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Skype S.A.

Company

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Skype  is service of Internet telephony.

Owners:
Microsoft


911 employees in 2011
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Assets

Assets

+ Skype

Performance Indicators

2015

According to the statistics of Microsoft, by the end of September, 2015 using Skype calls lasting more than 3 billion minutes are made every day, and the Skype Translator service allows to translate voice messages into 6 different languages.

2011

  • In March, 2011 service had 663 million registered users, from them only 8.8 million used paid services. By the end of 2011 of Skype is going to come to annual revenues in the amount of $1 billion. In 2011 the company intends to continue expansion of the state. In Skype note that do not guarantee preserving of former rates of increase in revenue and also an exit of the company in profit, in connection with existence of a number of standard risks and uncertainty.

Revenue growth is expected first, thanks to growth of a subscriber base (that is a consequence of distribution of broadband access to the Internet). Secondly, thanks to more active promotion of paid services, than the company is going to be engaged. Thirdly, Skype is going to increase number of corporate users. At last, the last - she intends to find new methods of receiving revenue, including due to advertizing.

By May, 2011 when Microsoft purchased Skype for $8.5 billion, the Internet service earned 5% of income in the USA from videos.

The chief executive of Skype Tony Bates promised in May, 2011 that in the future video advertizing will become the main source of income.

Management

Chairman of the board of directors of Skype Miles Flint (Miles Flint)

Business in Russia

2014: Skype transfers the Zelenograd programmers to the Czech Republic

The Microsoft company plans liquidation of the Skype development center located in the Moscow Zelenograd and transfer of a part of the Russian employees to Prague.

The management of Microsoft came to such decision for the purpose of concentration in international R&D-центрах the IT engineers occupied in one direction that should lead finally to increase in efficiency and expense reduction on keeping of remote workers. To a wound communication between engineers of Microsoft was complicated because of time difference as they worked in different time zones. For this reason the plan of new strategy of the company included the question connected with enlargement R&D-центров and transfer of employees to them from remote[1].

The Russian office Skype never existed, there was only a programming team which was engaged in developments for its needs. In total them there were about 100 people, but only a third gave the consent to moving to the Czech Republic. Those who refused further cooperation received the severance pay equal to the 6-fold amount of their monthly salary. To the remained programmers until the end of 2014 visas for now they continue to work at the same Zelenograd office will be made out.

2012

Skype is the most popular Internet service of text messaging and telephony in Runet. According to ComScore analytical company, in December, 2012 it had 22.4 million users — three times more, than the closest competitor has ICQ. Hoped to earn long time of Skype from paid calls on numbers of telephone networks, but did not achieve success.

  • In Russia advertizing in service appeared on February 21, 2012 — the banner of Samsung for the first day was shown by 8 million times. Advertizing of phone in Skype was successful, the purchasing director in not television media of the advertizing group "Vivaki Russia" Alexey Vasilenko says: the group is going to place further advertizing in Skype.

  • On March 29, 2012 the confectionery company Mars deleted from Skype the video advertizing Twix after that frightened and angered the Russian users of service. The roller of Twix appeared in Skype in March 28 in the evening, it went on complete volume and in the mode of permanent repetition — without an opportunity to deliver on a pause. Users started writing angry messages. "I slightly from a chair did not fall in evening silence from this advertizing" — one of them complained[2].

The advertizing message of Twix did not correspond to the recommendations of Skype and caused inconvenience to users in Russia, the representative of Internet service told Vedomosti: it was deleted from a system, but some users could see later the persuasive advertizing saved in memory of their computers. Representatives of Mars and Skype on the website of Internet service apologized to users and promised to correct advertizing so that it annoyed nobody.

  • The CEO of RuTube Mikhail Ilyichev says that he by the size of audience Skype is comparable to the niche championat.com or vedomosti.ru resources, but advertizing on service can be demanded due to targeting of consumers. The employee of the Russian Internet company considers that for the first year of Skype he will earn no more than $2-3 million from advertizing.

