Translated by
2019/10/15 13:29:16

5G in MTS

The chronicle of development of networks of fifth generation (5G) in the Russian telecom operator of MTS.

Content

Main articles:

2019

Opening of Center 5G

On October 10, 2019 the PJSC MTS company reported that it with assistance of the Government of Moscow opened in the territory of the innovation educational complex Technograd at VDNH the platform for development and testing of the digital solutions and devices working in 5G network. Center 5G integrates a zone for a research of scenarios of use of network of the next generation and the equipment for development of cases.

According to the company, any company developing solutions based on network of fifth generation can submit the work request in MTS Center 5G. Selection of participants is made by team of experts of MTS StartUp Hub. At the first stage will test solutions in Center 5G nine startups selected from about 100 received applications, including, two foreign companies:

  • Tsuru is a management system for drones using technology 5G. The network of the next generation is used for data transmission from drones to a ground station of management (telemetry) and for synchronization of drones among themselves;
  • VoltBro is the robotic system of telepresence on the basis of a domestic helmet of virtual reality, the mobile platform and a 5G - data transmissions;
  • BID Technologies is the system of automatic quality control of batch industrial output using artificial intelligence technology;
  • Visorcam is service of transfer of sports broadcasting from the first person (the athlete or the judge) using the cameras which are built in sports equipment;
  • Ariellium is the cloud platform of development, generation and delivery of AR content reducing time of implementation of AR solutions in business of clients;
  • LoudPlay is the platform of streaming of games and applications from a cloud on any devices;
  • RobotsCity (Netherlands) — a universal cloud platform for control of robots;
  • Null Real is the platform for exact position fix of users in premises in augmented reality;
  • Doubleme (Great Britain) is the system for holographic communication working with AR.

Participants of Center 5G will get mentor and technical support from MTS and also access to cloud infrastructure of Cloud MTS. Will supervise work of the Center of MTS StartUp Hub, as required involving experts and business customers from different divisions of MTS, including from technical and IT blocks, the Center of artificial intelligence, the Big Data Center and others.

In February, 2020 it is going to organize Demo Day based on which MTS is ready to select monetary grants to 4.5 million rubles to successful commands for further development of the provided cases. Afterwards development of cooperation of participants of Center 5G with MTS company is possible: start of pilot projects with divisions of MTS and their scaling through the contract with the company, strategic partnership with MTS, receiving investments from corporate venture fund or acquisition of a startup of MTS.

Acted as technology partners of the innovation platform the Nokia company which set complex a 5G the solution AirScale Nokia in MTS Center 5G and also Sony, Samsung and Qualcomm provided a 5G smartphones for testing.

«
The network of the next generation will become the driver for technology development of Russia. It opens the wide field for creation and implementation of innovations which will be in the near future organically twisted to many spheres of everyday life. Speed of development of technologies with each next generation of communication grows therefore it is important that by the time of start of 5G network the main scenarios of use of network of the next generation for quality improvement of life of people were tested.

Alexey Kornya, the president of MTS told
»

«
Completely to realize the huge potential of a 5G, open interaction of all participants of an industry ecosystem in anticipation of mass implementation of this technology is necessary. We are glad to opening of MTS Center 5G which will become the wonderful platform for early testing of different scenarios 5G. This project is an excellent example of the industry partnership aimed at the development of an ecosystem of a 5G in Russia.

Demetrio Russo, the vice president of Nokia in the region Eastern Europe told
»

«
Communication of fifth generation will allow to create products and services for which big data transfer rates are necessary. It will provide experience of use of devices not available earlier and will help development of the different industries.

Kim Bum told Jean, the vice president and the head of Samsung Mobile in Russia
»

«
We expect that the 5G radically will change not only the industry of telecommunications, but also many other industries, such as: show business, medicine, automotive industry, production and many others.

Sergey Korobov, director of business development of Qualcomm Europe
»

Preparation of the fixed networks of Moscow for a 5G

On October 9, 2019 the MGTS company reported that according to forecasts of analysts of MTS, data-traffic in mobile networks of the company in Moscow by 2025 will grow by 4.5 times, at the same time only in 5G network – almost by 7 times. Growth of traffic in connection with the expected start of 5G networks for which all mobile operators actively prepare, creating in Moscow pilot zones, and implementation of technology of Internet of Things for project implementation "The smart city", will cause repeated increase in load of a transport network.

