to enter unauthorized street actions, materials with child pornography, pro-drug and suicidal content. The total amount of fines received by Twitter for refusing to remove prohibited content in Russia since the beginning of 2021 has reached 33.4 million rubles.

Twitter has 60 days to pay two new fines from the moment when the court decision comes into force. The company previously tried to challenge such court decisions.

By July 22, 2021, Russian courts over the past 5 months fined Russian and foreign social networks 129 million rubles for not removing prohibited content in the Russian Federation under several dozen Roskomnadzor protocols. So far, none of the company's fines have been paid. Some companies began the appeal process on them, for example, on June 23, Facebook and TikTok did it. On June 28, 2021, the Moscow court denied the TikTok a complaint about the abolition of a fine of 2.6 million rubles.

According to Roskomnadzor, by July 22, 2021, Twitter had not removed about 490 materials recognized as prohibited in Russia. Also, according to the department, the removal of prohibited content and other social networks is unsatisfactory.

Earlier in 2021, Twitter announced the blocking of 100 accounts related to Russia. They were permanently blocked for "violating platform manipulation and spam policies."[15]

Russia entered the top 3 countries in the number of requests from the authorities to delete content on Twitter

In mid-July 2021, Twitter published a report on the removal of content on the social network at the request of the authorities of different countries. In terms of the number of relevant requests, Russia took third place.

According to a Twitter report, between July and December 2020, the service received 6351 requests from the Russian Federation for the removal of materials, which is 29% less than six months earlier - in the first half of the year, the number of requests was measured 8939. It is specified that the number of requests based on the propaganda of suicide and harm to health increased by 64%. 569 requests from Russia were made in court.

Russia ranked third in the ranking of countries in terms of the number of requests by authorities to delete content on Twitter

In total, for the second half of 2020, Twitter received 38,524 legal requirements for deleting content with 131,933 accounts. Most of all - 16,649 - from Japan. In second place is India (6971 request), in fourth - Turkey (3749), in fifth - South Korea (2,644).

Russia was not included in the top five countries in the number of requests made by Twitter by the authorities to provide information: India, which accounts for 25% of global demands, became the largest source of such requests. In second place is the United States (22%), in third and fourth - Japan (17%) and South Korea (16%).

The company emphasized that the number of requirements to delete information from the accounts of media representatives has increased, and the authenticity of accounts has been confirmed.

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Whenever possible, we notify the user when we receive these requests. It is important to note that if we are not prohibited from doing so when we delete or hide content in a particular country, Twitter provides a copy of the request to the public Lumen database. When content is blocked, it is hidden only in the country requiring deletion, and remains visible in all other jurisdictions, the company said.[16]
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Main article: Censorship (control) on the Internet. Experience of Russia

A fine of 9.5 million rubles for refusing to remove prohibited content

On May 27, 2021, the Tagansky District Court of Moscow fined Twitter 9.5 million rubles for refusing to remove content prohibited by Russian law.

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Twitter, Inc. found guilty of an administrative offense under Part 2 of Art. 13.41 of the Code of the Russian Federation and sentenced to a fine of 3,000,000 (three million) rubles, Vedomosti quoted the court as saying.
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Administrative fines were also imposed in the amount of 4 million and 2.5 million rubles in two other cases. Thus, by court decision, Twitter will have to pay 9.5 million rubles. The court clarified that a total of six lawsuits are being considered for Twitter. Earlier they said that the total amount of fines to the social network could reach 24 million rubles.

The court fined Twitter 9.5 million rubles for refusing to remove content prohibited by Russian law

Failure by the owner of the site or content information resource, according to Russian law, entails a fine on citizens in the amount of 50 thousand to 100 thousand rubles; for officials - from 200 thousand to 400 thousand rubles; for legal entities - from 800 thousand to 4 million rubles.

On May 17, 2021, Roskomnadzor, following the results of the audit, decided not to block Twitter and remove access restrictions on fixed networks, while maintaining a slowdown in service traffic on mobile devices. According to Roskomnadzor, since the beginning of the slowdown of Twitter in Russia on March 10, 2021, the social network has removed more than 91% of prohibited information.

By May 17, 2021, 563 of the 5.9 thousand materials with child pornography, drug and suicidal content, calls for children to participate in uncoordinated actions, as well as extremist and other materials prohibited in the country, remained unsolved, the department said.

The head of Roskomnadzor Andrei Lipov previously told Kommersant that the department does not have the installation to block the work of foreign and domestic social networks and other Internet platforms.[17]

Roskomnadzor obliged Twitter to localize the data of Russians until July 1

Foreign social networks, including Facebook and Twitter, will have to localize the personal data of Russian users, until July 1, 2021. This was announced on May 26 by the deputy head of Roskomnadzor Milos Wagner at the final meeting of the board of the department. More details here.

Twitter is ready to delete illegal information at the request of Roskomnadzor

The Twitter administration during a meeting with the leadership of Roskomnadzor in May 2021 expressed its readiness to remove illegal information as a matter of priority.

The meeting of company representatives with the leadership of Roskomnadzor took place on the initiative of Twitter. During it, representatives of the social network informed the agency about the fulfillment of the requirements for the removal of content prohibited in Russia.

After May 15, Roskomnadzor will conduct an audit and decide to extend existing or take other measures against Twitter.

To slow down Twitter traffic, Roskomnadzor uses new technology

Russia uses new technology to slow Internet traffic in the country, according to specialists of the organization Censored Planet. According to them, this is the first known case when the government censors Internet content, limiting the company's traffic, rather than blocking access to its services [18]

We are talking about the slowdown of Twitter traffic by Roskomnadzor for non-compliance with the requirements of Russian law to remove illegal content. According to Censored Planet, for this, the regulator uses TSPU (technical means of counteracting threats), which replaced SORM (a system of technical means for providing the functions of operational-search measures).

SORM, consisting of special network devices installed in data centers of telecom operators, allows you to block access to certain domains by adding them to the register of prohibited resources. If there are court decisions and Roskomnadzor, telecom operators must change the appropriate firewall settings and block the traffic of these domains.

However, in recent years it has become clear that such a blocking can be bypassed using proxy and VPN services. In addition, companies like Telegram have found ways to bypass blocking using domain-fronting (using different domain names at different levels of an HTTPS connection to seamlessly connect to another target domain that is not visible to third parties tracking requests and connections).

New TSPUs do not work as SORM. Firstly, they are not under the control of telecom operators and are controlled directly by Roskomnadzor. Second, the SRTs are deployed two steps closer to the end user than the SORM. Thirdly, these devices do not work as traditional firewalls, but rather as network DPI filters. DPI-based solutions allow you to see the contents of network packets and their real destination, even if the connection is encrypted using TLS.

As the experts of Censored Planet explained, TSPU work by analyzing the expansion of the TLS SNI protocol, so that Roskomnadzor can determine which domain the user connects to, even before the connection is encrypted.

The incident with Twitter is the first case of using TSPU. According to experts, this explains why the first launch of the system was unsuccessful - too wide a filtering rule led to a slowdown not only of Twitter traffic, but also of other domains.

Roskomnadzor will continue to slow Twitter traffic

On April 5, 2021, it became known about the decision of Roskomnadzor not to block Twitter and give the social network leadership a chance to fulfill the requirements of Russian legislation to remove illegal content. However, the regulator announced its intention to extend measures to slow Twitter traffic until May 15, 2021.

The first steps to slow down Twitter traffic were taken on March 10, 2021, after which the social network deleted about 1.9 thousand materials containing information prohibited in the Russian Federation. Since 2017, Roskomnadzor recorded about 3.1 thousand such materials (child pornography, drug and suicide propaganda), but the Twitter administration was in no hurry to remove them.

The slowdown of traffic and the threat of an ambulance blocking forced the social network to begin to comply with the requirements of the regulator to remove illegal content. However, the pace of implementation at first did not suit Roskomnadzor. Now, the social network began to remove illegal materials faster, but still not enough.

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"The Twitter administration has increased the rate of removal of prohibited materials. Of the 650 new links to prohibited content that appeared, about 580 were deleted. The average time to remove is 81 hour. In accordance with Russian law, social networks are given 24 hours to remove prohibited information from the moment they receive the notification, "the regulator said.
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On April 1, 2021, at the initiative of the Twitter administration, a video conference was held with the participation of Roskomnadzor and the vice president for public policy in Europe, the Middle East and Africa of Twitter Sinéad McSwinney (Sinéad McSweeney). McSwinney reported on measures taken by Twitter to improve the moderation of prohibited content. In turn, Roskomnadzor explained how the social network can avoid blocking in the Russian Federation, namely, to remove all prohibited content, bring the removal speed into line with Russian law and comply with all standards governing the activities of social networks in Russia.

