2021/05/31 18:14:53

5G in MTS

Fifth Generation Network Development Chronicle () in 5G the Russian telecom operator. MTS


Main articles:


MTS and Huawei dispersed 5G base station to record 5.6 Gbit/s in Russia

On September 15, 2021, PJSC MTS"," the Russian a company providing digital, media telecommunication and services, and a company, Huawei a global provider of ICT solutions, announced that the pilot network achieved a 5G To Moscow total data transfer rate of 5.6 Gbit/s from the base station to several to smartphones operating in the range of one cell. The tested multi-antenna solution Massive MIMO significantly increases network throughput, and thus average data rates for a large number of users. More. here

MTS launched the first 5G network available to users in St. Petersburg

At the end of May 2021 MTS , she launched the first in-network St. Petersburg 5G available to users. Operator subscribers will be able to connect to unlimited and free 5G -to the Internet at speeds of up to 1.5 Gbit/s in 16 popular places St. Petersburg and Kronstadt, the company's press service reports.

A 5G pilot network in the 4.9 GHz band is available to users in the following locations:

  • Expoforum;
  • Palace Square;
  • Gazprom Arena, square near the stadium;
  • Yacht bridge;
  • Technopark Lenpoligraphmash;
  • Botanical Garden;
  • St. Italian, Art Square;
  • St. Small Coin, MTS office;
  • Kronstadt, square at the Museum of the History of Kronstadt;
  • Kronstadt, Summer Garden;
  • Kronstadt, st. Uprising;
  • Kronstadt, st. Posadskaya;
  • Kronstadt, pr. Lenin;
  • Kronstadt, Kronstadt bakery.

MTS launched the first 5G network available to users in St. Petersburg

The number of zones 5G and the coating will increase over time. In the fifth-generation MTS pilot network, smartphones supporting band n79 in the 4.4-5.0 GHz band can work. The use of data traffic in the pilot network is not charged, is not limited in volume and speed, including when using a smartphone as a Wi-Fi access point and working in file-sharing networks.

To connect a new generation of MTS subscriber to the network, the option "Access to 5G" must be connected. This can be done in your personal account, in the My MTS application, or using the USSD command: * 111 * 5555#.

Earlier in 2021, MTS opened the 5G center in St. Petersburg - an international platform for the development and piloting of technological products in new generation networks. Residents will be able to test their solutions in the 5G network and receive the support of MTS experts and center partners. The best projects will apply for cash grants and further cooperation with MTS or other large Russian and international companies.[1]

MTS turned on 5G-ready communication at all stations of the St. Petersburg metro

MTS has included 5G-ready communication at all stations, as well as in more than 40% of St. Petersburg metro runs, which the company notified on April 29, 2021.

In order to turn 4G equipment into 5G at the right time, it will be necessary to deploy coverage in the 5G standard only by reconfiguring the software and using the technology of dynamic redistribution of the frequency spectrum between 4G and 5G standards.

According to the press service of the telecommunications operator, the 5G-ready network is deployed in the lobbies, on escalators and platforms of subway stations. It is planned that MTS communication in most tunnels of the St. Petersburg Metro will appear during 2021.

MTS turned on 5G-ready communication at all stations of the St. Petersburg metro

In April 2021, the Lakhtinsko-Pravoberezhnaya ("orange") line was provided with voice communication and mobile Internet at speeds of up to 250 Mbps. In December 2021, the 5G-ready MTS network appeared in the stretches of the "blue" line of the St. Petersburg metro.

We already see stable traffic growth throughout the [blue] branch. The latest system under construction allows us to quickly respond to the growing needs of subscribers and, if necessary, locally expand the network, "the MTS press service quoted Pavel Korotin, director of the company in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region.