To provide the growing volumes and data transfer rates according to requirements of standard 5G and to provide continuous data transmission from tens of millions which are at the same time connected client, infrastructure, telecommunication and IoT-devices, MGTS – the MTS subsidiary company – starts expansion of capacity of the transport network up to 2.2 Tbit / page. To guarantee continuous data transmission and high-quality Internet connection for millions of clients and attached devices, to spring of 2020 the operating network routers of operator level on MGTS network will be replaced with high-performance routers of the last generation that will allow to increase total capacity of a transport network more, than twice. Powerful city telecommunication infrastructure which will allow to implement high-tech projects of any complexity in the capital region will be as a result created.

For October, 2019 the MGTS network in Moscow ensures and controls functioning of nearly four million devices connected to the Internet, passing not only client traffic, but also traffic from the systems of city life support (on-door speakerphones, traffic lights, surveillance cameras, subjects of the klimatiki and power) and also from cellular operators. By estimates of analysts, the number only of IoT-devices in Russia, by 2025 in three years will grow by 2.6 times to 149 million, from them to a third will be in the capital.

«
Expanding network transmission capacity, we prepare for "city of the future" in which the mobile and fixed networks are absolutely compatible, and information gathers, stored and processed practically from all movable and immovable objects: columns of lighting, pilotless public transport, drones, metering devices, telemetric sensors and others. The additional reserve of capacity which we create will help to solve relevant problems of sustainable development of the Moscow region: growth of the security level, optimization of traffic flows, environmental control, communications with city structures, increase in mobility and others.
comments Alexander Trokhin, the director of the equipment and information technologies of MGTS
»

MTS and DIT of Moscow tested on 5G network in Moscow solutions of smart transport

On September 18, 2019 the company Huawei reported that together with MTS PJSC and system integrator NVision Group with support Moscow Department of Information Technology held testing of technologies smart city in a pilot zone 5G on VDNH. In more detail Here.

Agreement with Huawei on development of technologies 5G

On June 5, 2019 the Huawei company announced agreement signature with PJSC MTS about development of technologies 5G and pilot starts in Russia of communication networks of fifth generation in 2019-2020. Read more here.

2017

The authorities did not give MTS of frequencies for testing of a 5G

The Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications published the minutes of State Radio Frequency Commission (SCRF) in January, 2018, taken place on December 28, 2017. The question of selection of frequencies for testing of cellular networks of fifth generation (5G)[1] was one of the main points of a meeting].

According to the original project of the decision of the commission, was going to make the common decision on selection to a number of operators in certain territories of frequencies in the ranges of 3.4-3.8 GHz and 24.25-29.5 GHz. Including Mobile TeleSystems companies (MTS) it was going to select frequencies in the range of 27.5-28.35 GHz.

To VimpelCom (a trademark Beeline) it was going to select frequencies in the range of 25.25-29.35 GHz, having refused at the same time selection of frequencies in the range of 3.4-3.8 GHz. To the Progress, Orion, Interproyekt and Stolitsa companies entering into the Freshtel group belonging to Rostelecom it was going to select frequencies in the ranges of 3.4-3.44 and 3.545-3.55 GHz, having refused at the same time selection of frequencies in the ranges of 3.4-3.545 and 3.55-3.6 GHz.

However the Roskosmos state corporation and the Federal Guard Service (FGS) made a speech at commission session against selection of the specified frequencies for testing of a 5G. It turned out that the requested frequencies are used by means of satellite communication with which future 5G networks can have noises.

As a result the commission did not begin to make the common decision on selection of frequencies for testing of 5G networks. Nevertheless, as it appears from the minutes the commission, a part of 5G networks of frequencies requested for testing after all was selected, but already within separate judgments.

"Subsidiaries" of Rostelecom collected all frequency band of 3.4-3.8 GHz

So, each of four mentioned "subsidiaries" of Rostelecom received frequencies in the ranges of 3.4-3.44 GHz and 3.545-3.55 GHz in the following territories: Moscow, the Moscow region (Skolkovo and data center "Crocus City" in Krasnogorsk), St. Petersburg, the Republic of Tatarstan (Kazan and Innopolis), Belgorod, the Ivanovo region (Ivanovo and Shuya) and the Kaliningrad region (Kaliningrad and Svetlogorsk).