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"Taking into account the decision taken by Twitter for the first time to change the principles and speed of its own moderation service in Russia and the removal of a significant part of the prohibited content in this regard, Roskomnadzor decided not to proceed to the next measure - the complete blocking of the social network in the country, extending the measure to limit Twitter traffic until May 15. Thus, Twitter is given additional time to remove all prohibited content from the social network and bring its activities into full compliance with the legislation of our country, "Roskomnadzor said[19]
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Fine of 8.9 million rubles for refusing to remove calls for participation in actions in support of Navalny

On April 2, 2021, the Tagansky District Court fined Twitter a total of 8.9 million rubles due to the company's refusal to delete messages containing calls for minors to take part in unauthorized protests.

According to RBC with reference to the press service of the court, Twitter was found guilty in Part 2 of Art. 13.41 Administrative Code (violation of the procedure for restricting access to information, access to which is subject to restriction in accordance with the law).

We are talking about mass protests in support of Alexei Navalny, which took place in Russian cities on January 23. Most of them ended in mass detentions.

According to Roskomnadzor, calls were addressed to teenagers. In relation to the social network, protocols were drawn up under part 2 of article 13.41 of the Administrative Code of Russia, which provides for a fine for this offense in the amount of 800,000 to 4 million rubles.

Tagansky district court fined Twitter millions for refusing to remove calls for participation in actions in support of Navalny

On March 16, 2021, Roskomnadzor threatened to block the social network if it did not remove prohibited content within a month. In response to the slowdown, Twitter said they were "deeply concerned about the increasing attempts to block and limit public communication on the Internet." After the social network removed a third of the prohibited materials, but the pace in Roskomnadzor was called "unsatisfactory."

On April 2, 2021, the Tagansky District Court fined Twitter under several protocols. In one of them is the amount of 3.2 million rubles, in the other - 3.3 million rubles, in the third - 2.4 million rubles.

State Duma deputy Marina Mukabenova, commenting on the court's decisions, noted that the task of the Russian authorities is to "educate" foreign organizations that do not want to comply with the laws in force in the country. The parliamentarian emphasized: if foreign companies want to work in Russia, they are obliged to comply with the laws of the country.[20]

Roskomnadzor slows down the speed of Twitter due to the refusal of the social network to remove illegal content

On March 10, 2021, Roskomnadzor announced that it began to slow down the speed of Twitter due to the refusal of the social network to remove illegal content. Restrictive measures will first be "implemented on 100% mobile devices and 50% stationary devices."

The ministry said that with further disregard for the requirements, "the measures of influence will continue," up to the possible blocking of Twitter in Russia.

According to Roskomnadzor, by March 10, 2021, 3168 materials with prohibited information remain not deleted on Twitter (including 2569 with calls for suicide by minors, 450 with child pornography, 149 with information about the use of drugs).

Roskomnadzor began to slow down the speed of Twitter due to the refusal of the service to remove illegal content
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The last striking example was a demonstrative disregard for the requirements of the regulator (unlike other social networks, Twitter did not delete the materials) to remove calls for minors to commit mass suicide on March 3, 2021 (recall that on this day, according to law enforcement agencies, several attempts to commit suicide by minors were prevented), the agency said.
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The regulator compiled protocols on administrative violation in relation to social networks that did not completely remove materials that, according to Roskomnadzor, urged adolescents to participate in unauthorized actions. Among the violators was Twitter.

In the administrative protocols that Roskomnadzor sent to the court, it was indicated that the fine for Twitter for failing to remove illegal content could range from 8 to 12 million rubles. At the same time, a member of the Public Chamber, Artem Kiryanov, estimated that social networks could face recovery in the amount of 3.4 to 13.5 billion rubles.

According to RBC sources in Internet providers, Roskomnadzor has the ability to limit the speed of Twitter. So, according to the interlocutor in one of the major Internet providers, Roskomnadzor can independently limit the speed of access to Twitter through equipment installed on operator networks under the so-called Sovereign Runet Law. [21][22]

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Deputy Head of Roskomnadzor Subbotin Vadim - about blocking Twitter in a month: We took a month and are watching the reaction of Twitter on the issue of deleting prohibited information. After that, depending on the action of the administration of the social network, appropriate decisions will be made. If Twitter does not comply with the requirements of Roskomnadzor, the requirements of Russian law, respectively, will consider the issue of completely blocking the service in Russia.
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Roskomnadzor: Twitter maliciously violates Russian law

On March 1, 2021, it became known that since 2017 social network Twitter she had not removed 2,862 materials with prohibited information, including:

  • about the methods of committing suicide, as well as with calls for suicide - 2336 materials;
  • with pornographic images of minors - 352 materials;
  • about methods, methods of development, manufacture and use of narcotic drugs - 174 materials.

In total, in relation to information recognized as prohibited, Roskomnadzor sent more than 28 thousand requirements for removal to Twitter.

According to Art. 13.41 Administrative Code of the Russian Federation, violation of the procedure for restricting access to illegal content, failure to remove prohibited information by the owner of an Internet resource entails an administrative fine on legal entities in the amount of 800 thousand to 8 million rubles. In case of repeated offense, the amount of the fine is increased to one fifth of the total amount of the company's annual revenue.[23]

Blocking 100 accounts associated with Russia

On February 23, 2021, information appeared that the Twitter Microblogging Service blocked 100 accounts allegedly associated with Russia.

The microblog administration claims to have revealed a network of 69 accounts that was associated with Russia and tried to "undermine faith in the North Atlantic Alliance and its stability." Another 31 "Russian" accounts were deleted, since their owners allegedly "tried to influence the United States and the EU."

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The official representative RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTRY Maria Zakharova said she Moscow would study the grounds for blocking accounts. "We will deal with the basis of the blocking and give an expert opinion," Zakharova quoted Zakharova as saying. TASS According to Zakharova, "millions of users" may fall under the wording indicated by Twitter.
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Twitter also announced the removal of 238 accounts from Iran. They allegedly carried out "interference in the discussion regarding the first televised debate of US presidential candidates in 2020."[24]

Blocking Trump's account after riots in Washington

On January 6, 2021, Donald Trump's Twitter, Facebook and Instagram accounts were blocked after riots began near the Capitol. More details here.

2020

YouTube, Twitter and Instagram in Russia will be fined 20% of annual revenue for refusing to remove illegal content

On December 23, 2020, the State Duma in the third final reading adopted a law on large fines for social networks and other Internet services for refusing to remove illegal content. More details here.

Fine of 450 thousand euros for violation of the EU data protection regulations

On December 15, 2020, it became known that Twitter Inc. was fined 450 thousand. euro Data data protection Protection Commission (DPC Ireland) due to insufficient company disclosure of information about. Data Breach This is the first fine imposed on the American a technology company under the General Data Protection Regulation (), GDPR European Union which entered into force in 2018, reports "."Interfax

This is a vulnerability in the Twitter security system, which for more than four years has allowed access to private messages of some users. The company announced the elimination of the problem in January 2019. In accordance with GDPR, the company was required to notify the regulator of a data leak within 72 hours after its discovery. However, an investigation conducted by DPC showed that the top Twitter manager responsible for data protection issues was not promptly notified of the problem, which led to a delay in disclosing information to the regulator.

In total, it took the Irish regulator almost two years to bring the Twitter case to an end, writes The Wall Street Journal. In May 2020, after a 15-month investigation, the DPC sent a preliminary opinion in the Twitter case to the regulators of the remaining EU countries forming the European Data Protection Council (EDPB). Some of the regulators made a number of comments, and in August Ireland launched a dispute settlement procedure in this case.

One of the controversial points was the size of the fine, which was planned to be recovered from Twitter. GDPR allows regulators to impose a fine of up to 2% of the company's global annual revenue, or up to $60 million in the case of Twitter (based on the company's income for 2018). However, the Irish commission recommended a significantly lower fine - from 0.25% to 5% of the maximum amount, since Twitter's violation was minor, unintentional and non-systemic. The regulator, Germany at the same time, offered a larger fine - from 7 to 22 million euros, according to data EDPB. In

In early November, the EDPB issued a final decision in this case, siding with Ireland on all issues except the size of the fine, which it demanded to increase. The final fine - 450 thousand euros - is about two-thirds higher than the amount originally proposed by the Irish regulator.

As of December 15, DPC is also close to ruling on a violation of the data protection rules in respect of, and messenger WhatsApp this is only one of 14 cases opened by the regulator in respect of Facebook and its units.[25]

Hackers took 24 hours to hack Twitter

The financial State Department of Financial Services (New York City New York Department of Financial Services) submitted a report on the results of the hacking investigation Twitter that took place in July 2020. According to the report, cybercriminals took 24 hours to hack. This became known on October 16, 2020.

As the investigation established, the attack began on July 14 and ended the next day, when it became obvious that the accounts of a number of public personalities, including politicians and founders of large companies, were hacked by hackers for fraudulent purposes.

The attackers, identified shortly after the incident, used access to the internal Twitter network to change e-mail addresses the accounts data of users of interest to them and seize control over their accounts. In total, hackers tried to attack 130 accounts, and 45 of them were changed. passwords

A few weeks after the incident, the Twitter administration said that during the attack, the attackers contacted the company's employees by phone and deceived access to the necessary internal support tools. According to the New York State Financial Services Administration, almost a day passed from the time of the phone call to the break-in.