And Mail.ru Group stopped placing advertizing in ICQ Internet service. The head of the Mail.ru Group IM direction Igor Ermakov says that users badly perceive such advertizing — to monetize audience using game and other additional services much more effectively as it is done by the Chinese company Tencent.

History

2018

Skype switched to corporate clients and loses ordinary users

From the moment of purchase of Skype in 2011 the Microsoft corporation systematically reorients it on corporate clients. Ordinary users are dissatisfied with changes in once most popular service of online calls and pass to the competing platforms. At the beginning of May, 2018 the Bloomberg agency reported about it.

According to the edition, the sharp splash in negative reviews of users about Skype happened after updating of service in the summer of 2017. People began to complain that the application became difficult and less intuitive. Among other frequent claims — bad communication quality and high energy consumption of mobile version of Skype.

From the moment of purchase of Skype in 2011 the Microsoft corporation systematically reorients it on corporate the client
From the moment of purchase of Skype in 2011 the Microsoft corporation systematically reorients it on corporate the client

The famous blogger Brian Krebs on the Twitter account at the beginning of 2018 said that redesign became the worst for the history Skype and that the latest version of the application - continuous misunderstanding. The message by numerous retweets and likes was supported by other users.[3]

Sharper assessment in March, 2018 was given by the technology investor and the observer Om Malik (Om Malik). Without mincing words, it wrote to Twitter that Microsoft made "top-quality shit" of Skype, and promised to use the application any more never.[4]

Microsoft considers criticism exaggerated. The general manager of Skype Laurie Wright (Lori Wright) said in an interview to the edition that redesign really was radical and that the company prepared for a negative. But after time reaction came to naught, and now "users do not test hatred any more", she added.

Meanwhile, the corporation does not open data on number of users of Skype since 2016 when it was at the level of 300 million. Analysts suspect that the indicator, at best, did not change, and two former employees of Microsoft in a conversation with Bloomberg said that in the company panic because of falling of popularity of service is felt. According to them, on one of corporate actions in 2017 they did not hear that in statistics about users of Skype the number more than 300 million was given.[5]

2017

Failure from cooperation with the Belgian police will cost Skype 30 thousand euros

Fined Skype Technologies in Belgium 30 thousand euros. The company refused to the police which asked for the help in listening of suspects on the case of the Armenian criminal[6].

The court of Antwerp rejected the appeal of Skype Technologies and upheld the previous decision on application of penalties for failure from cooperation with law enforcement agencies of Belgium.

Listening of members of the Armenian criminal grouping using services of the messenger was required to law enforcement authorities during the investigation of the next case. After the company management refused, the police took legal action.

Prohibition on downloading of mobile versions in China

In November, 2017 mobile version of Skype appeared under a ban in China as the authorities of the country were seen in this service of violation of laws.

At this Skype it is not blocked in the People's Republic of China, the people who downloaded the program earlier can still use service. It is only impossible to load client applications of Skype in official app stores, such as App Store.

Skype application disappeared from App Store in China
Skype application disappeared from App Store in China
«
We were told in the ministry of public security (Ministry of Public Security) that a number of applications for a voice communication on the Internet do not correspond to the local legislation therefore we deleted them from App Store in China" — the representative of Apple told Reuters agency.
»

According to her, these applications, including Skype, remain available in other countries.

In addition to App Store, Skype application was gone from Android directories which develop the Chinese Tencent Holdings and Qihoo 360 Technology. The Google Play portal does not work in Celestial Empire.

As notes Reuters, in Weibo social network heated discussion of disappearance of Skype from App Store was unrolled. Many users criticize the authorities for access lock to foreign services, despite existence of the similar products developed in China.

Several months prior to Skype prohibition in China blocked  WhatsApp. Also in the country there is a blocking on such applications as Gmail, Facebook and Twitter.