In addition the Orion company received similar frequencies in the territory of Ufa and Sterlitamak in Bashkortostan. Besides, within other requests each of these companies received in the same territories of frequency in the ranges of 3.4-3.545 GHz and 3.55-3.8 GHz.

Thus, in total "subsidiaries" of Rostelecom received for testing completely frequency band in the range of 3.4-3.8 GHz in certain territories though it was originally going to select with it only a part of this range. Let's note that now Freshtel already has frequencies in this range, but for other technology - WiMAX.

MTS  and VimpelCom submitted applications for development of a 5G networks

On September 20, 2017 it became known of the requests for frequencies submitted MTS and VimpelCom for development of networks of fifth generation (5G). Operators are going to test technology in pilot zones of the capital and regions.

That MTS and VimpelCom sent to State Radio Frequency Commission (SCRF) of the request for selection of frequency bands for creation of pilot communication networks of a 5G, Kommersant with reference to own sources wrote. VimpelCom confirmed to the edition this information.

MTS and VimpelCom will create 5G networks in Russia
MTS and VimpelCom will create 5G networks in Russia

According to the representative of VimpelCom Anna Aybasheva, pilot testing of a 5G communication does not require use of the commercial equipment, including subscriber, and test prototypes of terminals 5G are already available by September, 2017.

VimpelCom intends to create pilot zones 5G in Moscow, St. Petersburg, the Voronezh, Leningrad, Moscow and Samara regions, in Tatarstan, the Krasnodar and Stavropol regions. MTS, in turn, is going to begin covering 5G with the territory of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan, Rostov-on-Don and Sochi.

Besides, MTS is going to test together with Ericsson, Nokia and Samsung a 5G within the FIFA World Cup in 2018. The operator will bring network into commercial operation approximately in 2020-2022.

Before frequency for testing of a 5G received  MegaFon. The edition underlined that operators of "the big three" already asked more than 3 GHz for testing  that considerably exceeds frequency range for communication of the previous generation.

At implementation of a 5G it is necessary to perform inventory and optimization of frequency plans of old technology, it is necessary to think also of change of process of financing of redistribution of frequencies, the interlocutor of Kommersant in MegaFon considers

Tele2 did not submit the application for frequencies for a 5G networks yet. The reason is connected with the fact that in this case payment for the used range grows and average revenue from one subscriber decreases, reported in the company.[2]

MTS and Nokia prepared a technology platform for a 5G in Moscow

In August, 2017 MTS, MGTS and Nokia announced end of tests for compatibility of the fixed and mobile networks of new generation. During testing possibilities of technology 10GPON as transport infrastructure for mobile networks of standard 5G in the territory of the Moscow region were shown.

Tests of compatibility of the equipment of families 10GPON and 5G were held in the Center testings of MGTS and included connection of prototypes of base stations of Nokia 5G to sections of MGTS network 10GPON and also measurements of speed and a delay time of data transmission between the mobile terminal and the base station connected to network 10GPON.

According to the results of testing the compatibility of networks was confirmed and the data transfer rate, greatest possible for these technologies, for one interface – 9.5 Gbps is reached. The delay time did not exceed one millisecond that is a necessary condition for functioning of 5G networks.

The carried-out tests showed that connection of the station through optical link will allow mobile operators quicker and more economically to develop networks of new generation for start of the innovation services and services and at the same time to guarantee their high quality.

The first test zones 10GPON will appear in 2017-2018 on the most loaded sections of MGTS network. The total amount of investments into upgrade can be about 10 billion rubles. Funds will be allocated from the current budget of Group of MTS for development.

MTS and Ericsson carried out the first tests 5G in the movement

MTS and Ericsson announced in April, 2017 successful tests of technology of a mobile 5G during which for the first time in Russia on a moving prototype of the smartphone record data transfer rate to 25 Gbps was reached. Earlier all tests of data transmission in this technology were carried out only between stationary [3]

MTS and Ericsson held testing at the Moscow stadium "Otkrytiye Arena" where the base station working in the range of 14.5-15.3 GHz transmitted a signal to a moving prototype of the smartphone at a speed up to 25 Gbps. For comparison, such data transfer rate allows to download the hour movie in HD quality less than in three seconds.