The attack was allegedly carried out by 17-year-old Florida resident Graham Ivan Clark, aka Kirk# 5270, 19-year-old Briton Mason John Sheppard, known as Chaewon, and 22-year-old Florida resident Nima Fazeli, also known as Fazeli.

On July 14, after lunch, the attackers called several Twitter employees and, introducing themselves as IT employees, reported problems with VPN (a very common problem, given the number of employees working remotely). Then they asked employees to enter their credentials in the form on the phishing page.

The investigation did not find any evidence that the employees deliberately helped the hackers. With the help of personal information of employees, the attackers managed to convince them that they are really the ones they impersonate. Although some employees still reported a suspicious call to Twitter's internal anti-fraud department, at least one victim got caught.

Although the first victim did not have access to the internal systems of interest to hackers, they used her credentials to move across the network and find employees who had such access. On July 15, attackers attacked these employees, including those responsible for considering sensitive global legal requests.

Shortly after the attackers gained control of Twitter accounts (including OG accounts - "original gangster"), they began discussing the sale of OG user names and showing their access to internal Twitter systems.

Then cybercriminals switched to confirmed accounts in order to give credibility to their fraudulent scheme with. cryptocurrency Within a few hours, they attacked the accounts of cryptocurrency trader AngeloBTC, cryptocurrency exchange Binance and ten other cryptocurrency-related accounts, including Coinbase, Gemini Trust Company and Square.

A few hours later, hackers began to publish tweets from hacked accounts, including Apple, Uber, Bill Gates, Elon Musk, Kanye West, Floyd Mayweather, Kim Kardashian, etc. As a result, they managed to steal $118 thousand in bitcoins.

As the New York State Financial Services Administration found, the incident compromised non-public data of some users, and Twitter did not timely update information about the[26].

Fine 4 million rubles for refusing to transfer servers with Russian data to Russia

In 2020, Twitter was fined 4 million rubles in Russia. For refusing to transfer servers with data from Russians to Russia.

In October 2020, Twitter decided to sue the Federal Bailiff Service (FSSP) due to the recovery of a fine of 4 million rubles from the company. Unlike Facebook, which simply ignores penalties for the improper storage of personal data of Russians, Twitter disputes every step of the authorities. According to experts, the company's actions are aimed at delaying the process, which forces the state to look for new ways to punish foreign Internet companies, including by slowing traffic or increasing fines.

Pay reduction for staff moving to permanent remote work

In mid-September 2020, it became known that VMware employees who accept the company's offer to become permanent remote employees will receive a wage cut if they move from Silicon Valley, one of the most expensive areas of the United States, to a less expensive city. More details here.

Hacking Obama, Mask, Gates accounts

Some of the most famous Twitter accounts, including Microsoft founder Bill Gates, former President Barack Obama and Tesla Inc CEO Elon Musk, were subjected to a staggering hack Wednesday related to the Bitcoin scam.

Twitter Inc. temporarily blocked all verified accounts from posting or even changing their passwords while investigating and finding a solution to this problem.

The scale of the break-in was unprecedented.

Testing Voice Tweets

June 18, 2020 it became known that Twitter is testing the function of voice tweets. The company said that the voice function will allow users to tweet using their voice. One voice tweet is designed for 140 seconds.

The feature will be available to a limited number of Apple users, and then, within a few weeks, deployed to more device owners on the iOS.

Twitter said that users will be able to create a voice tweet using the added wavelength icon on the screen.

Social networks, including Twitter, have long been under pressure due to problems with abuse in the field of harassment and misinformation. The company says it will review all voice tweets in accordance with the rules and take action to protect, including marking tweets.

Twitter adds shortcuts to content that contains manipulative or synthetic texts. The network also adds shortcuts warning you to check the facts. First of all, this concerns coronavirus and elections in the United States[27].

Twitter has deleted tens of thousands of pages

Twitter revealed 32,242 accounts related to Twitter's approval with state-funded cyber operations. The accounts sent to the archive included pages used in three separate campaigns, supposedly behind China, Russia and Turkey[28][29].

The Chinese government's cyber operation used two sets of accounts - 23,750 and 150,000 pages each (these pages were amplifying accounts for distributing information selections). They participated according to Twitter in various coordinated and manipulative activities. Publications on these pages were made mainly in Chinese and were devoted to geopolitical news. In addition, the pages published information about the political dynamics in Hong Kong.

1,152 pages related to a news site allegedly used by the Russian government for political propaganda were also sent to the archive. The pages were blocked by the Twitter administration for numerous violations of the rules of use, including for crossposting and distributing content in an inauthentic, coordinated way for political purposes.

In addition, 7,340 fake and hacked accounts were sent to the archive, disseminating information beneficial to the ruling Justice and Development Party in Turkey, as well as its leader, President Recep Erdogan.

All pages and content related to the above campaigns were permanently removed from the social network, and information on them was submitted for analysis to the Australian Institute of Strategic Policy and the Stanford University Internet Observatory.

Trump signed a decree regulating the work of social networks

US President Donald Trump signed a decree in May 2020 on regulating the work of social networks. This was reported by Reuters, citing the White House. It is assumed that the new law, which Trump has already promised to adopt, will regulate the work of social networks in the country.

The dispute between the president and social media arose after Twitter on May 26 identified some of Trump's posts as containing untruths, namely unfounded statements about voting by email. In these reports, the US leader allegedly "falsely claims that postal ballots lead to falsification of voting and receipt of ballots by non-voting voters." The Twitter administration posted a warning badge under these posts. It means that readers should independently check the content of the message. In response to this, the head of the White House indicated that social networks do not make the voices of conservatives sound, and made a promise to "tightly regulate or close them."

Main article:

Twitter allowed employees to stay in remote work forever

On May 12, 2020, Twitter allowed employees to stay in remote work forever, that is, even after the authorities lifted quarantine restrictions related to the distribution of COVID-19 coronavirus, said company CEO Jack Dorsey.

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The last few months have shown that we can allow employees to work from anywhere in the world. If our workers are in a situation that allows them to work from home, and they want to continue in this mode, we will help this to materialize,  "he said.
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Twitter allowed employees to work from home after the pandemic

Those employees whose duties involve presence in the office (for example, technical support staff) will not be able to work from home.

Twitter adds that the offices will not open until September 2020, until that time there will also be no business trips and corporate events that imply the physical presence of employees.

Twitter switched to remote work in March 2020. At the beginning of that month, the company began recommending that employees work in a remote format to reduce the risk of infection with coronavirus. Other tech giants, including Google and Microsoft, have issued similar recommendations.

By May 12, 2020, Twitter has more than 35 offices around the world, including in Paris, New York and Toronto.  The company's statement noted that it was one of the first to switch to the "work from home" model, and now it intends to continue to put the safety of people and society first. 

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We were in a unique position to quickly respond and allow people to work from home, given our emphasis on decentralizing and supporting the ability of employees  to work from anywhere. The last few months have proved that we can make it work,  "said Twitter Vice President Jennifer Christie.[30] 
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Disabling the Twitter via SMS service

On April 28, 2020, it became known that for security reasons, Twitter decided to permanently disable the via SMS Twitter service, which existed since the start of the social network and allowed tweets to be published through SMS messages.

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We want to help keep your account safe. We faced vulnerabilities in publishing via SMS, so we turned off Twitter via SMS, with the exception of several countries, according to the Twitter support page.
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The source recalled that in September 2019, the social network administration temporarily turned off the possibility of posting tweets through text messages in connection with several security incidents. Unknowns took advantage of the vulnerabilities on Twitter via SMS and published a number of false messages on behalf of celebrities, including Twitter head Jack Dorsey. Now it was decided to disable the service forever.

Users will still be able to log in to the social network and manage their accounts through "important SMS messages." For those who used Twitter via SMS, the social network administration recommends switching to the web version of Twitter or downloading a mobile application to "enjoy all the capabilities of Twitter." The social network has not yet refused two-factor authentication and password verification using SMS[31].

The court fined Twitter 4 million rubles for refusing to transfer servers to Russia

On February 13, 2020, a world court To Moscow imposed a fine on Twitter for refusing to transfer the social network RUSSIAN FEDERATION servers to with the data of Russian users.

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To recognize a foreign legal entity Twitter Inc. (registered in California, USA) guilty of an administrative crime and impose a fine of 4 million rubles, - announced the decision judge Alexander Mikhaleva (quoted by RIA Novosti).
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World Court in Moscow imposed a fine on Twitter for refusing to transfer servers to the Russian Federation

Twitter must pay a fine within 60 days. The company was found guilty under Part 8 of Art. 13.11 of the Code of Administrative Offenses ("Violation of the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of personal data").

The maximum fine for refusing to store personal data of Russians in Russia was increased in 2019. Earlier, for failure to comply with the requirements for localization of Russian databases, punishment was not provided

Earlier, the head of Roskom, Alexander Zharov, warned that these companies had time until January 31 to respond to a request for localization of Russian user data. The department noted that almost all 100% of operators fulfill this localization requirement.

The Ministry of Communications said that in the fight against foreign IT companies that violate Russian laws, large fines may be more effective than locks.