According to him, before the start of the project, the company studied the experience of international telecom operators and tested similar systems in the subways of Moscow, Hong Kong, Dubai, Rome and the railway tunnels in the Alps. MTS took into account the advantages and disadvantages of existing systems. For example, when designing the system, the company's engineers developed completely new cable mounts and supports for installing equipment taking into account all the requirements of the subway, Pavel Korotin wrote on his Facebook page.[2][3]

MTS launched the first 5G network in the Russian Federation for mass use

MTS launched the first in Russia 5G the network for mass use. The company announced this on March 5, 2021.

The first large-scale 5G user pilot network in the range of 4.9 GHz in the Russian Federation was launched in Moscow in the following places:

  • Nikolsky passage, Vetoshny lane;
  • Lubyanskaya Square, st. Big Lubyanka, Central Children's Store;
  • St. Nikolskaya, hotel "St. Regis Moscow Nikolskaya ";
  • St. Bolshaya Dmitrovka, Theater passage, st. Kuznetsk bridge, TSUM, Petrovsky passage;
  • Moskvoretskaya embankment, Bolshaya Moskvoretsky bridge, Zaryadye park, Raushskaya embankment;
  • Novopushkinsky Square, Tverskaya Boulevard, Moscow Art Theater;
  • TsPKiO named after M. Gorky, art park "Museon," Crimean bridge, Frunze and Prechistenskaya embankments;
  • Presnenskaya and Krasnopresnenskaya embankments near the Moscow-City MMDC, T. Shevchenko embankment and Kutuzovsky Prospekt near the Bagration bridge;
  • University Square near the building of Moscow State University,
  • Observation deck on Sparrow Hills, Trinity Church, Skypark rides;
  • Khodynsky Boulevard, Khodynskoye Pole Park;
  • Entertainment Center "Dream Island";
  • The main alley and the VDNH rink;
  • Innovation center "Skolkovo" in the area of ​ ​ st. Malevich.

MTS launches Russia's first 5G network for mass use

MTS subscribers using 5G-compatible networks smartphones can connect to unlimited to the Internet at speeds of up to 1.5 Gbit/s.

The company said that over time the number of coverage areas will grow. Smartphones that support the band n79 standard in the 4.4-5.0 GHz band will be able to work on the 5G network.

The MTS press service clarified that the selection of pilot project participants using smartphones with support for the n79 range will be carried out automatically on the basis of anonymized analysis of data on their movement, proximity to pilot locations, service consumption profile and Internet traffic. Such subscribers will receive SMS with an invitation to connect to the pilot network through the activation of the 5G Access option. MTS[4]

MTS, Skoltech and Skolkovo Foundation launched a 5G pilot zone for the International Medical Cluster

MTS, Skoltech and the Skolkovo Foundation launched on Huawei equipment for MMK a fragment of the latest generation pilot network in the 4.9 GHz range, which will cover the construction site with an outdoor signal, where the construction of a complex of medical cluster buildings is completed. This was announced on March 1, 2021 by MTS. More details here.

Rosatom and MTS tested a dedicated 5G-ready network at Kochubeyevskaya Wind Power Station

JSC Greenatom"," IT- integrator, and Rosatom PJSC MTS"," the Russian a company for the provision of digital, media telecommunication and services, as part of a pilot project, deployed several digital services based on a dedicated network, on the LTE territory of the Kochubeyevskaya wind farm JSC "," combining the NovaVind wind power assets of Rosatom. In the future, such a network can be quickly scaled to the standard. 5G This was announced by Greenatom on February 11, 2021. More. here


MTS supported the project to launch the 5G Demo Center in Moscow

On October 26, 2020, the Moscow Department of Information Technology (DIT Moscow) announced the launch of the 5G Demo Center, which will search for, test and support urban services based on fifth-generation network technologies.

MTS was a partner in obtaining the necessary permits for the deployment of the pilot 5G segment on the territory of the Demo Center, and Ericsson became the first supplier of telecommunications equipment. Read more here.