Prohibition of foreign Internet services explains Beijing with measures of protection of privacy of citizens and prevention of terrorist activity on the Internet. The IT companies and the organizations working in China are called acting in the state to restrictions too strict and strongly influencing their business. For work in China the foreign companies are forced to cooperate closely with local business or at all to sell the Chinese assets as it made Amazon in November, 2017. In more detail in China it is possible to learn about Internet censorship here.[7]

2015: Against Skype criminal prosecution is begun

Skype, Microsoft subsidiary company, summoned to criminal court in Belgium after service of Internet telephony refused to assist investigators in crime investigation, Reuters with reference to the representative reports [8].

According to the Belgian newspaper Le Soir, investigators requested from Skype access to correspondence and data on calls of two suspected citizens of Armenia who in 2012 committed a number of the crimes connected with trade in the illegal and stolen goods. However Skype refused to make it, having referred to what is not the Belgian telecommunication operator and therefore the local legislation does not extend to the company.

2012: Cisco tries to cancel sale of Skype of Microsoft company

On February 15, 2012 the Cisco company made the decision to appeal against the conclusion of the European Commission which approved the transaction on acquisition of service of Skype video conferences by Microsoft company, stating that the regulator should demand from Microsoft to support standards of interaction with other platforms.

In May, 2011 Microsoft announced plans of purchase of Skype, and in October of the same year received the consent of European Commission to carrying out the transaction. Recently heads of Microsoft announced that the company intends to integrate more densely voice opportunities of software of Skype, its text and video functionality with the system of group interaction Microsoft Lync.

On February 15, 2012 Marthin De Beer, the senior vice president of group on products of collective work and video conferences of Cisco company, wrote in the blog that the company is going to submit the appeal to the Supreme Court of the European Union on the decision of European Commission.

Cisco not against merge, but requires that the European Commission obliged to satisfy Microsoft a number of conditions among which there is a support of open standards. If Microsoft does not support them as it is done by other suppliers of software solutions of video conferences, it will not allow users to make video calls as easily as voice calls. According to De Bir, it can suppress the competition and innovations in VoIP industry.

In particular, Microsoft and Skype the popular H.264 video codec or the SIP standard (Session Initiation Protocol) are not going to use. The Computerworld edition was reported about it by the entrusted source on the condition of anonymity. It also added that users of solutions of video conferences of Cisco and other vendors will not be able to call users who use the Microsoft Skype system differently as via the expensive gateway.

The source of the edition reported that Cisco conducted negotiations with Microsoft on obligations of cross-platform interaction and on anything did not agree, and submission of the appeal on the decision of European Commission became possible only after approval of the transaction and expires this week.

Representatives of Microsoft note, on the contrary, that the European Commission carried out thorough examination of the transaction on acquisition in which also Cisco actively participated, and approved the 36-page transaction without any conditions. "We are sure that the decision of the commission will be invariable", said in the statement of Microsoft.

In day of a release of the statement of Cisco for the judicial appeal the chief financial officer of Microsoft company Peter Klein reported that the company is going to integrate actively and widely possibilities of Skype into a line of the products. It submitted Skype in product quality which Microsoft will apply to consolidation and expansion of both a consumer, and corporate product portfolio. "Skype will promote expansion of all our assets, whether it be Lync for the companies and the organizations or Xbox Live for consumers. Skype - what will really connect all our devices, is the normal scenario", - Klein noted. He also added that Skype plays a significant role in the strategy of Microsoft of rather cloud services.

2011: Skype is sold to Microsoft

  • Skype purchased the Russian startup. In January, 2011 it became known that Skype purchased the Qik service representing a hybrid of a video hosting, a video chat and social network for mobile devices. An ideological inspirer and one of founders of service is the Russian, and the command creating Qik is located in Zelenograd[9].

The Skype service announced acquisition of Qik company — a fast-growing video hosting and social network. This transaction was expected since the end of 2010, but representatives of Skype announced its implementation only at the CES exhibition in January, 2011.