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Locks can be bypassed, and a fine, if the company works (in Russia), will have to pay... The fine can be recovered outside the Russian Federation, "said Alexey Volin, deputy head of the Ministry of Communications of the Russian Federation, in an interview with TASS at the end of January 2020 .
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Roskomnadzor demanded that Facebook and Twitter move servers to Russia back in 2016. Since then, the agency has repeatedly extended the deadlines so that companies can fulfill the requirements of Russian law.[32]

Roskomnadzor opened an administrative case against Facebook and Twitter

On January 31, 2020 Businessman , he announced that Roskomnadzor he had opened an administrative case against Facebook Twitter for not localizing data the Russian users in the servers territory. Russia A year earlier, both companies had already been fined 3 thousand rubles, but then it was about failure to provide. information More. here

NFL teams hacked

In January 2020, just a week before the Super Bowl, more than a dozen National Football League team accounts were captured USA on Twitter. Twitter said the accounts were hacked through a third-party platform.

Billionaire will give $9 million to Twitter followers

In early January 2020, Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa announced his readiness to give 1,000 Twitter followers 1 million yen or $9,000 each to see if basic income can make people happier. Studies show that this is quite possible. More details here.

2019

Vulnerability allowed to match 17 million phone numbers with accounts on Twitter

On December 25, 2019, it became known that security researcher Ibrahim Balic discovered a vulnerability in the Twitter application for Android, the operation of which allowed him to match 17 million phone numbers with Twitter accounts.

Operation is carried out through the function of loading contacts in the application. When the user downloads his phone number, the system sends user data. According to Balic, the Twitter contact download feature does not allow you to upload a list of numbers in sequential order to avoid abuse.

The researcher generated about two billion phone numbers, randomized them and uploaded them to Twitter through an Android application (the vulnerability does not apply to the web version of the download function). According to Balic, he compared user records from Israel, Turkey, Iran, Greece, Armenia, France and Germany for a long time, but stopped working after Twitter blocked his attempts on December 20, 2019.

According to the resource TechCrunch, comparing mobile numbers, in one case the specialist managed to identify a high-ranking Israeli politician.

The company has not yet officially recognized the presence of a bug in the application, and it is not known whether the recent fix of the vulnerability in the Android version of Twitter with this problem[33].

Twitter user data is in the public domain

On November 24, 2019, it became known that American security researcher Vinny Troia discovered an accessible, database containing more than 4 TB - information a total of 1.2 billion records, including data hundreds of millions of users,, and. social networks Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Github More. here

The average price of paid publication is growing

Average price of paid publication

Twitter has banned political advertising on its platform

The founder of the social network Upt. Jack Dorsey announced that since November 22, 2019, the social network has been stopping all political advertising on its platform. It is reported by RIA Novosti.

It is noted that the innovation will enter into force on November 22. The company expects all current advertisers to be notified of the decision within a three-week period.

Dorsey noted that the relevant regulations will be applied in all countries using Twitter. He also added that this reflects the company's position that the coverage of political statements should be earned, not bought.

The average salary is $170 thousand.

In September 2019, the Glassdoor recruiting portal published a rating of American companies with the highest salaries.  On Twitter, the average annual salary of employees amounted to $170 thousand. More details here.

Russian blogger was given 5 years in prison for a message on Twitter

On September 3, 2019, Vladislav Sinitsa  was sentenced to 5 years in prison for a message on Twitter in which he committed illegal actions against the children of security forces. The Russian blogger was found guilty under paragraph "a" of Part 2 of Art. 282 of the Criminal Code ("Incitement to hatred or enmity against a group of persons committed in public"). More details here.

CEO sends offensive tweets

In August 2019, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey's account, which was signed by more than 4 million people, posted many vulgar and racist tweets that were removed after about 20 minutes.

The reason, according to a Twitter representative: "The phone number associated with the account was compromised due to security control by the mobile operator."

Twitter transmitted user data without their consent

On August 7, 2019, it became known about problems in the application, social network Twitter due to which some settings did not work properly, which is why data users were transferred without their permission.

According to Twitter, if the user viewed or clicked on ads in the mobile application or used it since May 2018, then the company shared its data with "reliable partners" in analytics and advertising, even if the user did not consent to this. The data included country code, advertising information and interaction with it.

As part of the process used by the company to place more relevant advertising on Twitter and other services since September 2018, the social network showed the user advertising based on the conclusions made about the devices used without its permission. According to the company, the data did not contain such information as passwords, email data, etc.

The problems were fixed on August 5, 2019, and the administration began an investigation to determine the number of affected[34] users[35].

Twitter fined 3 thousand rubles. in a dispute over the transfer of servers to Russia

The World Court in Moscow fined in April the social network of microblogging Twitter for 3 thousand rubles. for administrative violation, namely, for the fact that it did not provide information about the transfer to Russia of servers with personal data of Russian users.

The same case is in court proceedings against Facebook. It has not yet been decided.

Roskomnadzor compiled a protocol on Twitter

The Office Roskomnadzor for the Central Federal District has drawn up a protocol on an administrative offense under Article 19.7 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation in relation to the company. Twitter According to the agency, the company did not provide the necessary information on the localization of personal databases of Russian users in the territory. Russia Twitter faces a fine of 3,000 to 5,000 rubles[36]

The document was sent to the magistrate for a decision on administrative responsibility.

On December 17, 2018, Roskomnadzor sent Twitter a notification about the need to comply with the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of user data. Later, Twitter sent the service a response on the implementation of the law on the localization of personal databases of Russian users in the Russian Federation, but the agency did not satisfy the answer. In January 2019, Roskomnadzor announced that it was starting administrative proceedings against Twitter, since the company's answers "did not contain specifics on the actual implementation of the legislation at the moment, or on the timing of the implementation of these norms in the future."

2018

Attackers hid malicious code in Internet memes in Twitter accounts

On December 20, 2018, the company Trend Micro announced a study aimed at using steganography - writing hidden code to various sections of harmless files - to bypass antiviruses and protect systems. two images with PERSONAL COMPUTER Malefactors malware - Internet mems specially loaded in were used for activation. social network Twitter

On October 25 and 26, 2018, unknown attackers published on the Twitter account created in 2017 images with the character of the movie "Matrix" Morpheus, in which the/print command was encoded. As Trend Micro experts found out, malware, designated as TROJAN.MSIL.BERBOMTHUM.AA, looks for images in the specified account according to certain parameters <img src=\`(.*?):thumb\` width=\`.*?\` height=\`.*?\`/>(), then downloads them to the affected system and uses commands encrypted in files to collect information about the computer and route it to the server address encoded using the Pastebin service . At the same time, in the case of published memes, hackers most likely did not use the real server address, but a temporary "stub."

The most interesting thing from the point of view of the company's researchers was that to activate their malware, the attackers chose a completely legal service that hundreds of millions of people around the world use every day. And the only way to eliminate the threat is to disconnect the Twitter account (as of December 13, 2018, the social network administration had already blocked this account), for which without information from Trend Micro there would simply be no reason.

In addition to the/print command, which takes a screenshot, the malicious detected ON also supports the following commands:

  • / processos - collects data on the list of running processes;
  • / clip-Collects clipboard content
  • / username - gets information about the user name of the infected PC;
  • / docs - gets a list of file names located at a pre-specified address, for example, on the desktop.

Trend Micro noted that the study did not consider how malware could hit the victims' computers, but they were clearly not associated with a "compromised" Twitter account. It is also interesting that the software itself was discovered by the Trend Micro XGen multilevel protection system even before the study of this software began, but the company's experts believe that without comprehensive and versatile protection, user computers and conventional antivirus programs can be defenseless in the face of malware, which uses perfectly legal channels to activate its functions and, more importantly, uses a completely harmless command set from the point of view of the system.

Attackers use Twitter support forms

In November 2018, Twitter announced that it had identified a problem with one of its forms of support services, which could reveal the country code of the user's corresponding phone number. A large number of requests were received through a compromised form of support from individual IP addresses in China and Saudi Arabia.

Twitter blocks users writing in Cyrillic as "Russian trolls"

The Twitter social network massively blocks accounts and removes messages from conversations if their authors use the Cyrillic alphabet. For this, a new Twitter algorithm aimed at curbing the activities of Russian-speaking trolls is responsible. The algorithm accepts innocent messages written not even in Russian, but using the Cyrillic alphabet, for provocative publications on political topics[37]

It took Twitter two days to comment on the situation at the request of The Verge. In the end, the company reported that it knows about the problem and is working on its solution, but still intends to take measures to protect its rules and combat spam and automation.

How Locks Are Posted

The first to complain about mass blockages were users from Bulgaria - it is one of the countries where Cyrillic writing is used. According to users, a mention in the Cyrillic publication @ YouTube or any other popular service leads to blocking an account or deleting a message. Even if the original tweet is not deleted, comments on it written in Cyrillic are hidden from the conversation.

The algorithm does not filter accounts by the date of creation - it can block any account created since 2009. Many of the registered accounts have existed for several years and have thousands of subscribers.