MTS and GTRK Vladivostok conducted a live broadcast on the 5G network

PJSC MTS"" demonstrated in Vladivostok streaming on the air of a federal television channel GTRK Vladivostok through a communications fifth-generation network, using the equipment of telecommunication a solution provider. Huawei The broadcast was conducted from the territory where Far Eastern Federal University MTS opened the pilot zone. 5G This became known on October 2, 2020. More. here

MTS and Nokia deployed a dedicated 5G-ready network on the UEC-Perm engines

On September 18, 2020, it became known that MTS and Nokia launched a dedicated LTE network at the UEC-Perm Motors production facility. In the future, the network can be quickly scaled to the 5G standard. More details here.

MTS will spend 7.5 billion rubles on the purchase of Huawei 5G equipment

On September 11, 2020, MTS announced the acquisition of equipment from Huawei to launch fifth-generation (5G) networks in Moscow. The companies did not disclose the financial component of the contract, but Kommersant knows about it - according to the source of the publication familiar with the details of the project, the Russian operator will spend about 7.5 billion rubles on the purchase . More details here.

Sibur and MTS agreed to develop a zone of a dedicated 5G industrial network in the Perm Territory

On August 31, 2020, SIBUR announced that together with MTS PJSC, a dedicated Private 5G industrial network was deployed on the territory of the Sibur-Khimprom plant. More details here.

The first 5G pilot network launched in Tomsk

On August 20, 2020, MTS launched the first 5G communication pilot network in Tomsk on the basis of Tomsk State University of Control and Radio Electronics Systems (TUSUR) and the developer of telecommunications equipment NPF Mikran.

"The 5G MTS network in Tomsk was deployed using 5G-ready Ericsson Radio System equipment in the 27 GHz range and provides two pilot zones with an indoor signal: the TUSUR business incubator and the production sites of the Mikran plant.

At the launch ceremony of the MTS pilot network in Tomsk, the capabilities of 5G technology using smartphone Samsung the Galaxy S20 + were demonstrated: video calls, downloading applications and files with a peak speed of 2 Gb/s.

MTS received Russia's first 5G license

On July 28, 2020, it became known that Roskomnadzor began issuing licenses for 5G networks. The first operator to receive it was MTS.

It follows from the company's message that Roskomnadzor, on the basis of a decision of the State Commission on Radio Frequencies, issued MTS a license to provide 5G/IMT-2020 mobile communication services in the range of 24.25-24.65 GHz in 83 entities of the country. The license will be valid until July 16, 2020.

MTS said that the first users of the 5G network will be corporate customers and large production enterprises. The operator also prepares solutions for industrial enterprises, and also develops and tests scenarios for using 5G technology in a dedicated range for industrial and business cases. Namely:

  • in industry - machine vision, predictive analytics and digital doubles for equipment control;
  • in agriculture, forestry and oil and gas - inspection of infrastructure facilities with the help of drones;
  • in medicine - remote surgical operations and monitoring the condition of patients;
  • in retail - digital trading rooms and full-format biometric payment systems;
  • in logistics - automation of warehouse operations and unmanned management of forklifts.

Start issuing 5G licenses
The 5G standard will allow corporate customers to actively use artificial intelligence, the Internet of things, augmented and virtual reality technologies for remote equipment management, the development of unmanned vehicles, interactive training programs and the creation of the latest quality control systems in production, "said MTS President Alexei Kornya, whose words are quoted in the message.

He added that MTS has a lot of work to do to turn 5G into mass technology, but by the end of July 2020 it is clear that such networks will be in demand in almost all sectors and will become one of the most important drivers of the development of the Russian economy in the coming years.[5]

Connection of 5G test base stations in Moscow to a high-speed transport network

On February 13, 2020, MTS PJSC announced the connection of 5G test base stations to the XGS-PON transport network, created on the basis of a fiber-optic network built by MGTS in Moscow.

The 5G MTS base stations located in the permanent pilot zone of VDNH were connected to the XGS-PON equipment, which the company specially installed on its transport network. The equipment of several leading international vendors was used. Base stations, regardless of the equipment manufacturer, are operating normally, and already in 2020 the 5G pilot zone will operate in most of the territory of VDNH. The connection demonstrated the high reliability of converged networks, which will allow MTS to quickly and without significant additional investment deploy fifth-generation mobile communication networks based on the already existing fixed transport network.