Details of the transaction are not disclosed, however, according to the source in Qik, Skype acquired 100% of shares of Qik, and transaction amount appeared more, than $100 million predicted by observers according to the vice president for consumer products of Skype Neil Stephens (Neil Stevens), the deal will be closed in January, 2011.

Among sellers of the shares of Qik there is the Russian investment fund Almaz Capital Partners. His managing partner Alexander Galitsky wrote on the twitter that it was the first exit of fund from the invested assets.

  • In March, 2011 advertizing demonstration to users of Skype began in USA, Great Britain and Germany. The advertizing banner appeared in a primary window of Skype for Windows. The first advertisers became Groupon, Universal Pictures and Visa. At issue of declarations the location of the user, his age, sex and other data which are not personal are considered.

  • In April, 2011 Facebook and Google independently of each other began negotiations on acquisition of Skype service, it became known to Reuters agency. Anonymous experts of Reuters estimated the possible transaction of Skype with Google or Facebook at 3-4 billion dollars. Negotiations can be connected with the postponed IPO of Skype. Entry of IP-telefonii service into the exchange is postponed for the second half of 2011. According to experts, initial public offering can generate Skype about 1 billion dollars of revenue.

  • In May, 2011 Microsoft purchased Skype for $8.5 billion. This first serious acquisition of the company since purchase of Greenfield Online for $486 million in August of the 2008th. Moreover, this largest acquisition of the company which broke the record of the company - $6 billion for aQuantive in May of the 2007th. Also Skype debts enter transaction amount. The fact that the transaction took place was confirmed already by GigaOm and Wall Street Journal.

  • In June, 2011 the hacker Efim Bushmanov for the first time published the most complete results of a research of the Skype protocol, including the closed protocol and mechanisms of data encryption. Experts believe that information on the Skype protocol will be interesting to both third-party developers, and information security specialists.

The closed protocol of the popular program for instant messaging, voice and video communication of Skype is cracked together with data encryption mechanisms using a method of the return development (reverse engineering), the freelancer Efim Bushmanov reported in the blog.

«
"The return development is a research something in the form of "a black box", when there is neither documentation, nor any descriptions of internal operation algorithms. In a case with programs, as a rule, becomes by method of the analysis of machine code (so-called disassembling). As a result of the return development it is possible to make an approximate analog of the studied object", - Roman Vasilyev, the technical director of developer of solutions for protection against leakages of SecurIT explained.
»

Bushmanov reported in the blog that it did the main part of this work and now looks for adherents who locate a sufficient stock of time to complete the project. The hacker claims that the only purpose of all work is transformation of Skype into a product with the open code i.e. that service was available to third-party developers.

Let's note that the closeness of Skype does not allow to create under this protocol third-party clients as, for example, in a case with ICQ or Jabber therefore users are forced to be content with official applications that not always happens conveniently. The Skype code published by Bushmanov could solve this problem, however the return development, as a rule, breaks the law on protection of copyright.

As the representative of Skype in Russia Arseny Rastorguyev confirmed to CNews, similar activity violates Skype rights to intellectual property. "We undertake all necessary measures for prevention and the termination of attempts to spoil impressions of work of Skype at its users", - he added. Transfers a situation to the legal framework and that fact that Bushmanov turned on in the posted online archives binary files of the original application that is direct copyright violation, The Register notes.

«
"Activity of the hacker does not pose threats, it is rather on the contrary, the open Skype protocol will allow a great number of specialists in cybersecurity to investigate it carefully. If serious vulnerabilities will be detected, Skype, most likely, will release the new version of the protocol, and safety of negotiations of the user will only increase. It is possible to give an example with the opensors-project on cryptography — OpenSSL. Its source texts are available to all, but it does not affect security", - Vasilyev from SecurIT explained.
»

"Replace an algorithm for Skype very difficult - except software clients of Skype many use hardware devices, and it is impossible to change the protocol in them often. Skype will hardly go for change of the protocol at the price of shutdown of a part of the users", - the expert added. Specialists in cybersecurity added that earlier they already investigated Skype, but information published by Bushmanov is the most complete.