As a rule, users blocked in this way can quickly prove their innocence on the social network and resume their account. However, Twitter continues to hide their messages from conversations, showing instead the inscription "tweet is unavailable." In addition, they cannot send a notification to other users. If the victim of such a "shadow lock" calls the support service, they answer that everything is in order, because the account is not blocked.

Encrypted messaging may appear on Twitter

In the Android application of Twitter, a hidden function of "secret chat" was discovered, which will allow users to send encrypted messages using end-to-end encryption technology. The encrypted messaging feature was first discovered in a Twitter APK file by researcher Jane Manchun Wong. APK files often contain feature code that companies test before they run.

Block Kaspersky Lab ads

In April 2018, Kaspersky Lab was banned from advertising on Twitter. The administration of the social network said that the manufacturer of antivirus software works according to a business model that does not meet the standards of acceptable advertising.

File:Aquote1.png
At the end of January this year, Twitter unexpectedly informed us about the ban on advertising in our official accounts, where we announce new materials published on our blogs (for example, Securelist and Kaspersky Daily), as well as inform users about new cyber threats. We were told that the company uses a business model that contradicts the practices of Twitter Ads, "wrote the head of the antivirus company Yevgeny Kaspersky in an open letter addressed to Twitter management.
File:Aquote2.png

He noted that he does not understand how Twitter's wording relates to Kaspersky Lab, since the company has not violated "any written and unwritten rules" and is conducting "the most usual business model for the IT industry."

Twitter refused to publish Kaspersky Lab ads

Kaspersky said that Kaspersky Lab sent an official appeal to Twitter, but more than two months later the microblogging service sent an answer "with the same text."

The blocking of advertising occurred shortly after Washington charged Kaspersky Lab with ties to special services and that the software produced by the company could be used by Russian intelligence. The Russian company denies the accusations.

Earlier, Twitter banned posting advertising messages to the accounts of RT and Sputnik. Twitter explained that the decision was made on the basis of the conclusions of the American intelligence community. They considered that both Russian agencies tried to influence the American presidential election in 2016.[38]

Hundreds of Twitter employees view personal correspondence of users. Video

The social network Twitter pays its employees to view all personal messages of users available on the company's servers, analyze them and make a "virtual profile" of the user that can be sold to advertisers. This was admitted by software developers and other Twitter employees. Their confessions were recorded on a hidden camera by members of Project Veritas, which investigates corruption, fraud and human rights violations[39].

The film captures the statements of four employees currently working on Twitter: Conrado Miranda, Clay Haynes, Pranay Singh and Mihai Alexandra Florea.

2017

The average salary is $161 860

The average salary of Twitter employees at the end of 2017 was $161 860.

Twitter increased the maximum message size to 280 characters

According to an official press release, Twitter management decided to take this step in order to give users more freedom to express their thoughts. Before, people needed to be as concise as possible to meet 140 characters. Now microbloggers can become more liberated. It will not be necessary to worry that a couple of words will not get into the message, breaking it in the most interesting place, and you will have to cut the text by abbreviations and other tricks.

According to Twitter statistics, with a norm of 140 characters, the maximum length reaches about 9% of tweets, while with a norm of 280 characters - only 1%. According to the company, long tweets are also composed and published faster than short ones, since the user thinks less about the wording. Data were obtained from a global pre-testing of the new norm launched in late September [40]

Test results showed that users do not particularly actively use additional characters at all. Only 5% of tweets exceeded the old maximum of 140 characters, and only 2% of phrases were longer than 190 characters. The company notes that this is even good, because the time that subscribers spend reading tweets will not increase significantly.

The limit of 140 characters was introduced at the dawn of Twitter by analogy with SMS messages. Messengers and similar applications at that time were not yet widely used, and SMS remained the main means of mobile text communication. The SMS limit was 160 characters, but Twitter cut it to 140, reserving 20 characters under the user name. When it turned out that not all users have enough this space to express their thoughts, the social network thought about increasing it. In 2015, the idea of ​ ​ introducing a limit of 10 thousand characters was discussed, as on Facebook.

Logical vulnerability on Twitter

May 4, 2017 it became known about the identification of a logical vulnerability on the social network Twitter. Bug Detected allowed you to publish messages on behalf of any user, without access to the victim's account.

The vulnerability was discovered by Yegor Zhizhin, an employee of Digital Security. For its operation, the company said[41] enough advanced skills[41].

Vulnerability revealed on February 26, 2017. By February 28, 2017, the social network closed the "hole." Twitter addressed Zhizhin official gratitude, coupled with a "large monetary reward," Digital Security said.

The vulnerability found is related to the service ads.twitter.com. The service acts as a library that allows downloading files, such as images or videos. To operate the bug, it was necessary to go to the ads.twitter.com and select the "Download Media File" function. In the process, the social network provided the user with the opportunity to tweet this file and share it with users of choice.

The ability to tweet the file involves, among other things, the use of the image owner id and the social network user id, on whose page the tweet is published. To successfully publish a tweet in someone else's account, it was enough to intercept the request for a tweet and replace these ids in the POST request, as well as the media key of the file.

Hacker ID substitution on those that belong to the victim was quite simple: you can find out the right accounts using various services. The difficulty is that the attacker somehow needs to get the media key of the file, which is contained in the victim's library. Only the owner of the file can find out this key. It is almost impossible to find a key of 18 digits. Therefore, it was necessary to use another option - to share the file with the victim. After that, the target account became a co-owner of the file, the key of which is already known to the hacker.

A special danger of vulnerability Digital Security saw the likelihood of a disaster as a result of the attacker publishing the same information in several accounts at the same time. If they were news publications or pages of public persons, such actions could provoke serious consequences.

48 million Twitter users are bots

According to a study[42] of the University of Southern California and Indiana, about 48 million Twitter accounts can be bots. CNBC[43] attention[44] this.

Scientists have estimated that up to 15% of all English-speaking Twitter users are bot accounts. Mostly they retweet other users or add tweets to the "favorites." But some bots are much less harmless - they are designed to imitate the behavior of people and influence the formation of socio-political opinion.

Twitter transfers personal data of users to Russia

In April 2017, it became known that the Twitter social network will begin to store the personal data of Russians at its disposal in Russia, as required by the law "On Personal Data." It is planned to transfer information to Russian servers by mid-2018. Now the company determines which data will be moved. Roskomnadzor which got the letter with the notice from the vice president of Twitter concerning public policy in Europe, Asia and in the Middle East Sinead McSweeney reported about it.

According to the head of Roskomnadzor, Alexander Zharov, the department is going to check how Twitter implements the law "On Personal Data," not earlier than the second half of 2018. Facebook also turned out to be in a similar situation - it will not be checked in 2017. Unlike Twitter, Facebook has not yet expressed readiness to transfer data to Russian[45] servers[46].

According to Zharov, both social networks are in constant negotiations with Roskomnadzor. In particular, Roskomnadzor employees met with Twitter representatives a month ago, meetings are held annually with Facebook representatives. According to the agency, give them and other companies that agree to comply with the rules time to move information.

2016

500 million tweets per day

Twitter has about 320 million users, and approximately 500 million tweets are published per day, according to the social network itself. Katie Perry remains the most popular user in the world - more than 84 million people follow the updates to her page.

In Russia, the palm tree of the championship belongs to Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, 4.74 million users are signed to his page. It is followed by Ivan Urgant (4.68 million subscribers) and Pavel Volya (4.13 million). The most popular Russian athlete on the social network is Maria Sharapova. Her page is monitored by 2.03 million subscribers.

Since February 2016, the Twitter microblogging service has blocked 235 thousand accounts due to terrorism propaganda. The company noted that they sharply condemn the propaganda of terrorism on social networks. In total, since June 2015, 360 thousand accounts have already been blocked, RNS reports. They also noted on Twitter that they had developed a system that blocks new accounts of people whose profiles the company had previously closed due to suspicion of distributing extremist materials.

See also: Censorship (control) on the Internet. World experience

Apple, Alphabet and Rupert Murdoch among Twitter buyers

The price of microblogging service and Twitter-owned applications Vine and MoPub in case of sale will be no more than $18 billion. At the same time, the amount can be considered overstated for a company that reports negative financial indicators every quarter.

The media among the applicants for the purchase are Alphabet, Apple and media mogul Rupert Murdoch, along with 21st Century Fox and News Corp.

The current difficulties of Twitter are management confusion, poor growth rates and an unresolved identity crisis, Bloomberg writes. "The company seeks to be something that it could never become, namely, to be a service that everyone uses every day or more often," said Brian Wieser, an analyst at Pivotal Research Group[47]

The lack of growth of the user base for six consecutive quarters is considered the main reason for the sale of the company. But Twitter still has great potential: tens of millions of followers of show business stars such as Kim Kardashian, as well as users who protest against repressive regimes, still use the service.

Twitter is trying to change the situation by signing a contract for live broadcasts of National Football League games and plans to launch streaming of other sports games, political events and entertainment. Any company that acquires Twitter will have to take on this strategy.