Data-traffic in the company's mobile networks in Moscow by 2025 will grow 4.5 times, and in the 5G network almost 7 times in connection with traffic from tens of millions of simultaneously connected client, infrastructure, telecommunications and IoT devices, MTS analysts predict. The main load on the networks will be traffic from urban life support systems (doorphones, traffic lights, surveillance cameras, climatic and energy facilities). When connecting 5G base stations to XGS-PON fiber networks, network capacity increases several times, providing data transmission at speeds up to 10 Gb/s and higher, depending on the number of interfaces operating in the network.

The company is ready to connect any number of 5G base stations throughout Moscow to the data backbone network as soon as the frequency band issue is resolved. In Moscow, the MTS-MGTS subsidiary built more than 45,000 km of the GPON network, to which more than 75% of buildings throughout Moscow are connected. Thanks to the connection of base stations to the MGTS GPON transport network, cellular operators in Moscow will be able to reduce the time for the construction of the fifth generation network by 40%, costs - by 50%.

MTS launched a 5G network in the ranges of 28 GHz and 4.9 GHz at VDNH in two zones:

  • in the area of ​ ​ the pavilion "Smart City" of the Department of Information Technology of Moscow. This pilot zone is primarily designed to test Smart City solutions, including those aimed at improving security, developing a transport system and urban service management systems and developing products for the city based on augmented and virtual reality;
  • in the 5G laboratory for startups developing products based on the fifth generation network in a number of areas, including cloud rendering, remote playback of games, streaming of the modern format (Ultra HD, VR/AR, 360˚), IoT and modern computing and storage formats .


Making a holographic call between Moscow and Kronstadt

On December 12, 2019, Huawei informed TAdviser that MTS PJSC conducted a direct two-way video broadcast between Moscow and Kronstadt in fifth-generation pilot networks using a hologram - laser-projected three-dimensional image.


Participants in the video broadcast at the International Trade Center in Moscow and on the stage of the Baltic Fleet Drama Theater in Kronstadt watched a holographic 3D image of each other live, discussing the prospects for the development of digital technologies and 5G networks. The teleconference was attended by Deputy Minister of Economic Development of the Russian Academy of Economic Sciences Ksana Tarasenko, the famous Russian video blogger Valentin Petukhov (Wylsacom) and the editor-in-chief of Business FM radio station Ilya Kopelevich.

We have the opportunity to see with our own eyes the future of digital technologies, which, as they develop 5G , will not only radically change the user experience and our daily life, but also generate fundamentally different business models, technologies and services in themselves. With high transmission rates data and minimal delays in 5G networks, we can create immersive interactive platforms for learning and entertainment by mixing digital and physical reality. If 4G has made things like streaming, streaming video and, applications smartphones then 5G will make available and, virtual augmented reality tactile, Internet artificial intelligence quantum computing, smart things and, robots
MTS President Alexei Kornya noted

Together with MTS, we demonstrated a holographic call over the 5G network. Previously, this could only be seen in the cinema. MTS not only showed us the advantages of the fifth generation standard, but also opened the door to the exciting world of 5G. For this case, Huawei has created infrastructures and provided IT solutions. As of December 2019, we are the leader in 5G: more than 50 operators have already launched commercial 5G networks around the world, 35 of them were built by Huawei. More than 400,000 5G AAU are also supplied by us. With the advent of 5G, all industries - the media industry, medicine, agriculture, industry, sports - will reach a different level, and Huawei is ready to support Russia on the path of its digital development,

MTS together with popular bloggers of the social network TikTok launched the first holographic challenge# 5Ghologram. Bloggers will shoot a series of videos with their own holograms and invite their subscribers to create video guides with them about how modern technologies will change the everyday world.