Mechanisms of enciphering Skype were always considered reliably protected in this connection the public intelligence agencies even showed concern about it, referring to the fact that thanks to high security this protocol can be used for negotiations of malefactors and the organization of terrorist attacks.

2010

Growth of revenue by 20% to $860 million, a loss of $7 million

Net proceeds of the company in 2010 grew by 20% in comparison with 2009 - from $719 million to $860 million. The profit before taxes, percent and depreciation charges (EBITDA) grew by 43% - from $185 million to $264 million. Net loss of Skype at the end of 2010 made $7 million - in comparison with a loss in the amount of $418 million the previous year. In the published document it is reported that the main source of income of Skype are paid calls which users of service perform out of its limits - on mobile and stationary phones. This source creates 86% of all revenue.

At the end of 2010 the monthly active audience of Skype made 145 million users - in comparison with the end of 2009 this indicator grew by 38%. The number of the users of service resorting to paid services increased by 19% - from 7.3 million to 8.8 million subscribers. Average income from one such subscriber was $97. For last year the number of the users registered in Skype grew from 474 million to 663 million.

The company ended year with staff of 911 employees - 178 more in comparison with the end of 2009. In January, 2010 the company closed the deal on Qik video service acquisition therefore 63 employees of Qik joined Skype.

In 2010 users of Skype told 207 billion minutes by voice and video conference. In the IV quarter video calls took about 42% of the general time of communication of Skype-to-Skype. Besides, users of Skype sent more than 176 million Sms through service to the specified period.

The registration application of the IPO, Cisco tries to purchase Skype

In August, 2010 it became known that Skype submitted the registration application of the IPO to Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) of the USA. According to the filed documents, the company during initial public offering is going to realize the sum to $100 million. The number of actions which will be put up for sale as well as the level of prices for the stocks Skype, is not defined yet.

The blog of TechCrunch in August with reference to "reliable sources" reports that in Cisco try to purchase Skype company before it completes share placing process by a primary offer. Such purchase would cost Cisco in the enormous amount as by means of the IPO in Skype expect to receive 5 billion dollars. Similar acquisition would become the main weapon of breakthrough of Cisco on the market of universal communications and joint work and also consumer services. Having received Skype, Cisco could offer, for example, the handheld device of a video and voice communication for consumer and, perhaps, business market. In the message of TechCrunch it is noted that also Google is probably interested in purchase of Skype, but it cannot do offers of Skype not to violate the antitrust law.

The 1st half-year: Revenue of $406.2 million, profit of $13 million

Skype revenue in the first half of 2010 made $406.2 million against $323.2 million for the same period of 2009. The main total revenue of Skype proceeds from providing to users an opportunity to make calls on stationary and mobile phones. Profit for the first half of the year 2010 equals only $13 million. At the same time, a considerable part of this amount is interest income, and operating profit of the company was only $1.4 million.

According to the message of Skype, in the first half of the year 2010 its users made voice and video calls on 95 billion minutes. At the same time, 45% of this time were video calls. Besides, users of Skype sent to other people 84 million text Sms.

Failure from additional fee for calls in 3G networks

In May, 2010 Skype Limited was announced intention to charge additional fee for calls in 3G networks in, along with release of Skype application 2.0 for iPhone. In it to the existing opportunity to do calls by Wi-Fi an opportunity to make them and on mobile networks, using technologies of third generation increased. It was planned that the option will be free only till August, 2010.

Later in July, 2010 Skype Limited changed the position concerning VoIP-calls by 3G networks and from now on is not going to charge for them the mezzanine board any more. The purpose of this solution is more available communication allowing not to worry about duration of a call and its cost, reported in the official blog of the company.

This statement is dated for release of the new version of Skype client for iPhone. As for the new version of Skype for iPhone - 2.0.1, - its main innovation is the multitasking support. Now Skype can leave started in a background, switching to other applications. At the same time the possibility of call acceptance and the instant messages coming to Skype, during operation applications in a background remains and also when blocking the smartphone. Also there was an opportunity to continue a conversation on Skype, passing to use of other application.