The search for buyers of the popular microblogging service started amid a slowdown in the number of users and sales of Twitter for several quarters. In September, Twitter received offers from interested companies such as Goldman Sachs Group Inc. and Allen & Co. At that moment the head of the company Jack Dorsey opposed sale to the company while the cofounder and board member Ev Williams supported the transaction[48].

As a result, Twitter decided to look for other options, such as sales of non-core assets, Bloomberg said, citing its own sources.

Analysts explain the refusal of Google, Apple, Walt Disney and other applicants to buy Twitter by saying that company investors opposed such a deal, considering it too costly for the return on investment in the foreseeable future.

Earlier, Microsoft was also called among potential buyers of Twitter, but no detailed information about the plans of this company on the Web has ever appeared.

The last major contender for Twitter with real plans for its takeover remained the developer of the CRM system of the same name, providing customers with cloud services according to the SaaS model (software as a service).

32 million user passwords billed for sale

In June 2016, it turned out that hackers using malware collected more than 32 million Twitter passwords and put them up for sale in Darknet, TechCrunch reports. Twitter said that its own systems were not hacked.

2015

Start Video Service and Group Chat

The management of the popular social network Twitter announced in January 2015 the expansion of functionality due to the appearance of its own video service. Now in mobile applications you can not only publish videos, but also record them on camera. Earlier, to publish videos, it was necessary to post content on other sites, to publish only a link to the material in the social network.

The ability to capture, place, and process videos will be added to the microblog capabilities. The maximum write size is limited to a 30-second interval. To take advantage of the new features, mobile users on Android and iOS platforms will need to click on the camera icon in the mobile application. In addition, owners of iPhone or iPad will be able to download files from the device archive. A similar feature will appear on Android devices, but this will happen a little later. The news feed will display a short preview with the description of the video, and it will be viewed by one click. The level of privacy of video files will be at a standard level comparable to other tweets on the network.

Expanded Twitter and chat opportunities. Now a private conversation can be organized not only with one person, but also between a group of participants. Such an opportunity, according to the developers, will increase the convenience of discussing some topics. The maximum allowed number of participants in the conversation can reach 20 people.

Purchase for $100 million of the startup Periscope

In March 2015, Twitter acquired for $100 million the popular startup Periscope, which allows you to conduct, watch and comment on broadcasts of users from anywhere in the world in real time. In Russia, the streaming site became known mainly thanks to celebrities, for whom Periscope turned out to be a way to be closer to fans. Around the "Periscope" subsequently formed its own base of fans, who are looking for the most extraordinary broadcasts and share pictures and links in social networks.

US military account tweets ISIS messages

In January 2015, the US Central Command sent threatening messages on Twitter and changed the header of the message to the text "I love you Isis."

The Washington Post said that the military views this as an act of "cyberwandalism" and responded to this by immediately disconnecting their social media accounts.

2014

Almost half of Twitter users did not leave a single message on the social network

As studies by Twopcharts (spring 2014) showed, 44 percent of users who registered with the social network have never written a single message. Another 30 percent created no more than 10 tweets.

According to Twitter, about a quarter of a billion people use its services every month, and any visitor is taken into account, even the one who came in once, and no longer used this service.

Only 13 percent of users of this site can be called active. They posted more than 100 messages. At the same time, out of half a billion accounts, the owners who created at least one message, only 25 percent did this in the last month. Twitter refuses to comment on this, as the research was carried out by a third-party organization.

Most of the users are registered to follow the news and accounts of famous people. Twitter is not interested in a monologue, but in a discussion between users, as this increases user involvement in the discussion, and therefore increases the time for people to stay on the portal. Namely, this is an argument in negotiations with advertisers.

Russia in the top three countries, more often than others asked Twitter to delete content

The microblogging service Twitter published in February 2015 the Transparency Report for the second half of 2014, which demonstrated the growth of official requests for the removal of content around the world.

The top three countries most often turned to Twitter with requirements to remove this or that content in the second half of 2014 were led Turkey by (477 requests), (Russia 91 requests) and (Germany 43 requests). The total number of such requests increased from 433 (January-June) to 796 (July-December).

Turkish requests were most often related to alleged violations of the personal rights of citizens and officials. The company in some cases went to court in attempts to defend the content, but this was possible in only five percent of cases.

Russian requests to remove content were in the range from advertising narcotic substances to announcing peaceful rallies.

Also in the second half of 2014, Twitter received 108 requests from the Russian authorities for various information about accounts, none of which was ultimately satisfied.

Germany most often turned to Twitter with requests to block discriminatory content, 37 percent of complaints were satisfied. All satisfied requests to block content and delete accounts are available with explanations on Chilling Effects.

Partnership with IBM

On October 31, 2014, Twitter and IBM announced a partnership agreement aimed at transforming business decision-making processes and assisting the business community.

Collaboration between the two companies will help combine Twitter information with cloud analytics, technology platforms to attract customers and IBM consulting services .

Partners plan to focus on three areas:

  • Integrate Twitter data and IBM analytics services into the cloud. IBM will offer Twitter data analysis as part of some cloud services, including IBM Watson Analytics and a cloud data service that helps developers embed data services into applications. Entrepreneurs and developers will have the opportunity to integrate Twitter data into software on the IBM Watson Developer Cloud and IBM Bluemix platform.

  • Create new big data capabilities for enterprises. IBM and Twitter will offer a set of enterprise applications to help improve business decision-making in various areas of the economy. The first joint solution will combine Twitter data with IBM ExperienceOne solutions, which will allow sales and marketing managers to understand mood and behavioral characteristics in order to better serve customers or customers.

  • Specialized consulting services. IBM Global Business Services consultants will have access to Twitter data, which will improve the quality of consulting services. Moreover, IBM and Twitter will cooperate in the development of unique solutions for banking services, consumer products, retail, tourism and transport. The collaboration will rely on the professional abilities of tens of thousands of IBM Global Business Services consultants and application developers, including employees of the industry's only integrated practice of Strategy and Analytics and IBM Interactive Experience, the largest digital agency in the world.

"Twitter provides a unique opportunity to take a new look at the world - both as a platform for interaction between millions of customers and business professionals, and as a synthesizer of major trends," said Ginny Rometti, chairman of the board of directors, president and CEO of IBM. - A partnership with Twitter based on IBM's cloud-based analytics platform will help customers transform business decision-making with a perfect new data class. This is one of the latest examples of how IBM is trying to rethink the concept of "work."

Through the development of new technology solutions IBM and Twitter, organizations will be able to structure existing data flows to improve business decision-making processes. For example, integrating social data with corporate information will help accelerate product development, predicting trends in the long term, or predict demand growth using current data.

2013

Revenue $664.9 million (+ 110%), loss $645.3 million

Twitter's revenue in 2013 increased by 110% to $664.9 million compared to $316.9 million in 2012, while the loss increased 8.1 times - from $79.4 million to $645.3 million.

Analysts are embarrassed by the fact that the growth rate of Twitter's monthly audience is slowing. In Q4, the number of users increased by 3.8% compared to Q3 (up to 241 million people). For reference, in the first three quarters of 2013, growth was 10%, 7% and 6%, respectively. At the same time, the number of views of Tweets Timeline (home pages) fell from 159 million in the III quarter to 148 million in the IV quarter.

Analysts fear that Twitter's monthly audience has already overcome the maximum value, but Costolo does not agree with this opinion. The problem is that the service cannot force new users to stay in it.

IPO on the New York Stock Exchange

The shares of the microblogging service Twitter as part of their initial placement () IPO in the first minutes of trading on November 8, 2013 on the New York Stock Exchange rose by 85% compared to the initial price of 26, the dollars price of one share rose to $47.10. During the trading session, the peak price of the share reached 50.09. At the dollar close of the first day of trading, the value of the company's shares amounted to $44.90 per paper (+ 72.6%). On the second day of trading, the share price fell 3% to $43.55. In December 2013, Twitter's share price reached $74.

A thousand fake readers on Twitter costs $11

The Marketing Land website announced in July 2013 about the thriving market of fake readers for Twitter accounts, whose prices are rapidly falling - a thousand can be bought for only $11. By comparison, a hundred fake links in LinkedIn will cost you $15. Barracuda Labs analyzed more than a thousand accounts, the owners of which acquired fake readers. It turned out that on average each such account has more than 50 thousand readers, and 16 of them have more than a million subscribers.

Having processed 100 thousand fake accounts, Barracuda learned that their average age is about seven months, and only very few are older than three. Fake accounts even publish their own tweets (on average, everyone has 77 messages) and have their own readers (on average, 32). They are often created by completely copying information from real existing accounts, only an additional symbol like an underscore is attributed to the user name.

According to Barracuda, existing automated means of checking the legitimacy of Twitter accounts do not recognize accounts with fake readers. Recently, the New York Times reported that fake readers on Twitter are present in large numbers even with Pepsi and rapper 50 Cent.

US President Barack Obama is the leader in the number of fake readers on Twitter

In 2013, the undisputed leader in the number of readers on the Twitter microblock network, US President Barack Obama, was the owner of the largest number of fake subscribers, or, as they are called, "followers." Those are more than half. More details here.