Within tests of MTS and Ericsson tested other opportunities of technology 5G for different scenarios of use: online broadcast of a streaming video in format 4K and also work of services of virtual reality and the remote control of the robot on a mobile network requiring midget delays and high data transfer rates.

During tests four technologies were used. Multi-User and Massive MIMO with an array of transceiving antennas and a possibility of simultaneous service of several subscribers in one sector of cell on one frequency band considerably increase data transfer rate and efficiency of use of a frequency resource. Beam Tracking provides steady connection of the user devices and the best capacity at their movement. Dynamic TDD increases data transfer rate and efficiency of use of resources of a wireless network due to dynamic redistribution of capacity by transfer of traffic in the descending and ascending channels.

MTS and MGTS submitted development strategy 5G in the Moscow region

In February, 2017 MTS and MGTS submitted the new technology development strategy in the Moscow region for 2017-2020 within which jointly to prepare for the company infrastructure of mobile communication for start of a 5G.

MTS and MGTS will strengthen collaboration in development of the mobile and fixed Internet access. By the end of the year MTS intends to bring the number of the base stations connected by means of GPON technology to 40-45% from 25% today. This solution will allow to use as much as possible resources of mobile infrastructure, to increase quality and stability of services for subscribers.

MGTS, in turn, in 2017 will begin mass implementation of XG-PON (10GPON) technology on the network. It will allow MGTS to become the digital platform for mobile operators upon transition to a 5G. The first test zones 10GPON will appear in 2017-2018 on the most loaded sections of network. Transition to technology 10GPON is going to be completed by 2020.

The companies will continue joint work over testing of standard 5G. MTS will hold in the current year testing of pilot zones of the standard of "fifth generation" which will be started during the world football championship in 2018. In April of this year MGTS will test compatibility 10 GPON and a 5G technologies from [4]. MTS and Nokia already held successful testing of technology 5G during which the speed of mobile data transmission of 4.5 Gbps was succeeded to receive that it many times exceeds extreme values of speeds of the existing mobile and fixed standards.

Tests for compatibility of GPON and XG-PON technologies were begun on the equipment of Huawei in the Center of testing of compliance of MGTS in 2015. Result of testing positive: both standards (GPON and XG-PON) coexist on one distribution network. The maximum speed reached during testing was 8.5 Gbps towards the subscriber.

2016: MTS and Nokia started test 5G network with a speed of 4.5 Gbps

The Mobile TeleSystems company (MTS) and the supplier of telecommunication equipment of Nokia carried out in Moscow at the beginning of September, 2016 test demonstration of network of fifth generation of cellular communication (5G). During demonstration the video shot at the Harley Days festival in St. Petersburg in a format of 360 degrees and with a resolution of 8K Ultra HD (7680x4320 points) was shown.

Viewing a video was performed as on the big screen, and virtual reality wearing spectacles. Data transfer rate at demonstration of a roller made 4.5 Gbps. As note in MTS, at such speeds it is possible to transfer a musical CD album in Hi-Fi-quality less, than in one and a half seconds, and the hour movie in the Full-HD standard - in 14 seconds.

Tests were performed on the equipment of AirFame and AirScale Nokia. The signal was transmitted in a band of 4.65 - 4.85 GHz on two aggregated radio channels 100 MHz wide everyone between the transceiving devices imitating work of the base station and the mobile terminal.

2015: MTS and Ericsson begin to prepare testing of a 5G for the FIFA World Cup in 2018

On December 21, 2015 MTS and Ericsson announced the beginning of joint work over creation and implementation of networks of fifth generation in Russia. The companies will test technology on the FIFA World Cup in 2018. In more detail about the project it is written here.

Notes

  1. [http://www.cnews.ru/news/top/2018-01-17_vlasti_ne_dali_mts_chastot_dlya_testirovaniya_5g of the Power not of a distance of MTS of frequencies for testing of a 5G
  2. In the market became frequent a 5G
  3. ustroystvamiprovedenny tests - a part of strategic partnership of MTS and Ericsson within the agreement on cooperation signed in December, 2015 to the development areas and implementations of technologies 5G in Russia.
  4. Nokia