"Element" and MTS will deal with equipment for 5G based on Skoltech

The companies "Element," MTS and Skolkovsky Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech) signed a tripartite cooperation agreement on the development and production in Russia of equipment for 5G networks in open international Open RAN standards. This was reported on December 10 in the Element. More details here.

Opening a center for the development and testing of 5G digital solutions at VDNH

On October 10, 2019, MTS PJSC announced that, with the support of the Moscow Government, it opened a platform on the territory of the Technograd innovation and educational complex at VDNH for the development and testing of digital solutions and devices operating in the 5G network. The 5G Center combines a zone for investigating next-generation network use cases and case development equipment.

According to the company, any company developing solutions based on the fifth generation network can apply for work at the MTS 5G Center. Participants are selected by a team of MTS StartUp Hub experts. At the first stage, nine startups will be tested at the 5G Center, selected from about 100 applications received, including two foreign companies:

  • Tsuru is a drone control system using 5G technology. The next generation network is used to transmit data from drones to the ground control station (telemetry) and to synchronize drones with each other;
  • VoltBro - a robotic telepresence system based on the domestic helmet of virtual reality, a mobile platform and 5G data transmission;
  • BID Technologies - a system for automatic quality control of serial industrial products using artificial intelligence technology;
  • Visorcam - a service for transmitting sports broadcasting from the first person (athlete or judge) using cameras built into sports equipment;
  • Ariellium is a cloud-based platform for the development, generation and delivery of AR content, reducing the time to implement AR solutions in the business of customers;
  • LoudPlay - platform for streaming games and applications from the cloud to any devices;
  • RobotsCity (Netherlands) - a universal cloud platform for controlling robots;
  • Null Real - a platform for accurately determining the location of indoor users in augmented reality;
  • Doubleme (UK) is a holographic communication system working with AR.

Members of the 5G Center will receive mentoring and technical support from MTS, as well as access cloudy to the Cloud MTS infrastructure. MTS StartUp Hub will oversee the work of the Center, attracting experts and business customers from various departments of MTS, including technical and IT business units, the Center for Artificial Intelligence, the Center Big Data and others, as necessary.

In February 2020, it is planned to organize Demo Day, according to the results of which MTS is ready to allocate cash grants of up to 4.5 million rubles to successful teams for the further development of the presented cases. Subsequently, it is possible to develop cooperation between the participants of the 5G Center and MTS: launching pilot projects with MTS divisions and scaling them through a contract with the company, strategic partnership with MTS, receiving investments from a corporate venture fund or acquiring a MTS startup.

The technological partners of the innovative site were Nokia, which installed a comprehensive 5G solution Nokia AirScale in the MTS 5G Center, as well as Sony, Samsung and Qualcomm, which provided 5G smartphones for testing.

The next generation network will become a driver for the technological development of Russia. It opens a wide field for the creation and implementation of innovations that in the foreseeable future will be organically woven into many areas of everyday life. The speed of technology development with each next generation of communication is growing, so it is important that by the time 5G starts, the main scenarios for using the next generation network to improve the quality of life of people are tested.

said Alexey Kornya, President of MTS

To fully unlock the enormous potential of 5G, it is necessary to open interaction of all participants in the industry ecosystem in anticipation of the mass implementation of this technology. We are pleased with the opening of the MTS 5G Center, which will be an excellent platform for early testing of various 5G scenarios. This project is an excellent example of an industry partnership aimed at developing the 5G ecosystem in Russia.

told Demetrio Russo, vice president of Nokia in the Eastern Europe region

Fifth generation communication will allow you to create products and services that require high data rates. This will provide previously unreachable device experience and help the development of various industries.

said Kim Boom Jin, vice president and head of Samsung Mobile in Russia

We expect that 5G will fundamentally change not only the telecommunications industry, but also many other industries, such as: the entertainment industry,,, medicine automobile industry production and many others.