To understand whether this solution bears real advantages, Ars Technica counted the volume of the traffic spent at commission of a call of Skype+3G. As it became clear, during the minute conversation 660 CBs of data on the ascending and descending channels were transferred. Further, for purchase of the minimum packet from pre-paid 200 MB of data which is offered by the American operator AT&T the subscriber needs to be connected to a tariff plan with monthly payment of $40 and 400 included minutes. To it it is necessary to add $15 more for a packet which will allow to speak on Skype of 300 more minutes. Thus, in comparison with the cost of a normal voice communication of Skype+3G is really cheaper, however only those who talk more than 400 minutes a month will be able to take this advantage.

For the Russian users of such benefit is not present because of low cost of a voice communication. For example, MTS offers a packet with traffic of 200 MB for 450 rub that approximately corresponds to the AT&T rate. In this situation the cost of minute of Skype+3G will be one and a half rubles. In comparison with the existing tariff plans of the operator it is expensive. For example, the cost of minute of connection in the tariff plan "It Is a Lot of Calls +" is 59 kopeks from sixth minute a day. It is necessary to consider that calculations for Skype are given for calls between its users, and in case of connection with numbers of operators it is necessary to pay even more expensively.

It is known that VoIP is technology which mobile operators in the networks would like to see in the last queue. AT&T even imposed a ban on a possibility of commission of calls in programs of Internet telephony (including Skype) through networks of mobile communication, limiting, thus, an opportunity for work only through Wi-Fi. The operator explained this step with the fact that Skype allegedly creates undesirable load of its network. Without accomplishment of the specified requirement of the application did not get approval for the publication in App Store. However similar practice soon interested the Federal commission on communication then it AT&T refused restiktion, according to the analysts caused by unwillingness to share revenue with operators of VoIP-telephony.

  • In October, 2010 the Board of Directors of Skype S.A. announced position assignment of the chief executive officer of the company 43-year-old Tony Bates, the former top manager of Cisco Systems. Bates succeeded 42-year-old Josh Silverman who worked in the company since 2008[9].

According to information provided in the official statement, recently Bates worked as the general manager of division of Cisco on work with large enterprises, the companies of small and medium business. On this position he was responsible for activity of 12.5 thousand employees (in 12 times more in comparison with the state of Skype). The annual turnover of its division made about $20 billion.

In addition to it Bates directed division of Cisco on work with providers of services which annual turnover makes $10 billion. Working in the Cisco company which is the largest producer of network equipment, Bates entered into group of heads who set a general course of business development.

Tony Bates has more than 20-year work experience in the telecommunication sphere and is the owner of 9 patents. He repeatedly joined the board of different technology projects, including service of video exchange YouTube, service of the TokBox web conferences, service of a network message BubbleMotion and the website of rolling of movies LoveFilm.

Bates will start the responsibilities at the end of October after moving from California to Luxembourg where there is a headquarters of Skype. The chief financial director Adrian Dillon will fulfill up to this point duties of the CEO.

  • In October, 2010 MTS supported concerns of the competitors from "the big three" of mobile operators concerning activity of Skype in Russia and supported regulation of activity of service.[9]

Skype in Russia needs state regulation — such output contains in working documents of a round table about "the market of alternative services of a voice communication in Russia". Discussion of this question took place at the initiative of the Commission on natural monopolies of the Federation Council.

The head of department of development of products and services of MTS Pavel Roytberg made the strict requirement to study activity of Skype in Russia in terms of the antitrust law and the legislation in the field of communication. Its theses not too differed from tough estimates of VoIP-telephony which sounded on listenings about activity of Skype in RUIE in 2009.

The representative of MTS said that, without making own investments in telecommunication infrastructure, and providing service at the low prices, operators of VoIP "parasitize on foreign networks", and as a result of their activity income of traditional telecom operators falls. He believes that the market needs development of rules of work for Skype and other VoIP-services. It gave practice of Vodafone operator who or blocks access to VoIP-operators in the network as an example of such rules, or provides it at additional expense. Earlier similar theses were made by MegaFon which started own analog of Skype in an effect.