Half a billion Twitter entries are added to the Library of Congress daily

In April 2010, the US Library of Congress entered into an agreement under which Twitter pledged to transfer to it all records published on the service's microblogs since its launch in 2006. The first phase of this project is already coming to an end. The library now stores approximately 170 billion Twitter entries, and every day this collection is replenished by another 500 million.Ошибка цитирования Неправильный вызов: ожидался нечисловой ключ

The next step is to decide how to provide researchers with access to this huge information archive. Twitter allowed the non-commercial use of the data provided, but the technology to study such large amounts of information is still lagging behind the technologies for their creation and distribution, the library notes.

The archive for the first four years contains approximately 21 billion records, which in uncompressed form and taking into account official information occupy about 20 TB. New records arrive in the library as files with archives for each hour. This is done by Gnip, a Twitter partner that provides commercial access to microblogging archives. Two copies of the full archive in compressed form now occupy 133.2 TB. For reliability, they are stored on tapes in two different places.

2012

  500 million tweets a day, Russia in 14th place

The volume of entries published daily in the microblogging service Twitter reached 500 million in October 2012. This was announced at the Internet Advertising Bureau Engage conference by Twitter CEO Dick Costolo. This means that every second 8 thousand entries are posted on Twitter, adds the publication V3, which published the data.

The last time the company officially reported reaching 400 million tweets a day - in June 2012. According to Dick Kostolo, in October 2012 the Twitter base contains 140 million active users.

The user base of the Twitter microblogging service in June 2012 exceeded half a billion accounts, of which more than 140 million belong to residents USA - native to the project. states Such data are reported in a report by the research company Semiocast.

According to analysts, in Russia - about 8 million Twitter users. In this indicator, Russia takes 14th position, losing to Venezuela (13th position), Colombia (12th position) and Turkey (11th line).

It is noteworthy that a significant part of registrations among Russian users took place after January 1, 2012 (more than a third of all accounts). The remaining users registered before the end of last year.

Fewer Twitter users than in Russia: in South Korea (the place next to Russia), the Netherlands, Argentina, France, Germany and Italy.

The United States accounts for 27.4% of Twitter accounts out of a total of 517 million accounts. In June 2012, American users wrote 25.8% all public "tweets" in a month. According to this indicator, the United States dominates, but growth rates abroad are higher, Semiocast reported.

Moscow did not get into the twenty most active in the number of "tweets." In total, in June, users of the service worldwide published 10.6 billion records. The most active audience is located in Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia. In second place is Tokyo, in third - London. Residents of São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, showed the fourth result, New York - the fifth.

Introduction of censorship at the request of some countries

The management of the microblogging service Twitter announced in January 2012 its readiness to obey the requirements of the authorities of countries where, for historical, cultural or other reasons, there are reasonable restrictions on the promotion of certain ideas. This decision is due to Twitter's desire to expand its presence in national segments. Internet

Earlier, the social network spoke out for absolute freedom of speech. And the categorical refusal to introduce partial censorship was justified by the fact that technically the operator can delete a dubious text message only globally, and not in one single segment of the Internet.

"Starting today, we have gained the ability not to let users in a particular country get acquainted with content, maintaining access to content for users in the rest of the world," the report said.

At the same time, Twitter promised to try to notify the authors that their text message was blocked and seized. It was decided to keep details of such incidents in the ChillingEffects.org database.

Mobile Trojan uses Twitter

Joji Hamada, a Symantec expert, posted information on the company's official blog about the growing attractiveness of the Twitter platform in the eyes of attackers. At least, she managed to prove her effectiveness using the example of the distribution of the infamous polymorphic trojan Android.Opfake for mobile devices based on the platform of the same name.

As you know, effective posting malware on the Internet, which results in an increase in the number of downloads, requires some effort and time from cyber criminals. Of interest, first of all, are official application stores, third-party stores and even fictitious stores. Another option involves the use of specialized websites for hosting malicious ON or its distribution under the guise of genuine applications. To attract traffic to such resources, it is usually customary to place links on forums or use SEO optimization to bring them to the top of the search results.

It seems that now the arsenal of tools available to attackers has been replenished by a social network that is especially popular among mobile users. Android.Opfake is not located in the official Android Market store - the guide to malware is individual tweets that may appear in the search results for some popular keywords (software, mobile devices, pornography, etc.). They usually contain short hyperlinks and a message mainly in Russian with embossments of English terms. It is enough for a trusting user to visit the site of attackers, as the installation of malware begins. The trick is that before clicking on the link, it is almost impossible to unambiguously say an infected tweet or not.

Sample message lists, some of which contain malicious code

Source: Symantec, 2012 

Some infected messages are easier to recognize because they are often sent and do not have followers. However, there are also those that are sent less often and have follow-ups, that is, by all signs indistinguishable from ordinary tweets. Most of the names of infected message accounts are very peculiar, but again it is not necessary.

Multiple malicious accounts

March 21, 2012 Twitter is six years old

On this occasion, the company published a number of statistics on the growth of the Twitter audience. So the number of active users of the service is about 140 million. They send about 340 million tweets daily. In March 2011, users sent only 140 million tweets a day daily.

2011

Loss of $25.8 million in Q1

Between January and April 30, 2011, Twitter's revenue reached $23.8 million, while the company remained in loss and recorded a net loss of $25.8 million during this period. For comparison, Facebook's revenue around the same time was 26 times higher than Twitter, while about a third of this amount the company was able to turn into profit. Between January and April 2011, the company spent $13.1 million on research and development, $5.4 million on sales and marketing. Another $12 million amounted to administrative costs. In addition, an item called "cost price" appears in the list of objects of expenditure, opposite which the amount of $18.7 million is indicated.

Gawker called Twitter "the biggest bubble in the history of hightec or mass media."

Rumors about the possible sale of the company on Facebook or Google

In February 2011, it became known that the owners of the Twitter microblog could sell it in the near future, among the likely buyers - Facebook and Google, The Wall Street Journal reported, citing its own sources. Negotiations on this have been underway for several months, at the moment potential buyers estimate Twitter at $8-10 billion. It also became known about the purchase of part of the shares of the microblog by the investment fund Andreessen Horowitz. The latter invested more than $80 million on Twitter. What percentage of the total number of microblog shares they represent is not disclosed in Andreessen Horowitz.

155 million tweets per day

In April 2011, the number of entries published daily in microblogs for the year increased by 41%. In total, according to the beginning of April 2011, users publish an average of 155 million tweets per day, compared to 55 million a year earlier. The number of logins into the account Twitter from mobile devices in the first quarter increased by 50%. This indicator for Twitter entries from all devices increased by 52%.

The record is 177 million tweets, which was recorded on March 11, 2011.

Twitter launch available in Russian

April 2011 - Twitter available in Russian. In addition to the interface, the microblogging recommendation system was also Russified - now you can search for interesting ones using topics in Russian: innovation, fashion,, sport news, politics, etc. The Twitter administration also published a list of the most popular Russian-language blogs, it included tweet feeds from the president, Russia Dmitry Medvedev journalist Vladimir Solovyov, figure skater Yevgeny Plushenko TV presenters Ivan Urgant and Tina Kandelaki. Simultaneously with the Russians, Turkish users also received a localized version of Twitter. Thus, the microblogging service has become available in eight languages.

First disclosure of user data at court request

May 2011 - The Twitter administration declassified the personal data of one of its users at the request of the court. The resident of Great Britain Ahmed Khan was accused of defilement of honor and dignity of the colleagues from local council of one of the British regions. The Twitter administration was forced to provide his personal data and e-mail at the request of a California court, where a lawsuit was filed against Khan. According to him, the service violates the rights of all its users, indulging in such court demands:

"This violates not only my civil rights, but also the rights of anyone who has ever sent me a message via Twitter. I had only fourteen days to hire a lawyer and try to defend myself in court, which is ten thousand kilometers from my house, and I took all the costs. "

In March 2011, a similar precedent took place - an American court ordered Twitter to provide IP addresses to participants in the notorious WikiLeaks project.

Usmanov and Milner become major Twitter investors

In early August 2011, Twitter confirmed earlier unofficial information that one of its main investors was the Russian investment company DST Global, owned by Yuri Milner and Alisher Usmanov.

"We did a lot in a short time. Today, we have opened up opportunities to expand Twitter coverage thanks to a new round of investments led by the DST Global venture fund, with the participation of some of our existing investors, "the official Twitter blog reported
.

Twitter does not disclose the details of the transaction, but it is known that the day before the service agreed to sell about 25 million of its shares at a price of just over $16 apiece, which is approximately 5% of the share capital. Due to their sale, the company planned to raise about $400 million in additional funds, CNN reports citing the consulting agency VC Experts, which gained access to the company's documents. These figures suggest that the market value of Twitter today is about $8 billion.

According to AllThingsD, the actual volume of the round, which is headed by the DST, is $800 million, of which $400 million is planned to be spent on the repurchase of securities from service employees and other investors.