Sergey Korobov, Business Development Director, Qualcomm Europe

Preparation of Moscow fixed networks for 5G

On October 9, 2019, MGTS announced that according to MTS analysts, data-traffic in the company's mobile networks in Moscow will grow 4.5 times by 2025, while only in the 5G network - almost 7 times. The growth of traffic in connection with the expected launch of 5G networks, for which all mobile operators are actively preparing, creating pilot zones in Moscow, and the introduction of Internet of Things technology for the implementation of the Smart City project, will cause a multiple increase in the load on the transport network.

To ensure growing volumes and transfer rates data in accordance with the requirements of the 5G standard and ensure the continuous transfer of data from tens of millions of simultaneously connected client, infrastructure, telecommunication and - IoT devices, MGTS - a subsidiary of MTS - is starting to expand the capacity of its transport network to 2.2 Tbit/s. To guarantee continuous data transmission and a high-quality Internet connection for millions of customers and connected devices, by the spring of 2020, the existing routers network operator level on the MGTS network will be replaced with high-performance routers of the latest generation, which will increase the total capacity of the transport network by more than twice. As a result, a powerful urban telecommunications infrastructure will be created, which will allow the implementation of high-tech projects of any complexity in the metropolitan area.

As of October 2019, the MGTS network in Moscow provides and monitors the operation of almost four million devices connected to the Internet, skipping not only client traffic, but also traffic from urban life support systems (doorphones, traffic lights, video surveillance cameras, climatic and energy facilities), as well as from mobile operators. According to analysts, the number of only IoT devices in Russia, by 2025 in three years it will grow 2.6 times to 149 million, of which up to a third will be in the capital.

Expanding network capacity, we are preparing for a "city of the future," in which mobile and fixed networks are 100% compatible, and information is collected, stored and processed from almost all movable and immovable objects: lighting poles, unmanned public transport, drones, metering devices, telemetry sensors and others. The additional capacity reserve that we are creating will help solve the urgent problems of the sustainable development of the Moscow region: increasing security, optimizing traffic flows, environmental control, communication with urban structures, increasing mobility and others.

MTS and DIT of Moscow tested smart transport solutions on the 5G network in Moscow

Agreement with Huawei on the development of 5G technologies

On June 5, 2019, Huawei announced the signing of an agreement with MTS PJSC on the development of 5G technologies and pilot launches of fifth-generation communication networks in Russia in 2019-2020. More details here.


Authorities did not give MTS frequencies for 5G testing

The Ministry of Communications published in January 2018 the minutes of the meeting of the State Commission on Radio Frequencies (GKRCH), held on December 28, 2017. One of the main points of the meeting was the issue of allocating frequencies for testing fifth-generation (5G) cellular networks. The authorities[6]

According to the initial draft decision of the commission, it was planned to make a general decision on the allocation of frequencies in the bands 3.4-3.8 GHz and 24.25-29.5 GHz to a number of operators in certain territories. Including the Mobile Television Systems (MTS) company, it was planned to allocate frequencies in the range of 27.5-28.35 GHz.

VimpelCom (Beeline trademark) planned to allocate frequencies in the range of 25.25-29.35 GHz, while refusing to allocate frequencies in the range of 3.4-3.8 GHz. The companies Progress, Orion, Interproject and Capital, which are part of the Freshtel group owned by Rostelecom, planned to allocate frequencies in the bands 3.4-3.44 and 3.545-3.55 GHz, while refusing to allocate frequencies in the bands 3.4-3.545 and 3.55-3.6 GHz.

However, at a meeting of the commission, the state corporation Roskosmos"" and the Federal Security Service (FSO) opposed the allocation of these frequencies for 5G testing. It turned out that the requested frequencies are used by satellite communications, with which future 5G networks may have interference.

As a result, the commission did not make a general decision on allocating frequencies for testing 5G networks. Nevertheless, as follows from the minutes of the meeting, the commission, some of the frequencies requested for testing 5G networks, were still allocated, but already within the framework of private decisions.