Approach of VoIP-services to positions of traditional voice telecom operators is a universal trend. According to Roytberg if in 2007 VoIP-services occupied only 2% of world Internet traffic, then in 2008 this indicator increased to 10%, last year, according to preliminary estimates, grew to 15%, and in 2010 about 20% can rise.

It is interesting that, despite explicit displeasure of traditional operators, the Federal Antimonopoly Service states lack of claims to work of Skype. FAS so far "did not receive either complaints, or petitions to activity of Skype in Russia" what the head of department of control of transport and communication of Federal Antimonopoly Service Dmitry Rutenberg told CNews about.

According to him, VoIP-services in general and Skype in particular pose a much bigger threat for longhaul operators, than for sotovik: "on expert advice of FAS they sounded digits in hundreds of millions and even in billions of rubles of losses".

Longhaul operators really have a reason for nervousness. The Russian perspectives of "a voice on IP", according to forecasts of analysts of telecom market, can be even less pleasant for traditional domestic operators, than world. So, in opinion J’son&Partners, VoIP share in the general traffic of longhaul operators will exceed 20% a mark in 2010, in the following will step for 30%, and in 2012 - for 40%.

Rostelecom estimated last year's losses of the Russian operators from work of Skype as summer of 2010 at 6.7 billion rubles, and assumed that in 2010 this amount can be 10.5 billion rubles.

On the same expert advice, having considered activity of Skype, FAS came to a conclusion that the service does not violate the Russian antitrust law. However, Dmitry Rutenberg did not exclude that in the absence of claims from antimonopoly authority of a claim to Skype can arise from the industry regulator or tax authorities.

Meanwhile, within the walls of the industry regulator activity of VoIP-operators in Russia did not become a first-priority problem yet. Studying of work of Skype "did not rise higher than the level of heads of departments yet" — CNews reported a source in the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications.

2009

In April representatives of eBay announced plans for separation Skype from the main company. Then it was stated plans of carrying out IPO Skype in  2010 from which expected eBay to receive about 2  billion for all service dollars USA.

On September 1 the eBay company officially announced sale of 65% of stocks of Skype VoIP-service. The group of investors which included Investment Board Silver Lake, Index Ventures, Andreessen Horowitz and Canada Pension Plan (CPP) venture funds acted as buyers. Transaction amount was  1.9 billion US dollars, its end is planned in the fourth quarter  2009. Proceeding from the sounded amount all Skype was evaluated in  2.75 billion US dollars.

After the legal claim from founders of VoIP-service Niklas Zennström and Janus Friis the share of group of investors was reduced to 56% whereas Zennström and Friis received in the ownership 14% of shares of the company as compensation. Another 30% of Skype still are in hands of eBay.

2008: The world's largest operator of the international voice communication from shares of 8%

According to TeleGeography research company, in 2008 Skype became the largest operator of the international voice communication  — his share from the total amount of a talk made 8%.

As of the end  of 2008 in the world there were 405  million registered users of Skype. The number of users in  2008 in comparison with  2007 increased by 47 %.

Revenue of the company in  2008 made 551  million dollars USA that is 44% more, than the previous year. Believe in eBay that by  2011 revenue of the company will increase to  1 billion US dollars.

2005: eBay purchased Skype for $ 2.6 billion 53 million users

The eBay company purchased Skype for $ 2.6 billion, the amount called by many analysts and later recognized by eBay of too high. Founders of service Niklas Zennstrom and Janus Friis with the first investor Howard Hartenbaum invested in it  about $20 million. During the transaction with eBay Skype had 53  million users.

eBay was going to use Skype as the instrument of increase in efficiency in the primary activity, in particular, as the convenient means of communication between the clients. However it is dense it did not manage to integrate division into the core business.

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