"Twitter is one of the few companies that really changed the world. Twitter's amazing growth is evidence of how important it becomes for a large number of people every day, and why we could not miss the chance to be most of its future, "AllThingsD quoted Yuri Milner as saying
.

The Twitter blog also reports some statistical information that allows you to get an idea of ​ ​ its growth rate. So, users of the service now leave more than 200 million "tweets" daily compared to 65 million "tweets" a year ago. At the same time, the company's staff grew from 250 to more than 600 employees. According to CrunchBase, until the last round, the service has already attracted $360 million in investments.

2010

Raising $200 million at a company valuation of $3.7 billion

In 2010, Twitter's advertising revenues amounted to $45 million. In addition, in 2010, Twitter managed to receive $360 million in venture capital.

In mid-December 2010, Twitter managed to raise $200 million as part of the next round of funding, which estimated the service at $3 billion 700 million. The leading investor was the venture fund Kleiner Perkins Claufield & Byers.

In 2010, Twitter users sent more than 25 billion tweets, and more than 100 million new users registered in the service itself. In 2010, the number of Twitter employees increased from 130 to 350.

Evan Williams passes CEO post to Dick Castolo

In October 2010, Evan Williams, one of the founders of the popular microblogging service Twitter, left the post of executive director at this company. According to Williams, he offered to take the position of Twitter CEO Dick Costolo, at that time the operating director. Williams himself plans to continue working at the company and intends to focus on the development strategy of Twitter products.

Dick Kastolo was one of the founders and executive director of the Feedburner service. He sold this service to Google in 2007 for $100 million. After that, Castolo held a post on Google and left it in July 2009, joining the Twitter team.

"There are many problems that we have to deal with in the event of such a rapid growth of the organization as ours. Big growth in itself is not a success. For us, success lies in realizing our potential as a profitable company that can maintain its culture and user orientation, positively affecting the world around us. So the task is not simple. I realized that I get the most satisfaction by managing the work on products. My passion is to create new things, and I am very optimistic about our plans, "wrote Evan Williams on the official Twitter blog
.
"That's why I decided to invite Operations Director Dick Castolo to become CEO of Twitter. Starting today, I am fully focused on product creation strategies. During his first year on Twitter, Dick proved to be a great leader in developing and implementing our efforts to increase the company's revenue, "said the former Twitter executive director
.

165 million users, launching the first ad

In October 2010, about 300 people worked on Twitter, while in 2008 the company had only 20 employees. The number of registered users of the service exceeded 165 million people, compared to 3 million in 2008. Now they publish about 90 million entries in their microblogs daily, while before Williams was appointed, this figure was 1.25 million entries a day[49].

Twitter began advertising for the first time in April 2010. Since that time, the service administration has begun to introduce new types of ads and focused on monetizing the site. In particular, Promoted Tweets ("promoted tweets") appeared - a context advertising platform that appears at the top of the page if the user searched for one of the keywords, as well as the Promoted Accounts ("promoted accounts") and Promoted Trends ("promoted trends") platforms.

2009: First user with a million subscribers

Gradually, the service was gaining popularity in the world, going beyond the United States. In 2009, the first user with a million followers appeared on Twitter - he became the American actor Ashton Kutcher. A year later, another important event occurred for Twitter, causing an increase in the popularity of the service. In January 2010, astronaut Timothy John Crimer sent the first tweet from space.

2008: Jack Dorsey passes company management to Evan Williams

In 2008, Jack Dorsey resigned as head of Twitter and handed them over to Evan Williams. He himself became chairman of the board of directors. In parallel with this, Dorsey worked on other projects of his own, for example, the Square mobile payment service. By the way, he was the first to propose ways to monetize Twitter, for which it was not originally intended.

2007: Appearance of# hashtags

In 2007, a landmark event took place for all lovers of social sites. Then a# hashtag first appeared on Twitter, which allowed you to group and find posts on similar topics.

2006: Launch of social network Twitter

At the origins of the creation of Twitter was the simple idea of ​ ​ Jack Dorsey: the creator of a network of people around the world, ten years ago, thought only about a platform for a small group of people who could instantly get in touch by exchanging a couple of three phrases. Such short posts were originally called "statuses"[50].

However, the idea of ​ ​ exchanging something like SMS messages between several people arose in Dorsey in the early 2000s. Subsequently, the founder himself wrote about this on his page in Flickr. According to him, after he registered for the LiveJournal ("Live Magazine") on May 31, 2000, he came up with the idea of ​ ​ making a similar, but more lively service. Then Dorsey came up with a raw name for the service - Stat.us.

Short Messaging Stat.us Service Outline

Dorsey kept his plans secret for six years, working out the details of the work of the future site. Until in 2006, he joined the Odeo team and finally implemented such a long-hatched plan with Biz Stone and Evan Williams. On March 21, 2006, Jack Dorsey (@ jack) wrote the first message on Twitter.

By the way, the notorious restriction of characters (140 per message) was also taken not from the ceiling. Dorsey made his service with an eye on popular SMS messages, in which there was also a limit of signs. About the feasibility of such a concept, which the creators of Twitter have never changed in all ten years, there is still debate. For some, this is a limiting factor, while others believe that the limit allows you to more clearly formulate the idea and not clog the tape with "long posts."

Notes

  1. Elon Musk Says His Takeover of Twitter Is ‘On Hold’
  2. Elon Musk wants to introduce end-to-end encryption on Twitter messages
  3. TWITTER WILL PAY AUTHORS IN CRYPTOCURRENCY.
  4. Musk Takes 9.2% Stake in Twitter After Hinting at Shake-Up
  5. Twitter will temporarily stop the recommendations of tweets and advertising in Russia and Ukraine
  6. US returns to top position as Twitter's biggest data requester globally
  7. Twitter fined 10 million rubles for assessing shooting at Perm University and mentioning FBK
  8. then Roskomnadzor
  9.  ://t.me/moscowcourts/943 The court fined Twitter 10 million rubles for not removing prohibited content
  10. of twitter otkryvaet blokchejn-podrazdelenie Twitter opens a division to work with the blockchain.
  11. Twitter to pay $809.5M to settle 2016 lawsuit over growth projections
  12. Twitter and Telegram will pay millions of rubles for the failure of illegal information
  13. [1] Jack Dorsey says bitcoin will be a big part of Twitter’s future ‘It reminds me of the early internet’: Jack Dorsey says this is what inspires him the most about bitcoin
  14. [2]
  15. Twitter fined another 5.5 million rubles for refusing to remove prohibited content
  16. Twitter Tranparency
  17. Twitter fined 9.5 million rubles for not removing prohibited content
  18. Twitter Roskomnadzor Uses new technology to slow down traffic.
  19. Roskomnadzor will continue to slow Twitter traffic until May 15, 2021
  20. A court in Moscow fined Twitter 6.5 million rubles.
  21. Roskomnadzor took measures to protect Russian citizens from the influence of illegal content
  22. Operators assessed the capabilities of Roskomnadzor to slow down Twitter
  23. Roskomnadzor: Twitter maliciously violates Russian law
  24. Twitter blocked 100 accounts associated with Russia
  25. Twitter fined 450 thousand euros for violating EU data protection regulations
  26. incident. It took hackers 24 hours to hack Twitter
  27. , Twitter tests the function of voice tweets
  28. Disclosing networks of state-linked information operations we've removed
  29. [3]
  30. Twitter employees can work from home as long as they wish
  31. Twitter has permanently turned off the Twitter via SMS service
  32. Twitter and Facebook fined for refusing to transfer servers to Russia
  33. Bagh allowed to compare 17 million phone numbers with Twitter accounts
  34. [https://www.securitylab.ru/news/500319.php Twitter
  35. transmitted user data without their consent]
  36. Roskomnadzor drew up a protocol on Twitter.
  37. Twitter blocks users writing in Cyrillic as "Russian trolls."
  38. Twitter bans Kaspersky Lab from advertising on its platform
  39. Hundreds of Twitter employees view personal correspondence of users. Video
  40. [http://www.cnews.ru/news/top/2017-11-08_twitter_uvelichil_dlinu_vyskazyvaniya_do_280_simvolov Twitter for the first time in history increased the length of the statement to 280 characters].
  41. 41,0 41,1 [http://safe.cnews.ru/news/top/2017-05-04_rossiyane_otkryli_v_twitter_vozmozhnost_publikovat , the Russian found
  42. by the Online Human-Bot Interactions: Detection, Establishment, and Characterization
  43. [http://www.cnbc.com/2017/03/10/nearly-48-million-twitter-accounts-could-be-bots-says-study.html As many as 48 million Twitter accounts area't people, says study drew
  44. ]to
  45. [http://www.cnews.ru/news/top/2017-04-19_twitter_perepravit_v_rossiyu_personalnye_dannye Twitter
  46. transfers personal user data to Russia]
  47. Salesforce.com can buy Twitter for $16 billion.
  48. of Twitter dreams to sell himself quicker, but all buyers suddenly changed the mind
  49. The founder of Twitter quit so as not to interfere with monetization
  50. Twitter celebrates its anniversary