"Daughters" "Rostelecom" collected the entire frequency band 3.4-3.8 GHz

So, each of the four mentioned "daughters" of Rostelecom received frequencies in the ranges 3.4-3.44 GHz and 3.545-3.55 GHz in the following territories:, Moscow(Moscow region Skolkovo and VC "Krokus-City" in Krasnogorsk), the St. Petersburg Republic of Tatarstan (Kazan and Innopolis), Belgrade, Kalininsk region (and Shuya Ivanovo).

Additionally, Orion received similar frequencies in Ufa and Sterlitamak in Bashkortostan. In addition, as part of other applications, each of these companies received frequencies in the same territories in the ranges of 3.4-3.545 GHz and 3.55-3.8 GHz.

Thus, in the aggregate, Rostelecom's daughters received for testing the full frequency band in the 3.4-3.8 GHz range in certain territories, although it was originally planned to allocate them only a part of this range. Note that now Freshtel already has frequencies in this range, but for another technology - WiMAX.

MTS  and VimpelCom filed applications for the development of 5G networks

On September 20, 2017, it became known about the applications submitted by MTS and VimpelCom for frequencies for the development of fifth-generation (5G) networks. Operators are going to test the technology in the experimental zones of the capital and regions.

The fact that MTS and VimpelCom sent applications to the State Commission on Radio Frequencies (GKRCH) to allocate frequency bands for the creation of experimental 5G communication networks, Kommersant wrote citing its own sources. VimpelCom confirmed this information to the publication.

MTS and VimpelCom will create 5G networks in Russia

According to Anna Aibasheva, a representative of VimpelCom, pilot testing of 5G communications does not require the use of commercial equipment, including subscriber equipment, and test prototypes of 5G terminals are already available by September 2017.

VimpelCom intends to create experimental 5G zones in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Voronezh, Leningrad, Moscow and Samara regions, in Tatarstan, Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories. MTS, in turn, plans to begin 5G coverage from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan, Rostov-on-Don and Sochi.

In addition, MTS plans to test 5G in the framework of the 2018 World Cup together with Ericsson, Nokia and Samsung. The operator will launch the network into commercial operation in approximately 2020-2022 years.

Previously,  MegaFon received frequencies for testing 5G. The publication emphasized that the operators of the "Big Three" have already asked for testing more than 3 GHz , which significantly exceeds the frequency range for communication of the previous generation.

When implementing 5G, it is necessary to inventory and optimize the frequency plans of the old technology, and consider changing the process of financing frequency redistribution, the source said Kommersant in MegaFon

Tele2 has not yet applied for frequencies for 5G networks. The reason is due to the fact that in this case the payment for the spectrum used increases and the average revenue from one subscriber decreases, the company said.[7]

MTS and Nokia have prepared a technology platform for 5G in Moscow

In August 2017, MTS, MGTS and Nokia announced the completion of tests for compatibility of new generation fixed and mobile networks. During the testing, the capabilities of 10GPON technology as a transport infrastructure for 5G mobile networks in the Moscow region were demonstrated.

Compatibility tests of the 10GPON and 5G families of equipment were carried out at the MGTS Testing Center and included the connection of prototypes of Nokia 5G base stations to the 10GPON MGTS network sections, as well as measurements of the speed and time delay of data transmission between the mobile terminal and the base station connected to the 10GPON network.

Based on the results of testing, network compatibility was confirmed and the maximum possible data transfer rate for these technologies was achieved over one interface - 9.5 Gb/s. The delay time did not exceed one millisecond, which is a prerequisite for 5G networks to function.

The carried-out tests showed that connection of the station via the optical channel will allow mobile network operators quicker and more economically to develop networks of new generation for start of innovative services and services and at the same time to guarantee their high quality.

The first test zones of 10GPON will appear in 2017-2018. on the busiest sections of the MGTS network. The total investment in modernization may amount to about 10 billion rubles. Funds will be allocated from the current budget of the MTS Group for development.

MTS and Ericsson conducted the first 5G tests in motion

MTS and Ericsson announced in April 2017 successful tests of 5G mobile technology, during which, for the first time in Russia, a record data transfer speed of up to 25 Gb/s was achieved on a moving prototype smartphone. Earlier all tests of data transmission in this technology were carried out only between stationary [8]

MTS and Ericsson tested at the Otkritie Arena stadium in Moscow, where a base station operating in the 14.5-15.3 GHz range transmitted a signal to a moving prototype smartphone at speeds up to 25 Gbit/s. For comparison, this data transfer rate allows you to download an hour movie in HD quality in less than three seconds.

As part of the tests, MTS and Ericsson tested other features of 5G technology for various use cases: online streaming of video in 4K format, as well as the operation of virtual reality and remote robot control services over a mobile network, requiring ultra-small delays and high data transfer rates.

Four technologies were used during the tests. Multi-User and Massive MIMO with an array of receive-transmit antennas and the ability to simultaneously serve several subscribers in the same sector of the cell on the same frequency band significantly increase the data transfer rate and frequency resource utilization efficiency. Beam Tracking provides a stable connection of user devices and the best throughput when they move. Dynamic TDD improves the data rate and resource utilization of the wireless network by dynamically redistributing the bandwidth for downlink and uplink traffic.

MTS and MGTS presented 5G development strategy in Moscow region

In February 2017, MTS and MGTS presented a new technological development strategy in the Moscow region for 2017-2020, in which companies jointly prepare the mobile communications infrastructure for the launch of 5G.

MTS and MGTS will strengthen joint work on the development of mobile and fixed Internet access. By the end of the year, MTS intends to bring the number of base stations connected using GPON technology to 40-45% from 25% today. This solution will allow you to maximize the use of mobile infrastructure resources, improve the quality and stability of services for subscribers.

MGTS, in turn, in 2017 will begin the mass implementation of XG-PON technology (10GPON) on its network. This will allow MGTS to become a digital platform for mobile operators when switching to 5G. The first 10GPON test zones will appear in 2017-2018 on the busiest sections of the network. The transition to 10GPON technology is planned to be completed by 2020.

Companies will continue to work together on testing the 5G standard. MTS will test pilot zones of the "fifth generation" standard this year, which will be launched during the world football championship in 2018. In April of this year, MGTS will conduct compatibility tests of 10 GPON and 5G technologies from [9]. MTS and Nokia have already successfully tested 5G technology, during which it was possible to obtain a mobile data rate of 4.5 Gbit/s, which is several times higher than the speed limits of existing mobile and fixed standards.

Tests for compatibility of GPON and XG-PON technologies were started on Huawei equipment at the MGTS Compliance Testing Center back in 2015. The test result is positive: both standards (GPON and XG-PON) coexist on the same distribution network. The maximum speed achieved during the test was 8.5 Gbit/s towards the subscriber.

2016: MTS and Nokia launched a 5G test network at 4.5 Gbit/s

Mobile Telesystems () MTS and a telecommunications equipment supplier Nokia conducted To Moscow a test demonstration of the fifth generation cellular network () in early September 2016 5G. During the demonstration, a video shot at the Harley Days festival St. Petersburg in 360 degrees and a resolution of 8K (Ultra HD 7680x4320 points) was shown.

The video was viewed both on the large screen and in virtual reality glasses. The data rate when showing the video was 4.5 Gbit/s. As noted in MTS, at such speeds you can transfer a musical CD album in Hi-Fi quality in less than one and a half seconds, and an hour-long film in the Full-HD standard - in 14 seconds.

Tests were carried out on Nokia AirFame and AirScale equipment. The signal was transmitted in a band of 4.65-4.85 GHz over two aggregated radio channels 100 MHz wide each between transceivers simulating the operation of the base station and the mobile terminal.

2015: MTS and Ericsson begin to prepare 5G testing at the 2018 World Cup

On December 21, 2015, MTS and Ericsson announced the start of joint work on the creation and implementation of fifth-generation networks in Russia. Companies will test the technology at the 2018 World Cup. More information about the project is written here.